US 3806039 A
A nozzle having a through passageway and an intermediate slot with pressurized fluid through the slot inducing flow of ambient fluid through the passageway with the nozzle being formed in two parts having opposing surfaces defining the slot and with a spoked washer positioned between the two surfaces to make the slot discontinuous with a width equal to the width of the washer.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Umted States Patent [1 1 [111 3,806,039 Mocarski Apr. 23, 1974 COANDA TYPE NOZZLE WITH 3,129,892 4/1964 Tillman 239 4173 DISCONTINUOUS SLOT 3,263,934 8/l966 Hope, Jr. et a1. 239/552 3,599,876 8/1971 Kyburg 239/498 Inventor: Zenon Mocarski, a n, nn- 3,647,142 3/1972 Drude et a] 239/2823 Assigneez SJLC- Laboratories In-c. Fairfield, 3,419,082 l2/l968 O Regan et al 239/433 Conn- FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Filed: May 9, 1973 885,892 11/1971 Canada 239/525  Appl. N0.: 358,634
R l t d U s A r t. D ta Primary Examiner-Lloyd L. King e a e pp a Y Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ernest M. Junkins  Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 234,535, March 14,
1972, Pat. No. 3,743,186.
 ABSTRACT  us Cl 239/417'3 239/DIG' A nozzle having a through passageway and an inter-  Int Cl Bosh 7/12 mediate slot with pressurized fluid through the slot in-  Fie'ld 5 498 ducing flow of ambient fluid through the passageway 511 556 with the nozzle being formed in two parts having op- 5 2 posing surfaces defining the slot and with a spoked washer positioned between the two surfaces to make  References Cited the slot discontinuous with a width equal to the width UNITED STATES PATENTS the washer) 2,965,312 12/1968 Hale 239/433 7 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures COANDA TYPE NOZZLE WITH DISCONTINUOUS SLOT The present application is a continuation-in-part of my co-pending application Ser. No. 234,535, filed Mar. 14, 1972, now US. Pat. No. 3,743,186 and entitled Air Gun.
The air gun disclosed therein includes a nozzle portion which is formed to have a through passageway and an intermediate slot communicating therewith. Pressurized air introduced into the slot flows through the passageway by reason of the Coanda effect and is discharged at the exit end of the passageway. This flow induces the flow of ambient air at the entrance end of the passageway so that the nozzle discharge is a combination of both the pressurized air and the ambient air.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a nozzle of the above type in which the volume of pressurized fluid flowing through the slot may be precisely controlled by accurately and easily controlling the area of the slot through which the pressurized fluid may flow.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a nozzle of the above type which is less apt to become malfunctioning by contaminants in the slot by forming the slot to be discontinuous with a width that is greater than a slot which is continuous.
A further object of the present invention is to achieve the above objects with a slot that may not only be easily, accurately and inexpensively formed but which also enables the area through which pressurized fluid flows to be easily altered.
ln carrying out the present invention, the nozzle is formed as two parts with the first part having a through passageway and with one end thereof including a surface that is essentially perpendicular to the axis of the passageway. Adjacent the one end, the passageway is formed to have its narrowest cross-sectional area which constitutes the throat of the nozzle. A second part is also formed to have a through passageway and has one end formed to provide a first surface which is essentially perpendicular to its passageway axis. The two parts are assembled together with their passageways aligned and with the one surface and first surface spaced from each other to define the slot.
Positioned between the two surfaces is a spoked washer which has a width or thickness equal to the desired width of the slot and with the spokes terminating just slightly prior to the passageway. Thus the spoke washer forms a slot which is discontinuous, i.e., only has an opening where a spoke does not exist and also accurately sets the width of the slot by having it equal to the thickness of the washer.
In use, air or other fluid under pressure is introduced into an annular cavity formed in the first part and flows through the discontinuous slot into the passageway. For the same area of slot through which pressurized fluid may flow, the blocking of portions of the slot by the spokes enables the open portions to be much wider than if the slot was annular and not discontinuous. In this manner contaminants or small particles in the pressurized fluid which would block a thinner continuous slot, may .flow through the open portions of the discontinuous slot without blocking. In one example where the width of the slot is 0.002 inch, an equivalent discontinuous slot made according to the present invention may have a thickness of its open portions equal to 0.006 inch which would enable particles which could block an annular slot to pass through the discontinuous slot. Moreover, by controlling the ratio between the blocked and open portions of the slot, the area of the slot through which the pressurized fluid flows may be altered to adjust the quantity of fluid that flows.
Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.
Referring to the drawing:
FIG. 1 is an axial cross-section of a nozzle of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a section taken on the line 22 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged radial section of the slot portion.
FIG. 4 is a view, somewhat enlarged, of a portion similar to FIG. 2, of a further embodiment of a spoked washer.
Referring to the drawing, the nozzle of the present invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 10 and includes a first part 11 having the axial cross-sectional shape shown and formed to provide a through passageway 12. One end 13 of the passageway constitutes the discharge end of the nozzle while the opposite end of the part 11 is formed with a cylindrical cavity 14 which includes a bottom surface 15 that is essentially perpendicular to the axis of the passageway 12. The surface 15 curves into the-passageway that includes a throat 16 that is the narrowest cross-sectional area of the passageway 12 adjacent to the surface 15.
