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Publication numberUS3805274 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1974
Filing dateMar 7, 1973
Priority dateMar 9, 1972
Also published asDE2311601A1, DE2311601B2, DE2311601C3
Publication numberUS 3805274 A, US 3805274A, US-A-3805274, US3805274 A, US3805274A
InventorsKashio T
Original AssigneeCasio Computer Co Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ink jet recording with character distortion compensation
US 3805274 A
Abstract
Ink jet type recording apparatus comprising means for continuously jetting droplets of ink; an ink jet recording head provided with vertical and horizontal deflection means for vertically and horizontally deflecting the jetted ink droplet; driving means for driving the recording head, in plural steps corresponding to clock pulses and in a horizontal direction defined by the deflection means, across a recording paper during the time period in which one character is recorded; and means for sequentially generating vertical and horizontal deflection signals for respectively determining vertical and horizontal deflection amounts, in an attempt to define a character consisting of a plurality of ink droplets jetted according to the clock pulse, and supplying to the vertical and horizontal deflection means a character signal set in synchronism with the horizontal movement of the recording head.
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United States Patent [191 Kashio [451 Apr. 16, 1974 INK JET RECORDING WITH CHARACTER Primary Examiner-Joseph W. Hartary DISTORTION COMPENSATION Attorney, Agent, or Firm--Flynn & Frishauf [75] Inventor: Toshio Kashio, Tokyo, Japan [73] Assignee: Casio Computer Co., Ltd., Tokyo, [57] ABSTRACT Japan Ink jet type recording apparatus comprising means for [22] Filed: Man 7 1973 continuously jetting droplets of ink; an ink jet recording head provided with vertical and horizontal deflecp No.: 338,746 tion means for vertically and horizontally deflecting the jetted ink droplet; driving means for driving the [30] Foreign Application p i Data recording head, in plural steps corresponding to clock Mar 9 1972 Ja an 4743606 pulses and in a horizontal direction defined by the dep flection means, across a recording paper during the {52] U s 346/75 178/30 340/324 A time period in which one character is recorded; and [51] Int Cl IIIIIIIIIIIIIII n b 15/18 means for sequentially generating vertical and hori- [58] Fieid 178/30 zontal deflection signals forrespectively determining 340/324 vertical and horizontal deflection amounts, in an attempt to define a character consisting of a plurality of ink droplets jetted according to the clock pulse, and [56] Reterences Cited supplying to the vertical and horizontal deflection UNITED STATES PATENTS means a character signal set in synchronism with the ;,6g? ,(5)34 1279;; KaSLliO horizontal movement of the recording head ,6 51 19 Kas io 3 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures INTERSECTING SIGNAL 29 25 27 DIFFERENTIAL SQ 8f] H AMPUFIER 2t 22 COUNTER CONVERTER a a go i j 26 2a 50 CHARAcTER MEMORY (X) SELECTOR C'RCUIT uP-oowN D-A T DIFFEREN IAL COUNTER CONVERTER AMPLIFIER 23 T r 24 l fibfi s I OUNTER L GENERATOR INK JET RECORDING WITH CHARACTER DISTORTION COMPENSATION This invention relates to an improved ink jet type recording apparatus capable of correcting any character distortion caused when a recording head is moved across arecording paper so as to effect a printing.

An ink jet type recording apparatus has an ink jet recording head 11 as schematically illustrated in FIG. 1. The recording head 11 is provided with a nozzle 12 for jetting an ink droplet and an acceleration electrode 13 for accelerating the jetted ink droplet. Ink is supplied by means of an ink pump (not shown) to the nozzle 12 from the mouth of which ink droplet 14 is jetted in the particle form under an electrical field from the acceleration electrode 13. The jetted ink droplet 14 is deflection-controlled by a vertical and horizontal system 15 so that a predetermined character, figure etc. are recorded on a recording paper. In a case where characters are continuously recorded on a recording paper using the single ink jet recording head 11 the arrangement is as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. That is, guide rails 17 are arranged opposite to and parallel to a recording paper 16. Along the guide rail 17 the recording head 11 is moved in a direction as indicated by arrows. To the deflection system 15 of the recording head 11 are fed deflection voltages corresponding to a character signal, and characters are continuously recorded horizontally across the recording paper.

