|Publication number||US3802425 A|
|Publication date||Apr 9, 1974|
|Filing date||Oct 14, 1971|
|Priority date||Oct 14, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3802425 A, US 3802425A, US-A-3802425, US3802425 A, US3802425A|
|Original Assignee||Moulding T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Moulding, Jr.
[ Apr. 9, 1974 I  INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE  Inventor: Thomas S. Moulding, Jr., 1954 Glencoe St., Denver, Colo. 80220 221 Filed: Oct. 14, 1971 211 App]. No.: 189,212
3,405,711 10/1968 Bakunin 128/130 3,659,596 5/1972 Robinson.... 128/130 3,659,600 5/1972 Merrill 128/260 3,683,906 8/1972 Robinson 128/130 Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant ExaminerG. F. Dunne Attorney, Agent, or F inn-Sheridan, Ross and Fields  ABSTRACT An intrauterine contraceptive device is provided which is inserted into a uterus in a collapsed position and is held in an expanded position by introduction of a self-hardening liquid plastic into the device after it is positioned within the uterus. In one embodiment the device is provided with an inflatable membrane for positioning it within the uterus prior to insertion of the liquid plastic, after which the membrane is deflated and in some instances removed. In another embodiment the device comprises a plastic tube with a resilient rod therein which may be deformed to insert the device in the uterus and after being positioned therein a liquid self-hardening plastic is introduced into the tube to hold the resilient rod in an expanded position that conforms to the uterine cavity. In still another embodiment, the rod is arranged to telescope in a tubular member which tubular member can be filled with self-hardening liquid plastic to force the rod out of the end of the tubular membrane and against a wall of the uterus and to hold it permanently in that position. In addition a tubular member may be provided an angular connection thereof which can be filled with the self-hardening liquid plastic to form a more rigid structure after the device is positioned in the uterus. If desired, a resistance heating element can be provided within the device to melt or soften the plastic so that the device can be removed from the uterus at a later time.
14 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures PATENIEDAPR 91am 4 I 3802.25
' SHEEIIOFZ INVENTOR THOMAS s. MOULDING,JR
A T TORNE YS INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to an intrauterine contracep-v tive. device, and more particularly to such a device wherein a liquid plastic material is introduced into the device after it is positioned in the uterus and hardens therein to make the device substantially rigid.
2. Description of the Prior Art As the effects of increased population become increasingly severe, resulting in environmental conditions which are deteriorating at an alarming rate, more and more effort is being placed on means for slowing the increase in world population, if not entirely halting such increase.
One type of contraception which has found considerable acceptance is the intrauterine contraceptive device, commonly known as an IUD. The IUD is a device which is placed inside the uterus, a soft tissue organ made primarily of smooth muscle. The way in which it operates to prevent pregnancy is not entirely understood but it is well known that any foreign body placed in the uterus has a contraceptive effect which is 90 to 95 percent effective. However, some such devices which have been used have caused the walls of the uterus to become eroded or partially penetrated causing pain and bleeding to the user, thereby necessitating removal. In many instances the IUDs are expelled from the uterus and this is believed to be because they ar generally too small or not sufficiently rigid. However, when larger IUDs are used, there is a greater instance of pain and bleeding and sometimes the IUD induces contractions of the uterus which may lead to expulsion.
lUDs have been constructed in numerous shapes and sizes and of various materials, but each has had certain deficiences. One IUD was made by injecting silastic into the uterus which then set up to form a cast. However, this procedure was abandoned because of the high incidence of expulsions, probably due to the distention of the uterus in the anterior-posterior diameter. A popular form of IUD is the Lippes Loop which is a sinusoidal spring like device which is stretched into a linear shape and inserted into the uterus after which it contracts to fill the uterine cavity, but lies only in one plane namely the plane of the uterine cavity and does not significantly expand the cavity in the anteriorposterior diameter. However, with resilient devices the chance of expulsion is greater than with more rigid devices.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention the principle of casting is usedin order to properly fit the IUD to the uterus and substantially fill it in the plane thereof. Such a device has a minimum anteriorposterior thickness to minimize the possibility of inducing contractionsof the uterus and has sufficient rigidity to minimize the possibility that the device will be expelled from the uterus. Such a device comprises a member insertable into the uterus in a collapsed position and movable into an expanded or extended position within the uterus and further includes an initially collapsed means for receiving a self-hardening liquid plastic after the IUD is positioned in the uterus of a quantity sufficient to hold the member in the expanded position after hardening to form a cast. In other words, these members have at least one potential cavity which can be inflated with the self-hardening liquid plastic. Conveniently, by having the self-hardening plastic into a member within the uterine cavity, rather than in the uterine cavity without a covering, liquid plastic materials can be used which would not otherwise be suitable for use in a body cavity. In addition, the device will conform to the shape of a uterus which my be deformed by the presence of fibroids therein.
