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Publication numberUS3803586 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1974
Filing dateMar 15, 1973
Priority dateApr 6, 1972
Also published asCA970454A1, DE2314494A1
Publication numberUS 3803586 A, US 3803586A, US-A-3803586, US3803586 A, US3803586A
InventorsDe Boer T, Johanns J, Mattheij M, Van Gelder Z
Original AssigneePhilips Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gas discharge display device
US 3803586 A
Abstract
Gas discharge display device of a cross-bar type which comprises a cathode system, an auxiliary anode system and an anode system and in which in order to permit the use of low-dissipation control circuits the electrodes of the auxiliary anode system are at right angles to those of the anode system.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Johanns et al.

GAS DISCHARGE DISPLAY DEVICE Inventors: Johannes Hendricus Maria Johanns; Thiis Johannes De Boer; Zeger Van Gelder; Mathieu Martinus Maria Mattheii, all of Emmasingel, Eindhoven, Netherlands Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation, New

York, NY.

Filed: Mar. 15, 1973 Appl. No.: 341,466

Foreign Application Priority Data Apr. 6, 1972 Netherlands 7204576 us. 01. 340/324 M, 313/220, 315/846, 315/168, 315/169 R, 340/166 EL 1m. 01. G08b 5/36 Field of Search 340/324 M, 166 EL;

315/846, 168, 169 R, 169 TV; 313/220 3,803,586 Apr. 9, 1974 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,042,823 7/1962 Willard 340/324 M X 3,157,824 11/1964 Jones 315/169 R 3,509,408 4/1970 Holz 340/324 M X 3,683,364 8/1972 H012 et al 340/324 M Primary Examiner-David L. Trafton Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Carl P. Steinhauser; Frank R. Trifari [57] ABSTRACT Gas discharge display device of a cross-bar type which comprises a cathode system, an auxiliary anode system and an anode system and in which in order to permit the use of low-dissipation control circuits the electrodes of the auxiliary anode system are at right angles to those of the anode system.

3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures V2 o- 3. .42 :v, 0 =v I GAS DISCHARGE DISPLAY DEVICE The invention relates to a gas discharge display device which includes a system of cathodes and auxiliary anodes which belongs to an auxiliary discharge portion and a system of anodes which together with the system of cathodes belongs to a main discharge portion which serves for visual display, a first control circuit being coupled to the auxiliary discharge portion for obtaining linewise firing, along an electrode of the auxiliary discharge portion substantially at right angles to the electrodes of the anode system, of part of the auxiliary discharge portion whilst a second control circuit is coupled to the main discharge portion for firing, along a fired line of the auxiliary discharge portion, parts of the main discharge portion which are situated along electrodes of the anode system.

In Electronics of Mar. 2, 1970, pages 120-125 a gas discharge display device of the aforementioned type is described in which by means of the first control circuit the electrodes of the cathode system which are at right angles to those of the anode system are successively energized. The electrodes of the auxiliary anode system are at right angles to those of the cathode system and are connected via a limiting resistor to a fixed potential. The number of anodes of this display device is small.

It is an object of the invention to provide a display device which provides advantages when used for a large number of anodes in extensive display devices.

A gas discharge display device of the type mentioned at the beginning of this specification according to the invention is characterized in that the said electrode of the auxiliary discharge potion along which linewise firing takes place is an auxiliary anode of the auxiliary anode system, which auxiliary anode extends substantially at right angles to the electrodes of the anode system, the first control circuit being coupled to the electrodes of the auxiliary anode system.

In such a display device, for example, the cathodes may be at a fixed potential, so that the first control circuit controls only the auxiliary anodes which pass auxiliary discharge current and hence need to draw appreciably less current than the cathodes, which pass both the auxiliary discharge current and the main discharge current.

As an alternative, all the cathodes may commonly be driven by a third control circuit, in which case only a single stage is required which must be capable of passing a large current. The cathodes may be arranged at right angles to the anodes or at right angles to the auxiliary anodes. v

In display devices comprising large numbers of electrodes, the arrangement according to the invention results in that the current to be supplied by the control circuits are reduced to a minimum, which is of importance for obtaining cheap transistor circuits.

An embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which FIG. 1 shows a simplified block diagram of a gas discharge display device according to the invention, and

FIG. 2 shows the waveforms of the control signals which are produced at the various electrodes of the display device shown in FIG. 1.

Referring now to FIG. 1, a gas discharge display pannel 1 has a cathode system comprising cathodes 3, 5 and 7, an auxiliary anode system comprising auxiliary anodes 9, 11 and 13 each coated with a resistance layer 10, 12 and 14 respectively, and an anode system comprising anodes 15, 17 and 19.

The auxiliary anodes 9, l1 and 13 together with the cathodes 3, 5 and 7 form part of an auxiliary discharge portion, and the anodes 15, 17 and 19 together with the cathodes 3, 5 and 7 form part of a main discharge portion.

The auxiliary anodes 9, 11 and 13 extend at right angles to the anodes 15, 17 and 19 and are each connected to an output 21, 23 and 25 respectively of a first control circuit 27 which comprises control stages 29, 31 and 33 each coupled to one of the said outputs.

The anodes 15, 17 and 19 are connected to outputs 35, 37 and 39 respectively of a second control circuit 41 which comprises control stages 43, 45 and 47 which each are connected to one of these outputs.

The cathodes 3, 5 and 7 are connected to one another and to an output 49 of a third control circuit 51.

Voltage wave forms 221, 223, 225, 235, 237, 239 and 249 shown in FIG. 2 are produced at the outputs 21, 23, 25, 35, 37, 39 and 49 respectively. FIG. 2 further shows instants t, to 't which are of importance for explaining the operation of the circuit arrangement. The voltage waveforms are idealized and not drawn to scale.

