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Publication numberUS3804482 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1974
Filing dateJan 24, 1972
Priority dateJan 24, 1972
Publication numberUS 3804482 A, US 3804482A, US-A-3804482, US3804482 A, US3804482A
InventorsSmith R
Original AssigneeCheateau Wine Cellar Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wine storage cabinet assembly
US 3804482 A
Abstract
A refrigerated housing is disclosed for housing wine bottles including a plurality of bins positioned above a refrigeration unit with the bins so located as to permit cool air passage upwardly of housing to cool the bottles therein. The bins are defined by panels positioned at a 60 DEG angle with respect to the horizontal. In the preferred embodiment the bins are 121/2 inches wide and the housing is 21/2 bins wide.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1451 Apr. 16, 1974 United States Patent 1191 Smith 211/49 R 312/236 UX Angelus et 312/236 X WINE STORAGE CABINET ASSEMBLY 2 247,519 7/1941 3,299,664 1/1967 Booth.,..........., {75] Inventor. Richard D. Smith, Palo Alto, Cal1f. 2,815,649 12/1957 [73] Assignee: Cheateau Wine Cellar Co., San

Mateo, Ca1if Primary Examiner-Paul R. Gilliam Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Limbach, Limbach & Sutton [22] Filed: Jan. 24, 1972 211 Appl. 190.; 219,968

[57] ABSTRACT A refrigerated housing is disclosed for housing wine bottles including a plurality of bins positioned above a refrigeration unit with the bins so located as to permit cool air passage upwardly of housing to cool the bottles therein. The bins are defined by panels positioned at a 60 angle with respect to the horizontal. In the 48 2 Hm m U/ n 3. b2 n 3 mm 2 7 l 2 u 1 1 1 mus n 7 u/u mm l mmu mh c r. mmnm C Sm UIF 11]] 213 555 [[[1 References Cited preferred embodiment the bins are 12 /2 inches wide a r U 1 F g e m m w m s .m D b 3 l s 2 .m .m m c .m 1 s u 0 h e h t d n a n 4/ 1 1 2 N E A H P m 3 Mr T a p10 mmm ha SPB 0 va "99 NH U32 31 24 J 72 2 22 PATENTEDAPR 16 I974 FIG.'3

F a G. 2 L F' i i i 34 INVENTOR.

RICHARD D. SMITH BY ATTORNEYS The present invention relates in general to a refrigerated wine cabinet.

Since wine should be stored at lower than room temperature, a number of storage units have been designed to store reasonably small quantities of wine in bottles, typically for home storage. These units have been bulky and inefficient and constructed for inefficient use of the space available.

The object of the present invention is to provide a wine storage and refrigeration unit which is efficient and functional and which stores the maximum amount of -wine-. A

Broadly stated the present invention, to be described in greater detail below, is directed to a wine cabinet or wine refrigeration unit having a housing made up of side, back, top and bottom walls and including a pair of doors closing in the front thereof. A refrigeration unit is located in the bottom of the housing and means are provided for directing cool air from the unit upwardly around wine bottles stored thereabove with a warm air return located atthe top of the unit for recycling the air.

With the construction of the present invention a temperature gradient is provided vertically of the housing so that wine bottles stored at the top are maintained at a slightly higher temperature than the bottles stored at the bottom. This is advantageous since it is preferred to store red wines at a slightly higher temperature than white wines.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the housing is subdivided into a plurality of bins for holding wine bottles and with panels defining the sides of the bins making an angle of 60 with the horizontal. It has been found that with a 60 panel the maximum number of bottles can be stored in the housing, even taking into consideration that, typically, bottles of different diameters are used for different wines.

In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention a bin width of 12 7% inch is used with bin panels making the 60 angle with the horizontal whereby the maximum number of wine bottles can be stored of a number of different bottle sizes.

In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention the housing is made 2 k bins in width where the bins are 12 k inch wide on their interior surfaces which make a 60 angle with the horizontal. With this construction all of the space in the housing is most efficiently utilized.

These and other features and advantages will become more apparent upon a perusal of the following specification taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein similar characters of reference refer to similar structures in each of the several views.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front elevational view, partially broken away showing the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view, partially broken away, showing the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a'sectional view of a portion of the structure shown in FIG. 2 taken along line 3-3 in the direction of the arrows.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS While many aspects of the present invention apply to housing orstorage oflarge quantitites'of wine, the invention is particularly applicable to a wine storage housing for domestic use, and accordingly the invention will be described with reference to such a housing.

Referring now to the drawings, there is shown a selfcontained refrigerated housing having a pair of upright sidewalls 11 and 12 secured to a backwall l3 and top and bottomwalls 14 and 15 respectively. A pair of doors 16 is secured to the front of the housing providing access for insertion and removal of wine bottles. Typically, these doors 16 are hinged on the housing and each includes a window 18 formed by a double pane of glass.

Walls constructed of an outside one-half wood sheet provided with 1 inch thich insulation on the interior surface in turn covered with a hard. plastic surface such as Formica have proved highly desirable as insulated walls;

Below the doors 16 the housing is divided by a partition 21 for containing a refrigeration unit 22, and above the partition 21 the housing is divided by a plurality of intersecting panels 24 into a plurality of bins 25 as described in greater detail below.

Within the refrigeration unit 22 are provided a compressor 26 located along the back at one side of the housing adjacent a condenser cooling air inlet 27 and a warm air exit 28, a fan 29, a condenser 31 and-an evaporator unit 32 through which the cooling air is passed upwardly through apertures 33 into the housing for the bottles. A warm air return duct 34 having an opening 34 near the top of the cabinet is provided for returning the circulating air from the top of the interior of the cabinet back to the refrigeration unit.

