Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3813491 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 28, 1974
Filing dateSep 21, 1972
Priority dateSep 21, 1972
Publication numberUS 3813491 A, US 3813491A, US-A-3813491, US3813491 A, US3813491A
InventorsL Pennar
Original AssigneeL Pennar
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for moving a television screen
US 3813491 A
Abstract
A transporting device for periodically moving a television screen over a prescribed path while presenting the viewing surface to the observer thereby providing relief of eyestrain.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Pennar May 28, 1974 [54] MEANS FOR MOVING A TELEVISION 2,417,446 3/1947 Reynolds i78/6.5 SCREEN 3,335,217 8/1967 Basselt l78/6.5 3,371,155 2/1968 Anderson. 178/65 Inventor: Leonard J- Pennar, 3623 3,542,948 11/1970 Wolff 178/65 Cermak Rd., Chicago, HI. 60623 [22] Filed: Sept. 21, 1972 Primary Examiner-Howard W. Britton l N 0 788 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kinzer, Plyer, Dom & [2]] McEachran {52] US. Cl 178/7.81, l78/7.8, 178/79 51 Int. Cl H04 5/64, H04n 5/655 [57] I f 15s 1 Field of Search 178/781, 7.8, 7.9, 6.5 A -p s devlce for Penodwally movmg a telewsion screen over a prescribed path while presenting 5 References Ci the viewing surface to the observer thereby providing UNITED STATES PATENTS of eyestram- 2,361,390 10/1944 Ferrill 178/65 ,11 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTEUHAYZB I974 3 8 u I SHEEI 2 u; 2 13,4

MEANS FOR MOVING A TELEVISION SCREEN SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is in the field of television and is concerned with means for constantly moving a television screen over a periodic path.

A primary object is a transporting device that provides constant motion for a television screen.

Another object is a transporting device that moves a television set so as to provide the viewer with relief of eyestrain and relief of boredom occasionally caused by watching a stationary television screen.

Another object is a transporting device that maintains the television screen or other desired viewing surface toward the viewer or viewers during its motion.

Another object is a transporting device that provides various viewers with changes in distance and angles of vision of the television screen or viewed object in order to provide the relief mentioned above.

Another object is a transporting device that does not interfere with the television set power cord or, where necessary, does provide power to the television set.

Other objects will appear from time to time in the ensuing specification, drawings and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a transporting device for a television set;

FIG. 2 is a top view of the embodiment of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a front view of the embodiment of FIG. 1 with parts broken away;

FIG. 4 is a top view of a modified embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 5 is a front view of the embodiment of FIG. 4 with parts broken away.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Two basic embodiments of a T.V. screen transporting device will be described although the invention should not be limited to the precise structures shown. As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the transporting device includes a-movable T.V. platform with a drive mechanism and an enclosure which supports the platform throughout its motion. A television set is shown positioned on the movable platform.

The enclosure 1 includes a front retaining wall 6, a rear retaining wall 4, a base 2 with side walls 2a. A peripheral outside wall 8 surrounds the various retaining walls. The tops of side walls 2a form tracks to support a T.V. platform 10. The platform is mounted on wheels 34 and 36 which roll along the tracks on the tops of side walls 20. The wheels support the platform throughout its motion.

Mounted within the enclosure are a rear reversal trigger switch'l6, a front reversal trigger switch 18, a switchbox 14, a main control switch 12 and various electrical cables explained in detail hereinafter. A power cord 20 enters the enclosure and is routed to the main switch box 14. Contained on the switchbox is a main power or on-off switch 12. Electrical cables 22 as shown in FIG. 2 connect the front and rear reversal trigger switches 16 and 18 to the main power switch box 14. Another electrical cord 40 connects the reversible electric motor 24 to the main switchbox 14.

The T.V. platform includes moving and supporting means with various parts. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 an electric motor 24 and a power transfer box 26 are mounted projecting downward from the bottom of the platform surface intothe enclosure. A drive shaft housing 28 extends outward from both sides of the power transfer box 26 spanning the width of the enclosure. The drive shaft housing 28 contains a bearing supported shaft on which drive wheels 36 are connected. T.V. platform brackets 32 are mounted to the bottom of the T.V. platform at one end and rigidly fixed to the drive shaft housing 28 at the other end. To provide support for the back portion of the movable platform a supporting shaft housing 30 also containing a bearing supported shaft is mounted to the platform by additional support brackets 32. Support wheels 34 are attached to the rear bearing supported shaft and travel along the tracks of side walls 2a along with drive wheels 36. A plate 38 may be located as shown in FIG. 2 on the rear edge of the movableplatform to facilitate pressure contact with one of the reversal trigger switches during the motion of the platform.

