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Publication numberUS3811243 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1974
Filing dateMar 31, 1972
Priority dateMar 31, 1972
Publication numberUS 3811243 A, US 3811243A, US-A-3811243, US3811243 A, US3811243A
InventorsCunningham E
Original AssigneeGrip Pak Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of assembling multi-packaging devices to articles
US 3811243 A
Abstract
A method for assembling stretchable and elastic multi-packaging devices to articles is disclosed wherein the stretchable and elastic multi-packaging device is positioned over at least one pair of adjacent articles, the articles are moved apart from one another to stretch the multi-packaging device and allow at least one other article to be inserted therebetween, and the spaced apart articles are then released to allow the multi-packaging device to grip the articles together as a group.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

m1 3,811,243 [45] May 21,1974

United States Patent [191 Cunningham 4/l9o0' Cranston. Jr. 53/30 X METHOD OF ASSEMBLING v MULTI-PACKAGING DEVICES TO ARTICLES 1 Primary Examinw-AndreW R. Juhasz Ernest R. Cunningham, Libertyville, Assistant Examiner-W. D. Bra Ill. Attorney, Assigneei Grip-Pak Inc., St. Louis, Mo,

. Y Agent, or Firm-Michael Kovac [75] Inventor:

ABSTRACT Mar.3l, 1972 i [21] App]. No.: 240,041

22 Filed:

A method for assembling stretchable and elastic multipackaging devices to articles is disclosed wherein the stretchable and elastic multi .b h m mm P .5" ie mmm .Ir va e m d geO ncn w k C a m tioned over at least one pair of adja articles are moved apart from one a the multi-packaging device and allowat least one other article to be inserted. therebetween, and the spaced apart articles are then released to jallovsi the multi-packaging device to grip the articles together as a group.

UNITEDSTATES PATENTS 5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 3,653.504 Saumsiegle............... 53/26 X METHOD OF ASSEMBLING MULTI-PACKAGING DEVICES TO ARTICLES SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION movement of pairs of articles apart from one another; and

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view illustrating how intermediate articles are inserted between the spaced apart articles in order to allow the spaced apart articles to be released to allow the multi-packaging device to grip and hold the articles together as a group.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The procedure of assembling stretchable and elastic film multi-packaging devices in accordance with the method or technique disclosed in my aforementioned patent application requires the stretching of the multicles and an integral top which is adapted to over lie the articles.'ln my aforementioned patent application, I have also disclosed a method or technique for assembling such multi-packaging devices to articles wherein' the wraparound skirt of the multi-packaging device is stretched to a peripheral dimension greater than the group of articles for telescopic mounting thereover, and then the wraparound skirt is released to cause the skirt to elastically embrace and hold the articles together as a group.

While the method or technique of assembling as disclosed in my aforementioned patent application is quite satisfactory, l have discovered a method or technique of assembling stretchable and elastic multi-packing devices which has a number of advantages over my prior method or technique of assembly.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved method or technique of assembling stretchable and elastic multi-packaging devices to articles.

More specifically, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method or technique for assembling stretchable and elastic multi-packaging devices to articles which provides uniform stretching of the multipackaging device, allows more versatility and/or adaptability of the method to various sizes and shapes of articles, and requires a minimum number of procedural steps during the assembly operation.

These and other objects and advantages of the present invention are attained by the procedure of assembling a stretchable and elastic multi-packaging device to a plurality of articles including the steps of: positioning the stretchable and elastic multi-packaging device over at least one pair of adjacent articles, moving the articles apart from one another to stretch the multipackaging device. inserting at least one article between each pair of spaced apart articles, and then releasing the spaced apart articles and causing the multipackaging device to elastically grip the articles together as a group.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a stretchable and elastic film multi-packaging device which is positioned over a plurality of articles;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the multi-packaging device shown in FIG. I in telescopically mounted position over the plurality of articles;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view illustrating the manner in which the multi-packaging device is stretched by the packaging device to a peripheral dimension greater than the articles to be packaged followed by the tele- 'scopic assembly of the multi-packaging device to the articles in order to allow the multi-packaging device to embrace and grip the articles when released. According to the herein disclosed method or technique, the stretchable and elastic film multi-packaging device is first telescopically positioned over some of the articles to be packaged prior-to the stretching of the multipackaging device by moving the articles apart from one another to allowone or more other articles to be in-- serted between the spaced apart articles. Thereafter, the spaced apart articles can be released in order to permit the multi-packaging device to grip and hold the articles together as a group.