More particularly, the invention comprises in one embodiment an inflatable membrane surrounded by a collapsible tubular plastic channel. The device is inserted, as by an insertion tube, into the uterus after which the membrane is filled with carbon dioxide to expand the device to substantially fill the uterine cavity and then while in an expanded position, the collapsed tubular member is filled with a self-hardening liquid plastic to expand it. After the plastic hardens to form a cast the inflatable member can be deflated and, if desired, removed from the uterus. The tubular member may take any one of several forms, that is, it may extend along the longitudinal dimensions of the inflatable member or it may be wound therearound in a helix configuration or may consist of a series of tubular members extending from one end of the inflatable member to the other which tubular members are interconnected. In a further embodiment these tubular members may have a mesh configuration.
In a still further embodiment the device may comprise a sinusoidal shaped resilient plastic rod in the form of a Lippes Loop surrounded by a tubular plastic member which may be filled with self-hardening liquid plastic after the IUD is inserted in the uterus to minimize expulsion. In still another form of the invention a closed plastic loop may be provided which is surrounded by a tubular member which may be filled with self-hardening liquid plastic after the IUD is introduced into the uterus to form a cast. In this embodiment a membrane may extend across the closed loop.
A still further embodiment may be comprised of a rod which is extensible from one end of a tube which has a resilient rod attached at an angle between to form a device in the shape of the number seven. A collapsible tube extends over the depending rod and is in communication with the other tube. The legs of the seven are bent together and inserted in the uterus whereupon one leg snaps back to a position in which it extends generally across the uterus. A liquid plastic material is inserted into the collapsed tube which forms the depending leg of the IUD to force the rod in the other leg outwardly against the opposite wall of the uterus whereupon the liquid plastic hardens to hold the rod in position. A modification of, this IUD can include a sprin member that can be released after the seven is positioned in the uterus for urging the rod outwardly. The liquid plastic surrounds the spring and upon hardening holds the spring so that it will not further force the rod into the wall of the uterus thereby minimizing the chance of eroding the uterine wall or penetrating the same. Furthermore, a tubular member, which is fillable with a self-hardening liquid plastic, can be provided across an angle thereof to create a more rigid angle after the device is positioned in the uterus.
If desired, a resistance heating element may be included in the device which has connections extending into the inferior portion of the uterine cavity when the IUD is in place. If it is necessary at a later time to remove the IUD a source of electric current can be attached to these connection so that the resistance heating element melts or softens the plastic material forming the cast to permit withdrawal of the IUD.
Additional advantages of this invention will become readily apparent from the description which follows, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front elevation of one form of IUD comprising the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged section, taken along line 22 of FIG. 1, showing further details of the construction of the IUD of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary elevation of a sound for use within an insertion tube for inserting the IUD into a uterus;
FIG. 4 is a front elevation showing a further embodiment of an IUD having threads attached thereto for use with a different sound for insertion of the IUD in a uterus;
FIG. 5 is a front elevation of a further alternative embodiment wherein a tubular member is wrapped in helical configuration about an inflatable member;
FIG. 6 is a front elevation similar to FIG. 5 of a further modified embodiment wherein the tubular members extend longitudinally from one end of an inflatable member to the opposite end and are interconnected;
FIG. 7 is a front elevation similar to FIGS. 5 and 6 showing a further modification wherein the tubular member is in a meshed configuration surrounding an inflatable member;
FIG. 8 is a front elevation of an intrauterine device of this invention which is in the form of a Lippes Loop within a tubular member;
FIG. 9 is a front elevation of a further modification of the invention wherein a closed loop is provided within a tubular member having a membrane there across;
FIG. 10 is a front elevation of an IUD in the shape of the numeral seven when positioned within a uterus as shown;
FIG. 11 is an elevation, similar to FIG. 10, but show ing an IUD having a spring for urging the rod toward the uterine wall;
FIG. 12 is a front elevation, similar to FIGS. 10 and 11, but showing a tubular portion interconnecting the two legs of the IUD for receiving self-hardening plastic material; and
FIG. 13 is a front elevation, similar to FIG. 9, but showing a resistance heating element within the rod to facilitate removal of the IUD.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In accordance with this invention a form is introduced into the uterus which form is made of plastic sheets or tubes, such as polyethylene, with barium imbedded therein to make then opaque to X-ray radiation which are biomedically compatible with the uterus and are used to make a cast which forms an IUD with minimal anterior-posterior thickness. After the form is introduced into the uterine cavity it is aligned in the plane of the uterine cavity and then filled with a liquid plastic that will harden quickly. An example of suitable material is a monomer such as methyl methacrylate and free radical catalyst such as benzoyl peroxide or methyl ethyl ketone peroxide or hydrogen peroxide. Alternatively, the plastic material could be made of styrene monomer or unsaturated polyester resins plus one of the free radical catalysts referred to above. Many other combinations of resins and catalysts can be used for polymerization or cross-linking to make the selfhardening plastic. The plastic form consists of collapsible tubes, preferably on the order of 1 /2 mm. in diameter which are connected to sheets of polyethylene, as will be more fully described below.
