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Publication numberUS3804082 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1974
Filing dateApr 26, 1972
Priority dateApr 26, 1972
Publication numberUS 3804082 A, US 3804082A, US-A-3804082, US3804082 A, US3804082A
InventorsJ Goldstein, E Simicich, P Tarjan
Original AssigneeCordis Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Resuscitation support
US 3804082 A
Abstract
A support for a supine human body to facilitate cardiopulmonary resuscitation features an inclined surface shaped to accommodate the human back from the shoulders to the buttocks in a narrow cradle, and to elevate the central shoulder region about 3-4 inches. The shoulder support region merges into a portion shaped to accommodate the head about 3 inches lower than the central shoulder region.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent m Tarjan et a].

[ RESUSCITATION SUPPORT [75] Inventors: Peter P.'Tarjan; .l acob Goldst ein;

Esperanto .L'simicich, allof Miami, Fla.

[73] Assignee: Cordis Corporation, Miami, Fla. 221 Filed: Apr. 26, 1972 211' Appl.No.:247,865

5'2 U.S.Cl ..128/67-,'1 28/28,128/5l 51] Int.Cl ..A61h7/00 5s FieldofSearch 128/28,51,52, 67; 5/338 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,509,899 5/1970 'HewsonyQ ..128/28X 3/1967 Hewson r. 128/28 X I Primary Exami rzerQLawrence W. Trapp Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ken'way, Jenn'ey & Hildreth ABSTRACT A support for a supine human-body to facilitate cardiopulmonary resuscitation features an inclined surface shaped to accommodate the human back from v the shoulders to the buttocks in a narrow cradle, and

to elevate the central shoulder region. about 3-4 inches. The shoulder support region merges into a portion shaped to accommodate the head about 3 inches lower than the central shoulder region.

4 Clairns, 6 Drawing Figures RESUSCITATION SUPPORT BRIEF DESCRIPTION This invention relates to a support particularly useful 5 for cardiopulmonary resuscitation for humans.

Closed chest cardiopulmonaryresuscitation can be applied simply and rapidly and has a long history of effectiveness. The heel of the hand applies rapid compressive pressure at the sternum to depress the intrathoracic space. The sterum is caused to move about l k to 2 inches towards the vertebrae, is held there briefly and then is released rapidly at a rate of about 60 to 80 compressions per minute. When the patient is resting on his back completely on a flat surface, the sternum in its natural position is compressed somewhat towards the vertebrae so that for a given hand pressure, the resultant depression is less than would bee'ffecbed when the sternum is expanded and therefore the pressure to the heat is'correspondingly reduced. Therefore, it is highly desirable to place the patient in a position such that the sternum is expanded from its normal position so that for a given hand pressure, the resultant pressure on the heart is increased thereby increasing the effectiveness on the cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

The present invention provides a support for a human which causes the sternum to be expanded away from the vertebrae when no pressure is applied to the chest cavity. The top surface of the support is shaped with a first portion thereof, adapted to accommodate the back of a supine patient from his shoulders to his buttocks, inclined to raise the c entral shoulder region of the patient about 3-4 inches. The remaining portion of the top, supports the patients head about 2-3 inches lower. In addition, means for grasping the support with the hands are provided at the sides of the support located at the position that may be grasped to shift the patient.

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 40 This invention will be more fully understood with reference to the accompanying figures.

FIG. 1 is a top view of the support of this invention.

FIG. 2 is a side view of the support of this invention.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referringto the figures, the support, generally indicated by l,'is solid and is made from a material having sufficient strength to support a normal adult human being. It is preferred that the support 1 be made from a rigid. foam material such as polyurethane foam to provide ease of hand transportation. The support 1 has a flat bottom 2 and a top comprising a backrest portion 3 and a head and neckrest portion 4. Two bars 5 are formed on either side of the support 1 to permit moving of a patient lying onthe surface 3. The bars 5 are molded in a configuration so that the fingers of the patient can extend into recesses 6. The top portion 3 is contoured to accommodate the shape of a human back and is substantially flat at the lower end 7 thereof. The

head and neckrest portion 4 is molded to form a recess 8 to accommodate the head and neck and optionally may have a hole 9 therein to hand-facilitate transporting the support.

