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Publication numberUS3806174 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 23, 1974
Filing dateDec 29, 1971
Priority dateDec 29, 1971
Publication numberUS 3806174 A, US 3806174A, US-A-3806174, US3806174 A, US3806174A
InventorsD Herman
Original AssigneeInt Harvester Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latch mechanism
US 3806174 A
Abstract
A latch mechanism for latching a movable body structure, such as a tilting truck cab, to a fixed body structure, such as a truck chassis, including a rotatably-mounted spring biased hook which is held in a locking position by an over-center locking mechanism, and may be rotated out of a locking position by actuation of a lever connected thereto.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Herman Apr. 23, 1974 LATCH MECHANISM. [75] Inventor: Daniel K. Herman, Fort Wayne, Ind.

[73] Assignee: International Harvester Company,

Chicago, Ill.

22 Filed: Dec. 29, 1971 21 Appl. No.: 213,324

6/1962 Eads 292/113 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 646,680 6/1937 Germany 292/113 Sweden 292/113 Primary ExaminerRichard E. Moore Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Frederick .l. Krubel; Floyd I B. Harman [57] ABSTRACT A latch mechanism for latching a movable body structure, such as a tilting truck cab, to a fixed body structure, such as a truck chassis, including a rotatablymounted spring biased hook which is held in a locking position by an over-center locking mechanism, and may be rotated out of a locking position by actuation of a lever connected thereto.

5 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPR 23 1974 saw 1 OF 3 y/ ///////l////m// Jar/47% PATENTEDAP 23 1974 SHEET 2 OF 3 LATCH MECHANISM This invention relates generally to latch mechanisms, and more particularly to a latch mechanism for securing a sill of a tilting truck cab to the fixed truck frame assembly.

In the past, numerous latch mechanisms have been developed which have suffered from a variety of deficiencies such as being complicated in structure, having an excessive number of parts andin some instances being difficult to manufacture. Accordingly, it is a purpose of this invention to provide an uncomplicated latch mechanism comprising a minimum number of parts, which parts are easy to manufacture and assemble.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly summarized, the latch mechanism, herein, comprises a hook which is biased into a latching position by a spring means. The hook is pivotally attached to a lever member and the lever member, in turn, is pivotally mounted on one of the two elements that are to be latched together. The device is constructed to include an over-center locking feature. Actuation of the lever means is effective to move the hook against the tension of the associated spring means to an unlatched position, and release of the actuating lever permits the hook to move back to a latching position.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a part of a truck cab and frame assembly secured together by a latch mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front view in elevation of the latch mechanism of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view of the latch mechanism taken along line 3-3 FIG. 2 showing the mechanism in a latched position;

FIG. 4 is a view of the latch mechanism in a partially unlatched or safety position;

FIG. 5 is a view of the latch mechanism in an unlatched position;

FIG. 6 is a side view of the latch mechanism, after unlatching, showing the truck cab completely separated from the frame assembly;

FIG. 7 is a side view of the latch mechanism in the process of re-engagement.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters refer to similar parts, 10 refers generally to the latch mechanism embodying the invention. In FIG. 1, the latch mechanism 10 is shown as latching together, a movable part of the truck body, namely a tilting truck cab 11 to a nonmovable part of the truck, namely, a frame assembly 12 of the truck.

The latch mechanism 10 includes a first support means 13 for supporting a latching hook member and an actuating lever means for controlling motion of the hook. The support means 13 is shown in FIG. 1 as being mounted on a wall section 14 of the tilting truck cab 11. The latch mechanism 10 also includes a second support means 15 secured to the truck frame assembly 12 for supporting a latch pin.

As shown in FIG. 1 of the illustrated embodiment, the first support means 13, which is in the form of a box-like structure means, is secured by suitable means such as by welding to the wall section 14 of the tilting truck cab 1 1. The second support means 15 is attached to the nonmovable part of the truck, namely a frame member 16 of the frame assembly 12.

