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Publication numberUS3802805 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1974
Filing dateJun 14, 1971
Priority dateJun 24, 1970
Also published asCA948482A, CA948482A1
Publication numberUS 3802805 A, US 3802805A, US-A-3802805, US3802805 A, US3802805A
InventorsJ Roeser
Original AssigneeOtto Engineering
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pumping apparatus
US 3802805 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 191 Roeser Y Apr. 9, 1974 1541 PUMPING APPARATUS 316,184 12/1919 Germany 92/87 [75] Inventor: John 0. Roeser, Adington Heights 6| 1,478 10/1960 Italy 417/489 Assigneez Ono Engineering, Inc. Prmiar Examme1-W1ll1am L. Freeh Carpentersville, Ill.

[22] Filed: June 14, I971 7 ABSTRACT [21] Appl. No.: 152,734

A pumpmg apparatus 15 provided WhlCl'I 1s particularly Related Applicanon Data suitable for pumping material in measured quantities. [63] I Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 48981. June 24. The apparatus includes a cylinder having an axially ex- 1970.?10- tending bore and a piston slidably received by the bore. The cylinder bore is provided with radially U-S- CL enlarged inlet and utlet chambers communi- 92/87 cate with the exterior of the cylinder, and the piston is [51] Int. F041) F041) provided with a central bore which extends from the 1 1 Field of Search 1 547, 557, forward end of the piston to a transverse opening in 1341, 13-5, 13-51, the intermediate portion of the piston. The inlet chaml3-7, 37 ber is positioned forwardly of the outlet chamber, and as the piston moves forwardly, fluid in the outlet References Cited chamber is forced through the bore of the piston, out UNITED STATES PATENTS of the transverse opening in the piston, and into the 2,409,962 10/1946 Shearman 417/489 Outlet Chamber- A check Valve Within the Piston bore 2,843.294 7/1958 Chiwchoce 1 417/489 Petmits the fluid to flow freely toward the Opening in 2,545,506 3/1951 Walsh 92/87 the piston as the piston moves forwardly but prevents 3,545,896 12/1970 Zahradnik... 92/13.8 the fluid from flowing from the piston opening toward 2.545.506 3/1951 Walsh 417/431 X the forward end of the piston. The cylinder may in- L391J04 9/1921 Gould 92/13-4 X elude stop means engagable with the piston for limitii ing the forward movement of the piston to permit the 865558 9/1907 Arrosmith 92/137 x apparatu? to m measuled amount of mud durmg each rec1procat1on of the piston. FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 710,293 6/1931 France 7. 417/489 12 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures PUMPING APPARATUS APPLICATION This application is a continuation-in-part of my prior application entitled, Multi-Component Mixing Apparatus, Ser. No. 48,981, filed June 24, 1970 now Patent No 16, 54,259-

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY This invention relates to a pumping apparatus, and, more particularly, to a pumping apparatus which is particularly suitable for pumping measured quantities of viscous materials such as epoxy resins and the like.

As described in my said prior application, it is often desirable to deliver a mixture comprised of a plurality of flowable materials which must be mixed in definite proportions just prior to delivery, for example, multicomponent flowable adhesives, sealers, foams such as epoxides, polyurethanes, polyesters, and the like.

The invention provides a pump for delivery of such flowable materials in measured quantities which can be readily disassembled for cleaning, replacement of parts, and the like. The central bore of the pump includes radially enlarged inlet and outlet chambers to provide full annular flow, and the central bore of the pumping piston is provided with a check valve which permits fluid to be pumped but which prevents reverse flow of the material as the piston is retracting. A solvent bearing is positioned rearwardly of the outlet chamber and is provided with aflushing chamber to permit the piston to be washed with solvent as the piston reciprocates. Adjustable stop means may-be provided which are engagable with the piston for limiting forward movement thereof and adjustably mounted for selectively varying the amount of material pumped during each reciprocation of the piston.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The invention will be explained in conjunction with illustrative embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings, in which;

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a mixing system embodying the invention; I

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of one of the measuring pumps of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the solvent bearing sleeve shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an end view of the sleeve of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the intermediate portion of the piston shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of the solvent bear- FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged exploded fragmentary view of the forward portion of the cylinder;

FIG. 9 is a sectional view of a modified pump; and

FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken along the line 10-10 of FIG. 9.