Positioned within the cavity 14 is an annular part 17 that also has a passageway 18 which rapidly decreases in cross-sectional area as it approaches the first part 1 1. Moreover, the annular 17 includes a flat surface 19 that is essentially perpendicular to the axis of the passageway 18.
The two parts are assembled as shown with the axes of the passageways 12 and 18 being aligned and with the surfaces 15 and 18 being slightly spaced from each other to define there between a slot 20. Preferably the second part is fastened to the first part 11 by mechanical securement such as by staking, welding, cooperating threads, etc.
The first part 11 is formed with an annular chamber 21 which has an open end 22 which communicates with the slot 20. A conduit 23 which may be a threaded pipe is in communication with the chamber 21 and is connectible to a source (not shown) of pressurized fluid. Accordingly, fluid may flow from the source through the chamber 21, the slot 20 and by reason of the Coanda effect will be discharged through the opening 13 of the passageway 12. In addition, ambient fluid at the large end of the passageway 18 will be induced to flow through both passageways and also be discharged through the discharge end 13.
In accordance with the present invention, the width of the slot 20 is accurately and precisely set by the thickness of a spoked washer 24 that is positioned between and abutting the two surfaces 15 and 19. The washer 24 includes an outer annular portion 25 that is positioned outwardly of the chamber open end 22 with integral spokes 26 extending inwardly therefrom. The inner end of the spokes are located between the surface 19 and the portion of the surface 15 that lies between the chamber 21 and the passageway 12. The inner ends are thus positioned to block the slot and to permit passage of fluid through the slot only where an opening such as the opening 27 exists between the spokes. By regulating the thickness of the washer 24 and the ratio of blocked area to open areas, the area of the slot through which pressurized fluid may flow may be accurately, economically and precisely made.
With a substantial portion of the slot blocked, the width of the slot may be substantially increased as compared to a completely open annular slot but yet still have the same areas through which pressurized fluid may fl'ow. However, by reason of the increased thickness of the opening, the nozzle of the present invention is less subject to having its slot blocked by small particles that may exist in the pressurized fluid. It will also be understood that the spokes 26 terminate at substantially the passageway so that they do not interfere with the flow of the ambient fluid into the passageway.
As shown in FIG. 3, the pressurized fluid flow area of the slot may be easily increased by eliminating a spoke in the slot, by bending, as spoke 26a is bent into the annular chamber 21.
Shown in FIG. 4 is a further embodiment of a spoked washer 28 which may be used in the present invention. In this embodiment, the spokes are formed by first drilling holes such as holes 29 at spaced locations about the washer and then forming the spokes by making annular slits such as slit 30 to communicate with the drilled holes 29. Except for the different shape of the spokes, the washer shown in this embodiment will function in the same manner as the washer 24 previously disclosed.=
It has been found that with the openings 27 evenly distributed about the slot, that there does not seem to be'any noticeable difference in inducing ambient fluid flow as compared to a same area continuous slot.
The surfaces and 19 are as shown, preferably perpendicular to the passageways axes and, as such, may be formed to be accurately planar quite easily and economically.
It will accordingly be appreciated there has been disclosed a construction for a nozzle of the Coanda type in which the width of the slot may be accurately dimensioned. Moreover, portions of the slot are blocked so as to decrease the length through which pressurized fluid may flow but by increasing the open portions of the slot, the slot may be made to have the same area for the fluid flow as a thinner continuous annular slot. The wider slot openings enables, especially for small area pressurized fluid to'pass through the slot openings without their becoming lodged therein.
Variations and modifications may be made within the scope of the claims and portions of the improvements may be used without others.
I claim: v
1. A nozzle for inducing flow of ambient fluid therethrough by pressurized fluid flow through a slot comprising a first part formed to have a through passageway and a surface formed at one end transverse to the passageway, said passageway further having a minimum cross-sectional area throat located adjacent the one end with the passageway increasing in crosssectional area from the throat to the surface; a second part having a through passageway and having a first surface transverse to its passage-way, said passageway increasing in cross-sectional area from its first end; means forpositioning the two parts with the passageways aligned'and with the one surface and the first surface facing each other but spaced therefrom to define the slot there-between and blocking means positioned between at least a portion of the two surfaces for closing the slot where the blocking means are positioned.
3. The invention as defined in claim 2 in which the segments terminate essentially at the passageway.
4. The invention asdefined in claim 2 in which the l both surfaces are perpendicular to the axes of the passageways.
5. The invention as defined in claim 1 in which the blocking means consists of a spoked annular washerwith the inner end portions of the spoke forming the blocking means.
6. The invention as defined in claim 5 in which the first part is formed with an annular chamber having an I open end at the one surface surrounding its passageway and in which the spokes of the washer extend across the open end of the chamber.
7. The invention as defined in claim 6 in which at least one of the spokes has been bent transversely to the other spokes to extend into the annular chamber. in t =0: