|Publication number||US3802159 A|
|Publication date||Apr 9, 1974|
|Filing date||Jan 29, 1973|
|Priority date||Jan 29, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3802159 A, US 3802159A, US-A-3802159, US3802159 A, US3802159A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Motors Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (4), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Ferdelman  Inventor: Donald C. Ferdelman, Kettering,
 Assignee: General Motors Corporation,
 Filed: Jan. 29, 1973  Appl. No: 327,696
 U.S. Cl. 55/139, 55/2, 339/31 M  Int. Cl. B03c 3/02  Field of Search 55/139, 134, 135, 124, 55/126; 339/31 R, 31 M, 32 R, 32 M, 33, 156, 157,278 R, 278 M, 75 R, 75 M; 200/1 R, 51.02, 51.03, 51.05, 51.06, 52; 325/435 R [5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,256,181 9/1941 Turner 200/11 2,450,657 10/1948 Guernsey 339/31 M 3,082,302 3/1963 Rumble ZOO/51.03 3,120,985 2/1964 Hubbell.... 339/75 M 3,191,362- 6/1965 Bourqeois.... 55/126 3,504,482 4/1970 Goettl 55/139 3,624,448 11/1971 Sauerenman 317/4 3,685,258 8/1972 Kostel et a1 55/129 ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ARRANGEMENT FOR AIR CONDITIONER ELECTROSTATIC FILTER Apr. 9, 1974 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,307,334 9/1962 France 339/32 M 603,326 3/1960 Italy 339/31 M Primary Examiner-Dennis E. Talbert, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Edward P. Barthel 5 7] ABSTRACT An electrostatic add-on air cleaner package and room air conditioner electrical connector arrangement is disclosed wherein an air cleaner package can be in stalled selectively in the discharge duct of either a 1 15 volt or a 230 volt room air conditioner by a dual pur pose three-pin power plug wired to the end terminals and center tap of the primary winding of a step-up transformer in the air cleaner power pack. The threepin plug may be connected selectively with either the 1 15 volt air conditioner provided with a mating socket with a first pair of its three pin receiving recesses having conductive sleeves arranged to supply 1 15 volts to the common end tenninal and center tap of the transformer primary winding or to the 230 volt air conditioner provided with a mating socket with a second pair of its three pin receiving recess having conductive sleeves arranged to supply 230 volts to the end terminals of the transformer primary winding.
3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures LINE VOLTAGE PATENTEDAFR 91914 ($802,159
sum 2 OF 2 sELgcTo R sgNlTgH POSITION 2 3 4 5 FUNCTION OFF 7 OFF cw 60' X X X HI. COOL z E.A.C
cw |2o X X X MED. cooLz E.A.C
cw|ao X X X LO. CO'OL & E.A.C CW 240 X X LO. FAN a E.A.C
cw3oo X X MED. FAN E.A.C
CLEANER ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ARRANGEMENT FOR AIR CONDITIONER ELECTROSTATIC FILTER The manufacturer of room air conditioners is often required by sales demands to provide air cleaning addon kits for different sizes of units so that purchasers can readily convert a standard air conditioner with electrostatic air cleaning. It is an object of this invention to provide and electrical connector and power pack transformer arrangement for readily connecting the same add-on electrostatic air cleaner kit selectively to either a l 15 volt or 230 volt air conditioner unit without any rewiring or adjustments required by the customer during installation.
It is another object of this invention to provide a single add-on electrostatic .air cleaner kit for use selectively with either a l 15 volt or 230 volt room air condi-' tioner unit in which the air cleaners three-pin power pack plug is electrically connected to the end terminals and center tap of the primary winding of the power transformer such that the plug of the air cleaner selectively connectable with a socket on the I15 volt unit having one pair of the three pin receiving recesses provided with conductive sleeves connected to each side of a I 15 volt power source or to a socket on the 230 volt unit having a second pair of the three pin receiving recesses provided with conductive sleeves connected to each side of a 230 volt power source.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective exploded view of a room air conditioner and an electrostatic air cleaner add-on kit adaptable to be located in the discharge air duct of th air conditioner unit;
FIG. 2 is a schematic wiring diagram of the air conditioner; j l
FIG. 3 is a control chart for the air conditioner multiposition control switch;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the socket for a 230 volt air conditioner unit and its accompanying electrostatic air cleaner plug;
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4, showing the socket and plug arrangement for a 115 volt air conditioner unit;
FIG. 6 is a schematic of the dual voltage input transformer in the power section of the electrostatic air cleaner.
