|Publication number||US3813695 A|
|Publication date||Jun 4, 1974|
|Filing date||Feb 21, 1973|
|Priority date||Feb 21, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3813695 A, US 3813695A, US-A-3813695, US3813695 A, US3813695A|
|Inventors||Podell D, Podell H|
|Original Assignee||Podell D, Podell H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (77), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
US 3813695 A
A rubber or latex glove of the type used by surgeons which is laminated with an internal plastic lining of hydrophilic material. The hydrophilic lining reduces the friction between the glove and the hand of the user as the glove is applied or removed, and eliminates the necessity conventional lubricating powders such as talc which may contaminate the surgical procedures. The lamina may be formed of the type of plastic known as hydrogels.
United States Patent [191 Podell, Jr. et al. p
1 1 SURGICAL GLOVE  Inventors: David L. Podell, Jr., 67 East 78 St.,
New York, NY 10021; Howard 1. Podell, 6 Dawes PL, Larchmont, NY. 10538  Filed: Feb. 21, 1973  Appl. No.: 334,459
 US. Cl. 2/168  Int. Cl A4ld 19/00  Field of Search ..2/167,l68;l6l/160, 161
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,324,735 7/1943 Spanel 161/160 X 2,974,373 3/1961 Strecd ct a1 161/160 X 2,989,755 6/1971 O'Brien et all 2/168 1 June 4, 1974 3,541,192 11/1970 Shapero et a1 161/161 X 3,626,517 12/1971 Kurtz 2/168 3,669,786 6/ 1972 Moore 3,684,633 8/1972 Haase 161/161 X Primary ExaminerGeo. V. Larkin  ABSTRACT A rubber or latex glove of the type used by surgeons which is laminated wtth an internal plastic lining of hydrophilic material. The hydrophilic lining reduces the friction between the glove and the hand of the user as the glove is applied or removed, and eliminates the necessity of conventional lubricating powders such as talc which may contaminate the surgical procedures. The lamina may be formed of the type of else??? knew! hydr gels; or o a 8 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDJM 4 mm FIG.
SURGICAL GLOVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a laminated latex or rubber glove of the type employed by surgeons, and particularly to a glove which is formed with a lamina on its internal surface of hydrophilic and lubricating properties.
2. Description of the Prior Art Conventionally surgeons have employed lubricants such as talc or other materials to reduce the friction between their hands and the inner surfaces of the flexible gloves which are applied over the hands. Such lubricants may serve to contaminate the surgical field. Laminated surgical gloves have been described 'where the lamina on the internal surface of the glove is a teflon compound. Such laminae have been hydrophobic in nature and do not materially reduce the friction between the lamina and the skin when the glove is applied or removed. Hydrophilic hydro gel polymer material is well known in the art and examples are disclosed in U. S. Pat. Nos. 2,976,576, 3,220,960 and 3,488,111. Articles made of such material include contact lens and diaphragms. Hydro gel material exhibits a capacity to absorb large quantities of water and other solvents, without decomposing.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide a flexible glove for surgical and other use which may be readily applied to or removed from the hands of the wearer with a minimum of friction between the glove and the skin of the hands of the wearer. It is a further object of the invention to provide a flexible glove, the outer material of which is fabricated of rubber, latex or other plastic material, the internal surface of which is fabricated of a hydrophilic material which absorbs excessive skin perspiration during the period in which the glove is worn. A further object of the invention is to fabricate a flexible glove for surgical and other use the internal surface of which is formed of a a ii a hat i b qitq he Pa miatoialsith a pv said lamina being of a type which may absorb water or other lubricating materials such as silicone plastic so as to reduce the friction between the internal surface of the glove and the skin of the hand of the wearer.
In this invention a flexible glove of rubber, latex or other plastic outer material is formed with an internal skin of hydro gel material that is bonded to the outer glove material. The internal skin is applied preferably as a casting resin of hydro gel material which polymerizes to fuse to the outer glove material. The hydro gel material is hydrophilic in nature and absorbs as much as 60 percent or more of its weight of water. This material also will absorb and retain a quantity of lubricating plastic such as silicone. Since the inner lamina is bonded to the outer lamina, it cannot be parted from the glove during the act of installing or removing the glove from the hand of the wearer and therefore the lamina material cannot act to contaminatethe surrounding field.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Turning now descriptively to the drawings, in which similar reference characters denote similar elements throughout the several views,
FIG. 1-2 illustrate a flexible glove 10 of the conventional size and shape employed by surgeons for tightly fitting about the fingers and the hand.
