US 3806109 A
A tiltable treatment and examination table employing a movable base structure with the first pivotal mounting member mounted thereon to define a first pivot axis on the upper portion of the base structure and with the pivotal mounting member including a second pivot structure mounting the patient support table thereon through a second pivot axis normal to the first pivot axis. Hydraulic actuators connected between the base structure and the table and the pivot structure and the table provide for smooth pivoting of the table support on the respective axes with the hydraulic actuators being energized from self-contained electro-hydraulic motor pump combinations including hydraulic reservoirs to provide for two separate hydraulic systems. Each system is controlled from a manually operated switch which selectively energizes the electric motor portions of the hydraulic systems to provide for hydraulic energization of the motors bidirectionally for tilting of the table.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
[ Apr. 23, 1974  ABSTRACT A tiltable treatment and examination table employing a movable base structure with the first pivotal mounting member mounted thereon to define a first pivot axis on the upper portion of the base structure and with the pivotal mounting member including a second pivot structure mounting the patient support table thereon through a second pivot axis normal to the first pivot axis. Hydraulic actuators connected between the base structure and the table and the pivot structure and the table provide for smooth pivoting of the table support on the respective axes with the hydraulic actuators being energized from self-contained electrohydraulic motor pump combinations including hydraulic reservoirs to provide for two separate hydraulic systems. Each system is controlled from a manually operated switch which selectively energizes the elec- United States Patent 1 Weber et al.
[ TILTABLE TREATMENT TABLE  Inventors: Albert J. Weber, Valley City, N.
Dak.; Frank H. Erling, St. Paul Minn; Clair A. Bearfield, Valley City, N. Dak.
 Assignee: Tri W-G, Inc., Valley City, N. Dak.
 Filed: Aug. 14, 1972  Appl. No.: 280,679
 US. 269/323, 250/439  Int. A61g 13/00  Field of Search 269/323; 5/62, 63; 250/439-456; 108/4  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS tric motor portions of the hydraulic systems to provide for hydraulic energization of the motors bidirectionally for tilting of the table.
Heitz- Boyer Reager et al 11 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner-Neil Abrams Attorney, Agent, or Firm-.Schroeder Siegfried Ryan & Vidas PATENTEDAPR 23 1974 SHEET 1 [IF 2 TILTABLE TREATMENT TABLE Our invention relates to tiltable table structures used in medical examination and treatment and more particularly to an improved examination and treatment table having two axes of tilt to facilitate ease in examination and treatment.
X-ray examination tables and treatment tables are known and in use. Generally, such tables or patient supports are restricted to one axis of tilting movement and may include means for elevating or lowering the same. Particularly, in certain types of examination such as radiographing and urological examinations, it is necessary that the axis of tilt be such that the patient may be moved from a horizontal position to a near vertical position and returned thereto with stability in the patient for examination purposes. However, such prior designs are cumbersome in structure and pivotal orientation, are restricted to a single tilt axis of movement and provide limited access for the operator with respect to the patient thereon. Therefore, they are limited in orientation as far as the patientis concerned for examination and treatment purposes.
The present invention is directed to an improved examination and treatment table in which the patients support or tables top structure is so mounted on a base as to be tilted through a first major axis of tilt of approximately 1 or from a near vertical position to an inclined position beyond the horizontal through the use of a simple hydraulic mechanism. The improved table design incorporates an additional tilt axis transverse to the first or major axis permitting tilting of the patients support approximately 15 to to either side of a reference or vertical position and such tilting operation can be effected simultaneous with tilt of the first axis or independent thereof to provide an extreme range of movement for examination and treatment purposes. The table is powered by a simplified self-contained hydraulic power source operating through hydraulic actuators and with a simplified control mechanism to quietly and smoothly position a patient through tilting of the table top through the extreme ranges of tilt thereof and to hold the patient and the table top in such a position for treatment and examination purposes.
It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide an improved examination and treatment table I of the tiltable type capable of tilting about a pair of axes simultaneously or selectively.
Another object of this invention is to provide an improved examination and treatment table which is powered by hydraulic actuators from a simplified electrohydraulic power source.
A further object of this invention is to provide an improved tiltable treatment and examination table which permits free access and control by an operator to insure stability of the patient and proper positioning of the same thereon for examination and treatment purposes.
Another object of this invention is to provide an improved tiltable treatment and examination table which will positively position the table in varying orientations for examination and treatment purposes and maintain the table at all times in such positionsuntil controllably moved by the operator.