The back supporting portion is inclined sloping upwardly from the buttocks region to the shoulders so as to raise the center of the back or central shoulder region about 3-4 inches. This portion has a narrow cradle contour with parallel ridges surrounding the center,

back region, spaced apart by about 9 inches and raised from the enter back region by about one-half inch.

The back supporting region terminates a depressed head rest with a head supporting platform about 2-3 inches lower than the center back support.

In use, the patient lies back down on top section 3 and lies his head back so that it pivots on edge 10 and rests on recess 8. The raised ridges ll prevent the patient from slipping from the support, 1, while-the patient is supported largely at the spinal column with the shoulder back and the sternum extended in a manner that greatly facilitates manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

' Having thus described our invention we claim:

1. A support for the human body adapted to facilitate cardiopulmonary resuscitation of a human bodyresting thereon which comprises a rigid structure having a substantially flat bottom surface, a back supporting portion having an inclined top surface shaped to support a human back from the shoulders to the buttocks, and to elevate the mid-shoulder region by about 3-4 inches and a head supportportion adjacent the shoulder and recessed therefrom to support the head 23 inches below the mid-shoulder region, said back supporting portion being formed in a cradle shape by two ridges surrounding the mid-shoulder region, spaced apart by about 8-l0 inches, and raised from the mid-shoulder region by about one-half inch.

2. The support defined by claim 1 having hand grasping means for positioning a human body resting on the support. 'Y

3. The support defined by claim 1 having means for transporting the support formed'therewith.

4. The support definedby claim 2 having means fo transporting. the support formed therewith;

UNl'l'l'll) S'IA'II'IS lA'll'lN'l ()FFHII". (l lilli'll. FICA'IE ()F (JURRE "lTlON Patent No. 8045082 Dated April 16 .a 1974 Inventor) Peter P. Tarjan, Jacob Goldstein & Esperanto J. Simicich '[t is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 1, at the end of line 18, "effecbed" should be "effected"; and on line 20, after "the", "heat, should be -heart--. Column 2, line 24, after "the", "enter" should be --center-:

and on line 25, after "terminates", insert -in--. Cancel claim 4, Column 2, lines 56 and 57.

Signed and sealed this 17th day of September 1974.

(SEL) Attest:

McCOY M. GIBSON JR. 0. MARSHALL DANN Att'esting Officer Commissioner of Patents USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 0 u S oovzmmem PRINTING OFFICE I969 o!( 6334v

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3307541 *May 1, 1963Mar 7, 1967Carl E HewsonHeart and lung resuscitator
US3509899 *Aug 7, 1967May 5, 1970Carl E HewsonHeart and lung resuscitator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3870038 *Mar 15, 1974Mar 11, 1975Dennis ArblasterOne-piece seamless hollow resuscitation plaque
US3985126 *Feb 7, 1975Oct 12, 1976Michigan Instruments, Inc.Patient retention and support
US4011871 *Mar 17, 1975Mar 15, 1977Personal Products CompanyWater-dispersible barrier films for body fluid retention
US5184365 *Dec 7, 1990Feb 9, 1993Trustees Of Boston UniversityMethod and apparatus of a positioning system for airway management
US5819344 *Jul 12, 1996Oct 13, 1998Otts; Shirley J.Adjustable airway management apparatus for infants
US6768922 *Aug 23, 2001Jul 27, 2004Zoll Medical CorporationDefibrillators
US7231247 *Jul 14, 2004Jun 12, 2007Zoll Medical CorporationDefibrillators
US7909784 *Jun 3, 2005Mar 22, 2011Kornaker Kathleen MCardiopulmonary assist device
US20040243186 *Jul 14, 2004Dec 2, 2004Zoll Medical CorporationDefibrillators
US20060272095 *Jun 3, 2005Dec 7, 2006Kornaker Kathleen MCardiopulmonary assist device
US20120083720 *Apr 5, 2012Physio-Control, Inc.Reference sensor for cpr feedback device
WO1990000043A1 *Jun 29, 1989Jan 11, 1990David Robert WilmottResuscitation support
Classifications
U.S. Classification601/41, D24/164
International ClassificationA61H31/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61H31/008
European ClassificationA61H31/00S