Having now presented a general description of the present invention, a more detailed description of the assembly method or technique of the present invention .Will now' be described.

As best seen in FIG. 1 of the drawing, the stretchable and elastic film multi-packaging device can preferably include a wraparound skirt 12 and a top 14 integrally connected therewith. A handle device 16 or other carrying means, such as finger hole openings, may also be used with the multi-packagin'g device, if desired.

I The multi-packaging device I0 is preferably initially formed as a flattened tubular device which is subsequently opened to the position illustrated in FIG. 1 for assembly to the articles 18 here shown as bottles with closures 20 at the upper end thereof. While the present invention has particular application for multipackaging devices of the type shown in FIG. I, it will be appreciated from the ensuing discussion that the method or technique-of the present invention may be usefully employed in assembling a stretchable and elastic tubular band of material without an integral top as provided in the multi-packaging device 10.

The multi-packaging device 10 or tubular band of material is made from a stretchable and elastic plastic material in order that it can be extended or drawn out by stretching, with or without deformation thereof, while also permitting the device to be returned to its former size or shape by elasticity. One preferred type of material which is stretchable, elastic-and deformable is low-density polyethylene, although other types of materials which provide stretchability and elasticity, with or without deformation, may be used.

In order to assemble the muIti-packagingdevice 10 to a plurality of articles 18, the first stepgin the method or technique of the present invention is the positioning of the multi-packaging device 10 over the articles 18 as shown in FIG. 1 of the drawing. Either before or at the time the muIti-packaging device 10 is positioned over the articles 18, the rnulti-packagi ng device 10 can be opened up from a flattened to the open position illustrated in FIG. I. v I

Following the positioning of the multipackaging device l relative to the articles 18, the multi-packaging device can be telescopically assembled over the articles 18 as shown in FIG. 2 of the drawing. The peripheral dimension of the wraparound skirt portion 12 of the multi-packaging device 10 is such that when the multi-packaging device 10 is positioned over the articles 18 as illustrated in FIG. 2, there is no stretching of the wraparound skirt 12. Thus, the multi-packaging device 10 may be easily mounted over the articles 18 in loose fitting relationship thereto.

With the multi-packaging device 10 thus positioned over the articles 18, the multi-packaging device 10 is stretched by moving opposed pairs of articles 18 apart from one another, as shown in FIG. 3, by a distance which is large enough in order to insert an additional pair of articles 18 between the spaced apart opposed pairs of articles 18, as shown in FIG. 4. As soon as the intermediate articles 18 have been positioned between the opposed pairs of articles 18, the spaced apart articles 18 can be released to cause the wraparound skirt 12 to elastically embrace and grip the articles 18.

The top 14 of the multi-packaging device 10 may also be stretched and arranged to be brought intocomformable engagement relative to the closures of the articles. At the lower end of the wraparound skirt l2,a skirt extension 22 may be, provided in order to underlie the articles 18 when the wraparound skirt l2 and the skirt extension 22 thereof is released to elastically em-' brace the sides and bottoms respectively of the articles The herein disclosed method or technique. enables the wraparound skirt 12 of the multi-packaging device 10 to be uniformly stretched while permitting the wraparound skirt l2 to assume a contour fit relative to the articles 18 during stretching of the multi-packa'ging device 10. Thus, when the wraparoundskirt '12 is released, after stretching thereof, the'wraparound skirt 12 has essentially assumed its final configuration since the spacing between the articles 18 prior to release thereof is preferably relatively small in order to avoid breakageordamage to the articles 18. Also, by first mounting the multi-packaging device l0 over the articles' l8 prior to stretching thereof, the top 14 and skirt extension22 of the multi-packaging device 10 will be stretched and/or conformed to the upper and lower ends of the articles 18. Thus, themulti-packaging device 10 can be readily and completely assembled to the articles 18 in its desired position. a

