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Publication numberUS3811049 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1974
Filing dateJun 21, 1972
Priority dateJun 21, 1972
Publication numberUS 3811049 A, US 3811049A, US-A-3811049, US3811049 A, US3811049A
InventorsD Hildreth, E Tyler
Original AssigneeD Hildreth, E Tyler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Remote control engine starter
US 3811049 A
Abstract
In addition to the usual electrical circuit for the ignition system and the starter motor, the engine is provided with a parallel auxiliary circuit that is closed by remote control. A first timer opens the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start in approximately ten seconds. If the engine does start, a second timer opens the auxiliary circuit in approximately ten minutes to stop the engine. When the engine starts, a switch means of a vacuum actuator de-energizes both the starter motor and the ten second timer. At the same time, the throttle advance means of the vacuum actuator, which advanced the throttle prior to engine starting, acts to slowly allow the throttle to move to the normal engine-idle position. After the engine starts, the switch means of the vacuum actuator turns on either the heater or the air conditioner, and in addition creates a signal to indicate the starting of the engine. The signal created may be used to energize one or more of the horn, the vehicle emergency lights, and a radio transmitter.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Hildreth et al.

[451 May 14,1974

[ REMOTE CONTROL ENGINE STARTER [76] Inventors: Donald M. l-lildreth, 1 17 Ocean Pk.

Blvd., Santa Monica, Calif. 90405; Edward P. Tyler, 10644 Tuxford St., Sun Valley, Calif. 91353 [22] Filed: June 21, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 264,898

[52] U.S. Cl. 290/38, 290/37 [51] Int. Cl. F02n 11/08 [58] Field of Search 290/3138; 123/179 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,009,067 1 H1961 janeczko 290/38 3,577,164 5/1971 Baratellinm 290/38 3,633,040 l/l972 Baxten; 290/38 3,163,770 12/1964 Smcdlcy l l t 290/38 3,675,032 7/1972 Shaheen..... 290/38 3,043,963 7/1962 Telkavi 290/38 3,130,318 4/1964 Curtis 290/38 [5 7] ABSTRACT ln addition to the usual electrical circuit for the ignition system and the starter motor, the engine is provided with a parallel auxiliary circuit that is closed by remote control. A first timer opens the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start in approximately ten seconds. If the engine does start, a second timer opens the auxiliary circuit in approximately ten minutes to stop the engine. When the engine starts, a switch means of a vacuum actuator de-energizes both the starter motor and the ten second timer. At the same time, the throttle advance means of the vacuum actuator, which advanced the throttle prior to engine starting, acts to slowly allow the throttle to move to the normal engine-idle position. After the engine starts, the switch means of the vacuum actuator turns on either the heater or the air conditioner, and in addition creates a signal to indicate the starting of the engine. The signal created may be used'to'energize one or more of the horn, the vehicle emergency lights, and a radio transmitter.

1 laims. .3. pr wie t lgetea 1 REMOTE CONTROL ENGINE STARTER BACKGROUNDOF THE INVENTION i The invention relates to a system for automatically starting an internal combustion engine in the absence of anoperator, such a system beingapplicable to'automotive vehicles, boats, airplanes, stationary power. plants and the like. The starting system may be controlled for example by a clock or a timer ora sensing device such as a thermostaLFor remote control the starting system may respond to various command signals including electrical signals, electromagnetic signals, and sonic signals. By way of example and illustration, the invention is described herein as specifically, directed to-the radio controlled startingv of an automobile engine together.withan accessory such as a heater or air conditioner for modifyingthe ambient temperature inside theautomobile.

The invention isconcerned with certain requirements for a remotely controlled'engine starting system. One requirement is that the invention employ radio command signals without the necessity ofan FCC operating license. A. second requirement is that-therebea predetermined and adjustable time limit onvthe operation of thestarter motor in theevent that the engine does not startp'romptly. Another. requirement isthat the engine stop automatically after a predetermined and adjustable time period. There should be a safeguard to prevent inadvertent starting. of the enginewhen the hood is lifted by anyone for access to the'engine. There should be an override capability for the safety switch in order to. allow operating the systemwith the hood up. If the hoodisclosed-withthe safety switch in this overrideposition, the; switch willautomatically return to'its-normalsafety state. In addition, some provision'should be made to prevent any-unauthoriz'ed person from dr-iving'the car duringthe engine warm-up period.