In operation, the main switch 12 of the device is switched to the on position. The switch box 14 delivers electrical power to the reversible electric motor 24 through power cord 40. A direction of rotation of the reversible motor 24 determined by switch box 14 will be in that direction of rotation exhibited when the device was switched off. Whether the motor 24 starts in one direction of rotation or another is unimportant because the direction of rotation will be changed upon contacting either reversal trigger switch 16 or 18.

The rotational energy of the electric motor is coupled through power transfer box 26 to the drive shaft within drive shaft housing 28. The drive wheels 36 will rotate along with the drive shafts since they are directly connected to the shaft. The drive wheels 36 rotate on the tracks of the tops of side walls 2a, thereby moving and supporting the T.V. platform. As the drive wheels 36 rotate, they exert rotational force through the platform on support wheels 34 which are free to rotate. The bearing supported shaft to which the support wheels 34 are connected rotates freely within housing 30. The drive wheels 36 will continue rotating in their present direction, for example, carrying the T.V. platform 10 forward toward front retaining wall 6 until the edge of the platform contacts reversal trigger switch 18.

Upon contact with switch 18, the switch contact closing will cause switch box 14 to reverse the direction of electric motor 24. Through the transfer box and drive shaft coupling, the rotation of the drive wheels 36 will be reversed also carrying the platform 10 backwards. The drive wheels will now continue rotating carrying the platform rearward until the back edge surface of the platform contacts reversal trigger switch 16. A pressure contact plate 38 may be used to facilitate proper pressure contact with the reversal switch. When the reversal trigger switch 16 is contacted, switch box 14 will reverse rotation of the electric motor once again providing rotation of drive wheels 36 in a direction which causes the platform 10 to again travel in the forward direction. This forward to rearward travel and reversal of direction will continue as long as the main switch 12 is in the on position.

Whenever the rear reversal trigger switch 16 is contacted, the switch box 14 causes the electric motor to rotate in a direction that carries the platform 10 forward. Conversely, whenever the platform 10 contacts reversal trigger switch 18, the switch box 14 causes the motor to rotate in a reverse direction, carrying the platform rearwards towards the back surface. The T.V. platform can then be seen from FIG. 1 to be travelling over a periodic path with its end point excursions determined by the front and rear retaining walls of the device. A television set placed on the platform as shown in FIG; 1 will also exhibit the same periodic motion.

' Since the viewer is stationary, the position of the television screen will be constantly changing, causing a continuous change in distance from the viewer to the television screen. If the television viewer is not positioned directly in front of the device, there will also be a continuous change in the angle of vision of the television viewer;

The transporting means of the device may be constructed so as to allow the observer to select different rates of periodic motion of the T.V. platform and therefore the television screen. For example, a selection of rates of travel from one to ten complete periods per minute might be selected to provide the desired relief for the individual. As the television viewer follows the television screen with his eyes, his focus is continuously changing, thereby providing the" desired relief of eye-v strain. I v

A second embodiment of a television transporting device is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. The transporting device shown'includes a cylindrical enclosure 102 with base. 114, a drive means contained in the cylindrical base portion, a large rotating turntable 58, a small T.V. platform turntablef60, and various drive couplings and bearings described in detail hereinafter.

The cylindrical base portion, which is the stationary enclosure for the drive means, has a base portion 114, a retaining wall 102 and a fixed table surface 88, all shown in FIG. 5. The drive means includes an electric motor 94 and a power transfer box 96 which couples the rotational energy of the motor to a suitable drive shaft 112. The drive shaft 112 extends through the fixed table surface 88 through a bearing 110. The large turntable 58 is supported on top of the fixed table surface by several bearings shown as 64. The bearings allow the large turntable 58 to rotate freely. The center of the large turntable 58 has a central circular portion cut away. Inthis circular hole the fixed disc 50 is attached to the fixed table surface 88. Attached to the fixed disc 50 is a toothed sprocket 52. The drive shaft 112 which also passes through the fixed disc and sprocket wheel rotates independently of the fixed disc and sprocket due to bearing 110.

