|Publication number||US3802715 A|
|Publication date||Apr 9, 1974|
|Filing date||Feb 22, 1972|
|Priority date||Mar 8, 1971|
|Also published as||CA958437A, CA958437A1, DE2200057A1|
|Publication number||US 3802715 A, US 3802715A, US-A-3802715, US3802715 A, US3802715A|
|Inventors||G Turnheim, T Smolka|
|Original Assignee||Gertsch Ag|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (6), Classifications (21)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 ITurnheim et al,
[ SKI BINDING PART [75'] inventors: Georg Turnheim, Schwechat;
" Thomas Gordon Smolka,
Wien-Mauer, both of Austria 731 Assignee: Gertsch AG, Zug, Switzerland 22 Filed: Feb. 22, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 227,897
 Foreign Application Priority Data Mar. 8, 1971 Austria 1999/71 52 us. (:1. 2130/1135 M, 338/44, 33 /46,
 Int. Cl. A63c 9/08  Field of Search280/l 1.35 M, 11.35 T, 1135 R;
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,367,672 2/1968 Tonozzi et ah. 280/1 1.35 M 3,246,907 4/1966 Chisholm 280/11.35 M 572,706 12/1896 Hunter 338/46 UX 2,155,865 4/1939 Leavenworth et al. 338/94 X 3,318,610 5/1967 Kulick 5280/1135 M 11 1 3,802,715 1451 Apr. 9, 1974 Primary EXaminer-David Schonberg Assistant Examiner-Milton L. Smith Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Woodhams, Blanchard and Flynn ABSTRACT Safety release ski bindings with slope responsive means for adjusting release tension. Safety release ski bindings are provided which are held in normally closed position by the action of an electromagnet. Slope responsive means are connected in circuit with said electromagnet and a power source to continuously alter the strength of the electromagnet in response to the slope of the ski whereby a lesser force would be required to open the safety binding when the ski is on a relatively gentle slope and a greater force 9 would be required to open same when the ski is on a steeper slope. Various kinds of slope responsive devices are suggested such as an electrically conductive liquid medium capable of shorting out certain wires of a rheostat, a pendulumlike armature for a rheostat which responds to gravity for variable contact with the wires thereof or motor driven gyroscopic means for altering the contact of a rheostat armature with the resistance wires thereof.
9 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures minnow. 94974 3,802,715
SHEET 1 [If 3 56 FIG! PATENTEM 9 i SHEET 3 0F 3 PIC-3.8
' FIG. 10
SKI BINDING PART The invention relates to a ski binding component, such as a heel binding, front 'jaw or the like, which is maintained in the position of use by a releasable locking mechanism having 'at least one setting mechanism.
Ski bindings are known which are adjusted as desired by the user. -,A safety release occurs only when the set release force is applied. However, it is generally true that during a more gentle downhill skiing a different setting is required than in the case of a steep downhill sk iing. Specifically, the binding is intended to release in the one casein response to a relatively low release force and in'the other'case in response to a relatively high release force. It would therefore be necessary for the user always to change the setting immediately upon a change of the angle of slope during downhill skiing. This, however, is obviously wholly impractical. Furthermorea ski binding is known (U.S. Pat. No. 3,367,672) which releases the skiboot in response to the inclination of the ski. Thus, a release takes place in this case only inthe case of very steep hills. Thus, here too the user must very often adjust the binding corresponding to the, different slopes of the terrain.
The purpose of the invention is to avoid these disadvantages and to provide a binding which continuously and automatically adjusts itself to existing conditions.
v the several exemplary embodiments appearing in the drawings, in which:
FIG. I is a central cross-sectional view of a heel binding embodying the invention. 7
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view along the line IllI of-FIG. l.
FIG; 3 is a cross-sectional view of the same heel bind- FIGS'. v4't06 are circuit diagrams of different positions of an embodiment of the invention. FIGS. 7 and 8 and 9 and 10 illustrate two positions of two further possible embodiments. I
As will be seen in FIGS. 1 to 3, the sole holder 1 is supported pivotably about the axis 2 of the base member 4 which is arranged on the ski 3. An electromagnet 5 which is arranged on the base member 4 holds a plate 6 which is connected to the. sole holder 1 for the sole 1A of a ski boot 1B. The coil of the electromagnet 5 is coupled through an adjustable, multi-winding, resistor,
or rheostat 7 and a manually operated disconnect switch 11 to the battery 8. The rheostat 7 is positioned in a container 35 which is arranged in the base member 4 and which is at least partly filled with a conducting liquid, particularly mercury. The multiple windings of the rheostat are uncovered sothat in a tilted position of the ski the mercury body can make electrical contact with them.