Referring now to the drawings, a room air conditioner chassis 10 is shown in FIG. 1 together with an add-on air cleaner kit-or package 12 including a frame 13 for holding an electrostatic air cleaner l4 and a power pack unit 16. The air conditioner chassis 10 is provided with a discharge air chamber or duct 18 into which the air cleaner package 12 is inserted. The package I2 is supported on the horizontal partition wall 20 which together with verticalpartition wall 22, top wall 24 and side walls 26, 28 form the room air discharge chamber 18. A fan scroll, partially indicated at 30, encloses a centrifugal blower 31 viewed through scroll discharge air outlet opening 32 having a skewed curlededge cutoff 34 at the throat section of the scroll. Details of a typical room air conditioner scroll housing are shown, for example, in US. Pat. No. 3,305,162 issued to Hall Jr. and assigned to theassignee of the present application.
Electrical connections for a 230 volt air conditioner unit are shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and include a threewire single phase supply conductor 40 providing supply conductors L and L and ground conductor N connecting to three terminals of the plug 42. As seen in the schematic of FIG. 2, the conductor line L is wired into a multiple selector five position manual rotary control snap switch 44 having a single rotary control knob 46. The supply conductor L, connects to the movable switch blades A, B, C, D, and E of the switch 44 through line 48.
It will be seen that line 50 connects the fourth fixed contact of the switch blade C with the low speed winding 52 of the fan motor M. The line 54 connects the third fixed contact of the switch blade D with the juncture of the low speed winding 52 and medium speed winding 53 of the fan motor M. The conductor 56 connects the second fixed contact of rotary switch blade B with the juncture of the medium speed winding 53 and main winding 55 while line 57 connects the juncture between the main winding 55 and the'motor protector 58 to phase winding 59 and thence via line 60 to fan capacitor 61. Line 62 connects the fan capacitor 61 to the other side 'of main winding 55 while line 63 connects the fan capacitor 61 witha dummy terminal 66 of the selector switch 48. The line 68 connects the third fixed contact of switch blade A to an overload bimetal thermostat 69, within motor compressor unit 70, which is in turn connected to the juncture of main winding 72 and phase winding 74 of the compressor motor. Conductors 76 and 77 connect the opposite side of the compressor motor main winding 72 and phase winding 74 through a running capacitor 78 via line 79 to a single stage thermostat 80 having control knob 47. The thermostat 80, however, may be of the dual stage type as disclosed for example in US. Pat. No. 3,666,002 issued May 30, 1972. The other side of thermostat 80 is connected by line 81 to the dummy terminal 66.
As seen in FIG. I a receptacle or socket 82 is located on the wall 22 so as to face outwardly toward the outside air portion of the chassis 10. The socket 82,"as shown in FIG. 4, has three recesses or holes 83, 84 and 85 adapted to receive respectively the three pins 86, 87 and 88 of the air cleaner power plug 90 The power plug 90 is wired to transformer 91 of the power pack 16 with its pin 86' connected by common line 92 to end terminal 93 of the primary winding 94 of the transformer 91. The pin 87 is connected by line 95 to supply 230 volts to the other end terminal 96 of the primary winding 94 while the pin 88 is connected by 115 volt line 97 to the center tap 98 of the primary winding 94.
With reference to FIG. 6, the secondary winding 100 of the transformer 91 is connected at its end terminals 101, 102 to bridge rectifier 104 which products a pulsating direct current to the electrostatic air cleaner 14 in a conventional manner such as described, for example, in US. Pat. No. 3,438,180 issued Apr. 15, 1969 to Klouda. In the preferred form applicants electrostatic unit 14, the details of which are not shown, may comprise two sections, namely a charging or ionizing section and a collecting section. The charging section may consist of fine wires extending between horizontal metal plates; while the collecting section could be a series of parallel fiat plates preferably spaced about onequarter inch apart. g N A H I The DC power supply is obtained by the dual voltage input step-up transformer 91 with a substantially fixed output voltage that is rectified to DC and doubled with the use of two capacitors 106, 107 and two diodes 108, 109 in the bridge rectifier 104 shown grounded at l 10. In the present embodiment the output voltage to the air cleaner at terminal 112 is about 5,500 volts DC for the 230 volt applied input at terminals 93 and 96 to the primary winding 94 and an output voltage of about 5,300 volts DC for the 115 volt applied input at center tap terminal 98 and common end terminal 93.