In a case where characters [2] and.[3] are recorded on the recording paper as shown in FIG. 4A a deflection signal corresponding to the character [2] is ap plied from a character signal generating circuit to the deflection system 15 during the time period in which the recording head 11 is moved over the range indicated by L,, and then a deflection signal corresponding to the character [3] is applied to the deflection system lduring the time period in which the recording head is moved over the range indicated by L However, when the deflection signals corresponding to the characters [2] and [3] are applied to the deflection system during the time period in which the recording head 11 is moved over the range indicated by L and L then distorted characters as shown in FIG. 4B are actually recorded on the recording paper, since the recording head is continuously moved even during the time period in which the deflection signal is generated. To avoid such a drawback, a saw-tooth signal repeated for each character is applied to the horizontal deflection system so that the amount of movement of the recording head 11 is compensated. That is, use is made of a saw tooth wave oscillator so designed that the time for the. recording head to be moved an amount corresponding to one character is taken as one cycle. However, it is very difficult to make an oscillation frequency completely in synchronism with the movement of the recording head. Even if synchronism is attained at the stage of adjustment, it is often affected due to the influence of the temperature etc. Furthermore, even if the rise phase of the saw-tooth wave oscillator is set, for example, in synchronism with the generation of a character signal, it would be very difficult to make the fall phase of the oscillator correspond to the moving speed of the recording head, and it would be actually impossible to record a character and figure in substantially correct or undistorted form on a recording paper.

The object of the invention is to provide an ink jet type recording apparatus capable of recording undistorted characters on a recording paper even when a re cording head is continuously moved to effect a recording. According to this invention the above-mentioned drawbacks can be overcome.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION of the recording head; and capable of causing the feed speed of the recording head and the driving of a character generating circuit to be synchronized in a predetermined relationship.

The present invention can be more fully understood from the following detailed description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram for explaining an ink jet type recording head;

FIG. 2 is a view for showing the manner in which the recording head is located;

FIG. 3 is a side view of FIG. 2;

FIGS. 4A to 4C are illustrative representations of characters recorded;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram for explaining an ink jet type recording apparatus according to one embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 6 is a graphical representation of a character for explaining the above embodiment; and

FIGS. 7A to 7D are signal waveforms for explaining the above embodiment.

There will now be described one embodiment of this invention by reference to the accompanying drawings. In FIG. 5 reference numeral 21 shows a character selecting circuit. A character signal obtained from the character selecting circuit 21 is fed to a memory circuit 22. To the memory circuit 22 is supplied a count signal, for example, from a scale-of-24 counter 24 which is counted by a signal from a clock pulse generating circuit 23. By the count signal supplied to the memory circuit 22 character signals are read out, and driven as coordinate signals in the vertical and horizontal directions, from the memory circuit 22. In a case where a figure [2] is described by a plurality of dots d d for example, as shown in FIG. 6 X- and Y-axis positions of the dot d, are firstly read out, as digital values, from the memory circuit 22 by a count signal, corresponding to a counting value (l), from the counter 24. That is, signals of Y 20, X 0 are derived by the counting value (1) of the counter 24. These signals are coupled to updown counters 25 and 26 corresponding to the Y- and X-directions, respectively, where a count setting is effected. Thereafter, an output deviation from a preceding dot is obtained from the memory circuit 22. When the counting value of the counter 24 is (2) signals Y +4, X +4 are obtained. When the counting value of the counter 24 is (3), then signals Y 0, X +4 are obtained. The up-down counters 25 and 26 are countcontrolled by these signals. That is, the counting value of the up-down counters 25 and 26 are varied as shown in FIGS. 73 and 7C. Digital outputs from the up-down shown in FIGS. 78 and 7C, from the D-A converters 27 and 28. These analog signals are fed to differential amplifiers 29 and 30 from which Y- and X-direction differential deflection voltages 29 and 30 are supplied to paired Y deflection plates 31A, 31B and paired X deflection plates 32A, 328.