If desired, the free radical catalyst can be placed in the tubes prior to insertion of the IUD into the uterine cavity. This eliminates the necessity of mixing the liquid with the catalyst prior to injection and still allows the liquid to harden after it is injected into the tubes so that it will harden in the uterus. To avoid the possibility that the hardening will occur before the plastic has entirely filled the tubes, the free radical catalyst can be placed in the portions of the tube or tubes that the plastic reaches last when injected. The tubes may have many different arrangements as described before but a principle which is important is that the plastic form which is used to make a cast that fits the uterus does not have excessive thickness.
An IUD is disclosed in FIG. 1 which comprises a tubular loop 4 having the general shape of a uterus in the plane thereof, the loop being covered by a pair of spaced membranes 6 and 8, as best seen in FIG. 2, which form an enclosed area which is adapted to be filled with air, as described more fully below. These membranes 6 and 8, in effect, form a balloon to which the tubular member or loop 4 is attached. The tube comprises a leg 10 which is positioned in the fundus of the uterus. Leg 10 has two depending legs 12 and 14 which are joined at an angle at the end which is adjacent the cervix when the IUD is in position. The IUD is provided with a pair of pockets 16 and 18 respectively, which are at the cornual portions of the device at the juncture of legs 10 and 12 and 10 and 14, respectively. These pockets are adapted to receive the ends of tines 20 and 22 respectively, of sound 24 for insertion of the device into the uterus. The tines are made of a resilient material and normally assume the spaced positioned shown in FIG. 3.
The IUD is placed in an insertion tube (not shown) of conventional structure which is of a diameter of 3 mm. or less with tines 20 and 22 in pockets l6 and 18. The insertion tube together with the IUD and sound 24 is inserted into the uterus until it engages the fundus at which time the insertion tube is withdrawan which allows the tines to spring apart as in FIG. 3 to position the corners formed by the juncture of leg 10 with legs 12 and 14, respectively, of tubular member 4 in the cornua of the uterus. Tubular member 4 is provided with an inlet tube 26 which extends out through the cervix and a similar inlet tube 28 is provided which communicates with the space between membranes 6 and 8. After the IUD is positioned in the uterus and the sound removed, air is introduced between membranes 6 and 8 by means of tube 28 to inflate the device and hold it in the proper position within the uterus. While still inflated, the liquid plastic material is introduced through inlet 26 into loop 4 which is filled with the plastic which plastic will become hard and rigid to form a plastic ring or form 30 as shown in FIG. 2. After the plastic has hardened, tube 28 can be opened to let the air out from between membranes 6 and 8. Finally, the end of inlet 26 can be clipped off by a suitable surgical tool adjacent loop 4.
An alternative method of inserting the IUD in the uterus is disclosed in FIG. 4 wherein pockets l6 and 18 are replaced with threads 32 and 34 and is used in conjunction with a sound 24' wherein the ends of tines 20' and 22' are provided with apertures for receiving the ends of threads 32 and 34. With this embodiment, by maintaining tension on threads 32 and 34, the IUD, which is positioned in an insertion tube, can be pushed into the uterus by means of sound 24 into the fundus of the uterus. Once positioned, the sound 24' can be withdrawn and the tines will spring into the cornua of the uterus and the device is inflated through inlet tube 28 and filled with liquid self-hardening plastic material through inlet tube 26', as described above with respect toFIG. 1.