DESCRIPTION OF SPECIFIC EMBODIMENTS The invention will be explained in conjunction with a mixing system shown schematically in FIG. 1 for use in pumping and mixing two component materials such as epoxy resins A and B, one of which may be a base resin and the other an accelerator. The system includes measuring pumps 15 and 16 for resins A and B, respectively, which are driven by an air cylinder or air motor 17 and which pump the resins to a mixer 18. Pump 15 is connected to a source of the A resin by conduit 19 and supplies'the A resin to the mixer through conduit 20. Similarly, pump 16 is connected to a source of B resin by conduit 21 and pumps the B resin to the mixer through conduit 22.

The air cylinder or air motor can be a conventional double-acting pneumatic cylinder which includes a piston rod 23 which is connected to piston 24 of the pump 15 for reciprocating the piston. Piston 25 of the pump 16 is also driven by the air cylinder by means of acrank assembly 26 which includes alever arm 27 pivotally mounted by a pin 28 and pivotally connected at 29 to the connecting block 30 which connects the piston rod 23 and the piston 24. A connecting arm 31 is pivotally secured at 32 to the end of the piston 25 and includes a pin 33 which is slidable within an arcuate slot 34 provided in the lever arm 27. Suitable nut means are provided on the pin 33 for securing the pin at any desired point along the arcuate slot. The proportions of the A and B resins which are delivered to the mixer during each reciprocation of the piston rod 23 can therefore be selectively varied by moving the pin 33 within the arcuate slot 34 to change the effective length of the lever arm between the fulcrum 28 and the connection between the lever arm and the piston 25. As the effecthe rearwardmost or starting position of the piston, theslot lying along a circle having its center at 32.

The mixer 18 may be of the type described in my said 1 prior application, Ser. No. 48,981, filed June 24, 1970, and need not be described herein. 1

The pumps 15 and 16 are identical and will be explained with reference to pump 16' which is shown in FIG. 2. The pump includes an elongated cylinder 37 which is secured to a solvent bearing 38 by bolts 39, and the solvent bearing is suitably secured to a supporting frame 40 as by bolts (not shown). The particular cylinder illustrated is formed of three separate cylindrical portions, an outlet chamber block 4l, an inlet chamber block 42 and a pumping chamber block 43, which are removably secured together by a pair of axially extending bolts which extend through blocks 43 and 42 and are threadedly engaged with the block 41.

The cylinder is provided with a central bore 44 which extends through the blocks 41 and 42 and which terminates in the pumping block 43, and the elongated pumping piston 25 is slidably received by the bore for reciprocation therein. The pumping block 43 defines the forward end of the bore 44 and is provided with an elongated bore 45 having a diameter just slightly greater than the diameter of the piston 25, a radially enlarged annular groove 46, a second annular enlargement 47, and an annular groove 48 which extends both radially outwardly from theenlargement 47 and axially I forwardly of the enlargement 47. Referring also to FIG.

8, O-rings 49 and 50 are received by the grooves 46 and 48, respectively, and a washer 51, having an outside diameter approximately the same as the inside diameter of the O-ring 50 is positioned in the enlargement 47. The forward end of the pumping block 43 abuts the forward end of the inlet chamber block 42, and the gasket 50 sealingly engages the block 42 to prevent the escape of the material being pumped. The O-ring 49 sealingly engages the piston and is retained in the groove 46 by the washer 51, which has an inside diameter intermediate the inside and outside diameters of the O-ring 49.

