Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3810817 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1974
Filing dateOct 26, 1971
Priority dateOct 30, 1970
Also published asCA966341A1, DE2152958A1, DE2152959A1
Publication numberUS 3810817 A, US 3810817A, US-A-3810817, US3810817 A, US3810817A
InventorsH Arledter
Original AssigneeH Arledter
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Twin-wire papermaking machine with vibrators connected to suction and liquid delivery boxes located beneath the converging wires
US 3810817 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. F. ARLEDTER TWIN WIRE PAPERMAKING MACHINE WITH VIBRATORS CONNECTED May 14, 1974 3,810,817

TO SUCTION AND LIQUID DELIVERY BOXES LOCATED BENEATH THE CONVERGING WIRES Filed Oct. 26, 1971 United States Patent Oflice 3,810,817 Patented May 14, 1974 US. Cl. 162-301 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A twin-wire papermaking machine wherein separate foraminous wires converge towards one another while passing over separately controlled, convex domed suction boxes and thereafter join together to form the fibrous web therebetween as the wires pass over opposing foils. Between some of the separately controlled suction boxes are located liquid discharge boxes for injecting liquid into the fibrous suspension contained between the converging wires. Vibrators are connected to the suction and liquid discharge boxes for oscillation at an angle of between about 20 and 50 degrees to the plane of the wire passing thereover. Slurry passages (which may be oscillated also) are located beneath the slurry contained between the converging wires and function to deliver as well as remove slurry.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to a papermaking machine with at least one traveling wire with a sheet formation area in which on one side of the wire a sheet is formed by deposition of fibres from a suspension, and on the other side of the wire liquid is sucked away, with passages for suspension, opening against the one side of the wire, and channels for liquid, opening against the other side of the wire.

With a known papermaking machine, the suspension is fed to the wire through passages opening against the wire and arranged consecutively in the direction of wire travel. In a similar way, the liquid from the suspension is sucked away through channels on the other side of the wire, arranged consecutively in the direction of wire travel. By regulating the supply of suspension, and the removal of liquid through the respective channels the deposition of fibres on the wire can be controlled.

The purpose of the invention is to make possible a better control over the deposition of fibres on the wire. For the type of papermaking machine described at the outset, the problem is solved, according to the invention, by using at least one of the suspension passages for removing suspension from the wire, or by using at least one of the liquid channels for feeding liquid to the wire or by use of both of these expedients.

Since zones within the sheet formation area, i.e. in the immediate neighborhood of the wire, are arranged in which suspension is removed from the wire, the desired direction and amount of fibre deposition on the wire can be easily achieved. By arranging zones on the side of the wire opposite to the sheet, from which liquid is not removed but into which liquid is fed. the fibres already deposited on the wire can be loosened again.

If it is desired to counteract the tendency of the fibres to orient themselves in the direction of wire travel, it is advantageous to set the channel walls and the passage walls into oscillations of periodic frequency above 800 per minute, the direction of oscillating lying preferably at an angle of at least 20 degrees relatively to the plane of the wire.

It is of advantage to include regulating devices to control the quantities of suspension or liquid, respectively, flowing in the channels and passages.

A very advantageous machine is obtained if the liquid channels are situated in a box, of the type commonly used as a suction box, the wire-supporting wall of the box being convex domed. The wire then remains pressed against the box due to wire tension, even within the zone of liquid flowing towards the wire.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING In the drawing, with the help of which the invention is described in detail, an embodiment of the invention is shown in simplified manner. The figure shows a vertical section, in the direction of wire travel, through the sheet formation area of a papermaking machine.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Two wires 1 and 2 pass through the sheet formation area and come together in a double wire section. Between the wires 1 and 2 is a bath 3 of suspension, contained in a headbox 3', out of which a sheet is formed by fibre deposition on the wires 1 and 2. Five passages 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 open into the bath 3. The passages 4, 5, 6 open into the bath 3 in the immediate neighborhood of wire 1, with their mouths arranged consecutively in the direction of travel of wire 1. The passages 8, 7, 6 open into the immediate neighborhood of wire 2, with the channel mouths arranged consecutively in the direction of travel of wire 2.

On the other side of wires 1 and 2 are situated boxes 9, 10 and 11, 12 respectively. The box 9 is subdivided into channels 13, 15, 17, 19, and the box 10 into channels 14 16, 18, 20.

At the end of bath 3, Le. just before the two wires 1 and 2 come together, are situated foils 21 and 22.

Of the suspension passages 4 to 8, the passages 5, 6, 7 are for feeding suspension while the passages 4 and 8 remove suspension from the neighborhood of wires 1 and 2, respectively. However, if desired the passages 5 and 7 could be used for removal of suspension.

While the channels 13, 17, 19 and 14, 18, 20 of the boxes 9 annd 10, respectively serve as suction channels to such away liquid from the suspension, the channels 15 and 16 of these boxes deliver liquid to the wires 1 and 2, respectively. This back flow of liquid into the bath 3 could be from the channels 17 and 18, or could be repeated in the channels 19, 20.

The passages 4 to 8 and channels 13 to 20 and for the channels of the boxes 11 and 12, serve as supplies or as returns as indicated by the arrows in the drawing. Each flow connection includes a pump P having a valve V in its inlet whereby the flow rate may be controlled.

In addition, the formation of the sheet can also be influenced by oscillating the channel walls and passage walls at periodic frequencies above 800 per minute. Vibrators 23 for this purpose are fitted to the boxes 9, 10, 11 and 12. The vibrator for the walls of channels 4 to 8 is not shown in the drawing.