Furthermore, a method of inserting an IUD is contemplated which does not require an insertion tube. In this method a single thread is attached to an end of an IUD to be positioned against the fundus which thread is placed through an aperture in a single time of a sound. The IUD is inserted by means of the sound while the thread is held taut. The thread is then released and the sound withdrawn. Advantageously, this'method minimizes distension of the cervix and hence reduces any pain associated with the. insertion of an IUD.
An alternative embodiment is shown in FIG. 5 wherein a tubular member 36 is wound in a helical configuration around a balloon 38, and is attached thereto. The device when uninflated may be placed in an insertion tube, with a single tine sound (not shown) within the balloon, and inserted in the uterus after which the insertion tube is withdrawn, then the sound is withdrawn and the balloon 38 inflated through an inlet tube 40 extending out through the cervix. After the balloon has been inflated liquid plastic can be inserted in the tubular member 36 through inlet 42. After the liquid plastic hardens, balloon 38 can be deflated. The balloon can be detachably attached to tubular member 36, as by perforations, so that it can be withdrawn through the cervix rather than remaining in the uterus.
A further embodiment is shown in FIG. 6 wherein longitudinally extending tubular members 44 extend longitudinally of balloon 38 and are interconnected at the fundus and are connected to an inlet 46 so that the tubes may be filled with liquid plastic after the balloon 38' is inflated through inlet 40'.
A further embodiment is shown in FIG. 7 wherein balloon 38" is covered by a mesh network of tubular members 48 all interconnected with each other and connected to an inlet 50 through which liquid plastic may be introduced after bag 38 is inflated through tube 40".
An alternative embodiment is shown in FIG. 8 wherein the sinusoidal rod 52, such as polyethylene is in the form of a Lippes Loop and is positioned within a similarly shaped polyethylene tubular member 54. This composite structure may be placed in the uterus by means of an insertion tube in a method well known to those skilled in the art after which a self-hardening liquid plastic, of the type previously described, can be introduced through an inlet 56 which extends into the cervix. Advantageously, the rod 52 is resilient for insertion and has less rigidity than the Lippes Loop so it can adapt to the uterine cavity size but after it is positioned in the uterus and the tube 54 filled with the liquid plastic which hardens the device becomes rigid and therefore cannot easily be expelled.
A still further embodiment is shown in FIG. 9 wherein a plastic resilient rod 58 is provided in the form of a closed loop which is made within a similarly formed tubular member 60 which has a depending inlet 62. Before insertion into the uterus the device may be compressed so as to fit within an insertion tube and is placed in the uterus whereupon plastic rod 58 springs to its open extended position as shown in FIG. 9. Afterwards self-hardening liquid plastic material is introduced through inlet 62 whereupon the device becomes rigid so that it is not easily expelled by the uterus. In addition, a cross tube 64 may be provided for interconnecting the depending legs of loop 60 which tube is also filled with liquid plastic material to impart further rigidity to the structure. In addition, the loop may be covered by a plastic membrane 66 which minimizes the possibility that a portion of the bowel will protrude through the loop resulting in possible strangulation thereof if the IUD completely penetrates the uterine wall.
Another embodiment shown in FIG. 10 wherein the IUD 68 comprises a tubular member in the shape of the numeral seven, having a depending collapsible tubular leg 70 connected to a laterally extending leg 72 at the corner of the seven. To facilitate insertion a resilient plastic rod 74 extends through collapsible leg 70 and is joined to leg 72 at the corner, as by a plurality of fingers 75 which have spaces therebetween for the passage of self-hardening liquid plastic as described below. Laterally extending leg 72 is hollow and is adapted to receive a rod 76. The device is placed in the uterus with the legs being bent together within an insertion tube and with leg 70 collapsed around rod 74. As the insertion tube is withdrawn leg 72 snaps open to the extended position shown in FIG. 10 due to the resilience of the corner. A self-hardening liquid plastic material is inserted through inlet 78 of depending collapsed leg 70, which leg extends into the cervix. The liquid plastic material passes between fingers 75 and pushes rod 76 out of extending leg 72 until it contacts the opposite wall of the uterus and then hardens in the tube to effectively lock rod 76 in position to minimize the possibility of expulsion.