A clock pulse from the clock pulse generating circuit 23 is applied, for example, to a ternary or scale-of-three counter 33. A carrier signal, as shown in FIG. 7A, from the ternary counter 33 is applied as a driving signal to a pulse motor 34. The pulse motor 34 is so controlled in its rotation that it advances one step for each three clock pulses. By this pulse motor 34 an ink jet type recording head is driven in a direction horizontal to a recording paper. When the pulse motor 34 is advanced eight steps the recording head is driven an amount corresponding to one character including a space. That is, ink droplets from a nozzle of the recording head are deflected at the Y- and X-deflection plates 31A, 31B and 32A, 32B so that characters are recorded on a recording paper. In this case, however, the recording head is continuously moved while character signals are successively read out. As a result, a distorted character as shown in FIG. 4B is obtained.

To avoid such a situation a counting signal is further fed to the up-down counter 26. That is, a stepwise varying digital signal as shown in FIG. 7D is derived from the counter 24 and the counting value of the up-down counter 26 is controlled. The counting value of the updown counter 26 is so subtracted for each clock pulse that the amount of movement of the recording head is cancelled, and deflection signals from the differential amplifiers 29 and 30 cause the character to be as shown in FIG. 4C. As a result, an undistorted character is recorded on a recording paper.

With the above recording apparatus, character signals are read out by reference clock pulses and then diflection signals for recording are obtained. The movement of the recording head is effected by the clock pulse. Therefore, the character signal completly synchronizes with the movement of the recording head with the result that a character can be recorded on a important here is: the character signal corresponding to FIG. 4A is caused to be distorted, as shown in FIG. 4C,

by the clock pulse as a reference for reading out the character signal and as a reference for moving the recording head, and is also synchronously associated with the movement of the recording head with the result that an undistorted, accurate character can be recorded on a recording paper.

According to this invention the readout of the character signal is synchronously associated with the movement of the recording head. As a result, a character deformation caused by the movement of the recording head can be corrected easily and with accuracy. Since the correction of a character, per se, the oscillation of saw-tooth waves and so on are not involved in this case, a very simplified construction results. Furthermore, there is no influence from the ambient temperature etc. and a very stable operation characteristic is also obtained.

A signal, as shown in FIG. 7D, applied to the updown counter 26 is necessary to exist only during the time period in which a character signal is present, i.e., in a case where a character [2] is recorded, to exist until a counting value (4 is encountered. Therefore, said signal effectively works only over the range corresponding to that hatched area as shown in FIG. 7D. In those signal-free states as shown in FIGS. 7B and 7C, unnecessary ink droplets may be effectively collected in an ink collector by cutting out a supply of a signal from the counter 24 to the up-down counter 26. Though the movement of the recording head is explained as corrected by a subtractive method, it is needless to say that it may also be corrected by an additive method using a coordinate setting method.

Since a character is recorded in a distorted form due to a continuous movement of the recording head even during the deflection signal generating period, if the distorted character is stored, from the outset, in the memory circuit, then an undistorted character can be recorded on a recording paper during the movement of the recording head.

What is claimed is:

1. An ink jet type recording apparatus comprising an ink jet type recording head having means for continuously jetting droplets of ink and vertical and horizontal deflecting means arranged opposite to a recording medium for deflecting the ink droplet in vertical and horizontal directions and adapted to be movable in the horizontal direction defined by the deflecting means; means for moving the recording head in the horizontal direction; means for generating clock pulses; means set in synchronism with the clock pulse and adapted to drive said head moving means in plural steps in recording one character on the recording medium; a deflection signal supplying means set in synchronism with the clock pulse and adapted to sequentially generate vertical and horizontal signals for determining vertical and horizontal deflection amounts respectively, in an attempt to define a character consisting of a plurality of jetted ink droplets, and supply to said vertical and horizontal deflection means a character signal set completely in synchronism with the horizontal movement of the recording head, said vertical and horizontal signals being corrected according to an amount of movement of the recording head.