Numerous remote and automatic engine starting systems are disclosed in the prior art, as exemplified, for example, by the following relatively recent US Pat. Nos.: 2,952,782; 3,172,400; 3,357,417; 3,532,895; and 3,553,472. Such prior art systems, however, fall far short of the ideal for various reasons. Among the reasons are i complexity, installation difficulties, operational shortcomings, undue cost, and failure to achieve satisfactory reliability for a reasonably long service life.

SUMMARY OF THEINVENTION The invention provides the automobile with an auxiliary electrical circuit that is normally open-and is"connected to the car battery in parallel with the usual or regular electrical'circuit. The regular electrical circuit which energizes the ignition system, the starter, the lights, the horn, and automobile accessories includes the usual ignition switch and includesthe usual neutral safety switch which prevents operation of the starter if the gear shift lever is not in neutral or in park position.

The normally open auxiliary circuit is controlled by a normally open switch which is closed by a command signal from a remote radio receiver, but a safety switch keeps the auxiliary circuit open to prevent starting the engine if the hood is up. Closing the auxiliaryoperating circuit starts both a short interval timer and a long inwhichis then ready to be closed again by a new com-.

mand signal from the remote transmitter.

If the engine does start within the time period set by the short interval timer, suitable means responsive to starting of the engine carries out four functions, namely: l shuts off the starter motor; (2) shuts off the short interval timer; (3) turns on either the car heater or the car air conditioner; and (4) creates a signal of some kind to indicate that the engine has started. Three kinds ofsignals may be created simultaneously, namely, a brief audible signal by the car horn, a visual signal by flashing the emergency lights of the automobile, and a brief radio signal by a radio transmitter at the automobile. Any or all three signals may be omitted if desired. The means for carrying out the four functions is a fluid-pressure-responsive means which may be controlled either by drop in pressure in the intake manifold or rise in pressure in the exhaust manifold.

If the engine runs for a warm-up period of say ten minutes, the long interval timer opens the auxiliary operating circuit to stop the engine and then, if desired, the starting cycle may be initiated again by a radio command signal.

By inserting the car key and turning the ignition switch on within the time period set by the long interval timer, the driver transfers control from the auxiliary operating circuit to the regular operating circuit with consequent automatic opening and re-setting of the auxiliary circuit. If an unauthorized person attempts to' drive the car during the warm-up period, either shifting I the gear lever out of neutral or park or depressing the tioned four functions may have the additional function of controlling the engine throttle. For this purpose the invention provides spring means acting on the throttle linkage to serve as retainer means to keep the throttle advanced when the engine is not running. When autonomous operation of the engine is initiated by the starter motor the fluid-pressure-responsive means permits the advanced throttle to retract slowly to its normal engineidle position but if the engine starts to die the spring means advances the throttle again. Thus, the fluidpressure-responsive means serves as a feedback control that senses faltering of the engine and acts promptly to keep the engine running.

Further features and advantages of the invention may be understood from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings, which are to be regarded as merely illustrative:

FIG. 1 is a simplified diagram of the remote control circuitry at the automobile;

FIG. 2 is a simplified diagram of novel circuitry in a pocket sized transceiver that is employed for remote control in the presently preferred practice of the invention; and

FIG. 3 is a more detailed diagram of the remote control system on the automobile.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION MODE OF OPERATION The manner in which the remote control system functions for its purpose may be readily understood by reference to the simplified diagram in FIG. 1.

FIG. 1 shows a portion of the usual or regular electrical circuit of the automobile including the car battery, the ignition system, the neutral safety switch which is operated by the gear shift lever, the starter motor solenoid, the brake lights that are operated by a brake switch 10, the car heater which is controlled by a dash switch 12, the air conditioner which is controlled by a dash switch 14, the emergency lights, and the usual horn. The connections to the emergency lights and the horn from the regular operating circuit are not shown.

