|Publication number||US3801987 A|
|Publication date||Apr 9, 1974|
|Filing date||May 19, 1972|
|Priority date||May 19, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3801987 A, US 3801987A, US-A-3801987, US3801987 A, US3801987A|
|Original Assignee||M Thompson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (41), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
O United States Patent [1 1 1111 3,801,987 Thompson, Jr. Apr. 9, 1974  GARMENT 3,153,793 10/1964 Lepore 2/DIG. 1  Inventor: Marvin I. Thompson, Jr., PO. Box FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 670, Knoxvlllet Tenn- 37620 253,387 1/1963 Australia 2/1510. 4 361,815 11/1931 Great Britain...  May 1972 446,575 2/1948 'Canada ..2/1)10.1  App]. No.: 254,988
Primary ExaminerA1fred R. Guest 52 us. 01. 2/125, 2/1310. 1 '7 HIM-Bums mane Swecke & 51 1m. (:1 A4lb 1/08 Math  Field of Search 2/DIG. l, DIG. 4, 125,
2/90 ABSTRACT A garment provided with sleeves and having inserts set  References Cited into the sleeves at the points of joining to the body of UNITED STATES PATENTS the garment constructed to provide ventilation under 2,554,380 5/1951 OIIICII et a1 2 90 afms- Each insert is of a Stretch textured mesh fab- 3937310 6/1962 no, such as kmtted fabrlc, and prov1ded w1th eyelets 317,711 5/1885 which expand or open up as the sleeve is raised to v 397,543 2/ 1889 channel air into and out of the underarm portion of 601,489 3/1898 the body. The insert is of one piece and extends trans- 1339939 9/ 7 versely across the mid section of the underarm portion 1,350,169 8/1920 of the sleeve. 2,343,103 2/1944 3,086,215 4/1963 4 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures GARMENT This invention relates to, improvements in garments of the character having sleeves set into the body of the garment and nonnally extending downward on opposite sides thereof. An example thereof is a sport shirt.
Attempts have been made heretofore to provide some ventilation of the armpits by the use of mesh fabric which interconnects the sleeve with the body of the garment. In some instances, gussets are formed of perforated cloth between the sleeves and the body portion of the garment. The use of gussets at such points is undesirable becuase of the stress applied thereto in raising or shifting of the sleeves due to movement of the arms, which will not provide the proper and adequate ventilation of the underarm portions of the body.
One object of this invention is to improve the constructionof sleeved garments by, providingfor the ventilation of the underarm portions through flexibility which creates circulation of air at the appropriate regions of the body.
Another object of the invention is to provide for ventilation of the underarm regions through the opening and closing of eyelets with the flexibility of arm move.- ments causing the air to be forced through the mesh fabric in which the eyelets are provided.
These objects may be accomplished, according to one embodiment of the invention by providing an insert under each of the arms, set in the sleeve portion of the garment. The insert is formed of a suitable elastic or mesh fabric which stretches at least in the direction of the length of the sleeve due to raising and lowering movement of the arm and may be a suitable knitted fabric having the rows of loops extending circumferentially around the arm, with rows of eyelets formed between the rows of loops at spaced points across the width of the insert.
The eyelets are initially substantially closed but capable of being opened up due to stretch of the insert as the sleeve portion is raised with respect to the body portion of the garment. This action utilizes the force from stress to transfer the pressure into a useful function rather than to eliminate the stress, thus causing a circulation of air into and about the underarm portions of the body for effective ventilation.
The expansion and enlargement of the eyelets creates ventilation through flexibility. As the insert is stretched, the rows of loops forming the insert are opened and at the same time the eyelets are expanded, allowing freedom of circulation of air therethrough into and out of the underarm portion of the body, thus effecting complete and proper ventilation in these regions.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 5 is a plan view of'a portion of the insert on an enlarged scale, with the eyelets expanded.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DISCLOSURE The invention is shown as applied to a garment, generally indicated by the numeral 1. Any suitable or desired character of garment may be used for the purpose in which ventilation should be effected with respect to the underarm portions. A sport shirt is one example thereof which may be of the character of a conventional T-shirt, bowling shirt or of other suitable type.
