US 3804030 A
A palette comprising a flat base preferably integral with a peripheral wall, with a portion of the wall preferably extending over a portion of the base to form an overhang in spaced, parallel relationship thereto. A water retentive pad is disposed across the base and beneath the overhang. A plurality of pigment containers are seated in the overhang and fit into openings in the pad. A water-permeable sheet overlies the pad and overhang, surrounding the pigment containers, and providing an area on which selected pigments may be placed and mixed.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1Jnited States Patent 1191 1111 3,804,030 Hsrael 1 Apr. 16, 1974  PALETTE 3,428,167 2/1969 Saeng ..206/l.7 1 1 Inventor 9199919991425 9999111209, 1331 131 3/1333 311222113111: 11331339 11814; 7 B9kaW?=1! P92 2 Nil-L2 5 3,089,584 5/1967 King 206/l.8  Filed: May 9, 1973 Primary ExammerPau1 R. Gilliam [211 App]. No.2 358,800
Related US. Application Data Division of Ser. No. 266,064, June 26, 1972, Pat. No. 3,732,972.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/1955 Dripps 108/43 V 9/1969 Silver 206/1.7 V 5/1965 Nathan et al. 108/43 V Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Michael S. Striker [5 7] ABSTRACT A palette comprising a flat base preferably integral with a peripheral wall, with a portion of the wall preferably extending over a portion of the base to form an 9 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PALETTE CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of my U. S. Pat. application Ser. No. 266,064 filed June 26, 1972 and entitled Wet Palette," now US. Pat. No. 3,732,972.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the field of art and painting, and has for its objective the creation of artists palettes, each of which consists of an area for the retention of a plurality of basic pigments of various colors and an area for mixing selected pigments to vary these colors, from the basic pigments, with the palette being of such construction and composition that both the basic pigments and the mixtures are prevented from losing moisture over a period of prolonged use, thereby permitting more effective use of the pigments over extended periods of time. A further object is to provide an unique enclosure for the palette, when not in use, whereby the working areas of the palette are effectively sealed off from exposure to air, thereby preventing dehydration of the pigments. This type of palette is most effective with the use of Acrylic-polymers, which are presently coming into extensive use by artists and which, unlike oils, tend to lose moisture and dry out much more rapidly.
In the present state of the art artists palettes are generally constructed with flat surfaces, having an area on which basic colors are deposited, and an area for mixing selected colors for variations thereof. As the artist works, the pigments and mixtures are exposed to the air, and the moisture originally contained in them tends to evaporate very quickly, causing them to dry out and thereby become ineffective for use. The artist is thus compelled to mist his colors frequently, more so with Acrylic paints than with oil paints. He is also compelled to work more rapidly than is desirable, competing against the dehydration process.
Present types of artists palettes have no means to retain the pigments and mixtures in a continuously moisturized state, nor for protecting the pigments on the palette from exposure and dehydration when the palette is temporarily not in use. These disadvantages are obviated with the present invention.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION My invention encompasses the provision of an artists palette comprising preferably a flat base and a peripheral wall integral therewith and preferably provided with an overhang at one end thereof, with a series of openings in the overhang to seat a plurality of pigment containers, in combination with a moisturized pad disposed over the palette base, including the area beneath the overhang, whereby the pigment containers are imbedded in corresponding openings in the pad, so that the mositure contained in the pad is adapted to permeate, or seep through, the pigment containers to keep the pigments suitably moisturized so long as the pad contains moisture. A layer of porous material, having the contour of the palette, and with corresponding openings, is laid over the pad and overhang, to permit access to the pigment containers and to provide an area for mixing paints. This porous material, which may be paper or the like, is provided in pad form, so that a layer thereof may be superposed over the palette for use, and then discarded when its function has been completed.
A further feature of my invention is the provision of a sleeve adapted to enclose the palette, when not in use, to prevent dehydration of the contents.
The principal object of my invention, therefore, lies in the provision of an artists palette provided with a contained moisturizing pad preferably confined within the peripheral wall of the palette and adapted to contact the pigments contained thereon, to prevent dehydration. Y
A second important object of my invention lies in the provision of a palette of the type above described, of which the mixing area is provided with a removable porous layer of material, which is removable and disposable, thereby eliminating the tedious task of cleaning the palette after each use.
These and other objects, advantages and functional features of my invention, together with the novel features of construction, composition and arrangement of parts, will be more readily apparent from an examination of the following specification, taken with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top view of a preferred embodiment of my invention, with the top sheet removed;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view, taken on lines 2---2 of FIG., 1, with top sheet in place;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view, taken on lines 3-3 of FIG. 1, with top sheet in place;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view, taken on lines 4-4 of FIG. 1, with top sheet in place;
FIG. 5 is a greatly enlarged, cross-sectional view of a portion of FIG. 3, showing the disposition of a pigment container in the palette overhang;
FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 1, showing the palette encased in a protective sleeve, partly in section, and
FIG. 7 is a top view, partly in section, of a modified embodiment of my invention.
Similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout the different views.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Illustrative of the embodiment shown by FIGS. l-S, there is shown an arm palette 10 comprising a flat base 12 provided integrally with a curved peripheral wall 14, the wall 14 curving into an overhang 16 along one side thereof and extending parallel to and partially across the base 12. The overhang 16 is provided with a plurality of spaced openings 18, each of which is adapted to seat a pigment container 20. Centrally of the palette 10, and adjacent a cut-out, as at 22, as is well known in the art, there is provided a finger or thumb opening 24 in the base 12, defined by a circular wall 26 extending at one side into a ledge 28 adapted to support the artists thumb when extended through the opening 22 to grasp and hold the palette between the artists hand and arm.
The palette 10 is preferably molded as a complete unit, from plastic or similarly suitable material, including in the unit the base 12, wall 14, overhang 16, and combination wall and ledge 26 and 28.
Disposed over the entire base 12, including the area beneath the overhang l6, and slightly spaced from the peripheral wall 14, there is provided a moisturizing pad 30, made of a fibrous material or a sponge-like material adapted to absorb and retain liquid. The pad 30 may be formed of foam rubber, felt, or any similarly constituted natural or synthetic material. The pad 30 is provided with an opening 32 adapted to enclose the wall 26, and a plurality of spaced openings 34 adapted to come in registry with the openings 18 in the overhang 16, these openings 34 being slightly smaller in diameter than the openings 18, for reasons which will hereinafter appear.
Each of the pigment containers 20, which are shown of circular configuration but which may be of any other .shape, provided the openings 18 and 34 are similarly In combination with the palette there is provided a pluality of sheets or layers 38 of porous material, such as paper or the like, which may be bound together in a pad, with a single sheet 38 selectively used. As shown in FIGS. 15, each sheet 38 has the same configuration as the palette 10, with openings similar to those in the pad 30, so that a sheet 38 may be overlaid over the entire palette 10, including the overhang 16, and to surround the containers 20, all within the peripheral wall 14. As is to be noted by FIG. 5, the sheet 38 covers the container aprons 36, so that if any paint drips from a container 20 it will drop onto the sheet 38 and thereby protect the apron 36. It is also to be noted that the openings 40 and 42 in the sheet 38 correspond, respectively, to the openings 32 and 34 in the pad 30.
In FIG. 6 there is shown the palette 10 of FIG. 1 encased in an enveloping sleeve 44 composed ofa flexible plastic material, preferably, although not necessarily transparent. The sleeve 44 is provided with an open end 46 through which the palette 10 is inserted, and is of an internal height to frictionally engage the upper edges of the wall 14, so that, when the palette 10 is fully encased within the sleeve 46, the internal area of the palette 10 is closed off from the atmosphere, thereby preventing dehydration of the pad 30 and maintaining the enclosed pigments and mixtures moist.
Coming now to FIG. 7, there is shown a top view, partly in section, of a modified embodiment of my invention, which comprises a rectangular table palette 10' defining a flat base 48 integral with a curved peripheral wall 50, similar in contour to the wall 14 shown in FIGS. 15, continuing into a rectangular overhang 52 extending from the side of the wall 50 across a portion of the base 48, parallel thereto and spaced therefrom, as shown. The overhang 52 is supported over the base 48 by means of a series of spaced pegs 54 integral with the base 48, and which are provided with shoulders formed by reduced heads 56 adapted to fit into bores 58 in the overhang 52, to support the latter over the base 48. The overhang 52 is provided with a plurality of spaced openings 18 adapted each to seat a container 20. In combination with the palette 10' there is provided a moisturizing pad 30 provided with a plurality of spaced openings 34' adapted to be in registry with the openings 18 for the seating of the containers 20, as well as a second series of openings 60 adapted to enclose the pegs 54, the pad 30 size being slightly smaller than the base 48 to allow a spacing thereof therefrom the wall 50, as shown. With this embodiment, as with the embodiment of FIGS. l-5, there are provided a supply of work sheets (not shown) similar to the sheets 38 but configured and with openings suitable for the palette 10, to overlay the palette 10 as the sheet 38 is overlaid over the palette l0.