An alternative embodiment is shown in FIG. 11 wherein a spring is provided within extending leg 72' of IUD 68. The device is inserted as described above with respect to FIG. 10, but in this embodiment spring 80 urges rod 76' against the wall of the uterus. Conveniently a string or thread 81 is attached to the inner end of rod 76' and extends through spring 80 through fingers 75 and through collapsed tube 70' along side of resilient rod 74'. During insertion, thread 81 is pulled tight to hold spring 80 in contracted position and to hold rod 76' within leg 72'. After insertion, the thread is released so that rod 76' is pushed by spring 80 against the uterine wall, as shown. The liquid plastic material is then inserted through inlet 78' to fill collapsed tube 70'. This material passes through fingers 75' and surrounds spring 80 where it hardens and holds the spring in a fixed position so that the tendency of rod 76' to be further urged into the uterine wall, thereby causing erosion or penetration thereof is substantially reduced.
A further alternative is shown in FIG. 12 wherein IUD 68" includes a tubular portion 82 interconnecting leg 70" with leg 72". As in the embodiment of FIG. 1 1, during insertion rod 76" is held within leg 72" by pulling tight on thread 81 to contract spring 80' after which the tension is released and spring 80' pushes rod 76" against the uterine wall. Advantageously, tubular portion 82 then is filled with the self-hardening liquid plastic material as will the other tubular members thereby causing the corner to be more rigid thereby minimizing the chance of expulsion.
A problem that is encountered with the use of a rigid or semi-rigid IUD is removal of the device from the uterus at some later time. Obviously, if it is too rigid, it will be difficult to remove. To overcome this problem, a heating element can be included within the IUD as shown in FIG. 13 wherein a loop of electrical wire 84 is provided within resilient plastic rod 86 which in turn is within a tubular member 88. The wire 84 is provided with resistance heating elements 90 at the comua and if desired, another heating element 92 in the leg of the IUD which is positioned against the fundus. Opposite ends of wire 84 extend through the device adjacent the cervical end to provide a pair of contacts 94 and 96. The device is inserted in the uterus in the same manner as the device of FIG. 9 and liquid plastic introduced into tubular member 88 through inlet 98 which extends into the cervix. At a later time if it is desired to remove the IUD a source of electric current is brought into engagement with contacts 94 and 96 to heat elements 90 and 92 so that rod 86 and the plastic material within tube 88 becomes soft and pliable to facilitate withdrawal of the IUD from the uterus. It will be apparent to one skilled in the art that an electrical circuit can be provided for use in any of the other IUDs disclosed herein. For example, in the IUD disclosed in FIG. 8, a wire could be run through rod 52 which comprises a Lippes Loop and bent back over itself at the end and run back through the rod so that both ends of the wire extend out of the device adjacent the cervical end of the uterus.
From the foregoing, the advantages of this invention are readily apparent. A device has been provided which is flexible and compact for easy insertion into the uterus but which can be expanded and positioned within the uterus to make a rigid form by use of a selfhardening liquid plastic material which is received in a tubular member comprising a portion of the IUD. Such a device is substantially rigid and substantially fills the uterus in the plane thereof to minimize the possiblity of expulsion due to size but is of minimal thickness in the anterior-posterior direction and conforms to the uterine size in lateral directions to minimize the possibility of inducing contractions of the uterus. It also is .made in such a fashion as to substantially reduce the possibility of erosion or partial penetration of the uterine wall. It will also conform to the configuration of the uterine cavity when the cavity is distorted from its usual shape, such as when there are fibroids in the uterus. In addition, if desired, a heating element may be provided within the device for softening the plastic material at a later date so that the device may be removed from the uterus.
The invention has been described in detail with particular reference to preferred embodiments thereof,
but it will be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. An intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
a hollow, flexible enclosed member for receiving a fluid, said member being insertable into a uterus in a collapsed position and movable into an extended position within the uterus, and being of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with the uterus;
a rod means telescopically received within said member for extending said device after insertion into the uterus and introduction of a self-hardening liquid plastic into said member so that said device conforms to the size of the uterine cavity; and
inlet means in said member for introducing the selfhardening liquid plastic in a quantity sufficient to extend said rod means against the uterine wall and to hold said member against the uterine wall.
2. An intrauterine contraceptive device as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
said rod is resilient.