The first support means 13 comprises a pair of parallel flanges 17 and 18, and a hinge pin 20 journalled in the two flanges 1 7 and 18. A stop member 19 extends between and is attached to the flanges 17 and 18. The actuating lever means 21 comprises a pair of symmetrical straps 22 and 23, the lower ends of which are offset and are journalled on the hinge pin 20. The symmetrical straps 22 and 23 are disposed in parallel arrangement. At about midway the length of the lever actuating means, a pin 24 extends through the straps 22 and 23. The pin 24 pivotally supports the upper end of a hook member 25. An actuating handle in the form of a pin 26 extends through the upper ends of the straps 22 and 23.

The hook member 25 is an elongated flat plate-like member which is pivotally supported on the pin 24 and is disposed between the symmetrical straps 22 and 23 forming the actuating lever 21. The hook 25 extends downwardly and is formed with a notch 27 which is adapted to engage a latch pin. The hook also is formed with a curved slot or aperture 30 which receives therethrough the hinge pin 20. During movement of the hook between latched and unlatched positions the hook by virtue of this slot arrangement, is free to translate about the hinge pin 20 when the lever 21 is actuated. The slot 30 is of a predetermined length so that at a particular point during rotation of the lever 21, the hook 25 will begin to rotate with the lever 21.

The second supporting means 15 may comprise a pair of right angle flange members 31 and 32, secured to the frame member 16. These flange members support a horizontally extending latch pin 33 which is positioned to engage the notch 27 of the hook 25.

A tension spring 34 has one end secured to the hook 25 and the other end to a part of the truck.

FIG. 3 illustrates the latched position in which the components above and below a parting line 35, are firmly clamped together by action of the hook 25 on pin 33. The actuating lever means 21 is shown in FIG. 3 as displaced from a line 36 which passes through the center of pins 20 and 33 by an angle 0. The spacing between pins 24 and 33 is chosen such that the hook 25 is subjected to tension at this position. If the actuating lever 2l is rotated counterclockwise through the angle 0 so that the centers of pins 24, 20 and 33 are coincident on line 36, the distance between pins 24 and 33 increases, placing greater tension on the hook. In this over-center mechanism the force required to pass the linkage through this point of increased tension is a deterrent to unintentional release of the latch, i.e., release can only be attained by application of an external force on the actuating lever 21 through the handle 26.

The process of releasing the latch is shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. The release function is initiated by application of a force toward the left (See FIGS. 3 and 4) on handle 26, which is of sufficient magnitude to rotate the actuating lever 21 counterclockwise through the center position described above and on to the position shown in FIG. 4. At that point the distance between pins 24 and 33 has decreased markedly, lowering the hook 25 to the extent that it is freed from the latch pin 33. This position is referred to as the safety position.

Continued counterclockwise rotation of the actuating lever 21 causes the right end of the hook slot 30 to contact the hinge pin 20. When this occurs the actuating lever 21 and the hook 25 rotate coincidentally aroundhinge pin and the hook ceases to lower and swings out of alignment with the latch pin 33 as shown in FIG. 5. This position permits separation of the components above and below the parting line 35, i.e., the cab may be tilted upwardly as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 5.

Force exerted on the hook by extension of the spring 34 is sufficient to require the operator to hold the control mechanism attached to handle 26 in the released position. When the cab is tilted, with the hook separated from the latch pin, release of the control handle 26 by the operator permits the spring to pull the hook back to a vertical position at rest against the stop member 19 as seen in FIG. 6. e

As the cab is lowered the cam surface 37 at the bottom of the hook contacts the latch pin 33 forcing the hook aside, extending the spring, until a point is reached where the hook notch 27 may be pulled into engagement with the latch pin. At this time the assembly has assumed the safety position of FIG. 4. This occurs automatically as the cab is lowered with no action required on the part of the operator. In the safety position the components above and below the parting line 35 are not clamped tightly together, however, the degree of separation is limited. Separation will cause the latch pin to pull downward on the hook, rotating the actuating lever counterclockwise until the right end of the hook slot contacts the hinge pin 20. Further separation is blocked by action of the hook on pin 33. The net result is that in the safety position the cab is not tightly secured as required for proper vehicle operation, but neither can it tilt more than a few degrees before being restrained by the latch.

