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Publication numberUS3814616 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 4, 1974
Filing dateMay 4, 1971
Priority dateOct 8, 1968
Publication numberUS 3814616 A, US 3814616A, US-A-3814616, US3814616 A, US3814616A
InventorsInamura K, Kamimura M, Kondo T
Original AssigneeKansai Paint Co Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for coating the inner surface of metal pipes
US 3814616 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 4, 1914 0 KQNDO ETAL 3,814,616

METHOD FOR COATING THE I NNER SURFACE OF METAL PIPES Filed May 4:, 1971 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 June 4, 1914' 0 K N ETAL 3,814,616

IETHOD FOR COATING THE INNER SURFACE OF HETAL PIPES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

Filed May 4., 1971 United States Patent 3,814,616 METHOD FOR COATING THE INNER SURFACE OF METAL PIPES Taizo Kondo, Keizo Inamura, and Masaaki Kamimura, Hiratsuka, Japan, assignors to Kansai Paint Company Limited, Amagasaki-shi, Hyogo-ken, Japan Continuation-impart of abandoned application Ser. No. 863,537, Oct. 3, 1969. This application May 4, 1971, Ser. No. 140,215

Claims priority, application Japan, Oct. 8, 1968, 43/731,381; May 8, 1970, 45/319,606 Int. Cl. B05b 5/02; B44d 1/094 US. Cl. 117-17 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe having an inner diameter of 2 to 15 cm. is characterized by heating said metal pipe electrically grounded at a temperature of from a softening point of a coating composition to below a melting point thereof, feeding negatively charged dry particles of a coating composition into the interior of said metal pipe from one end of the pipe and sucking air at the same time from the other end of the metal pipe so as to form an air stream carrying the particles and to allow the particles to deposit electrostatically on the inner surface of the pipe.

The present application is a continuation-in-part of our copending application Ser. No. 863,537, filed Oct. 3, 1969, (now abandoned) and entitled Method for Coating the Inner Surface of Metal Pipes.

This invention relates to a method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe, more particularly to a method for forming continuous film on the inner surface of a metal pipe having a relatively small inner diameter by electrostatic powder coating.

To protect a metal pipe from corrosion due to water, steam, chemicals, etc. flowing in the pipe it is required to coat the inner surface of the pipe with a continuous resin film, and dry powder of coating compositions has been used for this purpose. In one of the known methods dry powder of a thermoplastic resin is fluidized in an air stream, in which a metal pipe heated to a temperature higher than the melting point of the resin is immersed to form a resin film on the inner and outer surface of the pipe. According to this method, however, it is difficult to form a uniform pinhole-free coating on the inner surface of a pipe having an inner diameter smaller than 15 cm., since resin particles cannot be fluidized evenly in the interior of the pipe of such a smaller diameter. Further when a long pipe is treated in the above manner, it has to be dipped in a fluidized bed of resin particles on a large-scale apparatus, and it is impossible to fluidize the resin particles uniformly in the interior of the pipe in the lengthwise direction thereof, with the result that an uneven film having numerous pinholes is formed. Since not only the inner surface but also the outer surface of the pipe are coated simultaneously, this method has another disadvantage that it is practically impossible to provide the resin coating only on the inner surface of the pipe.

It is also known in the art to form a resin film on the inner surface of a pipe by electrostatic coating, using clear or pigmented dry powder of resins. This method employs an electrostatic powder spraying gun, so-called pole gun," which is provided with a slidably extendable barrel and the coating is conducted by inserting the barrel of the gun into the interior of a metal pipe electrically grounded, spraying charged particles through the barrel to electrostatically deposit them on the inner 3,814,616 Patented June 4, 1974 surface of the pipe, and heating the pipe to produce a continuous coating film. However, this method is not suitable for coating the interior of a metal pipe of a small inner diameter, because spark discharged frequently occurs between the high voltage electrode at the head of the gun barrel and the inner wall of the metal pipe, making it difficult to ensure uniform deposition of the charged particles. In fact, when a metal pipe having an inner diameter smaller than 15 cm., particularly below 10 cm., is coated by this method, the resultant coating film formed on the inner surface of the pipe is uneven in thickness and has numerous pinholes throughout the film.

One object of the invention is accordingly to provide a method for coating the interior of a metal pipe, which is capable of forming a uniform pinhole-free coating on the inner surface of the pipe having such a small inner diameter as 2 to 15 cm.

Another object of the invention is to provide a method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe in a continuous manner, whereby coating composition can be uniformly deposited over entire inner surface of the pipe to form continuous film extended uniformly in thickness from the inlet of the pipe to the outlet thereof regardless of the length of the pipe.

Another object of the invention is to provide a method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe, which is capable of producing a coating film having excellent flexibility and high order of water-proof and chemicalresistant properties.

These and other objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description.

The method of the invention to be applied in coating the inner surface of a metal pipe having such a small inner diameter as 2 to 15 cm. comprises heating said metal pipe electrically grounded at a temperature of from a softening point of a coating composition to below a melting point thereof, feeding negatively charged dry particles of a coating composition into the interior of said metal pipe from one end of the pipe, sucking air at the same time from the other end of the metal pipe so as to form an air stream carrying the particles and flowing in the interior of the pipe at a rate of 4 to 20 m./sec. and to allow the particles to deposit electrostatically on the inner surface of the pipe, and fusing the deposited particles to form a continuous film on the inner surface of the pipe.

Throughout the specification and claims softening point shows a value measured in accordance with ASTM D 1525-58 T, and melting point shows a value determined in accordance with ASTM D 1238-57 T, using a load of 2160 g. at a flow rate of 10:1 g./10 min.

According to the present invention, uniform film] coating free of pinhole can be produced on the inner surface of a metal pipe having such a small inner diameter that it has been difiifficult or impossible to form such a uniform pinhole-free film on the inner surface thereof by the conventional methods. In fact, the inner surface of a metal pipe having an inner diameter smaller than 15 cm., particularly 2 to 10 cm., can be eiiectively coated by the method of the invention. Particularly, according to the present method, uniform deposition can be effected over the entire inner surface of the pipe, resulting in the production of a coating film having relatively even thickness from the inlet portion of the pipe to the outlet portion thereof. Moreover, the coating film obtained in accordance with the present invention has good flexibility and high order of corrosion resistant property to water and chemicals.

The metal pipe which can be coated by the invention includes those having an inner diameter of 2 to 15 cm.

and made of steel, stainless-steel, aluminium, copper and like metals.

Various dry coating compositions heretofore used for electrostatic coating may be used in the invention. For example, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyamide, polyester, chlorinated polyether, epoxy resin, phenol resin, fluorine resin and like thermoplastic or uncured thermosetting resins may be used as a coating composition in the invention in the form of dry powder, to which may be added, as required, plasticizers, coloring agents and like additives. Preferably particle size of the coating composition is in the range of 2 to 500p.

As the machine for giving electrostatic charge to the particles of the coating composition may be used various dry electrostatic coating machines available under trade marks such as REP Gun sold by Ransberg Japan Ltd., Stajet and Stafluid by Socit Anonyme de Machines Electrostatiques, France, etc.

According to the process of the present invention, a metal pipe to be coated is electrically grounded and heated at a temperature of froml a softening point of the coating composition to below a melting point thereof. According to the researches of the present inventors it has been found that, when the metal pipe is previously heated at a temperature of from a softening point to below a melting point of the coating composition, uniform deposition of the coating composition over the entire inner surface of the pipe can be more efficiently ensured than in the case in which the metal pipe is heated at a temperature of the melting point or higher than that of the coating composition. It is noted that when the pipe is heated at a temperature of melting point of the coating composition or higher, the particles of the composition fed into the interior of the pipe are liable to stick to one another during their passing the pipe to formi lumps which may be deposited on the inner surface of the pipe to produce rugged coating film, whereas when the pipe is heated below the melting point of the coating composition the formation of such lumps can be effectively prevented with the result that more uniform coating film can be produced throughout the entire inner surface of the pipe. The coating film obtained in accordance with the present invention has good flexibility and excellent water-proof and chemical-resistant properties due to the uniformity thereof and substantial absence of undesired pin-holes therein. However, if the pipe is not heated or if it is heated at a temperature lower than the softening point of the coating composition, the powder having deposited on the inner surface of the pipe is liable to come off and down the inner surface by slight shock or impact which may be given during its conveying to the subsequent heating step for fusing the deposited powder resulting in the production of uneven film. Preferable heating temperature of the pipe is in the range of from a softening point of the coating composition to a temperature of about C. lower than a melting point thereof. The metal pipe is preferably positioned horizontally, though it may be positioned vertically or in any direction desired.