The cylinder. bore 44 through the block 42 is defined by a first bore 52 whichhas a diameter approximately the same as the diameter of the bore and a radially enlarged bore '53 which defines an inlet chamber surrounding the piston. An inlet port 54 extends radially inwardly through the inlet block 42 to the inlet chamber, and the inlet port is adapted to be connected to the conduit 21 for supplying the B resin. A seal is provided between the blocks 41 and 42 by means of a pair of concentric O-rings 55 and 56 which are received by annular grooves 57 and 58, respectively, in the rearward endof the inlet block 42, the O-ring 56 also sealingly engaging the piston 25.

The central bore of the outlet chamber block 41 includes a first portion 60 having a diameter approximately the same as the diameter of the bores 52 and 45 and a radially enlarged portion 61 which defines an outlet chamber. An outlet port 62 extends radially outwardly from the outlet chamber 61 and is adapted to be connected to the conduit 22 for delivering the B resin to the mixer.

. The rearward portion of the block 41 is radially enlarged still further at 63 to provide a radially extending shoulder 64, and a washer 65, a generally cylindrical sleeve 66, and a washer 67 having a generally T-shaped cross section are received in the radial enlargement 63. The washer 65 has an inside diameter of approximately the same as the diameter of the piston and abuts the shoulder 64. The forward end of the sleeve 66 also has an inside diameterapproximately the same as the diameter of the piston, and the forward end of the sleeve includes a forwardly extending rib 68 which abuts the washer 65. A pair of O-rings 69 and 70 are positioned outwardly and inwardly, respectively, of the rib 68, the O-ring 69 sealingly engaging the washer 64, sleeve 66 and the outlet chamber block 37 and the washer 70 sealingly engaging the washer 65, the sleeve 66, and the piston 25. The'rearward end of the sleeve 66 is provided with an annular groove 71 which receives a gasket 72 having a generally U-shaped cross section which sealingly engages the sleeve 66, the washer 67, and the piston 25.

The washer 67 abuts the sleeve 66, and O-rings 73 and'74 are positioned outwardly and inwardly, respeclively, of the rib 75 of the washer, the O-ring 74 sealingly engaging the piston 25, and the O-ring 73 providing a seal between the outlet chamber block 41 and the solvent bearing 38.

Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7 in addition to FlG. 2, the solvent bearing 38 is seen to be generally rectangular in elevation and is provided with a central bore 78, having a diameter approximately the same as the diameter of the piston 25 and a radially-enlarged flushing chamber 79. An inlet port extends downwardly from the top of the solvent bearing to communicate with the flushing chamber 79, and an outlet port 81 extends laterally outwardly from the flushing chamber. As can be seen best in FIG. 7, the inlet port 80 is laterally offset from the center of the flushing chamber to accommodate the bolt openings 82 which receive the bolts 39.

A cylindrical-spacer sleeve 83 (see also FIGS. 3 and 4) is positioned within the flushing chamber and is provided with four circumferentially spaced openings 84. The spacer sleeve is spaced from outer wall of the flushing chamber 79 and the piston 25 to permit free flow of solvent within the flushing chamber, and the sleeve serves to maintain an o-ring 85 against the shoulder 86 of the flushing chamber and to maintain the O- ring 74 against the washer 67. The O-ring 85 sealingly engages both the shoulder86 and the piston 25.

A bottle 87 (FIG. 1) of solvent is connected to the solvent inlet port 80 for gravity feed of solvent to the flushing chamber. The solvent is selected depending upon the particular material being pumped and washes the piston of any material which may escape rearwardly of the seal means provided by the gaskets 70, 71 and 74 during each reciprocation of the piston before the material can be carried externally of the cylinder where it might solidify. The solvent outlet port 81 can be kept normally closed and need be opened only when it is desired to flush the solvent from the flushing chambet or to replace the solvent with fresh solvent.

The exterior surface of the piston may be polished chrome plate, and the piston is provided with an annular groove 90 intermediate the ends thereof and an axially extending bore 91 which extends from the forward end of the piston to a point just rearwardly of the annular groove 90. Four cross-drilled holes 92 spaced 90 apart communicate the bore 91 with the annular groove 90.

The forward end of the piston bore is closed by an externally threaded cylindrical plug 92a which threadedly engages internal threads at the forward end of the piston. The plug 92a includes a central bore 93, and the rearward end of the plug provides a concave valve seat 94. A ball 95 is resiliently urged against the valve seat 9 4 by a helical spring 96 which is supported by an elongated rod 97. The spring 96 is ensleeved on a radially reduced end portion 98 of the rod and abuts the shoulder which joins the radially reduced end portion with the remainder of the rod. The rod is not secured to the piston but is maintained generally centrally within the bore 91 by the spring 96 which urges the forward end of the rod against the conical rearward end 99 (FIG. 5) of the bore 91. The conical end 99 is provided merely by drilling the piston to provide the internal bore 91.

The ball 95, which has a diameter larger than the opening through the plug 92a but a radius of curvature less than the radius of curvature of the concave valve seat 94, acts as a check valve member to permit fluid to flow through the plug member into the piston bore but prevents reverse flow. The ball also acts as a relief valve by choosing the spring 96 so that the spring exerts a greater force on the ball than is exerted by the resin flowing through the inlet port. Resin will therefore not flow past the ball until the piston begins its forward stroke.

The reduced forward end portion 98 of the rod 97 not only supports the helical spring 96 but serves as a limit stop against rearward movement of the ball 95.

The resin to bepumped can be supplied to the inlet port 54' either by gravity feed or by pressure feed, and the material flows through the inlet port into the inlet chamber 53 and the bore 45 of the pumping block 43. As the piston moves forwardly into the bore 45, the material is forced through the plug member 92a, past the ball 95, and into the piston bore. The material can flow freely around the spring 96 and the rod 97 and is forced rearwardly through the piston bore and through the cross-drilled openings 92. As the annular groove 90 in the piston passes forwardly of the gasket 70, the material begins to flow into the outlet chamber 61 and through the outlet port 62. The forward end of the annular groove 90 in the piston is positioned relative to the O-ring or gasket 70 so that the forward end of the groove will not pass forwardly of the O-ring until the forward wall of the groove 90 passes forwardly of the O-ring 70 to permit the material to be forced into the outlet chamber.

Since the material flows through the cross-drilled openings 92 into the annular groove 90, there is full 360 flow of the material into the outlet chamber as soon as the forward end of the groove passes the O-ring 70. Similarly, the radially enlarged inlet chamber 53 permits 360 flow of material through the inlet port around the forward end of the piston, and this substantially eliminates the possibility of compression lock or binding of the piston which might be caused by forcing the material through the inlet port against one side of the piston.

Because there is full circumferential flow around the forward end of the piston, this end need be positioned only slightly rearwardly of the O-ring 46 before the beginning of a pumping stroke, and the piston need travel only a short distance between the point at which the forward or inlet end of the piston is fully opened and the outlet end provided by the annular groove is fully closed and the point at which the outlet end of the piston is fully opened and the inlet is fully closed. As soon as the piston engages the O-ring 46, the inlet chamber is completely and suddenly closed from the piston bore. At the outlet end of the piston bore, as soon as forward end of the annular groove 90 passes the O-ring 70, the annular groove permits full 360 flow and the outlet end becomes fully opened.

At the end of the forward stroke of the piston, the air motor is reversed to retract the piston 25, and the spring 96 forces the ball 95 against the valve seat 94 to prevent material within the piston from being sucked back into the bore 45. As the forward end of the piston passes rearwardly of the O-ring 46, the material in the inlet chamber is drawn into the bore 45 by the vacuum created by the withdrawal of the piston, and inward flow of the material is also aided by the pressure which may be provided at the material source or by gravity.

