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Publication numberUS3814290 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 4, 1974
Filing dateJul 10, 1973
Priority dateJul 10, 1973
Publication numberUS 3814290 A, US 3814290A, US-A-3814290, US3814290 A, US3814290A
InventorsGerhard H
Original AssigneeWesterwaelder Eisen Gerhard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Freight containers for flowable goods
US 3814290 A
Abstract
In a freight container for flowable goods the necessary ducts for interconnecting various compartments of the container so as to enable the cotents of these compartments to be discharged completely, are in the form of troughs defined by structural elements of the container walls. This construction simplifies manufacture and facilitates cleaning of the container.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 [111 3,814,290

Gerhard June 4, 1974 1 FREIGHT CONTAINERS FOR FLOWABLE GOODS Inventor: Helmut Gerhard, Weitefeld/Sieg,

Germany Westerwalder Eisenwerk Gerhard KG, Weitefeld/Sieg, Germany Filed: July 10, 1973 Appl. No.: 378,021

Assignee:

US. Cl 222/143, 220/15, 220/5 A Int. Cl B65d 7/44 Field of Search 222/143, 173, 180, 183,

222/185, 572; 220/DIG. 6, l B, 5 A, 1.5

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Zurmuehleli 220/5 A FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 2,007,142 2/1970 Germany 222/143 Primary ExaminerRobert B. Reeves Assistant Examiner-Larry H. Martin Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Craig & Antonelli 5 7 ABSTRACT In a freight container for flowable goods the necessary ducts for interconnecting various compartments of the container so as to enable the cotents of these compartments to be discharged completely, are in the form of troughs defined by structural elements of the container walls. This construction simplifies manufacture and facilitates cleaning of the container.

10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures P ATENTEB JUN 4 m4 SHEU 3 U? 4 FREIGHT CONTAINERS FOR FLOWABLE GOODS This invention relates to a freight container for flowable goods with two end walls comprising beams which are joined togetherto form a frame and curved wall elements inserted into the frame, corner fittings for lifting and stacking of the container attached to the frame and longitudinal walls extending between the end walls and connected therewith fluid-tightly, said longitudinal walls comprising intersecting part-cylindrical wall sections curved about axes which are parallel to the longitudinal container axis, the longitudinal walls having at the floor and/or the top of the container at least one reentrant saddle portion parallel to the longitudinal container axis and directed into the interior of the container. A freight container of this kind is, for example, disclosed in German Pat. specification No. 2,007,142, and will hereinafter be referred to as a freight container as hereinbefore specified."

For the purpose of completely emptying a fluid container as hereinbefore specified, it is necessary to connect the various trough lines formed at the floor of the container, which are relatively separated by re-entrant saddle portions parallel to the axis and directed inwardly of the container, with each other and with a discharge device, e.g., a discharge valve. The connecting pipes take up a lot of space and are difficult to clean.

The crown lines of fluid containers (e.g., of dual-pipe construction) which are relatively separated by reentrant saddle portions also have to be interconnected for the purpose of venting and pressure equalisation. Similarly to the discharge pipe at the floor of the container, the transverse pipe hitherto used for this purpose cannot be cleaned or is difficult to clean.

It might be conceivable to substitute troughs which are open'to the interior of the container for the transverse connecting pipes. Such troughs, however, require a lot of bending and welding and pose a considerable problem particularly in the case of pressure-proof fluid containers.

The object of the invention is to simplify the design of the provision of the transverse interconnections in a fluid freight container as hereinbefore specified, for the purpose of discharging and/or venting it, and to reduce the sealingand strength problems entailed.

According to the invention, in a freight container as hereinbefore specified. a horizontal transverse beam of at least one end wall isso constructed as to be open to the interior of the container and together with the end edge of the adjacent longitudinal container wall forms a transversely extending, inwardly open trough, having a depth which is at least equal to the distance between the re-entrant saddle portion and an associated troughor crown line of the container wall concerned.

Such a trough is not only easy to clean, but also easy to manufacture, since it is already pre-formed in the end wall. Thus no special operation need be performed on the adjacent wall sections of the container for forming the transverse trough.

If the beams forming the frame of the end wall consist of hollow members of rectangular cross-section, the transverse trough may be formed by omitting the portion of the vertical inner wall of a transverse beam which is located inside the container. From the point of view of cleaning, however, it is even more advantageous to omit also the vertical outer wall of the beam concerned, i.e., to extend the wall elements at the edge of the end wall, which are inserted in the frame, up to the horizontal outer boundary of the terminal wall. For the purpose of protection against extraneous mechanical damage, such a trough may be reinforced by welding thereto additional external sections. This design becomes particularly simple if the elements of the end wall which are inserted in the frame consist of partcylindrically curved wall elements with vertical axes.

In the case of a container of this kind, comprising two end wall elements adjoining at a vertical centre line for the purpose of increasing the rigidity and pressure resistance, an oblique tie rod bridging the transverse trough may be provided between the re-entrant saddle portion of the floor and that of the top of the container respectively and the vertical centre line of the end wall.