The garment 1 comprises a body portion 2 having a sleeve 3 connected with each opposite side thereof and with the sleeves normally extending downward'on opposite sides of the body portion. In the customary method of making such garments, the body portion 2 is made of two parts connected together by side seams 4 and sleeves 3are attached to the body portion by side seams 5 whichextend continuously around the respective sleeves 3 in the manner illustrated in FIGS. Sand 4. The sleeve 3 is also provided with a seam 6, usually extending along the underside thereof.
In providing ventilation for the underarm portions of the body in the region of the sleeves 3, each of the latter is cut out at 7 in the lower segment thereof adjacent the inner end of the sleeve. The cut-out 7'may be provided by shaping the garment sleeve portion, as by knitting, so as to form this cut-out portion thereby or a gap in the sleeve but not in the body portion of the garment.
An insert 8, which should be of one piece, extends throughout the area of the cut-out 7 complementary to the remainder of the sleeve 3 within its confines and joined by the seam 5 which connects the sleeve 3 with the body portion 2. A seam is provided also to connect the insert 8 with the remainder of the sleeve 3 along the cut-out edge 7.
Thus, the insert 8 is set into the sleeve and forms a part thereof. It is not a gusset between the sleeve and body portion of the garment and preferably extends in one piece across the mid seams 4 and 6 (FIG. 4) on opposite sides thereof.
The insert 8 is formed of an elastic fabric which will stretch at least in the direction of the length of the sleeve. It should be made of open porous material such as warp knitted fabric and may be of Nylon or of other suitable yarn which will form an appropriate mesh. Material of this character will have rows of loops which should extend circumferentially around the sleeve, and at spaced intervals in the rows eyelets 9 are formed which are initially substantially closed, as indicated in FIG. 2, but are capable of expanding due to the stretch of the fabric, as indicated in FIG. 5.
The rows of eyelets formed at intervals between spaced rows of loops will also extend circumferentially around the sleeve at the inner end of the latter. Raising movement of the arm of the wearer will cause stretching movement to be imparted to the insert in a direction lengthwise of the sleeve which will cause the rows of eyelets to open from the substantially closed relation, as indicated in FIG. 2, to the fully opened condition illustrated in FIG. 5. This also will stretch the knitted fabric so as to open the loops of the porous material, thus allowing freedom of ventilation to the underarm portions of the body.
The enlarging and expansion, both of the porous fabric and of the eyelets creates maximum ventilation. The stress imparted to the insert by the raising movement of the arms transfers the pressure imparted to the insert into a useful function, thus forcing a circulation, not only through the eyelets but alsotthrough the porous fabric, thereby effecting a maximum ventilation. The arms can move easily due to the stretch of the inserts and when the arms are lowered, the eyelets contract. This forces the air circulation throuh the underarm portions of the body and effects complete ventilation through flexibility of the inserts with no trapping of air, but instead effective circulation and thereby effective ventilation of the area.
The size of the inserts and the size of the eyelets therein can be varied as found desirable. For some types of shirts, such as bowling shirts, smaller eyelets may be used, but these will create the needed ventilation according to the activities to be undertaken.
The inserts do not detract from the appearance of the garment inasmuch as they form integral parts of the sleeves thereof without giving the appearance of added structural parts, such as gussets. These inserts may be predyed or dyed with the fabric of the garment so as to conform with the color thereof and thus be substantially concealed when in use.
While the invention has been illustrated and described in one embodiment, it is recognized that variations and changes may be made therein without departing from the invention set forth in the claims.
