US 3813749 A
An elongated strip of stainless steel having a plurality of equally spaced oblong holes transversely disposed therein is bent along its longitudinal axis to have a V-shaped cross section, whereby the oblong openings form kerfs, which register with and accept a tube. The kerfs are disposed over the tubes to be clamped and a pin is inserted between the tube and the bent portion of the strip, securely clamping the tubes against the pin.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Peake et a1.
A TUBE CLAMP Inventors: Charles C. Peake; ll-larry H. Bolan,
both of Media, Pa.
Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation,
Filed: Nov. 13, 1972 Appl. No.: 306,132
US. Cl .1 29/202 R Int. Cl 823p 15/26 Field of Search 29/202, 200 P, 150, 400 R,
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1964 Wurtz 29/1573 R X June 4,1974
3.498369 3/1970 Levedahl 29/l57.3 R
Primary Examiner-Thomas H. Eager Attorney, Agent, or Firm-F. J. Baehr, Jr.
 ABSTRACT An elongated strip of stainless steel having a plurality of equally spaced oblong holes transversely disposed therein is bent along its longitudinal axis to have a V- shaped cross section, whereby the oblong openings form kerfs, which register with and accept a tube. The kerfs are disposed over the tubes to be clamped and a pin is inserted between the tube and the bent portion of the strip, securely clamping the tubes against the pm.
4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to tube clamps and more particularly to a tube clamp which can be easily installed in a heat exchanger after the heat exchanger has been completely assembled.
Tubes in central station steam surface condenses have failed because of flow induced vibration. The high velocity steam passing over the outer surface of the tubes has caused the tubes to vibrate to such an extent that an area adjacent the mid portion of the span between supports come into contact and wears a hole in the tube or the vibrations cause failure of the tube adjacent the supports as a result of stress fatigue.
Installing additional support members between the existing supports has eliminated this problem. The intermediate supports have been made from sheets of Micarta drilled to the tube pattern and then cut along the centers of the holes to form strips, which were then inserted into the tube bundle to form a complete support plate. While this procedure was successful in'eliminating the failures noted above, it was very expensive.
Another solution consists of lacing strips of Neoprene between adjacent rows of tubes. This reduced the vibration, however, the high'velocity steam, which contains water droplets, soon eroded the Neoprene strips. Therefore, an erosion resistant inexpensive clamp was needed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In general, a clamp for a plurality of tubes spaced to form a row of tubes, when made in accordance with this invention, comprises an elongated strip having a plurality of elongated transversely disposed openings therein, the strip being bent generally parallel to its longitudinal axis so that the elongated openings form a plurality of kerfs which register with and are sufficiently deep to accept the tubes, and an elongated pin slidably disposed adjacent the bent portion of the strip to capture the tubes within the kerfs.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The objects and advantages of this invention will become more apparent from reading the following detailed description in connection with the accompanying drawings in which corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding portions throughout the drawings and in which:
FIG. 1 is a partial sectional view of a row of tubes held together by clamps made in accordance with this invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view taken of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial plan view of an unfolded strip utilized to form the clamp;
FIG. 4 is an isometric view of a folded strip;
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a pin utilized to form the clip; and
FIG. 6 is a plan view of a tool utilized to install the clamps.
DESCRIPTION or THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings in detail, FIGS. 1 and on line II-Il 2 show clamps 1 installed on a row of tubes to lock or clamp the tubes together to prevent vibration caused failures. The clamps are particularly adapted to be installed on a row of tubes in an assembled heat exchanger.
As shown in FIG. 3, the clamp 1 comprises an elongated strip 5 of stainless steel or other springy material having parallel side margins 7 and a plurality of elongated, oblong holes or openings 9 transversely disposed therein. The openings 9 are generally equally spaced and are disposed on the same pitch as the tubes 3.
As shown in FIG. 4, the strip is bent adjacent and parallel to its longitudinal axis to generally have a V- shaped cross section, which preferably forms a 60 angle. When the strip is so bent, the elongated openings 9 are disposed to form kerfs 11, which register'with the tubes 3 and are sufficiently deep to accept a tube.
An elongated pin or bar 13 is slidably disposed between the tubes 3 and the bent portion of the strip 5 to capture the tube within the kerfs 11. As shown in FIG. 5, the one end of the pin 15 is rounded while the other end 17 is bent the rounded end and 90 bend coopmate to assist in inserting the pin between the tubes and the bent portion of the strip 5.
As shown in FIG. I, a tool 19 is utilized to install the clamp l. The tool 19 is formed from a flat bar or strip 21 of steel or other material by bending or breaking the longitudinal edges or margins 23 in excess of 90 preferably approximately 1 15 to One end 25 of the bar 21 is bent to form a handle.
To install the strip 5 compressive forces are applied to the margins 7 to move them inwardly. The margins 7 are then slid into the tool and fit within the turned up edges 23 as shown in FIG. 2. The kerfs 11 are placed over the tubes 3 and the pin 13 is inserted between the tube 3 and the bent portion of the strip 5. With margins 7 of the strip 5 pressed inwardly there is clearance between the pin 13 and tubes, allowing the pin to slide easily into place. Once the pin is in place, the tool 19 is slid from the margin 7 of the strip 5 and the margins spring outwardly securely clamping the pin 13 and tubes 3.
The strip 5 may be any length, however, extremely long lengths become cumbersome and difficult to handle, therefore, as shown in FIG. 1, to clamp long rows of tubes, a plurality of short strips 5 are utilized and adjacent strips are disposed to clamp one or more tubes also clamped within a kerf 11 of an adjacent strip.
The clamps l and method of installing them are advantageously readily adapted to accommodate a row of tubes having any number of tubes disposed therein. The clamps are also easily installed in an assembled heat exchanger, are economical to produce, and can be economically formed from materials which are erosion resistant.
What is claimed is:
I. A clamp for a plurality of tubes spaced to form a row of tubes of a heat exchanger, said clamp comprising an elongated strip having a plurality of elongated openings transversely disposed therein, said strip being bent generally parallel to its longitudinal axis so that the elongated openings form a plurality of kerfs which register with and are sufficiently deep to accept said tubes, and an elongated pin slidably disposed within said bent portion of said strip to capture said tubes within said kerfs.
4. A clamp as set forth in claim 1, wherein the pin is round and one end thereof is bent to form a stop.