At a horizontal position of the binding, as illustrated in FIG. l, th ntire rheostat 7 is effective and the current effective on the magnet is low.'l-Iowever, if the ski slopes, the binding slopes, of course, also, as illustrated ing correspon ding to FIG. 1, wherein, however, the ski for example in FIG. 3. A number of windings 7A of the rheostat 7 are now short circuited by the conducting liquid which is provided in the container 35. Now only a portion of the rheostat 7 is effective and the current becomes greater in the coil of the electromagnet 5. This increases the holding power of same.
To adjust the binding to the skiing capability, weight and the like of the user, a further adjustable resistor 9 which can be manually operated is provided in the circuit. To step out of the binding, the circuit is disconnected by pressing down the operating lever 10 which swings up and thereby opens the switch 11.
In FIGS. 4 to 6 the control contact of the rheostat 12 is constructed to cooperate with a gravity responsive armature 13. When the slope in all directions is to be considered, the armature 13 is suspended in a ball pivot and the resistance wire of the rheostat is wound in a spiral and calotte-shaped pattern. The'electromagnet 5 is here mounted on a permanent magnet 14. The coil of the electromagnet 5 is connected to the battery 8 through a reversing'switch 16. Further, a manually operable adjustable resistor 9 and a disconnect switch 1 are provided in the circuit.
If the binding slopes relative to the horizontal line (FIG. 5), the armaturelike pendulum 13, which always hangs vertically, will connect less windings of the rheostat 12 into the circuit. Thus the current intensity in the coil of the electromagnet 5 changes and the magnetic field thus also-changes which again results in a change of the holding power of the magnet.
If the ski is extremely sloped (FIG. 6), the current flow is reversed (as described below) by the reversing switch 16 and the poles of the electromagnet change so that like poles of the electromagnet Sand the permanent magnet l4 are opposite one another. Thus, the two magnets 5 and 14 repel one another and the binding is opened.
To-operate the reversing switch 16, in this embodiment a further electromagnet 17 is provided which, when energized, moves the reversing switch against the force of the spring 18 into the position according to FIG. 6. The energization of this second electromagnet 17 is accomplished by a contact 19 which is provided on the pendulumlike armature 13 and which closes the circuit of the electromagnet l7 anda second battery 20 at an extreme slope of the ski. This second circuit could, however, also be connected to the first battery 8. A switch 21 is also provided in the second circuit. Said switch is used for stepping out of the binding. If it is moved into the position illustrated by dashed lines, it closes the circuit of the second electromagnet 17. The reversing switch-l6 reverses the polarity and the two magnets 5 and 14 repel each other.
In the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 7 and 8, the control contact 22 of the rheostat 12 is floatingly arranged in a container 23 on a liquid which in a conventional manner always has a horizontal surface. A disconnect switch 15, a manually controllable rheostat 9 and an electromagnet 5 are connected into a circuit which is fed by the battery 8. Regardless of the slope In FIGS. 9 and 10 two rheostats 24 and 25 are con nected in parallel to a battery 8. The control contacts provement' comprising:
the overrun control, which latter controls an electric motor 29. If one of thetwo control contacts 26, 27 is adjusted, a voltage difference is created between the two rheostats, through which difference the amplifier 28 operates the electric motor 29, namely until the same voltage exists again onboth rheostats 24 and 25.
The control contact 26 is connected 'to a gyroscope system 36 which is, for example, supported in gimbals and the axis of which is always in the same position. If the ski slopes (FIG; 10), the adjustable'resistor 24 adjusts with respect to the control contact 26. Thus different voltage exists at the rheostats 24 and 25 and the amplifier 28 operates the electric motor 29. The gear 30 which ispositioned on the shaft of the electric motor 29 engages a rack 31 which in turn engages a further gear 32 Said gear 32 is connected to the second control contact 27 and adjusts same with respect to the rheostat 25. The electric motor moves until equal voltage exists again on both rheostats 24 and25. At the same time the gearing or the rack 31 acts onto' an abutment 33 of a locking spring -34 through which therelease force of the binding is changed.