The direction of oscillating is shown in the drawing by double arrows. The direction of oscillating is at an angle of at least 20 degrees relatively to the plane of the wire, i.e. for suction boxes 9 and 10 at an angle of about 50 degrees, for suction boxes 11 and 12 at an angle of 30 degrees, and for the walls of passages 4 to 8 at angles of from 20 to 30 degrees.

Under papermaking machine in the sense of the invention is also understood a machine for producing a paper-like sheet, for example a machine for production of non-woven webs.

I claim:

1. In a papermaking machine of the twin wire type including two traveling wires, a headbox, means to supply a liquid suspension of fibres to said headbox, the headbox having bottom Walls over which corresponding wires travel and converge toward one another and means to withdraw liquid from said suspension through said wires and through said bottom walls the improvement which comprises:

(a) means to deliver liquid of suspension into said headbox through at least one bottom wall and the corresponding wire; and

(b) oscillating means connected to vibrate said means to deliver liquid at a frequency above 800 cycles per minute,

() the direction of the oscillation being at angle of at least 20 to the direction of wire travel.

2. The machine defined in claim 1 including:

means regulating the rate of flow of liquid through said means to deliver the liquid.

3. The machine defined in claim 2 including:

means to remove a portion of the liquid suspension of fibres from said headbox through a flow path having an inlet in said headbox adjacent the surface of said wire.

4. The machine defined in claim 1 including:

means to remove a portion of the liquid suspension of fibres from said headbox through a flow path having an inlet in said headbox adjacent the surface of said wire.

said means to supply liquid of suspension comprises a box having a convex, Wire supporting surface.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,028,952 1/1936 Reimer 162-208 X 3,516,905 6/1970 Dennis et al 162-337 2,116,168 5/1938 Fish et al. 162-355 X 1,881,105 1 0/1932 Vedder 162-355 2,488,700 11/1949 Bidwell 162-348 X 3,463,700 8/1969 Brewster et al 162-308 1,875,075 8/1932 Mason 162-203 X 3,149,028 9/1964 Robinson 162-303 3,549,487 12/1970 Clark 162-209 X FOREIGN PATENTS 1,005,530 12/1951 France 162-209 560,577 4/1944 Great Britain 162-341 S. LEON BASHORE, Primary Examiner R. H. TUSHIN, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4048008 *Feb 13, 1976Sep 13, 1977Slovenska Vysoka Skola TechnickaMethod of and apparatus for forming sheets of fibrous material between converging sieves
US4184913 *Mar 31, 1978Jan 22, 1980Western Electric Company, IncorporatedMethods of simultaneously covering each of a plurality of elongated materials with uniformly weighted pulp insulation
US4224105 *Mar 2, 1979Sep 23, 1980Western Electric Company, Inc.Apparatus for simultaneously covering each of a plurality of elongated materials with uniformly weighted pulp insulation
US4515542 *Jul 3, 1984May 7, 1985Austria Tabkwerke Aktiengesellschaft vorm. Osterreischische TabakregieApparatus for the production of a reconstituted tobacco foil
US4648943 *Apr 30, 1985Mar 10, 1987Valmet-Dominion Inc.Vibrating forming shoe in a twin wire former
US4999087 *Jun 12, 1989Mar 12, 1991Research Association For Pulp And Paper TechnologyTwin wire forming apparatus with positive pressure foils
US5056195 *Jun 27, 1990Oct 15, 1991Isover Saint-GobainMineral fiber collection process and device
US5065478 *Jun 29, 1990Nov 19, 1991Isover Saint-GobainProcess and device for the reception of mineral fibers
US5196090 *Jun 5, 1991Mar 23, 1993Glauco CorbelliniMethod for recovering pulp solids from whitewater using a siphon
US5268015 *Dec 10, 1992Dec 7, 1993Isover Saint-GobainProcess for the reception of mineral fibers
US5681430 *Aug 23, 1995Oct 28, 1997Thermo Fibertek Inc.Activity induction in papermaking
US5863387 *May 1, 1997Jan 26, 1999Voith Sulzer Technology North America, IncUltrasonic device for deflocculating fiber suspension in a paper-making machine headbox nozzle
US6702925Dec 21, 2001Mar 9, 2004Vibre-Tech LlcMethod and apparatus for forming a paper or tissue web
US7101462Aug 22, 2003Sep 5, 2006Vibre-Tech, LlcMethod and apparatus for forming a paper or tissue web
US7169262Feb 2, 2004Jan 30, 2007Vibre-Tech LlcMethod and apparatus for forming a paper or tissue web
US20040140077 *Aug 22, 2003Jul 22, 2004Bricco Michael J.Method and apparatus for forming a paper or tissue web
US20040149415 *Feb 2, 2004Aug 5, 2004Vibre-Tech LlcMethod and apparatus for forming a paper or tissue web
WO1997008383A1 *Aug 23, 1996Mar 6, 1997Thermo Fibertek IncActivity induction in papermaking
WO2002061202A2 *Dec 21, 2001Aug 8, 2002Bricco Michael JMethod and apparatus for use of vibrational force in papermaking
Classifications
U.S. Classification162/301, 162/341, 162/308, 162/355, 162/303, 162/209, 162/337, 162/203
International ClassificationD21F9/00, D21F1/18
Cooperative ClassificationD21F1/18, D21F9/003
European ClassificationD21F9/00B, D21F1/18