A T.V. platform turntable 60 in FIGS. 4 and 5 is supported at the outside of the large turntable 58 by bearing 86 and gripping shaft axle 56. The bearing 86 supports the weight of the T.V. platform turntable through axle 56, but allows the axle to rotate. A toothed sprocket wheel 54 which is identical to 52 is attached to the axle shaft 56. The two toothed sprockets 52 and 54 are mounted such that they are in the same plane as shown in FIG. 5. The sprocket wheels are connected by a positive drive chain 66, whose function will be explained in detail hereinafter. The sprocket 54 and the T.V. platform turntable 60 rotate together because they are directly attached by drive shaft axle 56.

The drive shaft 112 extends beyond the fixed disc 50 and is connected to a drive arm 68 at 116. The driving arm extends from the drive shaft on a radius out to the gripping shaft axle 56 where it is free to turn in bearing 104. The driving arm68 exerts forces at bearings 104 and 86, causing the rotation of large turntable 58 as drive shaft 112 rotates. The T.V. platform turntable 60 moves with the larger turntable since it is fastened to the edge of the large turntable.

On a diameter opposite the T.V. platform, a counterweight 62 is located on the large turntable surface 58. The counterweight serves to balance the device by offsetting the weight of the T.V. platform turntable 60 and the television set placed on the T.V. platform. The counterweight 62 may be constructed so as to allow weights to be added or deleted to balance various loads.

Electrical switch 98 shown in FIG. 5 controls the power to the motor 94 through cord 100. An external power source is connected to the electrical switch 98.

' An electrical power outlet 72 is provided on the T.V.

platform to deliver power to the television set. Electri cal power is routed to the power outlet by electrical cords 84, 74 and 92 and also through several slip-ring and brush arrangements where required at the axle 56 and the drive shaft 112. The brush units are shown as and 78 in FlG. 5. The associated slip-ring devices are shown as 76 and 80. An external power cord 92 and electrical plug are provided to carry power from an outside power source to the brush unit 70. A conduit 108 and conduit cap 118 may be provided for the power cable 92. The various cords carrying power to the T.V. platform through the slip-rings and brush arrangements are necessary to avoidentangling the television set power cable in the apparatus of the device.

When the electrical power switch 98 is in the on position, the electric motor 94 through power transfer box 96 causes the drive shaft 112 to rotate. The rotation of the drive shaft 112 causes the attached driving arm 68 to move in a periodic path sweeping out a circle. As the driving arm 68 begins to rotate, it exerts force on the gripping shaft axle 56 at bearing 104 which causes the gripping shaft axle to move in a circular path around the circular base enclosure 102. The force exerted on the axle 56 also causes a rotational circular force at bearing 86 causing the large turntable 58 to rotate. The direction of rotation of the large turntable is shown in FIG. 4. The rotation could be counter-clockwise or clockwise, depending on the arrangement of the drive mechanism and electric motor. The electric motor may be reversible to enable the viewer to select the direction of rotation. In this case, the arrangement is such that the large turntable rotates in a counterclockwise direction. Since the gripping shaft axle 56 is connected to the T.V. platform turntable 60 through the turntable support 82, the T.V. platform is also carried on a circular path around the stationary enclosure. The driving arm 68 and the T.V. platform turntable 60 sweep out a path similar to the hand of a clock where the clock face would be the stationary table surface 88. The large turntable 58 rotates freely because of its support bearings 64.

As the T.V. platform turntable moves around its circular path, it also rotates clockwise around its own center as shown in FIG. 4 due to sprockets 52, S4 and the drive chain 66. The net effect of the rotation of the sprocket 54 about is own center and its rotational motion in a path that is the circumference of the base enclosure is to keep the sprocket 54 in identical orientation to sprocket 52. For example, at any position of travel during its periodic path, the sprocket 54 will exhibit no net rotational or angle change from thatof sprocket 52. If positions of a 12 hour clock face were assigned on the sprockets 52 and 54, the 12:00 oclock and all other positions would always be in the same orientation for sprocket 54 as well as the fixed sprocket 52. This orientation is also true of the T.V. platform turntable 60 since it is directly attached to the sprocket 54.