The remote control system shown in FIG. 1 adds an auxiliary electrical circuit which is connected to the car battery in parallel with the regular electrical circuit. The auxiliary circuit includes three switches 5-2, 8-4, and 5-5 in series with the car battery. Switch 84 is a master on-off switch and switch 8-5 is a hood safety switch which opens when the hood is raised but is provided with an override to keep the auxiliary circuit closed while the hood is raised if a mechanic at the hood so desires. As indicated by the dotted line 15, a radio receiver at the automobile is effective to close switch S-2 whenever the radio receiver is activated by a commandsignal from a remote control transmitter.

The auxiliary circuit includes an OR gate G-l having five inputs. As indicated by the dotted line 16 an output signal from the gate G-] is effective to open switch 8-2 to break the auxiliary operating circuit.

The auxiliary circuitfurther includes a previously mentioned fluid-pressure-responsive means which is responsive to starting of the automobile engine and which may take various forms in various practices of ,the invention. In this instance the fluid-pressureresponsive means which is designated A." in the drawings is operated by the vacuum in the engine intake. Operation of the vacuum actuator A opens a pair of normally closed contacts A-l, closes a pair of normally open contacts A-2, and only momentarily closes a pair of normally open contacts A-3.

The closing of switch 8-2 in response to a radio command signal causesthe car battery to energize a long interval ten minute timer T-l and to energize the ignition system through a diode D-2. At the same time the battery is connected through a diode D-5 to one side of the usual neutral safety switch that is operated by the gear shift lever. With the neutral safety switch in its normal closed position, the normally closed pair of contacts A-l energize both the starter motor solenoid and a short interval ten second timer 'T-2. 1

If the engine does not start within the ten second setting of timer T-2, the timer energizes gate G-l through a line 18 to cause switch 5-2 to de-energize the auxiliary circuit and thereby de-energize the starter motor solenoid as well as the ignition system. The opening of switch S-2 resets the remote control system to permit a subequent radio command signal to initiate a new cycle.

If the engine does start while the ten second timer is still running, the normally closed pair of contacts A-l open to de-evergize both the ten second timer and the starter motor solenoid. The starting of the engine also closes the normally open pair of contacts A-2 to energize either the heater or the air conditioner. The closing of the normally open pair of contacts A-2 also energizes the emergency lights through diode D4 to cause the emergency lights to flash and thereby provide a visual signal to indicate that the engine is running. The starting of the engine also momentarily closes the normally open pair of contacts A-3 to cause momentary energization of the horn and momentary energization of a radio transmitter at the car. The horn provides a brief audible signal to indicate that the engine has started and the momentary energization of the radio transmitter results in a radio signal indicating that the engine has started.

Once the engine has started it continues to run for a warm-up period that is terminated when the ten minute timer T-l sends a signal through line 20 to gate 6-1 to open switch 8-2 to stop the engine. Thus, the auxiliary circuit is reset for subsequent operation by a radio command signal.

If an unauthorized person attempts to drive the car during the 10 minute running period, manual operation of the gear shift lever causes the neutral safety switch to connect the car battery to a line 22 to energize gate 6-1 to cause switch 8-2 to open, thereby stopping the engine. In like manner, if the brake pedal of the car is depressed during the running period the brake pedal switch 10 connects the battery to a line 24 to energize gate 6-1 for opening of the switch 5-2.

If the driver returns to the car and operates the ignition switch within the running period, the regular operating circuit of the car is thereby connected to the ignition system through diode D-3 and is connected to the heater and the air conditioner through diode D6. At the same time the ignition switch connects the battery through a line 26 to gate 0-1 to open the auxiliary operating circuit.

THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF A TRANSCEIVER FOR REMOTE CONTROL FIG. 2 shows diagrammatically the novel features of a pocket-sized transceiver which is preferred for remote control. The transmitter and the receiver of the transceiver are both connected to a common antenna and the receiver is connected to a suitable speaker. A command signal is created by depressing a push button momentarily to momentarily close two switches 28 and 30. A battery 32 is connected to one side of switch 30 and is connected to one side of a resistor 34. The second side of the resistor 34 is connected to one side of a grounded capacitor 35 is connected to one side of the switch 28. The second side of the switch 28 is connected by a wire 36 to the transmitter and the second side of the switch 30 is connected by a wire 38 to the receiver.