A still further object of this invention is to provide an improved tiltable treatment and examination table which is simple in design, relatively low in cost and easy to use and maintain.
These and other objects of this invention will become apparent from the reading of the attached description together with the drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of the improved tiltable treatment and examination table with the table in a horizontal position;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the improved tiltable treatment and examination table showing tilt about one axis of pivot;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the table of FIG. 1 showing tilt about the first and second axis of pivot;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side elevation view of the tiltable treatment and examination table with the base cover removed showing the controls for the same;
FIG. 5 is a front elevation view of a portion of the treatment table with the cover of the pivot member removed and with parts in section; and
FIG. 6 is a schematic circuit for one of the electrohydraulic actuator pump systems for pivoting the table about one of the axes of movement.
Our improved examination and treatment table is mounted on a base frame, indicated generally at 10, which includes a pair of rail members 12 supporting a prism like base structure 15. The rail members have suitable casters 20 on the bottom of the same to provide for mobility of the table. The base structure 15 is in the form of a right triangular prism extending between the rail members and having a flat lower surface with two inclined sides, one being substantially vertical, to define an apex for the base structure in which is mounted a pivot or support member 30. The pivot member is a generally box-like structure having an inclined or triangular shaped prismatic surface 32 having an apex at the upper surface thereof. The pivot member 30 or box-like structure is mounted in a recess or slot 35 in the upper end or surface of the base structure l5 and is pivoted therein through suitable pivot 7 members which form fluid passages as well as a pivot'structure for pivoting the pivot member on the base structure. The apex or upper surface of the pivot member 30 provides a mounting or second pivotal axis for the table support frame indicated by a shaft extending between cross braces 62 of the table support frame and through suitable journal mountings in the apex of the pivot member to define the second axes of pivot for pivoting the table top or support frame on the pivot support member 30. This second axis is normal to the first named axis and located above the same. The table support frame 60 is formed by the cross brace member 62 and end members or side members 61 suitably welded together to form a generally rectangular frame which is pivoted on the second axis for tilt thereon through a range of movement which is limited by the slope of the inclined surfaces 32 of the pivot member and is generally about 15 to either side of the horizontal. The frame support member as indicated in FIG. 1 mounts a suitable patients support mattress or frame 65 thereon and the side frames include a foldable rail structure 68 and an end or foot support structure 69 at one end of the same to guide and support a patient on the table. Suitable hand rails 70 are attached to the frame for aid to the attendants in positioning the table and a patient thereon. The table supports frame 60 is tilted about the first named axis by means of an elongated hydraulic actuator, indicated generally at 80,
structure 85 within the interior of the base structure and the cylinder extends through a slot 86 in one surface of the inclined upper surface of the base structure with the shaft extremity 82 of the actuator 80 being pivotally connected to a rod or axle 87 tied to the undersurface of the frame 60 as at 87. The actuator will tilt the frame and the pivot member 30 about the first named axis through a range of movement which will be generally defined by the vertical side or from a vertical position to an inclined position at the other side of the vertical of approximately to the horizontal. This range of movement is limited by the slope of the opposite or inclined surface of the frame structure and the length of the actuator 80.
Within the pivot member 30, as will be best seen in FIG. 5, is positioned a second actuator, indicated generally at 90, which includes a cylinder member 91 pivotally attached to the interior or base portion of the pivot member as at 92 with the shaft extremity 93 extending through a slot 94 in one of the inclinedsurfaces of the upper surfaces of the pivot member and attached by means of a coupling member 95 to a flange 96 on the undersurface of the table frame at the cross frame 62 forming a portion thereof. This actuator will tilt the frame 60 and hence, the table thereon about the second axis defined by the shaft 55 on the pivot member through a range of movement of approximately 15 to either side of horizontal or greater within the limits of the actuator and as limited by the inclined upper surfaces of the pivot member 30.
Hydraulic fluid for actuating the actuator 90 is introduced through fluid lines 97, 98 which connect to the tubular hollow pivot members 40 journaling the pivot member 30 on the base structure 15.
FIG. 4 shows the interior of the base structure 15 with the controls for operating the hydraulic actuators and for the treatment table which pivots the same about the first and second axis of movement as herebefore defined. The power source for the hydraulic actuators are composite motor, reservoir and pump structures indicated generally at 100 and 101, each of which are mounted on an upstanding centrally located flange 104 positioned in the base structure. These units employ an electric motor which when energized through one or the other of a pair of directional windings will operate an internal pump and move fluid from the hydraulic reservoir through one or the other of a pair of outlets as indicated by the tubes 105, 106 with the opposite port or tube becoming the return line. We have found that a motor pump unit of the type manufactured by Christie, Inc., of Portland, Oregon and Type Number 2017862 is suitable for this purpose.