The operation of the circuit arrangementis as follows. At the instant t,, the voltage at the auxiliary anode 9 is made high and that at all the cathodes is made low. As a result, in the auxiliary discharge portion gas discharges are produced at the points at which the auxiliary anode 9 crosses the cathodes 3, 5 and 7, which discharges lie on a line along the auxiliary anode 9. The currents flowing through these gas discharges are restricted at each crossing by the resistance coating 10 on the auxiliary anode 9.

At the same instant t,.the voltages at the anodes 35 and 39 are increased, so that in the main discharge portion main discharges are produced at the points at which the fired line of the auxiliary discharge portion along the auxiliary anode 9 crosses the said anodes 35 and 39, and these main discharges are used for visual display either directly or, for example, via conversion of light by means of phosphors. If desired, for example in order to reduce the dissipation in the circuit arrangement, after the main discharges have been struck the voltage set up at the auxiliary anode 9 may be removed by decreasing it at the instant t At the instant t the main discharges at the anodes 35 and 39 are extinguished in that the voltage at these anodes is decreased and simultaneously the voltage at the cathodes 3, 5 and 7 is increased.

At the instant t, a line of points at which the auxiliary anode 1 1 crosses the cathodes 3, 5 and 7 is fired in the auxiliary discharge portion in that the voltage at these cathodes is decreased and the voltage at the auxiliary anode 11 is increased.

Thus, the voltage at the anode 37 is increased, causing the crossing of this anode and the fired auxiliary discharge line to emit light.

At the instant t the voltage at the auxiliary anode 1 1 is decreased and at the instant t the voltage at the anode 37 is decreased and the voltage at the cathodes 3, 5 and 7 is increased. Thus all discharges are distinguished.

Similarly, at the instant t a main discharge is produced at a crossing of the anode 37 and a line of auxiliary discharges fired along the auxiliary anode 13, and at the instant 13 this discharge is extinguished again, after which at the instant the cycle described can repeat.

The auxliary discharge portion includes only one control circuit 51 which must be capable of supplying a large current. In many cases this circuit may even be dispensed with. In that case a fixed potential is applied to the cathodes.

Although in the embodiment shown the cathodes extend at right angles to the auxiliary anodes, they may obviously extend in the same direction as these auxiliary anodes.

The instants t t and t, for interrupting the current to the auxiliary anodes may advantageously be selected in the manner mentioned hereinbefore so as to reduce the dissipation in the first control circuit 27 to a minimum, however, if desired they may be later. In selecting the instants t and t the deionisation time of the gas discharge must obviously. betaken into account.

When self-scanning circuits are used in which the transfer of current from one auxiliary anode to the other is of importance, the instant t t t t and t t must be chosen so as to facilitate this scanning.

Although in the embodiment described the currents at the crossings in the auxiliary discharge portion are limited by coating the auxiliary anodes with a resistance layer, obviously other suitable methods of limitation may be used.

Furthermore, if desired, the currents in the main discharge portion may be modulated in a suitable manner for obtaining a grey scale.

What is claimed is:

1. Gas discharge display device which includes a system of cathodes and auxiliary anodes which belongs to an auxiliary discharge portion and a system of anodes which together with the system of cathodes belongs to a main discharge portion which serves for visual display, a first control circuit being coupled to the auxiliary discharge portion for obtaining line-wise firing, along an electrode of the auxiliary discharge portion of substantially at right angles to electrodes of the anode system, of part of the auxiliary discharge portion whilst a second control circuit is coupled to the main discharge portion for firing, along a fired line of the auxiliary discharge portion, parts of the main discharge portion which are situated along electrodes of the anode system, characterized in that the said electrode of the auxiliary discharge portion along which linewise firing takes place is an auxiliary anode (9, 11 or 13) of the auxiliary anode system, which auxiliary anode extends substantially at right angles to the electrodes (l5, l7, 19) of the anode system, the first control circuit (27) being coupled to the electrodes of the auxiliary anode system.

2. Gas discharge display device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the electrodes (3, 5, 7) of the cathode system are connected to oneanother and to a third control circuit.

3. Gas discharge display device asclaimed in claim 1, characterized in that the said auxiliary anode (9, 11 or 13) extends substantially at right angles to the electrodes (3, 5, 7) of the cathode system.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3042823 *Nov 28, 1958Jul 3, 1962IbmHigh speed electronic memory
US3157824 *Apr 4, 1962Nov 17, 1964Lear Siegler IncSimplified memory circuit for x-y plotter
US3509408 *Dec 13, 1967Apr 28, 1970Burroughs CorpDisplay panel with separate signal and sustainer electrodes
US3683364 *Jan 18, 1971Aug 8, 1972Burroughs CorpDisplay panel wherein each scanning cell is associated with a plurality of display cells
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3986185 *Dec 23, 1974Oct 12, 1976Texas InstrumentsGas discharge display with control cells
US3990068 *Jan 26, 1976Nov 2, 1976Control Data CorporationPlasma display panel drive system
US4044349 *Sep 20, 1974Aug 23, 1977Fujitsu LimitedGas discharge panel and method for driving the same
US4839637 *Feb 10, 1987Jun 13, 1989Hitachi, Ltd.Method of driving gas-discharge panel
EP0141669A2 *Nov 6, 1984May 15, 1985Oki Electric Industry Company, LimitedPlasma display system
Classifications
U.S. Classification345/67, 315/168, 313/584, 315/84.61
International ClassificationH01J17/49, G09G3/282
Cooperative ClassificationH01J17/494
European ClassificationH01J17/49D2