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Publication numberUS3810509 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1974
Filing dateMar 23, 1973
Priority dateOct 15, 1971
Publication numberUS 3810509 A, US 3810509A, US-A-3810509, US3810509 A, US3810509A
InventorsL Kun
Original AssigneeUnion Carbide Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cross flow heat exchanger
US 3810509 A
Abstract
A cross flow heat exchanger comprising an outer structural frame, a multiplicity of channels longitudinally aligned in parallel spaced relation to form first fluid passageways within the channels, and a multiplicity of wall projection portions formed from the channel side walls and extending outwardly with load-bearing end segments of adjacent side walls abutting and transferring the channel load to the outer structural frame, the channels and wall projection portions arranged for flowing a second fluid normal to and in the space between adjacent channels, and fins extending from the channel edge walls having surface distortions.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[111 3,810,509 [45] May 14,1974

United States Patent 11 1 Kun 3,397,742 8/1968 Jenssen et 165/167 3,590,917 7/1971 CROSS FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER inventor: Leslie C. Kun, Williamsville, NY.

Primary Examiner-Charles .1 Myhre Assignee:

Union Carbide Corporation, New York, N.Y.

Assistant ExaminerTheophil W. Streule, r. Attorney, Agent or Firm.lohn C. LeFever [22] Filed: Mar. 23, 1973 Appl. No.: 344,429

Related U.S. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 189,659,0ct. 15, 1971 Pat. No. 3,757,856, and a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 270,259, July 10. 1972.

fluid passageways within the channels, and a multiplicity of wall projection portions formed from the channel side walls and extending outwardly with loadbearing end segments of adjacent side walls abutting and transferring the channel load to the outer strucd 58 Wm 2 8 m l. 5 6" O SL Um P n 55 [58] Field of Search......................,..... 165/151-l53,

tural frame, the channels and wall projectionportions [56] References Cited arranged for flowing a second fluid normal to and in UNIT-ED STATES PATENTS the space between adjacent channels, and fins extending from the channel edge walls having surface distortions.

165/167 165/167 23 Claims, 51 Drawing Figures 785,580 3/1905 Shiels et 2 281 754 5/1942 Da1zell......... 2,596,008 5/1952 PATENTEDm 14 1914 saw 02 or 22 PATENTEDMAY m 1924 3,810,509

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FIG. I4D FIG. I4E FIG.I4F

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PATENTEBm 14 m4 saw us or 22 Fla/514 SHEET 10 0F 22 PATENTEDm 14 1974 miminmmmu Y 1810.509 suEE1 12-uF 22 Projections in l I l STRESS; PSI

.iHe'af Transfer Rate per Unit Frontal Arecl BTU/MIN FT (Ha) 0- Spacing inches PATENTED m 14 m4 sum 13 0F 22 low D- Spacing inches FIG. |8B

PATENIEDIAYMIHM 3810.509

sum 1n 0F 22 Projecfions/ in 24l5l| 6432 I5 I I l I I] l 2 a CL "A A (D (D B 5 A Bl Hem Transfer Rate per Unit Frontal Area BTU/M|NXFT (H 1) 5,.

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D Spacing inches FIG. I8C

PATENTED m 14 m4 sum 15 or 22 Channels/ft I50 I20 I00 80 6O 40 A Iv-Puxz 2\DPm q EE E E5 5a 2 1 3 E I Projection Height H,inches Heat Transfer Rate per Unit Frontal Area BTU/MIN -FT (Hc1) PAIENTEnm 14 m4 3810.509

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B c D Q] l 1 a .02 .04 .06 .08 .l5 v Projection Height H,inches F l 6. I98

?ATENTED m 14 1914 7 sum 17 0F 22 Channels/ft.

Projection Height H, inches FIG.

PATENTEB m \4 m4 sum 13 0f 22 PATENTEDIAY 14 um CAPACITY, BTU/MlN/FT FRONTAL AREA sum 19 0f 22 80% Sreom ('5 7 (V582 83 Steam in Condensate AIR VOLUME FLOW RATE /FT2 FRONTAL AREA FT3/MIN/ FT