2. An ink jet type recording apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which said deflection signal supplying means has a counter connected to the clock pulse generating means for counting in accordance with the clock pulse and adapted to sequentially generate an output signal in synchronism with the clock pulse; a memory storage connected to said counter, having signals corresponding to desired characters stored therein, and adapted to generate in synchronism with the output signal of the counter vertical and horizontal deflection digital signals for respectively determining vertical and horizontal deflection amounts so as to define a desired character consisting of a plurality of jetted ink droplets; a first D-A converter connected to the memory storage for converting the vertical deflection digital signal to an analog signal for supply to the vertical deflection means; and a second D-A converter connected to the memory storage for converting the horizontal deflection digital signal into an analog signal and for supplying the analog signal to the horizontal deflection means.

3. An ink jet type recording apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which said deflection signal supplying means has a counter connected to the clock pulse generating means for counting in accordance with the clock pulse and adapted to sequentially generate an output signal in synchronism with the clock pulse; a memory storage connected to the counter, having signals corresponding to desired characters stored therein, and adapted to generate in synchronism with the output signal of the counter vertical and horizontal signals for respectively determining vertical and horizontal deflection amounts so as to define a desired character consisting of jetted ink droplets; a first up-down counter connected to said memory storage and said counter for generating in synchronism with the output signal a vertical deflection digital signal for determining a vertical deflection UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 805374 Dated April 16, 1974 Ifiventofls) Toshio KASHIO I It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 6, line I I before "for supplying" insert Signed and sealed this 3rd day of September 1974.

(SIEAL) Attest:

McCOY 4. GIBSON, JR. I c. MARSHALL DANN Attestlng Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM P-1o5 "0'69, I I USCOMM'DC 60376-P69 W U.5. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE I!" O-3$-33l.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIQ N Patent No- 3,805,274 Dated April 16, 1974 IrIventor(s) Toshio KASHIO It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 6, line 1 1 before "for supplying" insert -and.

Signed and sealed this 3rd day of September 1974.

(SEAL Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON, JR. 1 c. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PC4050 0.69) USCOMM-DC 60876-P69 u.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE I, o-ase-au.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3688034 *Dec 1, 1969Aug 29, 1972Kashio ToshioDistortion compensation in ink jet recording
US3691551 *Apr 28, 1970Sep 12, 1972Casio Computer Co LtdSystem for generating tracing signals for displaying or recording characters
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3938163 *Jan 17, 1974Feb 10, 1976Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Public CorporationPrinted pattern inclination control in ink jet printer
US3971033 *May 27, 1975Jul 20, 1976Ibm CorporationMethod and apparatus for applying magnetic liquid droplets to a recording surface
US4050564 *Dec 4, 1975Sep 27, 1977International Business Machines CorporationElectronic control for optimizing carrier turnaround in printing apparatus
US4149807 *Mar 1, 1977Apr 17, 1979Facit AktiebolagMethod of typewriting or printing
US4150902 *Jul 8, 1977Apr 24, 1979Ing. C. Olivetti & C.Electronic printer having a single tracing element for tracing out alphanumeric characters
US4364062 *May 21, 1981Dec 14, 1982Sharp Kabushiki KaishaPaper edge detection in a printer
US4618869 *Oct 29, 1981Oct 21, 1986Sharp Kabushiki KaishaFacsimile print out system employing an ink jet system printer
US5461407 *Sep 2, 1992Oct 24, 1995Telesis Marking Systems, Inc.Marking method and apparatus using gas entrained abrasive particles
EP0025490A1 *Jul 24, 1980Mar 25, 1981International Business Machines CorporationInk jet printer comprising an inertia device for inclination of the electric deflection field
EP0025492A1 *Jul 24, 1980Mar 25, 1981International Business Machines CorporationInk jet printer comprising a picture-slant control device
Classifications
U.S. Classification347/82, 347/14, 178/30
International ClassificationB41J2/095, G06K15/02, G06K15/10, B41J2/075, B41J2/13
Cooperative ClassificationB41J2/13
European ClassificationB41J2/13