The hydraulic fluid pump by the motor pump reservoir combination is directed through flexible hoses or pipes 108 to a pair of check valves 110, 111 leading to opposite ends of the actuators. As shown in FIG. 4, they connect through the tubular conduit and journal members 40 to opposite ends of the actuator 90. Similarly, the pump 10l directs fluid through check valves 112, 113 from the outlet ports 105, 106 and through the flexible hoses 108 to opposite ends of the cylinder 81, as will be best seen in FIG. 5. The check valves 110,
111, 112 and 113 are shown mounted in a common manifold assembly each being separate units having unrestricted flow in one direction and a partially restricted flow in the reverse direction. This will enable fluid pumped from the pump through a respective line connected in the check valve to flow directly to the ap- I propriate end of the cylinder to which the check valve is connected but return flow from this end of the dylinder, when the opposite end is receiving fluid, in a restricted manner to provide for a smooth movement of the shaft and tilting of the table.
The electric motor portions of the hydraulic pump or motive sources 100, 101 are powered from an electrical source adapted to be connected to outlet connectors mounted in the face of the base structure extending to an electrical conduit indicated at 122 to a pair of reversing switches 125, 130, respectively. The reversing switches will selectively apply power through cabling indicated at to the respectiveelectric motors and in certain directions as will be indicated by the schematic circuit in FIG. 6. Operation of the reversing switches is effected by means of rotation of shafts 140, 141 extending along the base structure and through either side of the base support structure 15 terminating in foot pedals 150, 151 on either side of the table. The shafts are journaled in the support structure and are adapted to be rotated through a limited range of movement in either direction from a reference position by foot engagement of the pedal on one or the other side thereof. The shafts, as indicated in FIG. 5 are connected to T shaped flange members 155, 156 which operate against a pair of level members 160 and 161 on the undersurface thereof. The lever members are pivotally mounted at one extremity, as at 165, on a support frame 166 in the base structure and suitable return springs, indicated generally at 170, are positioned on the support frame 166 to restrict movement of the levers 160 or 161 and center the shafts. Upper movement, the levers 160 or 161 will operate against the toggle 1750f a switch toeffect a switching action. The pairs of switches shown in the drawings each form the reversing switches 125, 126 which are operated by directional movement of the shafts. In effect each pair forms a conventional double-throw, double pole switch with one or the other of the switches of the pair being operated depending upon the direction of rotation of the respective shafts.
Since each of the hydraulic source and electrical circuits are identical only one is shown in FIG. 6. In its simplified form as shown schematically in the circuit they are connected as a conventional double-pole, double-throw switch, indicated generally at 180. The circuit connection connects common poles of the two switches 176 together to form the double-pole, doublethrow switch with a power source 120 being connected to one side thereof and through conductors indicated at 135 leading to the motor pump combinations 100, 101. In the drawings, a center tap of the motor windings is shown grounded, as at 194, to provide for directional energization of one or the other of a pair of directional control windings for opposite pumping action. The outlet pipes, as indicated by the ports 105, 106, take flow through the lines 108 and check valves 110, 111 to the actuator 90 or the opposite ends thereof. Thus, depending upon which side of the double-pole, double-throw switch is thrown, the motor 100 or 101 will be energized in an opposite direction to cause pumping from the reservoir of the hydraulic fluid providing for flow out of one of the outlet ports 105 and return flow through the opposite outlet port 106. The hydraulic fluid will be directed to one or the other end of the actuator with the opposite end having fluid returned therefrom through the restricting check valves 110, 111.
Also positioned within the base structure is a lever member 200 which is pivotally connected through a connecting linkage 201 to one end of a coil spring'205 positioned on a rod like member 206 attached to the base frame structure 15. The opposite end of the lever 200 is mounted through a coupling 208 on the undersurface of the pivot member 30. This lever combination will provide a bias to the pivot or support member 30 on the table frame against which the appropriate pump 101 and its actuator 80 will work to tilt the table about the pivot axis defined by the journal members 40. This bias insures that smooth pivotal movement will be provided from the hydraulic actuator 80 and will insure movement of the table top through the complete range of movement in one direction or the other. The spring is biased on either side of a reference position or the normally horizontal position of the table and pivotal movement of the table top or the support frame 60 through operation of the actuator 80 to either side of this reference position will tend to bias the spring providing a spring bias force on the undersurface of the pivot member 30 and applied to the table which will insure a smooth return of the table to a reference position.