Several forms of freight container embodying the invention will now be described, by way of example only andv with reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective representation of a first said form of freight container;

FIG. 2 is a broken inside view of the latter at the side at which a fillingand discharge socket is located;

FIG. 3 is a broken inside view of the freight container at the side at which the equalising trough is located;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view of part of FIG. 2; and

FIGS.- 5 to 7 are diagrammatic representations of other said forms of freight container.

The freight container for fluids shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 has two end walls 1 and 2 and a main portion extend ing between these end walls, which in this instance is made up of two part-cylindrically bent wall sections. The adjacent sections 4 and 5 are contiguous at the longitudinally extending re-entrant saddle portions 6 and 7. The re-entrant saddle portion 6 of the top is disposed at a lower level than the crown lines of the adjacent wall elements 5 and 4. Likewise the re-entrant saddle portion 7 of the floor is disposed at a higher level than the trough lines of the adjacent wall elements 4 and 5. The end walls 1 and 2 each have two vertical beams 8 and 8a and two horizontal beams 9 and 10. The beams form a quadrilateral frame having corner fittings 11 for lifting and stacking attached to their corners. Two partcylindrical wall elements 12 are inserted in the frame in an upright position. The connecting line 13 of the two wall elements is reinforced by an externally. mounted T-shaped fillet l4.

Whilst the beams 8, 8a and 9 define hollow members of rectangular cross-section, the beams 10 consist only of a horizontal cover surface 15 and a vertical sheet metal element 16. The wall elements 12 and the fillet 14 extend from the interior of the transverse beam 9, to the interior of the horizontal cover surface 15 and are welded to the latter in fluid-tight manner. The vertical sheet metal element 16 extends to the edge of the wall sections 4 and 5. The ends of the wall sections are cut off straight and butt-welded to the walls of the beams 8, 8a and 9 facing them, whilst the edge of the wall 16 of the beam 10 is matched to the shape of the wall sections. In this way arched edges 17 are formed to which troughs 18 and 28 extending transversely to the longitudinal direction of the container are adjacent. Each of the troughs l8 and 28 is formed by the wall elements 12 and the surfaces 15 and 16 of a transverse beam 10. The floor 15 of this trough is at the same level as the troughand crown lines of the wall sections 4 and 5, whilst the portion of the trough wall which protrudes further towards the interior of the container corresponds to the re-entrant saddle portion 7 or 6 respectively.

For the purpose of reinforcing the end wall at its side corresponding to the trough, an oblique tie rod 19 is provided between the vertical centre line 13 of the end wall and the re-entrant saddle portion 7 or 6 respectively.

The trough 18 formed by the end wall 2 at the floor of the container is connected to a filling and discharge socket 20, which leads to a closure member. The connection to the socket 20 is located in the gusset of the vertical sheet metal element 16, which is disposed between one corner fitting 11 and the cylindrical wall section 4. The socket 20 extends approximately parallel to the longitudinal container axis, so that the filling and discharge arrangement is accommodated within the rectangular envelope of the freight container.

In the other trough 28 at the top of the end wall 1 an inspection aperture 22 with an aerating and venting valve is provided.

Instead of two cylindrically curved wall elements, wall elements of different construction could also be fitted into the end wall frame. Thus FIG. shows a wall element 23 of simple curved configuration which is erected on the inside of the cover surface 15. For the purpose of reinforcing the end wall, a rectangular section 24 is here provided abutting the cover surface 15. Since this section does not come into contact with the fluid being transported, it may consist of simple mild steel instead of alloy steel. By way of example, such a reinforcing section 25 is shown in FIG. 6 in combination with a spherically curved end wall element 26. In FIGS. 5 and 6 the re-entrant saddle portions 6 and 7 are further interconnected at least in the vicinity of their end regions by a tie rod 27. In the case of a spherical end wall, an oblique tie rod is superfluous, since the pressure forces are admitted to the surrounding frame uniformly.

The construction shown in FIG. 7 differs from those shown in FIGS. 1 to 6 in that the lower transverse beam 30 of the end wall 2 is in the form of a box section of rectangular cross-section, in the same way as the transverse beam 9; it is however open to the interior of the container.

The beam 30 thus has two horizontal walls 31 and 32 and a vertical external wall 33; the other vertical wall 4 nections for conducting a flowable heat carrier therethrough.

I claim:

34 however extends only from the lower boundary wall 32 to the edge of the side wall sections 4 and 5 and forms an arched edge 17 in conjunction with the said edge of the side wall sections. Hence the transverse trough 38 is formed inside the transverse beam 30. The fillingand discharge socket 20 is located in the wall 34. The other end wall 1 of the container may again be provided in oppositely disposed mirror image manner, i.e. the open transverse beam 30 is located at the top of the end wall and defines a pressure equalising trough within it.