The glove is formed of an outer lamina ll fabricated of conventional rubber, latex or plastic composition and an inner lamina l2 bonded to lamina 11, with lamina 12 being fabricated of a hydro gel material which is bonded by polymerization.
Lamina 12 is hydrophilic in nature and may be ini tially formed as a liquid casting resin which is coated on the inner surface of a conventional flexible glove, with the coating allowed to polymerize so as to bond to the internal surface of the glove and thus form a permanent lamina 12. Additional lubricity of lamina 12 may be obtained by coating lamina 12 with a silicone liquid which the hydro gel material of lamina 12 absorbs. Lubricity, particularly of lamina 12 to the skin of the hands of the wearer may be increased also by initially coating lamina 12, after it has set, with any water soluble material.
The hydrophilic nature of lamina l2 insures absorption of excessive perspiration from the hands of the wearer while the glove is being worn. The outer lamina ll of the glove may be initially formed by conventional techniques from a rubber or latex material, or may be fabricated from a thermosetting or thermoplastic material. After the initial fabrication of the outer lamina 11, the inner lamina 12 may be formed by coating the internal surface of the outer lamina 11 with a hydro gel plastic coating in liquid form and permitting the hydro gel plastic coating to polymerize and bond to the inner surface of the outer lamina 11.
Prior to sealing the glove in a sterile container, the
inner lamina 11 may be exposed to an atmosphere of In use, the water absorption properties of the inner I lamina 12 will also permit the inner lamina material to absorb perspiration from the hand of the wearer with consequent increase in comfort to the wearer. 1
sat; obvious ctariga 'aag be ma i; the 556m embodiment of the invention described herein, such 1 modifications being within the spirit and scope of the invention claimed, it is indicated that all matter contained herein is intended as illustrative and not as limiting in scope. m 7
Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A flexible glove for use by surgeons and others as a protective hand covering which may be readily slipped on or off the hand of the wearer as desired in which the glove material is formed of a laminate structure consisting of an outer layer of flexible material and an inner layer of hydrophilic plastic material, said inner and outer layers being bonded together.
2. The combination as recited in claim 1 in which the outer layer of the glove material is formed of a rubber compound.
3. The combination as recited in claim 2 in which the inner layer of the glove material is formed of a hydro 5 is formed of a hydro gel plastic material.
outer layer of the glove material is formed of a thermoplastic material and the inner layer of the glove material is formed of a hydro gel plastic material.
8. A flexible waterproof glove suitable for use by surgeons or others as a protective hand covering which may be readily slipped on or off the hand of the wearer, as desired, in which the glove is formed of a laminate material consisting of an outer layer of waterproof flexible material and an inner layer of hydrophilic hydrogel plastic material, said inner layer being capable of absorbtion of perspiration from 5 the enclosed skin of the hand of the wearer.
I UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORREQTIN PATENT NO. 1 ,3 5 DATED 3 June 4, 1974 mvmroms) David L. Podell, Jr., et
It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent is hereby corrected as shown below:
Claim 5 is hereby corrected to read as follows:
5. The combination as recited in claim 4 in which the inner layer of glove material is formed of a hydro gel plastic.
sale this Signed and Fifteenth 0f April 3980 [SEAL] Attest:
SIDNEY A. ENAMGNE Arresting Qflicer Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2324735 *||Jan 16, 1941||Jul 20, 1943||Spanel Abraham N||Composite rubber article and method of producing same|
|US2974373 *||Oct 17, 1952||Mar 14, 1961||Us Rubber Co||Hollow molded plastic articles and method of forming the same|
|US2989755 *||Oct 18, 1957||Jun 27, 1961||Seamless Rubber Co||Surgeons' gloves and method of making the same|
|US3541192 *||May 2, 1967||Nov 17, 1970||Mattel Inc||Method of producing plastic objects having smooth skin portions and foamed interior portions|
|US3626517 *||Nov 16, 1964||Dec 14, 1971||Sutures Inc||Rubber articles|
|US3669786 *||Feb 19, 1970||Jun 13, 1972||Moore Francis C||Method of laminating plastic foam|
|US3684633 *||Jan 5, 1971||Aug 15, 1972||Mobil Oil Corp||Laminated thermoplastic foam-film dish|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4070713 *||Mar 17, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||Arbrook, Inc.||Elastomeric layers, embedded corn starch particles|
|US4283244 *||Oct 1, 1979||Aug 11, 1981||Sherwood Medical Industries Inc.||Method of making fabric-lined articles|
|US4463156 *||Mar 15, 1982||Jul 31, 1984||Warner-Lambert Co., Inc.||Polyurethane elastomer and an improved hypoallergenic polyurethane flexible glove prepared therefrom|
|US4482577 *||Dec 16, 1980||Nov 13, 1984||Albert Goldstein||Gloves, sulfuric acid treatment|
|US4499154 *||Nov 30, 1982||Feb 12, 1985||Howard L. Podell||Dipped rubber article|
|US4548844 *||Feb 11, 1985||Oct 22, 1985||Howard I. Podell||Imparts lubricant and moisture transmission properties|
|US4575476 *||Nov 28, 1983||Mar 11, 1986||Howard I. Podell||Surgeon's gloves|
|US4696065 *||Mar 13, 1987||Sep 29, 1987||Barbara Elenteny||For use in medical procedures subject to bacteria contamination|
|US5088125 *||Apr 21, 1988||Feb 18, 1992||Smith & Nephew Associated Companies Plc||Gloves|
|US5138719 *||Jul 23, 1991||Aug 18, 1992||Hutchinson, S.A.||Gloves, finger stalls and similar protective and operational articles, and processes for their manufacture|
|US5229423 *||Mar 6, 1992||Jul 20, 1993||Albert Einstein College Of Medicine Of Yeshiva University||Use of butylurea as a contraceptive agent|
|US5272771 *||Aug 14, 1992||Dec 28, 1993||Smith & Nephew Plc||Gloves|
|US5300059 *||Nov 19, 1991||Apr 5, 1994||Hydro Slip Technologies Inc.||Bloodbag and method of making same|
|US5387611 *||Jun 3, 1993||Feb 7, 1995||Albert Einstein College Of Medicine Of Yeshiva University, A Division Of Yeshiva University||Use of butylurea, nonoxynol-9 and benzalkonium chloride as anti-bacterial, anti-viral contraceptive agents|
|US5395666 *||Jan 8, 1993||Mar 7, 1995||Lrc Products Ltd.||Flexible elastomeric article with enhanced lubricity|
|US5405666 *||Jan 7, 1994||Apr 11, 1995||Lrc Products Ltd.||Flexible elastomeric article with enhanced lubricity|
|US5419913 *||Mar 5, 1992||May 30, 1995||Podell; Howard I.||Adhesive bandages, wound dressings, sutures, drapes, orthodontic rubber bands, toothbrushes, and the like|
|US5459879 *||Apr 1, 1991||Oct 24, 1995||Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System||Protective coverings|
|US5483697 *||Nov 27, 1991||Jan 16, 1996||Board Of Regents The University Of Texas||Multilayer protective coverings with a sealing solution|
|US5620702 *||May 9, 1995||Apr 15, 1997||Podell; Howard I.||Adhesive bandages, wound dressings, sutures, drapes orthodontic rubber bands, toothbrushes, and the like|
|US5691069 *||Feb 14, 1995||Nov 25, 1997||Avery Dennison Corporation||Acrylic emulsion coatings for rubber articles|
|US5700585 *||Jun 7, 1995||Dec 23, 1997||Avery Dennison Corporation||Acrylic emulsion coatings for formed articles|
|US5712346 *||Jun 7, 1995||Jan 27, 1998||Avery Dennison Corporation||Acrylic emulsion coatings|
|US5742943 *||Aug 19, 1996||Apr 28, 1998||Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc.||Slip-coated elastomeric flexible articles and their method of manufacture|