1. A garment comprising a body portion having a sleeve opening on each opposite side thereof, sleeves each having an inner end extending around the sleeve opening, and joined to the body portion about the opening, said sleeve having a cut-out in the body portion thereof adjacent said end, and a non-seamed insert of knitted elastic material secured in said cut-out in the sleeve, said insert having eyelets formed in the knitted material, and spaced over a substantial portion of the area thereof and along the length of the sleeve the eyelets being relatively narrow and elongated circumferentially of the sleeve when the material is relaxed and being stretched substantially to circular shape upon raising movement of the sleeve relative to the body portion for admitting air into the garment.
2. A garment according to claim 1, wherein the insert extends to the inner end of the sleeve and is joined by a seam along one edge thereof to the body portion of the gannent.
3. A garment comprising a body portion having a sleeve opening on each opposite side thereof, sleeves each having an inner end connected with the body portion about the opening by a seam extending continuously around the inner end of the sleeve, and an insert connected between the sleeve and the body portion seam beneath the sleeve, said insert being formed of knitted fabric with rows of loops extending circumfercntially of the sleeve and having elongated narrow eyelets fonned in the rows and spaced over a substantial area thereof the eyelets being elongated circumferentially of the sleeve in positions to open substantially to circular shape upon raising movement of the sleeve relative to the body portion for admitting air therethrough upon said raising movement of the sleeve relative to the body portion.
4. A garment according to claim 3, wherein the insert is in one piece and extends continuously across the mid portion of the sleeve beneath the latter.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US317711 *||Nov 20, 1884||May 12, 1885||brinkmann|
|US397543 *||Aug 29, 1887||Feb 12, 1889||Smith|
|US601489 *||Mar 29, 1898||Louis tim|
|US1239989 *||May 23, 1917||Sep 11, 1917||Alfred H Wait||Garment.|
|US1350169 *||Jan 6, 1920||Aug 17, 1920||Mullane James Patrick||Shirt|
|US2343103 *||May 2, 1942||Feb 29, 1944||White Lillian||Sleeve construction|
|US2554380 *||Nov 15, 1947||May 22, 1951||Munsingwear Inc||Garment|
|US3037210 *||Nov 16, 1959||Jun 5, 1962||Neuman Harold L||Sleeve insert for garment|
|US3086215 *||Oct 26, 1960||Apr 23, 1963||Reliance Mfg Company||Jacket|
|US3153793 *||Oct 26, 1962||Oct 27, 1964||Mcgregor Doniger Inc||Zippered expansible back jacket|
|AU253387A *||Title not available|
|CA446575A *||Feb 10, 1948||Daniels Jack||Garment|
|GB361815A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4805240 *||Nov 2, 1984||Feb 21, 1989||Sumday Enterprises, Inc.||Perspiration resistant garment and method for preparing same|
|US5105478 *||Nov 1, 1990||Apr 21, 1992||Pyc Chester F||Ventilated shirt|
|US6263510||May 18, 2000||Jul 24, 2001||Marco Distributing, Inc.||Ventilating garment|
|US6279161||Jan 19, 2000||Aug 28, 2001||Steven E. Johnston||Biographics: apparel that has moving graphics and patterns|
|US6427242||Jan 5, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||The Burton Corporation||Garment lining system characterized by localized performance properties|
|US7437774||Jan 24, 2005||Oct 21, 2008||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel incorporating a zoned modifiable textile structure|
|US7752681 *||May 27, 2003||Jul 13, 2010||Michel Licensing, Inc.||Article of clothing with wicking portion|
|US8001618||Sep 21, 2007||Aug 23, 2011||Sullivans, Inc.||Ventilated double-closure garment|
|US8187984||Apr 26, 2007||May 29, 2012||Malden Mills Industries, Inc.||Temperature responsive smart textile|