In FIG. 7 an additional reinforcingand support beam 40 is moreover attached to the outside of the horizontal wall 32 of the beam 30. The beam 40 may also be provided in the other forms of container described. It is of closed section and may consist of mild steel. The beam 40 may be of the same width as the beam 30 or it may be narrower. It may be employed for heating the transverse trough 38 (or 18), if it is provided with con- 1. A freight container for flowable goods with two end walls comprising beams, including at least one horizontal transverse beam, which are joined together to form a frame and curved wall elements inserted into the frame, corner fittings for lifting and stacking of the container attached to the frame and longitudinal container walls extending between the end walls and connected therewith fluid-tightly, said longitudinal walls comprising intersecting part-cylindrical wall sections curved about axes which are parallel to the longitudinal container axis, the longitudinal walls having at least one re-entrant saddle portion which is parallel to the longitudinal container axis and directed into the interior of the container, wherein said horizontal tansverse beam of at least one end wall opens into the interior of the container and together with an end edge of the adjacent said longitudinal container wall defines a transverse inwardly open, trough, having a depth which is at least equal to the distance between said re-entrant saddle portion and an associated troughor crown line of the container wall concerned.

2. A freight container according to claim 1, including a fillingand discharge device connected to the trough, the latter being formed by a lower transverse beam of said end wall.

3. A freight container according to claim 1, wherein the trough is formed by an upper transverse beam of an end wall provided with an inspectionor venting aperture.

4. A freight container according to claim 1, wherein the frame comprises hollow, rectangular beams, and wherein the portion of the vertical inner wall of a transverse beam which is located inside the container is omitted.

5. A freight container according to claim 1, wherein the frame comprises hollow, rectangular beams and wherein the transverse beam forming the transverse trough comprises a horizontal boundary wall and a vertical sheet metal element, which connects said boundary wall with the longitudinal wall of the container, the end wall being directly joined to the horizontal boundary wall.

6. A freight container according to claim 5, wherein the longitudinal walls of the container are partcylindrically curved about horizontal axes, a filling and a discharge socket being attached to the vertical sheet metal element between the curved portion of the container and a corner of the end wall.

7. A freight container according to claim 1, having an obliquely extending tie rod between the re-entrant saddle portion and an intersection line of an end wall defined by a plurality of curved wall elements.

8. A freight container according to claim 7, having an external reinforcing fillet at the intersection line between two wall elements inserted in the end wall frame.

vided with connection for heating means.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 814, 290 Dated June 4, 1974 Inventor-(s) Helmut GER-HARD It 'is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent andthat said LettersPatent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Title page, insert the followingz [30] I Foreign Application Priority Data July 21, 1972 Germany P 22 35 995. 1

Signed'and sealed this 29th day of October 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-1050 (10-69) USCOMM'DC 60375-P69 ".5. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE l9" O-Jil-ZJl

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3912103 *Feb 22, 1973Oct 14, 1975Westerwaelder Eisen GerhardPressure-tight transport container for flowable goods
US3971491 *Oct 14, 1975Jul 27, 1976General American Transportation CorporationIntermodal tank container
US4241755 *Nov 21, 1977Dec 30, 1980Snyder Wesley LAnti-surge liquid transporting apparatus
US4315531 *May 25, 1979Feb 16, 1982Westerwalder Eisenwerk Gerhard GmbhTransport container
US4356925 *Dec 17, 1980Nov 2, 1982Westerwalder Eisenwerk Gerhard GmbhPressure-resistant container for liquids, gases or loose material composed of two or more shells
US4381062 *Mar 27, 1981Apr 26, 1983B.S.L. (Bignier Schmid-Laurent)Container
US4648521 *May 27, 1986Mar 10, 1987Hoover Group, Inc.Composite metal and plastic tank
US4941583 *Jan 2, 1990Jul 17, 1990Westerwaelder Eisenwerk Gerhard GmbhPressure tank
US4966310 *Dec 1, 1988Oct 30, 1990Hawkins Gerald PCollapsible storage container and method for storing matter
US5163572 *Sep 13, 1991Nov 17, 1992Westwaelder Eisenwerk Gerhard GmbhTank container
US5365980 *May 28, 1991Nov 22, 1994Instant Terminalling And Ship Conversion, Inc.Transportable liquid products container
US5692631 *Aug 29, 1996Dec 2, 1997Compagnie Plastic OmniumContainer for transporting, storing and dispensing chemical products
US5911337 *Apr 8, 1997Jun 15, 1999Bedeker; James E.Vessel for a shipping container
US6619502 *Oct 25, 2001Sep 16, 2003Electric Boat CorporationVertical corner transition arrangement for semi-membrane tank
US8590720 *Jan 21, 2009Nov 26, 2013R. Thomas II TerranceForkpocketed tank container
US20090184114 *Jan 21, 2009Jul 23, 2009Thomas Ii Terrance RForkpocketed tank container
US20120180905 *Jan 18, 2011Jul 19, 2012Ronald Michael WebbBox station
US20120241334 *Aug 12, 2010Sep 27, 2012Trans Ocean Bulk Logistics LimitedShipping of liquids
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DE20112872U1 *Aug 2, 2001Dec 5, 2002Burg Intermodal B VTankcontainer mit Stirnringsegmenten
EP0658494A1 *Dec 16, 1994Jun 21, 1995Holvrieka Nirota B.V.Mobile tank container
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Classifications
U.S. Classification222/143, 220/1.5, 220/4.12
International ClassificationB65D88/12, B65D88/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65D88/128
European ClassificationB65D88/12D