The purpose of this orientation may be understood by imagining a television set placed on T.V. platform turntable 60. As the T.V. platform sweeps around the circumference in a counterclockwise direction and rotates about its own center clockwise, the same face of the television set will always be in view no matter where the observer is positioned around the circumference of the base enclosure. ln HO. 4 the net effect of the combined rotations appears as though the T.V. platform is sliding around the circumference of thelarge turntable 58 with no apparent rotation or change in orientation from a fixed reference point. As the television set placed on the T.V. platform travels in its circular periodic path, the observer can see the television screen in all positions of its movements. This is true as long as the television screen faces the observer before rotation has started. As the T.V. platform turntable sweeps through its periodic path, the stationary observer must change the focus of his eyes as the television set changes its distance and angle of vision from the observer. This constantly changing distance and angle of reference to the observer provides relief from eyestrain as opposed to the stationary television set. The electric motor 94 and power transfer box 96 may be constructed so as to allow variable speeds to be selected by the individual viewer to provide maximum eye relief. The various speeds might be in the range of one to ten complete revolutions per minute.

Whereas the preferred forms of the invention have been shown and described herein, it should be realized that there may be many modifications, alterations and substitutions thereto.

I claim:

l. A device for supporting and continuously moving a television screen, a stationary enclosure having a generally rectangular shape, a platform including a plurality of wheels for supporting a television screen, tracks along two sides of said enclosure extending from front to rear providing support for said moveable platform, said wheels rolling along said tracks, means positioned within said enclosure for reciprocally moving said platform in a linear path so as to place a television screen positioned on the platform at different angles and distances from the eye of the viewer at different intervals of time, said wheels being rotated by said moving means.

2. The structure of claim 1 further characterized in that said means for moving said platform includes a reversible electric motor, a power transfer box and a bearing supported shaft, said power transfer box converting rotational energy of said electric motor to rotation of said bearing supported shaft, said bearing supported shaft connected to said wheels, said wheels rotated by said bearing supported shaft, said wheels moving said platform along said tracks.

3. The structure of claim 1 further characterized in that the enclosure includes reversal trigger switches,

said reversal trigger switches mounted on the front and back inside surfaces of said enclosure and determining the direction of rotation of the means for moving said platform.

4. A. device for supporting and continuously moving a television screen including a platform for supporting a television screen, means for moving said platform in a circular periodic path, means for maintaining the orientation of the TV screen positioned on the platform essentially in a single direction, irrespective of movement of the platform, as the platform is moved in said circular periodic path, whereby a viewer, in a stationary position, can view the TV screen as it is moved in said path.

5. The structure of claim 4 further characterized by and including a stationary enclosure, means on said enclosure providing support for said movable platform, the means for moving said platform being positioned within said enclosure.

6. The structure of claim 4 further characterized in that the said enclosure is a generally cylindrical shape, said enclosure on its top surface supporting a large turntable, said large turntable being free to rotate and whose diameter is larger than the diameter of said enclosure.

7. The structure of claim 6 further characterized in that said large turntable supports at its outer edge and above its surface a platform, said platform rotates freely about its own axis and supports the television screen, said platform supported by a gripping shaft axle, said gripping shaft axle mounted in said large turntable but free to rotate.

8. The structure of claim 7 further characterized in that said large turntable includes means for counterbalancing the weight of said platform and a T.V. set positioned on said platform, said means for counterbalancing including a counterweight, said counterweight mounted on said large turntable diametrically opposed to the mounting of said gripping shaft axle of said platform.

9. The structure of claim 7 further characterized in that said means for moving said platform includes an electric motor, a power transfer box connected to said electric motor, a drive shaft connected to said power transfer box and a drive arm connected to said drive shaft, said power transfer box converting the rotational energy of said electric motor to rotation of said drive shaft, said drive shaft rotation converted to angular motion of said drive arm around the outer edge of said cylindrical enclosure, said drive arm causing said gripping shaft axle to move around the outer edge of said cylindrical enclosure, said gripping shaft axle moving said platform around the outer edge of said cylindrical enclosure.

10. The structure of claim 9 further characterized in that said platform is rotated about its own axis by said gripping shaft axle, said gripping shaft axle being rotated by sprocket means, said sprocket means including a first sprocket attached to said gripping shaft axle, a second sprocket mounted to the fixed surface of the top of said enclosure at the center of said enclosure and a continuous chain connecting said first and second sprockets, said sprocket means maintaining a fixed angular orientation of said platform with respect to the original axis of said platform as the platform travels about the outside edge of said enclosure.

tween said first slipring and said electrical power outlet, said second pair of slip-rings and brushes located at the junction of said drive arm and said drive shaft, and a second piece of electrical cord routed between said second slip-ring and said first brush, a third piece of electrical cord routed from the said second brush to the outside of the device, said third piece of electrical cord connected to a plug, said plug suitable for connecting to external power means.