The rack forming the bins 25 is fabricated as a separate self supporting unit inserted into the housing, and it has been found that half inch panels 24 forming the bins provides adequate support for the wine bottles.

As shown, panels 24 make a angle with the horizontal to provide the maximum capacity for holding a wide variety of bottle sizes. With this 60 angle the housing is subdivided into large diamond shaped bins with top and bottom 60 angles and side angles of By selecting the height of the wine rack equal to the height of 2 a bins and the width of the wine rack into the width of 2 V2 bins, eight full size bins 35 are provided along with four vertically divided half bins 36, four horizontally divided half bins, two 37 projecting upwardly at the bottom of the rack and two 38 project ing downwardly at the top of the rack and two corner quarter bins 39.

The configuration of these bins and their size is se lected for optimum storage of different size bottles. Typically, Bordeaux bottles are 2 7/8 inch in diameter, Rhine bottles are 3 inches in diameter, Burgundy bottles are 3 /8 inch in diameter and champagne bottles are 3 rt inch in diameter. By selecting the distance between the center line of one bin to the center line of the adjacent bin as approximately 13 inch, the lateral dimension of each of the diamond shaped bins becomes approximately 12% inch. A full size bin holds 16 Bordeaux bottles as schematically illustrated inbin 41, 12 Rhine bottles as schematically illustrated in bin 42, 12

3 Burgundy bottles as shown in bin 43 or champagne bottles. The half and quarter bins are usefulvTheEless than a full case of a particular type exists. One wine cellar housing as illustrated is 77 inches high and 36 bottles. fi nsL -an 6 rbp tls tstsl mpasp a plurality of dividers dividing said housing into a plurality of bins for horizontal storage of containers and spaced from said doors and said back wall to pass refrigerating air upwardly therein,

a refrigeration unit located at the bottom of said housing, means for introducingcool air from said refrigeration unit at the bottom of said bins for passage at least up past the front and back of said bins,

a warm air return duct with an opening adjacent the top of said housing for conveying warm air from the top of said housing back to said refrigeration unit,

said cool air introducing means and said warm air return establishing a temperature gradient in said housing,

said dividers includingpanels inclined at 60 to the horizontal and intersecting to define bins diamond shaped in cross section,

wherein said panels are provided with braces located above and below the intersections of said panels so that said panels are integrally connected thereat, and

said assembly having a width of two and one half diamond shaped bins where the open dimension of said diamond shaped bins is substantially 12 '7:

inch.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2247519 *Dec 26, 1939Jul 1, 1941Pace Leland AMethod of and rack for storing lumber
US2417123 *May 31, 1944Mar 11, 1947Nash Kelvinator CorpForced air bottle cooler
US2622741 *Mar 22, 1950Dec 23, 1952Alois BamertRack for longitudinal bodies, such as bottles and the like
US2815649 *May 27, 1955Dec 10, 1957Anthony R CostantiniRefrigerator
US3299664 *Sep 23, 1965Jan 24, 1967John S BoothForced draft refrigerator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4023681 *Jan 8, 1976May 17, 1977Plant David NKnock-down wine bottle rack
US4045103 *Jun 30, 1976Aug 30, 1977Paolino Vincent JGolf equipment storage device
US4546887 *Aug 12, 1983Oct 15, 1985Intermetro Industries CorporationSystem for supporting cylindrical articles, such as wine bottles, in bulk
US5343712 *Jul 15, 1993Sep 6, 1994Precision Storage, Inc.Temperature controller and method for facilitating the storage of wine and like perishables
US6422406Sep 21, 2000Jul 23, 2002L&P Property Management CompanyWire rack for wine bottles and the like
US6435355 *Sep 22, 1998Aug 20, 2002Robert W. BrownModular storage system for cylindrical objects
US6619489 *Feb 1, 2002Sep 16, 2003L & P Property Management CompanyWire rack for wine bottles and the like
US6694770Jul 15, 2002Feb 24, 2004Maytag CorporationFrench door chiller compartment for refrigerators
US6983615Dec 5, 2003Jan 10, 2006Maytag CorporationFrench door chiller compartment for refrigerators
US7254952Nov 10, 2004Aug 14, 2007Lilke Harvey DModular wine cellar and wine storage system
US7377125 *Oct 20, 2004May 27, 2008Cold Fusion Industries, LlcWalk-in refrigerator/freezers and wine coolers for home use
US8132871 *Dec 30, 2006Mar 13, 2012Steven Jerome CarusoStorage system
US20100252513 *Jan 7, 2009Oct 7, 2010John TutuvanuOrganiser assembly for holding items
US20130200761 *Sep 28, 2012Aug 8, 2013Hogeback Woodworking, Inc.Wine rack
US20130341295 *Jun 26, 2012Dec 26, 2013Isovin Systems Pty LtdStorage rack system
EP1419714A1 *Nov 14, 2002May 19, 2004Lecellier.Com S.p.r.lModular system for stocking of wine bottles
WO1999066272A1 *Jun 11, 1999Dec 23, 1999Matesanz Victoriano AlarciaImproved air conditioning apparatus
WO2003008881A1Jul 15, 2002Jan 30, 2003Michael J EvelandFrench door chiller compartment for refrigerators
WO2003071207A1 *Feb 4, 2003Aug 28, 2003Christoph BeckeBuilt-in refrigerator with a transparent door
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/236, 211/74
International ClassificationA47B73/00, F25D31/00, F25D23/06, F25D17/06, F25D25/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25D17/06, A47B73/00, F25D25/02, F25D31/007, F25D23/062
European ClassificationA47B73/00, F25D25/02, F25D17/06