Normally the capacitor 35 is fully charged with the two switches 28 and 30 open. The closing of switch 38 discharges the capacitor 35 to the transmitter 36 to create a radio command signal having a duration of approximately 1 second. At the same time the closing of the switch 30 energizes the receiver to inform the operator that a radio signalhas been transmitted from the automobiles transmitter indicating that the engine is running.

When the push button is released to-open the two switches 28 and 30, battery 32 recharges capacitor 35 through resistor 34 but by virtue of the retarding affect of the resistor it requires approximately 1 minute for the capacitor to be fully charged to the voltage of the battery. Thus, over a period of approximately 1 minute the voltage on the positive side of the capacitor 35 increases from zero to the voltage of the battery. The transmitter has an operating threshold that is just under the voltage of the battery 32 so that the capacitor 35 must be substantially fully charged to cause the transmitterto send a radio command signal to the receiver on the automobile. Thus, the capacitor 35 limits the duration of a command radio signal to approximately I second, and in conjunction with the resistor 34 limits to approximately one minute the off period between successive radio command signals. Because of the limitation imposed on the duration of the on and off peri- SPECIFIFIC DETAILS OF THE REMOTE CONTROL CIRCUITRY FIG. 3 shows specific details of the remote control system that is represented by the simplified diagram in FIG. 1.

The receiver is connected to the cars antenna by a wire 40 to receive remotely controlled command signals through the cars antenna. As indicated in the diagram, a transmitter'is combined with the receiver'and both are in series with switches 84 and 8-5 for energization by the car battery. The previously mentioned switch 8-2 is in parallel with the receiver and transmitter and is in series with the two switches S-4 and 8-5 as heretofore explained. The receiver incorporates a normally open switch -1 which closes in response to and for duration of a radio command signal. The closing of switch S-l energizes a coil K-l that is in series with a normally closed grounded bi-stable switch S-3. Energization of the coil K-I closes switch S-2 and latches switch 8-2 in closed position through diode D1, coil K-l and switch 8-3. The bi-stable switch S-3 closes in response to a signal from the receiverthrough a capacitor C-1 and opens in response to a signal from the gate G-l through a capacitor C-2. The gate G-l has five inputs, and any one of five input signals will open switch 8-3 to open switch 8-2 to dc-energize the auxiliary operating system at the automobile.

The vacuum device A which is mounted on an adjustable bracket 41 is connected'by a tube 42 to the engine intake for operation in response to a vacuum that is created in the engine intake when the engine starts. Vacuum device A incorporates a diaphragm 44 which is unitary with an axial operating member 45. A coil spring 46 acting on the diaphragm normally maintains the operating member 45 in such a position as to advance the normal throttle linkage. When a vacuum is created in the intake manifold by the starting of the engine, the vacuum flexes the diaphragm 44 leftward to a bowed position indicated by the dotted line, the normal function of the diaphragm being to retract the operating member 45 to permit the throttle linkage to slowly move to the engine-idle position. A feature of the invention is the concept of controlling the three pairs of contacts A-l, A-2, and A-3 by means of the operating member 45.

The operating member 45 is provided with a cam 50 to open the normally closed pair of contacts A-1 and is provided with a cam 52 to close the normally open pair of contacts A-2. In addition, the operating member 45 has a relatively small cam 53 which momentarily closes the normally open pair of contacts A-3 in the course of the longitudinal retraction movement of the operating member. It is obvious that the operation of the vacuum actuator may be adjusted by adjusting the bracket 41 and that the three switches A-I, A-2 and A-3 may be individually adjusted to provide the sequence desired for a particular engine.

As heretofore stated, when switch 8-2 is closed in response to a radio command signal the car battery is connected to the ten minute timer T-l and also is connected to the ignition system through the diode D-2 and is connected to one side of the neutral safety switch through diode D5. With neutral safety switch in its normal closed position it connects the car battery to a wire 54 leading to one side of the normally closed pair of contacts A-1 and the other side of the normally closed pair of contacts is connected by a wire 55 to one side of the 10 second timer T-2 and one side of the starter motor solenoid.