|US5752278 *||Oct 23, 1996||May 19, 1998||Gunn; Robert T.||Low friction apparel|
|US5807296 *||Dec 27, 1996||Sep 15, 1998||Stubbs; Tommy D.||Method of stopping blood flow using a first aid mitt|
|US5985955 *||May 2, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Witco Corporation||Hypoallergenic coating composition for latex rubber gloves|
|US5993923 *||Jun 18, 1997||Nov 30, 1999||Avery Dennison Corporation||Acrylic emulsion coating for rubber articles|
|US5997969 *||Aug 27, 1998||Dec 7, 1999||Gardon; John L.||Non-allergenic medical and health care devices made from crosslinked synthetic elastomers|
|US6016570 *||May 11, 1998||Jan 25, 2000||Maxxim Medical, Inc.||Powderfree medical glove|
|US6017997 *||Oct 31, 1997||Jan 25, 2000||The B. F. Goodrich Company||Waterborne polyurethane having film properties comparable to rubber|
|US6143368 *||Feb 10, 1998||Nov 7, 2000||Gunn; Robert T.||Increased structural integrity, through coextrusion, lamination, and/or coating a fiber having at least one low coefficient of friction surface, durable high tensile-strength,|
|US6242042||Sep 14, 1998||Jun 5, 2001||Lrc Products Ltd.||Immersion in aqueous solution of hydrophilic resin|
|US6254947 *||Sep 11, 1997||Jul 3, 2001||Semperit Aktiengesellschaft Holding||Flexible plastic articles bearing polymeric slip coatings and having raised/recessed roughness on their surfaces|
|US6284856||Dec 17, 1998||Sep 4, 2001||Avery Dennison Corporation||Formed by the polymerization of a low surface energy monomer, an alkyl acrylate, a hard monomer and a urethane oligomer. the copolymers are preferably formed by a sequential polymerization process.|
|US6306514||Dec 31, 1996||Oct 23, 2001||Ansell Healthcare Products Inc.||Slip-coated elastomeric flexible articles and their method of manufacture|
|US6440498||Apr 13, 2001||Aug 27, 2002||Semperit Aktiengesellschaft Holding||Article made of a flexible material|
|US6465591||Apr 24, 2000||Oct 15, 2002||Avery Dennison Corporation||From monomers including alkyl (meth)acrylate, quaternary amine (meth)acrylate, hydroxyalkyl (meth)acrylate, n-vinyl lactam, unsaturated carboxylic acid, and fluorinated (meth)acrylate; coating for rubber articles|
|US6596207||Sep 13, 2000||Jul 22, 2003||Friction Free Technologies, Inc.||Forming durable high tensile strength weavable fabric staple with at least one smooth surface|
|US6653427||Jan 10, 2001||Nov 25, 2003||Avery Dennison Corporation||Introducing monomeric 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate containing ethylene glycol dimethacrylate impurities in the range of 0.05 to 0.1% by weight with hydroxybutyl acrylate into a solution of water and alcohol, copolymerizing; gel-free|
|US6706313||Sep 14, 1999||Mar 16, 2004||Lrc Products Ltd.||Immersing article in aqueous solution of 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate- 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate co- or terpolymer, heat curing and vulcanizing rubber or latex|
|US6706836||Mar 31, 2000||Mar 16, 2004||Avery Dennison Corporation||Addition copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate in ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and (meth)acrylic acid|
|US6730380||Aug 11, 1998||May 4, 2004||Safeskin Corp.||Readily-donned elastomeric articles|
|US6743880||Apr 26, 2002||Jun 1, 2004||Avery Denison Corporation||Introducing monomeric 2- hydroxyethyl methacrylate containing ethylene glycol, dimethacrylate impurities, and atleast one acrylic or methacrylic acid into a solution of water and alcohol, and copolymerizing the monomers|
|US6772443||Dec 30, 2002||Aug 10, 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Barriers|
|US6787490||Dec 26, 2001||Sep 7, 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Glove donning delivery system|
|US6828399||Oct 15, 2002||Dec 7, 2004||Avery Dennison Corporation||Durability, flexible, crosslinked protective coatings mixture of acrylate esters|
|US6895600||Dec 20, 2001||May 24, 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Elastomeric article with improved gripping surface|
|US7019067||Mar 12, 2004||Mar 28, 2006||Avery Dennison Corporation||Polymer powders, pressure sensitive adhesives and methods of making the same|