As seen in FIGS. 2 4 and 6 the socket 82 has line 120 q connected between the fourth fixed contact of switch blade E to a connector sleeve 126 positioned in the first recess 83 while the line 124 connects a connector sleeve 122 in second recess 84 to the dummy terminal 66. In the disclosed form upon the first and second pins 86 and 87 of air cleaner plug 90 being pressed into their respective contact sleeves 126 and 122 of socket 82, with the third center tap pin 88 being received in an insulated manner in sleeveless third recess 85, a 230 volt AC charge of about 75 milli amps will be applied to the transformer primary 94. In this way the add-on electrostatic air cleaner kit 12 is readily installed in the room air discharge chamber of a 230 volt air conditioner unit wired at the factory with inexpensive socket 82 by sliding it into the air duct 18 and inserting the power plug 90 and leads 92, 95 and 97 through hole 128 at the rear of the duct '18. It will be noted that the hole 128 is preferably in the form ofa knockout to receive a metal tube (not shown) to enclose the leads.
With reference to FIG. 5, the power plug 90 is shown in relation to socket 82 which is adapted to be suitably placed in a bulkhead partition of a U volt room air conditioner unit (not shown) in a manner similar to that shown in FIG. 1 for the 230 volt air conditioner. As the 115 volt socket 82' is identical in construction so as to mate with the power plug 90, the socket 82' is shown with the same elements identified with the same numerals, the exception being that each reference numeral for the H5 volt socket 82 is primed. Thus, its first recess 83 has a sleeve connector 126' located therein such that line 120' connects to switch blade E of an identical selector switch (not shown) in the same manner'as shown in FIG. 2 for line 120. In the socket 82', however, the third recess 85' has a sleeve connector 132 located therein such that line 134 can connect to the other side of a U5 line voltage supply (not shown) while the second socket recess 84' is sleeveless to receive plug second pin 87 in an insulated fashion.
Thus, the identical air cleaner add-on kit 12 can be installed in the discharge air chamber of a U5 volt air conditioner originally equipped with the socket 82' at the factory without requiring any wiring changes by the customer. V I H The novel arrangement is particularly advantageous because of the relatively low cost of the receptacles 82 and 82' in eounterdistinction to the cost of the power plugs 90. It will be noted in FIGS. 4 and 5 that the common first pin 86 of the plug 90 is larger in diameter than pins 87 or 88. In this manner there is only a single alignment possible to permit connection of the plug 90 with either socket 82 or 82' to insure against any incorrect connection of the plug and corresponding sockets.
With reference to the chart of FIG. 3 it will be seen that the electrostatic air cleaner (E.A.C.) is designed to operate when the air conditioner fan motor M is energized, regardless of speed or function, provided the air cleaner ON/OFF switch 130 is in the ON position. Thus the air cleaner can be used all year, even when'the air conditioner is not cooling. When the air conditioner fan switch 130 is in its OFF position, the electrostatic air cleaner 12 is automatically in a non-functioning position.
While the embodiment of the present invention as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.