The closing of switch S-2 not only starts timer T-l, but also energizes a wire 56 which is connected both to one side of .the normally open pair of contacts A-2 and to one side of the normally open pair of contacts A-3. The second side of the normally open pair of contacts A-2 is connected by a wire 58 to the car heater and the car air conditioner and is connected by a wire 60 through a diode D-4 to turn on the emergency lights. The second side of the normally open pair of contacts A-3 is connected to the transmitter by a wire 62 and is connected to the horn relay by a wire 64. The ignition switch is connected to the ignition system through a diode D3 and is connected to the car heater, the car air conditioner, and the emergency lights through a diode D6. Y Y I The five leads to theinput side of the gate G-l comprise: a wire 71in series with the brake pedal switch 10; a wire 65 from the ten second timer T-2; a wire 66 that is energized when the gear shift lever is moved out of either park or neutral; a wire 68 from the ten minute timer T-l; and a wire 70 from the ignition.

Our description in specific detail of the presently preferred embodiment of the invention will suggest various changes, substitutions and other departures from our disclosure within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. In a combination of an automotive vehicle and a starter system therefor,

wherein the vehicle has an engine, a usual engine operating circuit including a voltage source and an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, and the engine has an intake manifold and a throttle linkage,

and wherein the automatic starter system includes a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the vehicle in parallel with the usual operating circuit to operate said starter and tooperate the engine, and the starter system includes means operable at the remote station to close the auxiliary circuit,

the improvement comprising:

means normally advancing the throttle linkage when the engine is not operating,

said advancing means being operative by a vacuum in the intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the engine is started;

and means operatively connected to said advancing means for operation by retraction of the advancing means to de-energize the starter when the engine starts.

2. In a system for starting an engine which includes engine starting means at the engine, a radio receiver at the engine to activate the engine starting means and a radio transmitter at a remote station to send command signals to the receiver,

the improvement comprising means incorporated in the transmitter to limit the duration of the command signals to momentary time periods and to prevent repetition of a command signal for a substantial longer time period thereby to minimize interference with signals from other transmitters as well as to extend battery operating life.

3. An improvement as set forth in claim 2 in which the transmitter incorporates capacitor means to store a charge of sufficient magnitude to actuate the transmitter for the shorter time period;

and in which the transmitter incorporates means to generate a current of sufficient magnitude to charge the capacitor means over the longer time period but not of sufficient magnitude toactuate the transmitter in response to a command signal during the longer time period.

4. The combination of an engine of an automobile and a system operable from a remote station for starting the engine, the automobile having the usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source and a starter for energization by the operating circuit,

said remotely controlled starting system including:

a transmitter at the remote station;

a receiver at the automobile to respond to command signals from the transmitter;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the automobile including said starter for energization by the voltage source in parallel with said usual normally open engine operating circuit,

said auxiliary circuit being responsive to the receiver to close when the receiver responds to the transmitter;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary 7 circuit;

a short interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

means responsive to the engine to de-energize the starter and the short interval timer when the engine starts; and

cut-off means to de-energize the auxiliary operating circuit, said cut-off means including an OR gate having a plurality to input connections, the output of the OR gate being effective to de-energize the auxiliary operating circuit,

one input connection of the OR" gate communicating with said short interval timer to de-energize the auxiliary circuit and the starter motor if the engine is not started within the time setting of the short in terval timer,

a second input connection of the OR" gate being connected to said long interval timer to de-energize the auxiliary circuit and thereby stop the engine at the end of the time setting of the long interval timer.

5. A combination as set forth in claim 4 in which the usual operating circuit of the automobile includes a switch energized by the battery which closes whenever the gear shift lever of the automobile is moved out of neutral or park and in which another of the input connections of the gate is in series with said switch to deenergize the auxiliary circuit and thereby stop the engine if an unauthorized person attempts to drive the automobile within the time period set by the long interval timer.

6. A combination as set forth in claim 4 in which a switch energized by the battery is responsive to the brake pedal of the automobile to close when the brake pedal is depressed;

and in which another input connection of the OR" gate is in series with said brake pedal switch.