|US7032251||Dec 10, 2002||Apr 25, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Crosslinking agent for coated elastomeric articles|
|US7052642||Jun 11, 2003||May 30, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Composition for forming an elastomeric article|
|US7178171 *||Aug 19, 2002||Feb 20, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Elastomeric gloves having enhanced breathability|
|US7265192||Nov 30, 2004||Sep 4, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Allow the transmission of water vapor while still providing an effective barrier to virus, bacteria, contaminants, bodily fluids, and the like|
|US7329442||Aug 19, 2002||Feb 12, 2008||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Elastomeric gloves having improved donnability|
|US7374711||Oct 10, 2002||May 20, 2008||Apex Medical Technologies, Inc.||Accelerator-free thin-walled rubber vulcanizates from latex|
|US7455863||Feb 25, 2003||Nov 25, 2008||Smarthealth, Inc.||Flexible elastomer articles and methods of manufacturing|
|US7585526||Feb 25, 2003||Sep 8, 2009||Smarthealth, Inc.||Flexible elastomer articles and methods of manufacturing|
|US7776368||Aug 13, 2003||Aug 17, 2010||Smarthealth, Inc.||protective devices comprising flexible impervious elastomers having powders of plant extracts on the surfaces|
|US7833208 *||Dec 29, 2004||Nov 16, 2010||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Multilayer absorbent article|
|US8353888||Oct 7, 2010||Jan 15, 2013||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Multilayer absorbent article|
|US8480227||Jul 29, 2011||Jul 9, 2013||Novartis Ag||Silicone hydrogel lenses with water-rich surfaces|
|US8529057||Jul 29, 2011||Sep 10, 2013||Novartis Ag||Silicone hydrogel lens with a crosslinked hydrophilic coating|
|DE2710540A1 *||Mar 10, 1977||Sep 22, 1977||Arbrook Inc||Medizinischer handschuh und verfahren zu seiner herstellung|
|EP0105613A1 *||Sep 2, 1983||Apr 18, 1984||Lrc Products Limited||Dipped rubber article|
|EP0113526A1 *||Nov 29, 1983||Jul 18, 1984||Lrc Products Limited||Method of coating rubber or polymer articles|
|EP0198514A2||Sep 2, 1983||Oct 22, 1986||Lrc Products Limited||Dipped rubber article|
|EP0199318A2 *||Sep 2, 1983||Oct 29, 1986||Lrc Products Limited||Dipped rubber article|
|EP0751719A1 *||Mar 15, 1995||Jan 8, 1997||GUNN, Robert T.||Low friction apparel|
|EP0824896A1||Aug 13, 1997||Feb 25, 1998||Semperit Aktiengesellschaft Holding||Flexible plastic and/or rubber article|
|EP2360001A1||May 14, 2003||Aug 24, 2011||Regent Medical Limited||Double-donnable glove|
|EP2581100A1||Feb 8, 2008||Apr 17, 2013||Allegiance Corporation||Glove coating and manufacturing process|
|WO1984000908A1 *||Sep 2, 1983||Mar 15, 1984||Lrc Products||Dipped rubber article|
|WO1984002138A1 *||Nov 29, 1983||Jun 7, 1984||Lrc Products||Method of coating rubber or polymer articles|
|WO2000011980A1 *||Aug 25, 1999||Mar 9, 2000||Gardon John L||Non-allergenic medical and health care devices made from crosslinked synthetic elastomers|
|WO2004060179A1||Sep 26, 2003||Jul 22, 2004||Kimberly Clark Co||Breathable elastomeric glove|
|WO2008029074A1 *||May 24, 2007||Mar 13, 2008||Regent Medical Ltd||Glove with anti-roll down/anti-rucking cuff|
|WO2008097643A2||Feb 8, 2008||Aug 14, 2008||Allegiance Corp||Glove coating and manufacturing process|
|May 5, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LRC PRODUCTS, LIMITED, A CORP. OF UNITED KINGDOM,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:PODELL, HOWARD I.;PODELL, DAVID JR.;REEL/FRAME:005072/0426
Effective date: 19870914
|May 5, 1989||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: LRC PRODUCTS, LIMITED, 35 NEW BRIDGE STREET, LONDO
Owner name: PODELL, DAVID JR.
Owner name: PODELL, HOWARD I.
Effective date: 19870914
|Oct 27, 1983||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: PODELL, HOWARD I. 28 BEACHFRONT LANE, NEW ROCHELLE
Owner name: PODELL, LILLIAN G.
Effective date: 19831025
|Oct 27, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PODELL, HOWARD I. 28 BEACHFRONT LANE, NEW ROCHELLE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PODELL, LILLIAN G.;REEL/FRAME:004194/0109
Effective date: 19831025