If it is desired to use the pump without the check valve within the piston, back flow of material from the outlet chamber 61 which might be caused by a vacuum created in the bore 45 during retraction of the piston would be prevented as soon as the forward end of the annular groove 90 passed rearwardly of the gasket 70.

A modified pump 1 shown in FIG. 9 includes a cylinder 111 having a bore 112 and a piston 113 slidably received in the bore. The cylinder includes an outlet block portion 1l4and an inlet block portion 115 which are boltably secured by bolts 116 and which are mounted on a suitable supporting frame (not shown). The outlet block 114 includes a bore 117 having a diameter substantially the same as the diameter of the piston 113, a radially reduced outlet bore 118 which terminates in a concave valve seat 119, and a valve bore 120. A ball 121 is positioned within the bore and is resiliently biased toward the valve seat 119 by a helical spring 122 which abuts an end cap 123 secured to the block 114 by the bolts 116. An outlet bore 124 extends radially outwardly from the valve ball 120.

The forward end of the block 1 14includes a cylindrical projection 125 which is received by a correspondingly shaped bore 126 in the block 115, and a seal is maintained 'between the blocks 1 l4 and 115 by O-rings 127 and 128, the latter O-ring being positioned in a groove 129 in the block 114.

The block 115 is provided with a central bore 13 having approximately the same diameter as the piston 113, and an inlet port 131 extends radially inwardly into communication with the bore 130. The inlet port 131 preferably has a diameter slightly greater than the diameter of the piston and extends beyond the bore to permit material to flow completely around the piston.

The rearward end of the block 115 is provided with an annular groove 132 for receiving a gasket 133 which sealingly engages the piston 113 and the end cap 134.

The piston 113 is solid, and forward movement of the piston forces material in the bore 117 of the pumping block 114 past the ball valve 121 and through the outlet port 124. As the piston is retracted, the ball valve is forced against the valve seat 119 by the spring 122, and back flow of material from the outlet port is prevented. As the forward end of the piston passes rearwardly of the O-ring 127, the vacuum within the bore 117 draws material from the inlet port 131 into the bore 117.

Means for selectively varying the pumping stroke of the piston is provided in the form of a stop plate 135 which is slidably mounted on support rods 136 and 137 secured to the cylinder. Referring to FIG. 10, the stop plate 135 is provided with a central opening 138 having a diameter approximately the same as the diameter of the piston 113 and a pair of outer openings 139 and 140 for receiving the support rods 136 and 137. The stop plate may be secured at a desired point along the support rods by conventional lock nuts 138 which can be tightened about the support rods. A radially enlarged abutment 139 is carried by the piston 113, and forward movement of the piston is stopped when the abutment engages the stop bar. The amount of material pumped during each reciprocation of the piston can thereby be accurately controlled.

While 1 have described the stop means in conjunction with the pump 110, it will be understood that a similar stop means can be provided for the pumps 15 and 16, and the stop means can be mounted directly on the frame rather than on the cylinders.

While in the foregoing specification, detailed descriptions of specific embodiment of my invention was set forth for the purpose of illustration, it is to be undermoving the piston within the bore, the bore of the cylinder means being provided with an enlarged-inlet chamber and an enlarged circumferentially extending outlet chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the inlet chamber, said cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the inlet chamber with a source of the fluid to be pumped and outlet port means for withdrawing fluid from the outlet chamber, said piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means, the opening in the piston being provided in an annular groove in the piston, and sealing means within said pump for sealing the annular groove in the piston and the piston opening from the outlet chamber until the forward piston endpasses forwardly of the inlet chamber, the annular groove in the piston permitting circumferential flow of fluid from the groove to the outlet chamber when the groove communicates with the outlet chamber.