In the operation of the controls, the operator need merely deflect or step on one of the other of the switches 150, 151 causing rotation of the respective shafts 140, 141 to operate the double-pole, doublethrow switch combinations energizing the electric motor portions of the self-contained hydraulic system or motor pump combinations 100, 101 for the respective actuators. These may be operated simultaneously or independently providing for singular or composite tilting movement of-the table as will be best seen in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3. The improved tiltable table design permits an operator to readily position a patient through the ranges of tilt movement for examination and/or treatment while insuring stability to the patient and accuracy in positioning the patient with respect to equipment associated therewith. The de-energization of the motor pump combinations by opening of the switches will cause the pumps to stop operating and suitable internal check valving therein will prevent reverse flow to the reservoir within so that the actuators will remain in the position to which they were energized until they are appropriately energized in the opposite direction to cause fluid flow in the opposite direction and return of the fluid from the first named end to the cylinder back to the reservoir. Thus, a simplified examination and treatment table is provided with a simplified electrohydraulic or self-contained motor control for accurately and smoothly positioning a patient for examination and/or treatment purposes. The guide rails 68 and flange member 69 on the table top enable positioning of a patient thereon accurately and securely during the tilting movement.
In considering this invention it should be remembered that the present disclosure is illustrative only and the scope of the invention should be determined by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
l. A tiltable treatment table comprising, a base structure having inclined upper surfaces and a lower flat surface, a support member including means journaling the same at the apex of the inclined upper surfaces of the base structure about an axis transverse to the extent of the base structure, said support member having a triangular shaped top and including pivot means defining a second axis normal to the extent of the first named axis, a table member connected at its lower surface and intermediate the longitudinal and transverse extent of the same to the pivot means defining a second axis in the member, a first hydraulic actuator connected between the base and the table member and controllably pivoting the table member and the support member on the inclined upper surfaces of the base structure about the first axis, a second hydraulic actuator connected between the support member and the table member and controllably pivoting the table member on the triangularly shaped top of the support member about the second axis, means positioned in the base structure for reversibly supplying the source of hydraulic fluid to the first and second actuators, said means including respectively a pair of reversible electric motors connected to a self-contained hydraulic system of a pump, reservor and check valve means for reversibly supplying the source of hydraulic fluid for said actuators, and control means including control lever means projecting from the base structure and connected to the electric motors in the base structure operating the self-contained source of hydraulic fluid for each of the actuators to control independently the tilting of the table member about said first and second axis, said control means including a pair of reversing switches each operated by a separate lever and operative to connect a source of electric power respectively to the electric motors for the self-contained sources of hydraulic fluid.
2. The tiltable treatment table of claim 1 in which the base structure has the shape of a triangular shaped prism.
3. The tiltable treatment table of claim 1 in which the second actuator is positioned within the support member pivotally mounted on the base structure with an operating shaft extending through a slot in said support member. 5 i
4. The tiltable treatment table of claim 1 and including a lever means and a spring bias means connected thereto positioned between the base structure and the support member mounting the table member to apply a spring bias thereto about the first named axis of pivot.
5. The tiltable treatment table of claim 1 in which the means journaling said support member on the upper surface of the base structure includes hydraulic fluid passage means connected to one of the hydraulic fluid sources positioned in the base structure to provide a fluid passage to said second actuator tilting the table member on said support member.
6. The tiltable treatment table of claim 5 in which said support member journaled on the upper surface of said base structure is in the form of a prism having a pair of inclined top surfaces with the pivot means extending through the apex thereof to define said second pivot axis.
7. The tiltable treatment table of claim 6 in which the table member includes elevatable rails connected to the sides thereof on at'least two sides to maintain a patient on the table member with tilting of the table member about said pair of axes.
8. The tiltable treatment table of claim 7 in which the control means includes control levers projecting from two opposite sides of the base structure and with castered wheels beneath said base structure to permit orientation of the table.
9. The tiltable treatment table of claim 8 in which the range of pivotal movementof tilting of the table member relative to the base structure is limited by the angles of the inclined surface of the base structure about said first axis of pivot. i
10. The tiltable treatment table of claim 9 in which table member.