|US8192824||Aug 8, 2007||Jun 5, 2012||Mmi-Ipco, Llc||Temperature responsive smart textile|
|US8336116||Apr 28, 2008||Dec 25, 2012||Angela Jodie Gomes Seguin||Garment closure system|
|US8360816||Jun 7, 2010||Jan 29, 2013||Michel Licensing, Inc.||Article of clothing with wicking portion|
|US8389100||Oct 15, 2010||Mar 5, 2013||Mmi-Ipco, Llc||Temperature responsive smart textile|
|US8555414||May 6, 2004||Oct 15, 2013||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel utilizing zoned venting and/or other body cooling features or methods|
|US8726414 *||Jun 2, 2008||May 20, 2014||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel incorporating a zoned modifiable textile structure|
|US9332792||Feb 17, 2005||May 10, 2016||Nike, Inc.||Articles of apparel utilizing targeted venting or heat retention zones that may be defined based on thermal profiles|
|US9486017 *||Aug 11, 2014||Nov 8, 2016||John Liu||Anti-odor apparel|
|US9655388||Dec 17, 2012||May 23, 2017||Joyce Michel||Article of clothing with wicking portion|
|US9700077||Jun 19, 2013||Jul 11, 2017||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel with variable air permeability|
|US9713352 *||Jan 27, 2012||Jul 25, 2017||Nike, Inc.||Crumple zone garments providing enhanced fit|
|US20030061650 *||Sep 27, 2002||Apr 3, 2003||Bert Emanuel||Garment for controlling body temperature during physical activities|
|US20050166298 *||Feb 3, 2004||Aug 4, 2005||Antonio Pieroranzio||Garment wih expandable appendages|
|US20050176324 *||May 27, 2003||Aug 11, 2005||Joyce Michel||Article of clothing with moisture absorbent portion|
|US20050204449 *||Jan 24, 2005||Sep 22, 2005||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel incorporating a zoned modifiable textile structure|
|US20060174393 *||May 9, 2004||Aug 10, 2006||David Meged||Item of apparel|
|US20060179539 *||Feb 17, 2005||Aug 17, 2006||Nike Uk Ltd.||Articles of apparel utilizing targeted venting or heat retention zones that may be defined based on thermal profiles|
|US20070028351 *||Jul 19, 2005||Feb 8, 2007||Coolik Michael A||Garment with improved sleeve movement|
|US20080057261 *||Aug 8, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Mmi-Ipco, Llc||Temperature Responsive Smart Textile|
|US20080057809 *||Aug 29, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Mmi-Ipco, Llc||Temperature and moisture responsive smart textile|
|US20080075850 *||Apr 26, 2007||Mar 27, 2008||Moshe Rock||Temperature responsive smart textile|
|US20080229473 *||Jun 2, 2008||Sep 25, 2008||Nike, Inc.||Article Of Apparel Incorporating A Zoned Modifiable Textile Structure|
|US20090077710 *||Sep 21, 2007||Mar 26, 2009||Robison's, Inc.||Ventilated double-closure garment|
|US20100240280 *||Jun 7, 2010||Sep 23, 2010||Joyce Michel||Article of Clothing with Wicking Portion|
|US20110052861 *||Oct 15, 2010||Mar 3, 2011||Mmi-Ipco, Llc||Temperature Responsive Smart Textile|
|US20120233738 *||Mar 16, 2011||Sep 20, 2012||Blauer Manufacturing Company, Inc.||Shirt Sleeve Construction|
|US20130191958 *||Jan 27, 2012||Aug 1, 2013||Nike, Inc.||Crumple Zone Garments Providing Enhanced Fit|
|US20130326784 *||Jun 8, 2012||Dec 12, 2013||Tracy E. White||Cover Up|
|US20140345030 *||Aug 11, 2014||Nov 27, 2014||John Liu||Anti-odor apparel|
|US20160338435 *||May 22, 2015||Nov 24, 2016||Nike, Inc.||Lower body article of apparel having dynamic vent-slit structure|
|DE102012218068A1 *||Oct 2, 2012||Apr 3, 2014||Adidas Ag||Bekleidungsstück|
|WO2006047976A1||Sep 9, 2005||May 11, 2006||X-Technology Swiss Gmbh||Piece of garment|
|U.S. Classification||2/125, 2/DIG.100|
|International Classification||A41D27/10, A41D27/28|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S2/01, A41D27/28, A41D27/10|
|European Classification||A41D27/10, A41D27/28|