2. The pump of claim in which the sealing means is positioned in the bore of the cylinder means rearwardly of the outlet chamber, the distance between the forward end of the piston and the annular groove in the piston being greater than the distance between the forward end of the inlet chamber and the sealing means whereby the sealing means seals the annular groove in the piston from the outlet chamber until the forward piston and passes the forward end of the inlet chamber.

3. A positive displacement piston pump for pumping fluid comprising cylinder means having a forward end and a rearward end and an axially extending bore, a piston having a forward end portion slidably received by said bore, the-piston sized to provide a substantially fluid-tight seal with the bore, and means for axially moving the piston within the bore, the bore of the cylinder means being provided with an enlarged inlet cham her and an enlarged outlet chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the inlet chamber, said cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the inlet chamber with a source of the fluid to be pumped and outlet port means for withdrawing fluid from the outlet chamber, said piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means, and sealing means within said pump' for sealing the piston opening from the outlet chamber until the forward piston end passes forwardly of the inlet chamber, the bore of the cylinder means including an enlarged flushing chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the sealing means,'a cylindrical sleeve within the flushing chamber, the piston being slidably received by the sleeve, and an O-ring within the flushing chamber rearwardly of the sleeve, the O- ring sealingly engaging the piston and being restrained against forward movement by the sleeve, the cylinder means having a solvent inlet port for communicating the flushing chamber with a solvent and a solvent outlet port communicating with the flushing chamber for removing solvent from the flushing chamber whereby solvent washes the piston as it reciprocates within the flushing chamber.

4. The pump of claim 3 in which the sleeve is provided with a plurality of openings to permit substantially free solvent flow between the sleeve and the piston.

5. A positive displacement piston pump for pumping fluid comprising cylinder means having a forward end and a rearward end and an axially extending bore, a piston having a forward end portion slidably received by said bore, the piston sized to provide a substantially fluid-tight seal with the bore, and means for axially moving the piston within the bore, the bore of the cylinder means being provided with an enlarged inlet chamber and an enlarged outlet chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the inlet chamber, said cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the inlet chamber with a source of the fluid to be pumped and outlet port means for withdrawing fluid from the outlet chamber, said piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means, and sealing means within said pump for sealing the piston opening from the outlet chamber until the forward piston end passes forwardly of the inlet chamber, the sealing means including a generally cylindrical sleeve having a central bore positioned within the cylinder means, the piston being slidably received by the sleeve, the sleeve being provided with an annular groove extending radially outwardly from the sleeve bore, and an O-ring positioned within the annular groove of the sleeve and sealingly engaging the piston. 6. The pump of claim 5 in which the sleeve includes a second annular groove extending radially outwardly from the sleeve bore, and a second O-ring positioned within the second annular groove of the sleeve and sealingly engaging the piston.

7. The pump of claim 5 in which the piston is provided with a radially inwardly extending annular groove, the piston opening being provided through the annular groove whereby the piston opening is sealed from the outlet chamber until the annular groove of the piston passes forwardly of the O-ring[ 8. A positive displacement piston pump for pumping fluid comprising cylinder means having a forward end and a rearward end and an axially extending bore, a pis-- ton having a forward end portion slidably received by said bore, the piston sized to provide a substantially fluid-tight seal with the bore, and means for axially moving the piston within the bore, the bore of the cylinder means being provided with an enlarged inlet chamber and an enlarged outlet chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the inlet chamber, said cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the inlet chamber with a source of the fluid to be pumped and outlet port means for withdrawing fluid from the outlet chamber, said'piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means, and sealing means within said pump for sealing the piston opening from the outlet chamber until the forward piston end passes forwardly of the inlet chamber, check valve means within the bore of the piston for permitting fluid flow from the forward end of the piston toward the piston opening when the piston is moving forwardly but preventing fluid flow from the piston opening toward the forward end of the piston when the piston is moving rearwardly, the check valve means including an externally threaded generally cylindrical plug threadedly received by the forward end of the piston bore and provided with a central opening therethrough, the rearward end of the plug being generally concave to provide a valve seat having an opening therethrough, a ball having a diameter greater than the opening through the plug and having a radius of curvature less than the radius of curvature of the concave end of the plug, the ball being resiliently biased forwardly against the valve seat to close the opening therethrough.