OPERATION OF THE INVENTION When the artist is prepared to use the palette 10, as shown in FIGS. 1-5, he first removes the pad 30, wets it well with water, and replaces it within the palette 10. Pigment containers 20 are filled with appropriate pigments and secured within the openings 18 in the overhang 16 and with their bases on contact with the pad 30. A sheet 38 is placed across the top of the pad 30 and the overhang l6, surrounding the containers 20. The artist is then prepared to mix his colors and start to work. When he wishes to stop work for any period of time he encloses the palette 10 in a sleeve 44 to protect the pigments from dehydration.
The same procedure is followed with the use of the table palette l0, excepting that, for the removal and reinsertion of the pad 30, the overhang 52 is lifted from the pegs 54 and the applicable section of the pad 30' is passed through between them.
While there is shown and described only a sleeve 44 for the palette 10, it is obvious that a sleeve of similar construction but of appropriate configuration and size is utilized for the palette 10, when not in use.
It is also obvious, with either of the embodiments shown, that when the artist is finished with his work he may remove the pigment containers 20 and discard the sheet 38, thereby avoiding the necessity for cleaning the palette l0 proper, since the only area covered with paint is the disposable sheet 38, and a fresh sheet 38 may replace it for further use of the palette 10, or 10'.
From the foregoing, therefore, it is clearly apparent that the embodiments shown and described are by way of illustration and not of limitation, and that various changes may be made in the construction, composition and arrangement of parts without limitation upon or departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof inherent therein, all of which are herein claimed.
What is claimed as new and desired to be protected by Letters Patent is set forth in the appended:
1. An artists palette comprising, in combination, a flat base having a peripheral wall; a liquid retentive pad disposed on said flat base within the space enclosed by said peripheral wall; a liquid permeable cover sheet disposed across and covering said liquid retentive pad and having an inner face in contact with the same within said peripheral wall, whereby due to the liquid permeability of said cover sheet an outer face of said cover sheet is maintained in a moist condition; and a plurality of pigment containers associated with said flat base so that any pigment transferred from any of said pigment containers to the outer face of said liquid permeable cover sheet will be prevented from drying by the moisture retained in said pad and transmitted through said cover sheet from said inner to said outer face of the latter.
2. An artists palette comprising, in combination, a flat base; a liquid retentive pad disposed on said flat base covering the same; aliquid permeable cover sheet disposed on and covering said liquid retentive pad, said cover sheet having an inner face in contact with said pad, whereby due to the liquid permeability of said cover sheet the outer face thereof is maintained in a moist condition, said liquid retentive pad and said liquid permeable cover sheet having corresponding openings; and a pigment container consisting at least partly of a liquid permeable material inserted in said openings so as to contact said liquid retentive pad whereby liquid from said liquid retentive pad might penetrate into said pigment container and prevent pigment therein from drying, and whereby any pigment transferred from said pigment container to the outer face of said liquid permeable cover sheet will be prevented from drying by the moisture retained in said pad and transmitted through said cover sheet from said inner to said outer face of the latter.
3. An artists palette comprising, in combination, a flat base; a liquid retentive pad disposed on said flat base; a liquid permeable cover sheet disposed across and covering said liquid retentive pad disposed on said flat base, said cover sheet having an inner face in contact with said pad, whereby due to the liquid permeability of said cover sheet the top face of said cover sheet is maintained in a moist condition; an overhang extending from the edge of said flat base inwardly to overlie a portion of the base in spaced relationship thereto so that at least a poriton of said overhang is located above said liquid retentive pad and the liquid permeable cover sheet disposed across and covering said pad; a plurality of corresponding openings in said overhang, said liquid permeable cover sheet and said liquid retentive pad; and a pigment container consisting at least partly of liquid permeable material and seated in said opening in said overhang and reaching through the corresponding opening in said liquid permeable cover sheet into said opening in said liquid retentive pad whereby liquid from said liquid retentive pad might penetrate into said pigment container and prevent pigment therein from drying, and whereby any pigment transferred from said pigment container to the outer face of said liquid permeable cover sheet will be prevented from drying by the moisture retained in said pad and transmitted through said cover sheet from said inner to said top face of the latter.
4. An artists palette according to claim 1, wherein the edges of the pad are spaced from said peripheral wall.
5. An artists palette according to claim 3, wherein the overhang is supported over the base by support members extending from said base.
6. An artists palette according to claim 3, wherein said pigment container is formed with an annular tapered apron adapted to abut the overhang to support the container therein.
7. An artists palette according to claim 1, wherein said flat base is formed at a portion thereof spaced from the edge of said flat base with an opening for insertion of a thumb therethrough.
8. An artists palette according to claim 7, wherein said pad is provided with an opening corresponding to the opening in said flat base.
9. An artists palette according to claim 8, wherein said liquid permeable cover sheet is provided with an opening corresponding to the opening in said flat base and in said liquid retentive pad.