7. In a combination of an internal combustion engine and a system for starting the engine in the absence of an operator,

wherein the engine has a starter motor and a throttle movable from a retracted engine-idling position to advanced positions,

and wherein said system energizes the starter motor temporarily to initiate autonomous operation of the engine,

the improvement comprising:

means to advance the throttle when the engine is not operating thereby to facilitate subsequent starting of the engine by the starter motor; and

means to retract the throttle to said retracted position in response to a vacuum in the intake manifold of the engine.

8. An improvement as set forth in claim 7 in which said retracting means retracts the throttle relatively slowly over a short time period so that if the engine starts to die during said time period, said advancing means responds to advance the throttle to keep the engine running.

9. An improvement as set forth in claim 7 in which said advancing means includes spring means to urge advance of the throttle and said retracting means includes a diaphragm operable by fluid pressure to overcome the spring means.

10. An improvement as set forth in claim 9,

which includes switch means to de-energize the starter motor when autonomous operation of the engine is initiated;

and in which the switch means is operatively connected to the diaphragm.

11. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit repsonsive to the transmission to close when the trans- 9 mission is out of gear, said engine having an intake manifold and a throttle linkage;

said starting system comprising: means to create a command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operatingcircuit atthe power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit beingresponsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit; a

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine to' open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval' timerand the starter when'the engine starts; means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if theengine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer'to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time,

retainer means, said retainer means being normally advanced to keep said throttle linkagesadvanced when the engineisnot operating,

said retainermeans being responsive to'the .vacuum" voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for powerflow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the trans mission is out of gear,

said engine being equipped with an intake manifold and a throttle linkage, said engine driving a vehicle, said. vehicle being equipped with accessory means to influence the ambient temperature inside the vehicle, said starting system comprising:

means to createa command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when .a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by theauxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization'of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize thevshort interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the shortinterval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer; means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time; I a normally open switch for energization of the accessory means by the voltage source, said normally open switch being responsive to the engine to close when theengine starts; and retainer means, said retainer means being'normally advanced to keep the throttle linkage advanced when the engine is not operating, said retainer means being operative by a vacuum in the engine intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the engine is started, said normally open switch being operatively connected to said retainer means to be closed by th retraction of the retainer means. 13. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open .engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the trans mission is out of gear,

said engine having an intake manifold, said engine driving a vehicle that is equipped with emergency lights,'said vehicle having a throttle linkage,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for-energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and thestarter;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time;

switch means for energization of the emergency lights; and

retainer means, said retainer means being normally advanced to keep the throttle linkage advanced when the engine is not in operation,

- said retainer means being operated by a vacuum in the engine intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the engine is started,

said switch means being operatively connected to said retainer means to be opened by the retraction of the retainer means.

14. The combination ofa power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for'power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the transmission is out of gear,

said engine havingan intake manifold, said engine driving a vehicle that is equipped with a horn,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal;

a normally 'open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energizaiton of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time; means operable by the vacuum in said intake manifold when the engine is started; and 7 switch means to energize the horn, said switch means for the horn being responsive to said operable means to close briefly when the operable means is operated.

15. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter'for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the transmission is out of gear,

said engine having an intake manifold, said engine driving a vehicle equipped with a horn, said vehicle having a throttle linkage,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal; a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive tosaid command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time;

normally open switch means controlling the energization of the horn; and

retainer means, said retainer means being normally advanced to retain the linkage advanced when the engine is not operative,

said retainer means being operated by the vacuum in the engine intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the engine is started,

said normally open switch being operatively connected to said retainer means to be closed briefly by retraction of the retainer means to energize the horn to indicated to the remote station when the engine when the engine is started.

16. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the transmission is out of gear,

said engine having an intake manifold, said engine driving a vehicle that is equipped with a radio transmitter,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time; Q

a receiver at a remote station to receive signals from the transmitter at the vehicle;

a normally open switch on the vehicle to energize the transmitter at the vehicle; and

means operable by a vacuum in the intake manifold when the engine is started,

said normally open switch 'for the transmitter at the vehicle being responsive to said operable means to close briefly when the operable means is operated.