The latched position is attained from the safety position simply by rotating'the actuating lever 21 clockwise through the center" position to that shown in FIG. 3. The latch is then in locked engagement.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that I have advantageously provided a latching mechanism which is of simple construction and includes a minimum number of parts, is easy to manufacture and yet is an effective mechanism.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been specifically disclosed, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto as other variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art and the invention is to be given its fullest possible interpretation within the terms of the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a latch mechanism for latching a movable vehicle body structure to a stationary body structure, the combination comprising: support means for pivotally supporting thereon actuating lever means, said support means being adapted to be secured to one of said body structures;

a latching hook having a notch formed at one end for engaging a latching pin;

pin means pivotally interconnecting the other end of said latching hook and said actuating lever means;

and means defining an operative connection between said hinge pin means and said latching hook whereby rotation of said lever actuating means during a first portion of its movement from its latching to an unlatching position is effective to permit pivotal movement of said hook only about saidpivotal interconnecting pin means to a safety position and during a subsequent portion of its movement is effective to require said hook to be rotated in unison with said lever actuating means about said hinge pin means to a completely disengaged position from said latching pin.

2. In a latch mechanism for latching a movable vehicle body structure to a stationary body structure, the combination comprising:

support means for pivotally supporting thereon actuating lever means, said support means being adapted to be secured to one of said body structures; actuating lever means pivotally mounted on said support means for actuating a latching hook pivotally connected thereto;

hinge pin means mounted in said support means for pivotally supporting one end of said actuating lever means on said support means;

a latching hook having a notch formed at one end for engaging a latching pin;

pin means pivotally interconnecting the other end of said latching hook and said actuating lever means;

a latching pin mounted on the other of said body structures and adapted to engage said latching hook;

spring means operatively associated with said latching hook for biasing said hook into a latching position;

and said hook is formed with slot m eans intermediate the ends thereof;

said slot means being operatively associated with said hinge pin means whereby said latching hook is adapted to translate about said hinge pin means.

3. In a latch mechanism for latching a movable vehicle body structure to a stationary body structure; the combination. comprising:

support means for pivotally supporting thereon actuating lever means, said support means being adapted to be secured to one of said body structures;

actuating lever means pivotally mounted on said support means for actuating a latching hook pivotally connected thereto;

hinge pin means mounted in said support means for pivotally supporting one end of said actuating lever I means on said support means;

a latching hook having a notch formed at one end for engaging a latching pin;

pin means pivotally interconnecting the other end of said latching hook and said actuating lever means;

a latching pin mounted on the other of said body structures and adpated to engage said latching hook;

spring means operatively associated with said latching hook for biasing said hook into a latching position;

and said hook is formed with an aperture intermediate the ends thereof;

said hinge pin means extending through said aperture whereby said hook is adapted to translate about said hinge pin means when said lever actuating means is operated to move said hook.

4. In a latch mechanism for latching a movable vehicle body structure to a stationary vehicle body structure, the combination comprising:

a latch pin fixedly carried by one of said vehicle body structures;

a latch hook carried by the other one of said vehicle body structures, said latch hook being movable between a latched position wherein said latch hook and latch pin are in locking engagement with each other and relative movement between said vehicle body structures is prevented, an intermediate safety position wherein said latch hook and latch pin are partially unlocked and limited relative movement between said vehicle body structures is permitted, and an unlatched position wherein said latch hook and latch pin are out of locking engagement with each other and relative movement between said latch hook and latch pin is permitted, said latch hook being provided with a notch in an edge portion adjacent one end thereof;

means for moving said latch hook between its latched, safety and unlatched positions including an actuating lever means and a first pivot pin, said first pivot pin being effective to pivotally interconnect said other one of said vehicle body structures and an end portion of said actuating lever means together, said actuating lever means being pivotal between first, second and third positions corresponding, respectively, to the latched, safety and unlatched positions of said latch hook;