According to the invention negatively charged dry powder of a coating composition is fed continuously into the interior of the pipe thus heated from one end thereof by a suitable dry electrostatic coating machine. At the same time air is sucked from the other end of the pipe by a suitable sucking device, such as sucking pump, sucking fan, etc., whereby an air stream is produced in the interior of the pipe. The dry powder fed from one end, while being carried by such air stream, is deposited electrostatically on the inner surface of the grounded pipe, resulting in uniform deposition of the powder on the entire inner surface of the pipe. To ensure uniform deposition, it is essential to control the flow rate of the air stream flowing in the interior of the pipe in the range of 4 to 20 m./sec. A flow rate lower than 4 m./sec. not only renders the process inefiicient but also causes the powder to be deposited mainly on a portion near the inlet of the pipe, and at a higher flow rate of 20 m./ sec. almost all powder particles will be carried away with air and effective deposition can no longer be achieved. Particularly preferable flow rate is in the range of 5 to 18 m./ sec.

To achieve more uniform deposition of the powder, it is preferable to rotate the metal pipe at least one r.p.m. during the electrostatic coating. The preferable rotation rate may be 5 to 50 r.p.m. though it may be increased to such a high rate as 200 r.p.m.

The powder thus deposited on the inner surface of the pipe is then heated at a temperature ranging from a melting point of the powder to below a decomposing temperature thereof to fuse it into a continuous film. Various heating apparatuses may be used for the purpose, such as air oven, induction heating machine, etc.

The thickness of the film thus obtained may vary in a wide range in accordance with the kinds of the coating compositions used and the time for coating but usually it is in the range of to 1000p.

For a better understanding of the invention, examples are given below in which the apparatus shown in the attached drawings is used.

FIG. 1 shows a side view partially in section of one preferred apparatus for carrying out the method of the invention; and

FIG. 2 is a front view of rotating means shown in FIG. 1.

Referring now to the drawings, designated at 1 is a couple of rotating means for a metal pipe to be coated, each of which comprises a driving roll 2, idle roll 3, set roll 4 and supporting means 5 for these rolls. The driving roll 2 and idle roll 3 are rotatably supported on shafts 6 and 7 on the supporting means 5, and the driving roll 2 is driven by bevel gears 8 and 9 which are driven through a reduction gear (not shown) by a motor (not shown), these reduction gear and motor being disposed in a case 10. The set roll 4 is rotatably supported on an arm 11 fixed to supporting means 5 with a screw 12.

A metal pipe A, the inner surface of which is to be coated, is electrically grounded and mounted horizontally on a couple of rotating means 1 and held in position by the set roll 4 so as to be rotated by means of the driving rolls 2. Designated at 13 is a heating furnace for the pipe A. The metal pipe A is airtightly connected to a bafiie 14 at the front end and to a rubber pipe 1.5 at the back end by means of socket and spigot joints 16 and union joints 17 respectively. Each union joint is supported by a frame 18. The rubber pipe 15 is connected to a powder recovery hopper 19, and is further connected to air-sucking means (not shown) with a powder recovery box 20 disposed therebetween. The box is provided with a bag filter or screen 21 to prevent escape of the powder. Designated at 22 is a barrel head of a dry electrostatic coating machine (not shown).

EXAMPLE 1 The inner surface of a steel pipe, 5.5 m. in length and 2.5 cm. in inner diameter, was coated in the following manner on the apparatus shown in attached drawings.