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US785580 *Nov 7, 1904Mar 21, 1905Alexander ShielsApparatus for condensing purposes.
US2281754 *Jan 27, 1937May 5, 1942Cherry Burreil CorpHeat exchanger
US2596008 *Jan 20, 1948May 6, 1952Joy Mfg CoHeat exchanger
US3397742 *Dec 23, 1965Aug 20, 1968Alfa Laval AbPlate heat exchanger
US3590917 *Nov 4, 1968Jul 6, 1971Linde AgPlate-type heat exchanger
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4023618 *Aug 18, 1975May 17, 1977Union Carbide CorporationHeat exchanger headering arrangement
US4469168 *Feb 25, 1981Sep 4, 1984Hitachi, Ltd.Fin assembly for heat exchangers
US5062475 *Oct 2, 1989Nov 5, 1991Sundstrand Heat Transfer, Inc.Chevron lanced fin design with unequal leg lengths for a heat exchanger
US5340664 *Sep 29, 1993Aug 23, 1994Ceramatec, Inc.Thermally integrated heat exchange system for solid oxide electrolyte systems
US5375328 *Aug 17, 1993Dec 27, 1994Miralfin S.R.L.Method of making an oil radiator structure having flanges with external flat surfaces
US5511610 *Mar 15, 1994Apr 30, 1996Behr Heat Transfer SystemsOff-set louvered heat exchanger fin and method for making same
US5529120 *Feb 1, 1994Jun 25, 1996Hubbell IncorporatedHeat exchanger for electrical cabinet or the like
US5634270 *Sep 15, 1995Jun 3, 1997Behr Heat Transfer Systems, Inc.Method for making off-set louvered heat exchanger fin
US5697433 *Dec 21, 1994Dec 16, 1997Zexel CorporationHeat-exchanger conduit for tube-stacking type heat exchanger and method of manufacturing it
US5730213 *Nov 13, 1995Mar 24, 1998Alliedsignal, Inc.Cooling tube for heat exchanger
US5845705 *Nov 13, 1995Dec 8, 1998Alliedsignal Inc.Tank to header joint for heat exchangers
US6889758 *Jun 3, 2003May 10, 2005Dana Canada CorporationLateral plate finned heat exchanger
US6938686 *Oct 23, 2003Sep 6, 2005Dana Canada CorporationLateral plate surface cooled heat exchanger
US7028766 *Nov 25, 2003Apr 18, 2006Alcoa Inc.Heat exchanger tubing with connecting member and fins and methods of heat exchange
US7222058Oct 28, 2002May 22, 2007Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc.Method of modeling and sizing a heat exchanger
US7284599 *Sep 21, 2001Oct 23, 2007Nordic Exchanger Technology AsHeat exchanger
US7971632Nov 8, 2004Jul 5, 2011Asetek A/SCooling system for a computer system
US8115145Nov 29, 2005Feb 14, 2012Sanmina-Sci CorporationSystems and methods for base station enclosures
US8235098 *Jan 24, 2008Aug 7, 2012Honeywell International Inc.Heat exchanger flat tube with oblique elongate dimples
US8240362Jun 30, 2010Aug 14, 2012Asetek A/SCooling system for a computer system
US8245764Oct 7, 2011Aug 21, 2012Asetek A/SCooling system for a computer system
US20090188655 *Jan 24, 2008Jul 30, 2009Keith AgeeHeat exchanger flat tube with oblique elongate dimples
US20120048510 *Aug 25, 2011Mar 1, 2012Gea Wtt GmbhPlate heat exchanger in a sealed design
DE3020424A1 *May 29, 1980Nov 5, 1981Nippon Denso CoWaermetauscher mit gewellten rippen
DE3050963C2 *May 29, 1980Dec 1, 1988Nippondenso Co., Ltd., Kariya, Aichi, JpTitle not available
DE102010003514A1 *Mar 31, 2010Oct 6, 2011Behr Gmbh & Co. KgWärmetauscher
DE102012216146A1 *Sep 12, 2012Mar 13, 2014Udo HellwigHeat transfer device for use as pipe in heat carrier for transferring heat from water to surrounding air, has convex-shaped element whose point extends through plane that is limited by edge, where edge passes as tangent into surface
EP0014481A2 *Feb 11, 1980Aug 20, 1980Union Carbide CorporationHeat exchange wall member, heat exchange channel element and heat exchanger employing same
WO2010119100A1 *Apr 15, 2010Oct 21, 2010Valeo Systemes ThermiquesCoolant circulation tube, heat exchange bundle, and heat exchanger comprising such tubes
WO2012079701A1 *Nov 26, 2011Jun 21, 2012Daimler AgExhaust heat exchanger of an internal combustion engine
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/148, 165/153, 29/890.39, 165/DIG.376
International ClassificationF28F3/02, B21D22/04, F28F3/04, F28D9/00, B21D53/08, B21D53/04
Cooperative ClassificationY10S165/376, F28F2001/027, F28F3/02, B21D22/04, B21D53/08, F28F3/044, F28D2021/0094, B21D53/04, F28D9/00
European ClassificationF28F3/04B2, F28D9/00, B21D22/04, F28F3/02, B21D53/04, B21D53/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 21, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: KATALISTIKS INTERNATIONAL, INC., DANBURY, CT, A CO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004998/0636
Owner name: UOP, DES PLAINES, IL., A NY GENERAL PARTNERSHIP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KATALISTIKS INTERNATIONAL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004994/0001
Effective date: 19880916
Owner name: KATALISTIKS INTERNATIONAL, INC.,CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:4998/636
Owner name: KATALISTIKS INTERNATIONAL, INC., CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004998/0636
Oct 8, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:MORGAN BANK (DELAWARE) AS COLLATERAL AGENT;REEL/FRAME:004665/0131
Effective date: 19860925
Jan 9, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: MORGAN GUARANTY TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK, AND MOR
Free format text: MORTGAGE;ASSIGNORS:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, A CORP.,;STP CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.,;UNION CARBIDE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS CO., INC., A CORP. OF PA.,;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004547/0001
Effective date: 19860106