272 3 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,813,491 Dated May 28, 1974 Invento1-( Leonard J. Penar It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On page 1 (two occurrences) the inventor's surname should be changed to "Penar".

Signedand sealed this 24th day of September 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

McCOY M. GIBSON JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2361390 *Nov 1, 1943Oct 31, 1944Sperry Gyroscope Co IncStereo indicator
US2417446 *Aug 1, 1941Mar 18, 1947Bell Telephone Labor IncStereotelevision and television range finding
US3335217 *Sep 14, 1964Aug 8, 1967IttThree dimensional display system
US3371155 *May 27, 1964Feb 27, 1968Chris S. AndersenDisplay mechanism and apparatus
US3542948 *Apr 17, 1968Nov 24, 1970Us NavyPanoramic display system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4203636 *May 24, 1978May 20, 1980Wells Theodore WRockable TV mount
US4542872 *Feb 9, 1983Sep 24, 1985Prime Computer, Inc.Terminal with tilt-swivel display
US4959645 *Dec 23, 1988Sep 25, 1990Balz Richard CRemotely activated television swivel base
US5124805 *Dec 1, 1989Jun 23, 1992Daewoo Electronics, Co., Ltd.Remote control operated moving television receiver
US5263678 *Aug 5, 1991Nov 23, 1993Norbac CorporationApparatus for periodically displacing a display terminal
US5657956 *Aug 14, 1995Aug 19, 1997Idea Development, Engineering And Service, Inc.Thrust bearing and use of same with apparatus for reducing repetitive stress injury
US5687944 *Aug 4, 1995Nov 18, 1997Lg Electronics, Inc.Angle controller for image display
US5863132 *Jun 20, 1997Jan 26, 1999Idea Development, Engineering And Service, Inc.Thrust bearing and use of same with apparatus for reducing repetitive stress injury
US6161806 *Jan 17, 1997Dec 19, 2000Idea Development, Engineering And Service, Inc.Apparatus and method for reducing repetitive stress injury
US6334599 *Sep 16, 1999Jan 1, 2002Lg Electronics Inc.Video display stand having dual panning axes
US6354550 *Jan 29, 2001Mar 12, 2002Lg Electronics Inc.Method for controlling screen direction of a video display stand
US7758005 *Jul 20, 2010Simontec Inc.Flat display rotation apparatus
US7854422 *Apr 20, 2007Dec 21, 2010Funai Electric Co., Ltd.Swivel device and display apparatus equipped with the same
US8091842 *Nov 18, 2005Jan 10, 2012Nigel Geoffrey ThomasAutomatically varying equipment support
US9074721Jun 9, 2011Jul 7, 2015Alex LauSupport system
US9316346Feb 10, 2011Apr 19, 2016Colebrook Bosson Saunders (Products) LimitedSupport system
US20070144410 *Dec 22, 2005Jun 28, 2007Novica TodorovicRemotely Operable Television Turntable
US20070252064 *Apr 20, 2007Nov 1, 2007Funai Electric Co., Ltd.Swivel device and display apparatus equipped with the same
US20080134823 *Mar 30, 2007Jun 12, 2008Simotec Inc.Flat display rotation apparatus
US20090134303 *Nov 18, 2005May 28, 2009Nigel Geoffrey ThomasAutomatically varying equipment support
USD684982Feb 9, 2011Jun 25, 2013Colebrook Bosson Saunders (Products) LimitedDisplay support with indicator window
DE3940656A1 *Dec 8, 1989Jun 13, 1990Daewoo Electronics Co LtdTV receiver with free movement about two axes
DE4117890A1 *May 31, 1991Dec 3, 1992Electronic Werke DeutschlandSupporting frame for entertainment electronic equipment e.g. TV receiver - comprises stationary frame and frame part swivelable about vertical axis serving for reception of unit driven by motor and gear unit
DE9405096U1 *Mar 25, 1994Aug 11, 1994Hattenhorst ReinerSchwenklager für Fernsehgeräte
DE102010053981A1 *Dec 9, 2010Jun 14, 2012Thomas GrabauMuscle relaxation device for relaxing muscles of human being during sports, has control elements horizontally and/or concentrically moving carriage around middle part of observer, where motion of elements is triggered by control device
Classifications
U.S. Classification348/827, 348/E05.128, 348/836, 248/919
International ClassificationH04N5/64, F16M11/18
Cooperative ClassificationY10S248/919, F16M11/18, H04N5/64
European ClassificationF16M11/18, H04N5/64