It will be appreciated that the present invention may be used where thereis at least one pair of adjacent articles which can be moved apart from one another to stretch the multi-packaging device or tubular band for insertion of at least one other article therebetween. As a'res'ult. the multi-packaging device or tubular band may be assembled to and even or odd number of articles. as may be desired. I

From the foregoing, it will now be appreciated that the present invention discloses a new and improved method or technique for assembling a multi-packaging device or tubular band to a plurality of articles wherein the assembly thereof is achieved with efficiency, completeness, and a minimum number of procedural steps.

I claim:

1. The method of assembling a stretchable and elastic band relative to a plurality of articles comprising the steps of: positioning the stretchable and elastic band over at least one pair of adjacent articles, moving the articles apart from one another to stretch the band, inserting at least one article between each pair of spaced apart articles, and releasing the spaced apart'articles and causing the band to elastically grip the articles together as a group.

2. The method of assembling a stretchable and elastic carrier device relative to a plurality of containers, providing a stretchable and elastic tubular carrier which is f dimensioned for mounting over at least one pair of adjacent containers in unstretched condition; positioning the carrier over at least one pair of adjacent containers, moving the containers apart from one another and stretching the tubular carrier, inserting at least one article between each pair of spaced apart containers, and releasing the spread apart containers and causing the tubular carrier to elastically grip the containers together as a group.

3. The method of assembling carrier devices to a plurality of articles arranged. together as a group, each said carrier devicebeing made of stretchable and elastic plastic material and having a top and a wraparound skirt whose circumference is substantially less than the outer dimension of said group of articles, comprising the steps of: telescopically mounting each carrier device over said group of articles, stretching the wraparound skirt of each carrier device to a peripheral dimension greater than the outer dimension of the group of articles by moving at least some of said group of articles in opposite directions, inserting at least one additional article between said spaced apart articles, and releasing the wraparound skirt of each carrier device by releasing the spaced apart articles to cause said skirt to elastically embrace and hold said articles together as a group.

4.'The method as defined in claim 3 wherein the wraparound skirt of each carrier device has a length greater than the'height of said articles and 'said method further includes the step of positioning the lower free end of the stretched wraparound skirt below, the articles, whereby upon releasing the wraparound skirt, the lower free end thereof is in a position beneath and in contact with said articles. I

. 5. The method as defined in claim 3 wherein said carrier device is made from lay flat tubing and said method includes the step of opening'up the lay flat tubing prior to stretching the wraparound skirt thereof.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2933866 *Aug 27, 1957Apr 26, 1960Cranston Jr Albert EMethod and apparatus for packaging cylindrical articles
US3653504 *Aug 7, 1970Apr 4, 1972Owens Illinois IncContainer package
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4078659 *Jun 18, 1976Mar 14, 1978Pepsico, Inc.Heat shrunk carrier for bottles
US4386698 *Sep 11, 1981Jun 7, 1983Illinois Tool Works Inc.Bottle multi-package and packaging device
US4628666 *Oct 15, 1985Dec 16, 1986Illinois Tool Works Inc.Method for forming a stabilized, substantially rectangular bundle of round containers
US6484478Jan 24, 2000Nov 26, 2002Illinois Tool Works Inc.System and method for packaging oriented containers
US6688465Oct 25, 2002Feb 10, 2004Illinois Tool Works Inc.System and method for packaging oriented containers
US6868652Jul 7, 2003Mar 22, 2005Illinois Tool Works, Inc.System and method for packaging oriented containers
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/398, 53/441, 206/432, 53/459
International ClassificationB65B17/02, B65B17/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65B17/02
European ClassificationB65B17/02