means operatively connecting said actuating lever means and said latch hook whereby pivotal movement of said actuating lever 'means from its first position toward its second position effects independent movement of said latch hook with respect to said actuating lever means and said vehicle body structure from its latched position toward its safety position and continued pivotal movement of said actuating lever means from its second position toward its third position effects conjoint pivotal movement of said latch hook from its safety position toward its unlatched position, including a second pivot pin pivotally connecting one end of said latch hook and a portion of said lever means spaced from said end portion of said actuating lever means pivotally connected to said other one of said vehicle body structures, said latch hook notch being adjacent the end thereof opposite the end pivotally connected to said actuating lever means, said latch pin being disposed within said notch and engaged by a curved surface portion of said latch hook partially defining said notch when said latch hook and latch pin are in locking engagement with each other; and

said means operatively connecting said actuating lever means and said latch hook further including an elongated, curved slot formed through said latch hook intermediate its ends, said first pivot pin ex.- tending through and being relatively movable along the length of said slot as said actuating lever means is pivoted between its first and second positions, said first pivot pin being disposed at one end of said slot when said latch hook is in.its latched position and said actuating lever means is in its first position;

resilient means yieldably urging said actuating lever means toward its first position when said latch hook is in its latched position, said resilient means being further effective to yieldably urge said latch hook and latch pin into locking engagement when said latch hook is in its latched position and said actuating lever means is in its first position.

5. In a latch mechanism as set forth in claim 4,

wherein the pivotal axis of said second pivot pin lies on one side of a plane containing the pivoted axis of said first pivot pin and said latch pin when said latch hook is in its latched position and on the opposite side of said plane when said latch hook is in its unlatched position.

Patent Citations
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US2800346 *Dec 29, 1955Jul 23, 1957Avro Aircraft LtdHand actuated toggle
US3019043 *Jan 6, 1960Jan 30, 1962Adams Rite Mfg CompanySliding door lock
US3041097 *Nov 9, 1959Jun 26, 1962Adams Rite Mfg CompanySliding door latch
US3352585 *Aug 2, 1965Nov 14, 1967Overhead Door CorpDoor lock with safety device
DE646680C *Jun 19, 1937Hansa LloydKniehebelverschluss fuer Verdecke von Kraftfahrzeugen
SE93597C * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3909180 *Aug 7, 1974Sep 30, 1975Holdt J W VonAutomatic mold lock
US4593945 *Mar 14, 1984Jun 10, 1986The Stanley WorksOven latch assembly
US4817999 *Sep 24, 1987Apr 4, 1989Asc, IncorporatedConvertible header latch mechanism
US5018690 *Apr 23, 1990May 28, 1991Widmer Stanley WLatch mechanism for a railboard track switch cover
US7029040 *Mar 21, 2001Apr 18, 2006Eppendorf AgLocking device of a closure with a housing
US7505253 *Nov 18, 2004Mar 17, 2009General Electric CompanyRetention mechanism for mobile monitors
US7523968 *Jun 25, 2007Apr 28, 2009Andersen CorporationReach out lock
US8756869 *Aug 29, 2012Jun 24, 2014Smart Shelters, Inc.In-ground storm shelter with sliding door
US20010024039 *Mar 21, 2001Sep 27, 2001Roland LippoldtLocking device of a closure with a housing
US20060104014 *Nov 18, 2004May 18, 2006General Electric CompanyRetention mechanism for mobile monitors
US20080030028 *Jun 25, 2007Feb 7, 2008Newell Operating CompanyReach Out Lock
US20080276925 *May 11, 2007Nov 13, 2008Griswold Kevin LLatch for oven door
US20110013979 *Jul 29, 2010Jan 20, 2011Tanita CorporationLock mechanism and combination case
US20120102840 *Jul 6, 2010May 3, 20123Form, Inc.Sliding partition fasteners
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/113, 292/DIG.490
International ClassificationE05C19/14
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/49, E05C19/14
European ClassificationE05C19/14
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 4, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION A CORP. OF DE,
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION CORP. (MERGED);REEL/FRAME:005195/0610
Effective date: 19870317
Apr 25, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004546/0650
Effective date: 19860220
Owner name: NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, ILLINOIS