1. In combination with an air conditioning unit an electrical connector assembly for connecting an air electrostatic air cleaner add-on kit selectively with either a 115 volt air conditioner unit or a 230 volt air conditioner unit, said electrostatic air cleaner including a power pack with a step-up alternating current transformer having a primary winding with a center tap, said transformer having a secondary winding the end terminals of which are connected to said electrostatic air cleaner, a three-pin plug and three conductor cord structure defining means for connecting said cord conductors to said primary winding, said plug having its first pin connected to one end terminal of said primary winding and its second pin connected to the other end terminal of said primary winding, said plug having its third pin connected to said primary winding center tap,
a first socket electrically connected in the 115 volt air conditioner, said first socket being provided with-three recesses for receiving respectively the three pins of said three-pin plug; said first socket having a first pair of recesses receiving corresponding pins of said plug, said first pair of recesses each provided with a'connector sleeve contact into which said corresponding pins are pressed, said first pair of recesses having sleeve contacts connected to either side of a 115 volt power supply, the remaining plug pin being received in the remaining recess of said first socket in an insulated manner whereby 115 volts is applied across one-half of said primary winding, a second socket electrically connected in the 230 volt room air conditioner, said second socket being provided with three recesses for receiving respectively the three pins of said plug; said second socket having a sec and pair of recesses receiving corresponding pins of said plug, said second pair of recesses eachprovided with a conductive sleeve contact into which said corresponding pins are pressed, said second pair of recesses having sleeve contacts connected to either side of a 230 volt power supply, said remaining plug pin being received in the remaining recess of said second socket in an insulated manner whereby 230 volts is applied across both halves of said primary winding, whereby a single electrostatic air-cleaner kit may be used selectively with an air conditioner supplied with either llS volts or 230 volts of electrical power.
2. In combination with a room air conditioning unit an electrical connector assembly for connecting an air electrostatic'air cleaner add-on kit selectively in the discharge duct of either a 1 l5 volt room air conditioner winding with a center tap, said transformer having a secondarywinding the end terminals of which are connected to said electrostatic air cleaner, a three-pin plug and three conductor cord structure defining means for connecting said cord conductor to said primary winding, said plug having its first pin connected to one end terminal of said primary winding and its second pair connected to the otherend terminal of said primary winding, said plug having its third pin connected to said primary winding center tap, a first socket electrically connected in the 115 volt room air conditioner, said first socket being provided with first, second and third recesses for receiving respectively the first, second and third pins of said three-pin plug; said first socket having its first recess receiving said first pin and its third recess receiving said third pin, said first and third recesses of said first socket provided with a connector sleeve contact into which said first and third pins are pressed, said first and third sleeve contacts connected via a selector switch to each side of a 115 volt power supply, said second pin being positioned in the second recess of said first socket in an insulated manner whereby 1 l5 volts is applied across one-half of said primary winding, a second socket electrically connected in the 230 volt room air conditioner, said second socket being provided with first, second and third recesses for receiving respectively the first, second and third pins of said plug; said second socket having its first and second recesses receiving said first and second pins, said first and second recesses of said second socket provided with conductive sleeve contacts into which said first and second pins are pressed, said first and second recess sleeve contacts connected via a selector switch to either side of a 230 volt power supply, saidthird pin being posiin the range of about 5,300 volts to 5,500 volts.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2256181 *||Mar 20, 1940||Sep 16, 1941||Air Reduction||Change-over switch|
|US2450657 *||May 13, 1947||Oct 5, 1948||Guernsey Max M||Electric plug|
|US3082302 *||Jul 25, 1960||Mar 19, 1963||Rumble Roy W||Electrical outlet|
|US3120985 *||Apr 19, 1961||Feb 11, 1964||Hubbell Inc Harvey||Electrical connector having selective key means for different voltages|
|US3191362 *||Feb 5, 1962||Jun 29, 1965||Knapp Monarch Co||Electrostatic air purifier|
|US3504482 *||Jan 22, 1965||Apr 7, 1970||Goettl William H||Electrostatic air cleaner and control means therefor|
|US3624448 *||Oct 3, 1969||Nov 30, 1971||Consan Pacific Inc||Ion generation apparatus|
|US3685258 *||Jan 18, 1970||Aug 22, 1972||Kostel Paul Steven||Electronic air purifier|
|FR1307334A *||Title not available|
|IT603326A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4049400 *||Apr 7, 1976||Sep 20, 1977||Bennett R Jackson||Air purifying apparatus|
|US4386333 *||Nov 2, 1981||May 31, 1983||International Business Machines Corporation||Universal electrical connection apparatus|
|US5688308 *||May 30, 1995||Nov 18, 1997||Trion, Inc.||Electrostatic air cleaning system with air flow sensor|
|US8222861 *||Feb 8, 2010||Jul 17, 2012||Lockheed Martin Corporation||Elimination of power consumption when charger/adaptor is not in use|
|U.S. Classification||96/82, 439/222, 439/221|
|International Classification||F24F3/16, B03C3/66|
|Cooperative Classification||B03C3/66, F24F3/166|
|European Classification||B03C3/66, F24F3/16C|