3. An intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
an angular member having first and second legs interconnected at an acute angle and being foldable at said interconnection to bring said legs together during insertion into a uterus, said first leg comprising a first rod surrounded by a collapsible tube through which a self-hardening liquid plastic may be inserted, and said second leg comprising a hollow substantially rigid member connected to said first rod and to said collapsible tube and in fluid communication with the latter; and
a second rod within said second leg slidable through an opening in the end thereof to an extended position against a wall of the uterus by introduction of said liquid plastic into said inlet in said first leg under pressure after said device is positioned in the uterus.
4. An intrauterine contraceptive device as claimed in claim 3, further including:
a spring in said second leg having one end engageable with the inner end of said second rod and the other end engageable with said interconnection for urging said rod to said expanded position within the uterus, said liquid plastic, after hardening, preventing further expansion over a period of time to minimize erosion of the uterine wall.
5. An intrauterine contraceptive device as claimed in claim 3, further including:
a hollow cross member extending between and communicating with said first and second legs and fillable with said liquid plastic to make said interconnection substantially rigid after insertion of said device into the uterus.
6. An intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
an angular member of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with a uterus and having first and second legs interconnected at an angle and bendable at said interconnection to facilitate insertion of said device into the uterus and expandable within the uterus to conform to uterine size;
means in said angular member for expanding it within the uterus to conform to uterine size;
a collapsible hollow cross member extending between said first and second legs adjacent said interconnection; and
means in said cross member to make said interconnection substantially rigid after insertion of said device into the uterus to hold said legs at a fixed angle to minimize expulsion and erosion of the uterine wall.
7. An extendable intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
first and second telescopic members within each other and insertable into a uterus when in collapsed position, said members being of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with the uterus;
means for moving said members from said collapsed position to an extended position to expand said device to conform to the size of the uterus after insertion into the uterus; and
means for fixing the position of said members in the uterus after expansion to minimize expulsion and erosion of the uterine wall.
8. An intrauterine contraceptive device, as claimed in claim 7', wherein said moving means includes:
a spring interconnected between said members for urging said members to said extended position.
9. An intrauterine contraceptive device, as claimed in claim 8, wherein said fixing means includes:
means for introducing a self-hardening liquid plastic into said device around said spring to hold said device in a fixed extended position after said plastic hardens to minimize erosion of the uterine wall.
10. An intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
first and second telescopic members within each other and insertable into a uterus when in collapsed position, said fists member being hollow and said second member being telescopically received in an open end of said first member; and u means for introducing a self-hardening liquid plastic material into said first member to urge said second member out of said open end from a collapsed position to an extended position conforming to the size of the uterus and to hold said device in a fixed extended position after said plastic hardens to minimize erosion of the uterine wall and expulsion from the uterus.
l1; An'intrauterinecontraceptive device comprising:
a hollow, flexible enclosed member for receiving a fluid, said member being insertable into a uterus in a collapsed position within the uterus, and being of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with the uterus;
first means within said member for expanding said member to the size of the uterus after insertion; and
second means for holding said first means in fixed position within the uterus after said member has expanded to the size of the uterus to minimize expulsion and erosion.
12. An intrauterine contraceptive device, as claimed in claim 11, wherein at least a portion of said member is tubular and said first means and said second means respectively include:
resilient means for expanding said member; and
a self-hardening liquid plastic material within said tubular portion for holding said first means in a fixed position.
13. An intrauterine contraceptive device comprising:
an angular member having first and second legs interconnected at an angle and bendable at said interconnection to facilitate insertion of said device into a uterus, said angular member being of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with the uterus;
means within said angular member for expanding said device by urging said legs against the uterine walls after insertion; and
means for holding said expanding means in fixed position and for holding said interconnection substantially rigid after expansion of said device in the uterus to minimize expulsion and erosion of the uterine wall.
14. An intrauterine contraceptive device for substantially filling the uterine cavity in the plane of the uterine cavity and having a minimal thickness in the anteriorposterior direction, said device comprising:
a hollow, flexible enclosed member of biomedical material and of a size and shape compatible with the uterus and insertable into the uterus in a collapsed position, said member being expandable within the uterine cavity in the plane thereof but not in the anterior-posterior direction;
first means within said member for expanding said member, after insertion, to the size of the uterine cavity in the plane thereof without expansion in the anterior-posterior direction; and
second means for holding said first means in fixed position within the uterus after said member has expanded in the plane of the uterine cavity to the size of the uterine cavity to minimize expulsion and ero-
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|U.S. Classification||128/839, 128/836|
|International Classification||A61F6/00, A61F6/14|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F6/142, A61F6/148|
|European Classification||A61F6/14E, A61F6/14B|