17. The combinationof a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator,'which power plantincludes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when'the transmission is out of gear,

said engine having an intake manifold and a throttle linkage,

said starting system comprising:

means to createla command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsiveto said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the engine-to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short intervaltimer to open a the auxiliary circuit if the'engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive'tothe long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time; I a radio transmitter associated with the engine;

a receiver at a remote station to receive signals from I the transmitter at the engine;

a normally open switch controlling the transmitter that is associated with the engine; and

retainer means, said retainer means being normally advanced to retainthe throttle linkage advanced when the engine is not operating,

said retainer means being operated by a vacuum in the engine intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retrace when the engine is started,

said normally open switch "being operatively connected to said retainer means to be closed momentarily by retraction of the retainermeans to cause the transmitter associatedwith the engine to send a brief signal tothe receiver at the remote station to indicate when the engine is started.

18. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the'power plant in the'absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incoporating a voltage source, an engine starter'for energization by the operating circuit, :a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the transmission is out of gear,

said engine having an intake manifold and a throttle linkage, said engine driving a vehicle,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal;

a normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

a normally closed switch in series with said safety switch for energization of both the short interval timer and the starter;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start .within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time;

retainer means, said retainer means being normally advanced to keep the throttle linkage advanced when the engine is not operating, said retainer means being responsive to the vacuum created in the engine intake manifold to retract to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the engine is started; and

a horn on the vehicle responsive to the engine to indi cate to a remote station when the engine has been started,

said normally closed switch being responsive to said retainer means to be opened by retraction of the retainer means.

19. The combination of a power plant and a system for starting the power plant in the absence of an operator, which power plant includes an engine, a usual normally open engine operating circuit incorporating a voltage source, an engine starter for energization by the operating circuit, a transmission for power flow from the engine to a load, and a safety switch in said circuit responsive to the transmission to close when the transmission is out of gear, 1

said engine having an intake manifold and a throttle linkage, said engine driving a vehicle,

said starting system comprising:

means to create a command signal;

normally open auxiliary engine operating circuit at the power plant for energization by the voltage source, said auxiliary circuit being responsive to said command signal to close when a command signal is received;

a long interval timer for energization by the auxiliary circuit;

a short interval timer;

means responsive to the engine to open said normally closed switch to de-energize the short interval timer and the starter when the engine starts;

means responsive to the short interval timer to open the auxiliary circuit if the engine does not start within the time setting of the short interval timer;

means responsive to the long interval timer to open .the auxiliary circuit at the end of the long interval of time;

l5 l6 retainer means, said retainer means being normally switch for energization of both the short interval advanced to keep the throttle linkage advanced timer and the starter, said normally closed switch when the engine is not operating, being responsive to said retainer means to be said retainer means being responsive to the vacuum opened by retraction of the retainer means; and

created in the engine intake manifold to retract to 5 emergency light means on the vehicle responsive to permit the throttle linkage to retract when the enthe engine to indicate to a remote station when the gine is started; engine has been started. a normally closed switch in series with said safety

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4345554 *Nov 19, 1979Aug 24, 1982Hildreth Donald MVehicle engine remote starter control and protective system
US4598209 *Oct 9, 1984Jul 1, 1986Randy GarlinghouseFor simultaneously brushing both faces of a tooth
US5042439 *Mar 15, 1990Aug 27, 1991Gene ThollRemote, safe, and secure operational control of an internal combustion engine
US5054569 *Aug 23, 1988Oct 8, 1991Comfort Key CorporationRemote vehicle starting system
US5467006 *Dec 21, 1992Nov 14, 1995Ford Motor CompanyEnergy transfer device and method
US5828297 *Jun 25, 1997Oct 27, 1998Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Vehicle anti-theft system
US6392312 *Oct 25, 2000May 21, 2002Gary Jay MorrisPortable electric power generator with remote control and safety apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification290/38.00R, 290/37.00R
International ClassificationF02N11/08
Cooperative ClassificationF02N11/0807, F02N11/0848
European ClassificationF02N11/08A2