The invention is not limited to the illustrated exemplary embodiments. Many further possibilities exist which lie within the scope of the invention. For example, in place of the illustrated control contact, a contact which is controlled by a balance beam could beprovided. In the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1 to 3,
a permanent magnet in place of-the bar 6 could be connectedto the'sole holder. Also there exists the possibility of using'two electromagnets. Of course, the invention can also be used'in connection with front jaws and also with safetyfront tensioning means, as well as with ski bindings-which are-partly or entirely provided in the sole of a boot.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or'privil ege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. In a releasable ski binding for holding a ski boot on s a ski, said releasable ski binding having a base secured to said ski, a ski boot engaging member supported for movement between ski boot engaging and ski boot releasing positions and electrically responsive holding means for releasably holding said ski boot engaging member insaid ski boot engaging position, the imelectrical control means connected in circuit with said electrically responsive holding means and producing a continuously varying electrical signal based on -the changing inclination of the slope of said ski during skiing for continuously and automaticallyaltering the holding force of said electrically responsive holding means in'response to said inclination of the slope of said ski. 2. The improvement according to claim 1, wherein said holding means includesan electromagnetic coil;
and I wherein said electrical control means further includes means defining a reversing switch for changing the current'direction in said electromagnetic coil, said reversing switch being energized at an extreme sloped position of said ski.
3. The improvement according to claim 1, wherein said electrical control means includes means defining a container adapted to hold an electrically conductive liquid-like material and a plurality of windings defining a resistor mounted in saidcontainerand connected in circuit with said electrically responsive holding means, said electrically conductive liquid-like material contacting a plurality of said windings to produce said continuously varying electrical signal in direct relationship to the inclination of said slope of said ski.
4. The improvement according to' claim 1, wherein said electrical control means includes means defining an electrical power supply and means defining a resistor connected in circuit with said electrical power supply and said electrically responsive holding means, said 5. The improvement according to claim 4, wherein said contact means is arranged floatingly in means defining a container of a liquid which always has a horizontal surface and, consequently, effects a changing of said holding force holding said ski'boot engaging means in said ski boot engaging position.
6. The improvement according to claim 4, wherein said contact means is constructed as a pendulum.
7.-The improvement according to claim 4, wherein said contact means is connected to a gyroscope.
' 8. The improvement according to claim 6, wherein said electrical control means includes means defining a second resistormeans connected in parallel with the first mentioned resistor means, said second resistor means having second contact means associated therewith whereby said first mentioned and said second Y supply of electrical power to said electromagnetic coil effecting said continuously changing holding force.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US572706 *||Nov 4, 1886||Dec 8, 1896||The Electric Car Company Of America||hunter|
|US2155865 *||Oct 22, 1934||Apr 25, 1939||William Hartman||Apparatus for indicating the amount of pressure in pneumatic tires for automobiles|
|US3246907 *||Jan 7, 1964||Apr 19, 1966||Chisholm Douglas S||Magnetic ski binding or harness|
|US3318610 *||Jun 10, 1964||May 9, 1967||George Kulick||Ski boot magnetic release binders|
|US3367672 *||Jul 11, 1966||Feb 6, 1968||Shanholtzer Jasper Glen||Safety ski binding|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4280714 *||Jun 25, 1979||Jul 28, 1981||S.A. Etablissements Francois Salomon & Fils||Safety bindings for skis|
|US4291894 *||May 7, 1974||Sep 29, 1981||Antonio Nicholas F D||Electrical ski boot release|
|US4361344 *||Aug 11, 1980||Nov 30, 1982||The Regents Of The University Of California||Ski binding with universal release|
|US4371188 *||Jun 24, 1980||Feb 1, 1983||University Of California||Method for programmed release in ski bindings|
|US4463968 *||Feb 1, 1983||Aug 7, 1984||The Regents Of The University Of California||Method for programmed release in ski bindings|
|US4494768 *||Feb 1, 1983||Jan 22, 1985||The Regents Of The University Of California||Apparatus for programmed release in ski bindings|
|U.S. Classification||280/612, 338/46, 338/94, 338/156, 338/44|
|International Classification||A63C9/085, A63C9/08, A63C9/088|
|Cooperative Classification||A63C9/088, A63C9/0847, A63C9/08, A63C9/0805, A63C9/0842, A63C9/0846, A63C9/08542|
|European Classification||A63C9/08C, A63C9/084M, A63C9/084H, A63C9/084A1, A63C9/08, A63C9/088|