9. The pump of claim 8 including a rod extending forwardly within the piston bore from the rear end of the bore, the diameter of the rod being less than the diameter of the piston bore, and a spring carried by the forward end of the rod resiliently biasing the ball against the valve seat.

10. A positive displacement piston pump for pumping fluid comprising cylinder means having a forward end and a rearward end and an axially extending bore, a piston having a forward end portion slidably received by said bore, the piston sized to provide a substantially fluid-tight seal with the bore, and means for axially moving the piston within the bore, the bore of the cylinder means being provided with an enlarged inlet chamber and an enlarged outlet chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the inlet chamber, said cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the inlet chamber with a source of the fluid to be pumped and outlet port means for withdrawing fluid from the outlet chamber, said piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means, and sealing means within said pump for sealing the piston opening from the outlet chamber until the forward piston end passes forwardly of the inlet chamber, the means for axially moving the piston including a motor having a reciprocating piston rod, a pivotally mounted lever arm having a pair of ends, one end of the lever arm being pivotally connected to the piston rod of the motor, the other end of the lever arm being provided with an elongated slot,

connecting means carried by the slotted end of the lever arm and secured to the piston, and means for selectively securing the connecting means in a predetermined position along the slot.

11. A pumping apparatus comprising a frame, cylinder means on the frame having an axially extending bore, a piston slidably received by the bore, means for reciprocating the piston within the bore, the cylinder means having inlet port means for communicating the bore with a source of fluid to be pumped and circumferentially extending outlet port means communicating with the bore for permitting fluid to be pumped from the bore, said piston having a bore extending axially through the center of the piston from the forward end thereof and having an opening for communicating the piston bore with the bore of the cylinder means whereby fluid may flow from the inlet port through the bore of the piston to the outlet port, the opening in the piston being provided in an annular groove in the piston, sealing means between the cylinder means and the piston for sealing the annular groove in the piston and the piston opening from the outlet port means when the annular groove in the piston is positioned rearwardly of the sealing means, the bore of the cylinder means including an enlarged flushing chamber spaced axially rearwardly of the sealing means, the cylinder means having a solvent inlet port for communicating the flushing chamber with a solvent and a solvent outlet port communicating with the flushing chamber for removing solvent from the flushing chamber whereby solvent washes the piston as it reciprocates within the flushing chamber.

12. The apparatus of claim 11 including check valve means within the hereof the piston for permitting fluid flow from the forward end of the piston toward the piston opening when the piston is moving forwardly but preventing fluid flow from the piston opening toward the forward end of the piston when the piston is moving rearwardly.

UNITED STA'IES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,802,805 Dated April 9 1974 Inventor(s) John 0858? t error appears in the above-identified patent It is certified tha corrected as shown below:

and that said Letters Patent are hereby -In Claim 2, line 1, "5" should be --1--,

Signed and sealed this 30th day of Ju1 197u.

(SEAL) Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON, JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification417/398, 417/437, 417/489, 417/429, 92/87
International ClassificationF04B53/00, B29B7/60, F04B7/04, B01F15/04, F04B53/12
Cooperative ClassificationB01F15/0454, F04B53/00, B01F15/0462, B01F15/0237, F04B53/126, F04B7/04, B29B7/603
European ClassificationB01F15/02B40H, F04B53/12R2, B29B7/60B, B01F15/04H5, B01F15/04H5C, F04B53/00, F04B7/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 30, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 3M CEN
Effective date: 19880901
Owner name: OTTO ENGINEERING, INCORORATION
Sep 30, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 3M CEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:OTTO ENGINEERING, INCORORATION;REEL/FRAME:004996/0120
Effective date: 19880901