The pipe mounted on the rotating means 1 and electrically grounded was rotated at 5 r.p.m. and heated at C. Dry powder of an epoxy resin coating composition containing epoxy resin, curing agent and pigment and having particle size of 20 to 150 softening point of 90 C. and melting point of C. was charged negatively to a voltage of -90 kv. and blown through the electrostatic gun head 22, REP Gun (trademark), into the baftfle 14 at the rate of 300 g./min. At the same time air was sucked by means of a sucking pump, whereby air stream flowing through the interior of the pipe at a flow rate of 10 m./sec. was produced. Thedry powder blown in was carried by the air stream and deposited electrostatically on the inner surface of the pipe. This procedure was continued for 2 minutes. Thereafter the pipe was disengaged from the apparatus and heated in an air oven at 200 C.

for minutes, whereby continuous film of a thickness of 200 covering the entire inner surface of the pipe was obtained.

The pipe coated as above was sawn in the longitudinal direction, and inspected by naked eye and the condition of the surface of the film was found to be uniform and free of pinholes.

Further the coating film displays excellent flexibility and high order of water-proof and chemical resistant properties as shown in appended Table 1.

EXAMPLE 2 Electrostatic coating was conducted in the same manner as in Example 1, except that the flow rate of the air stream was 5 m./sec.

The resultant film was uniform free of pinholes and had a thickness of 350g. The test results on the flexibility and water-proof and chemical resistant properties of the resultant film are shown in Table 1.

EXAMPLE 3 Electrostatic coating was conducted in the same manner as in Example 1, except that the flow rate of the air stream was 18 m./sec.

6 3. Flexibility The coated pipe, 50 cm. in length, was bended at an angle of 90 in 2 seconds. Then the pipe was sawn in the longitudinal direction and the condition of the film was manner as in Example 1, with the results shown in Table 2 below, in which the surface conditions of the resultant film, flexibility, waterproof property and alkali resistance were inspected in the same manner as in Examples 1 to 3.

TABLE 2 Inner dia. Thickof pipe ness of N 0. (mm.) film (a) Surface conditions of film Water-proof property Alkali resistance Flexibility 21 630 Uniform, free of pinhole.--" N 0 change was observed. No change was observed No crack was observed. 430 .do do do--- Do.

150 120 o ..do .d0 Do.

The resultant film was uniform free of pinholes and EXAMPLE 5 had a thickness of 220 The test results on the flexibility and water-proof and chemical resistant properties of the resultant film are shown in Table 1.

For comparison, electrostatic coating in Example 1 was carried out at the flow rate of 2 m./sec. and 22 m./sec. In the former case dry powder was deposited only on the front part of the pipe with almost no deposition on the back part, failing to produce uniform film, and in the latter case almost no deposition of the dry powder was The inner surface of a steep pipe, 5.5 m. in length and 2.5 cm. in inner diameter, was electrostatically coated in the same manner as in Example 1, in which various dry coating composition of a particle size of 20-200p. shown in Table 3 below were used and the pipe was heated at temperatures shown in Table 3 below during electrostatic coating. The same tests as in Example 1 were performed on the resultant pipe with the results shown in Table 3 observed. below.

TABLE 3 Tempera- Average Softening Melting ture thickness Surface point point applied of film conditions Water-proof Alkali No. Coating comp. C.) 0.) C.) of film property resistance Flexibility 4 Polyamide 150 200 170 390 Uniform, tree of No change was No change was N 0 crack was pinhole. observed. observed. observed. Polyethylene 110 170 140 350 do do (in 120 320 do do do D 80 90 330 do do do D 8 Chlorinated 220 350 do do an polyether. 9 Fluorine resin 250 300 280 280 do do dfl D The following tests were performed on the coated pipes obtained in Examples 1 to 3 with the results shown in Table 1 below:

1. Water-proof property 2. Alkali resistance The test of alkali resistance was performed in the same manner as in the above test except that 5 weight percent aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide was used in the place of distilled water.

What we claim is:

1. A method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe having an inner diameter of 2 to 15 cm. with a dry coating composition, which comprises the steps of:

(a) rotating said metal pipe electrically grounded at a rate of at least one r.p.m.,

(b) preheating said metal pipe at a temperature of from a softening point of said coating composition to a temperature of 5 C. lower than a melting point thereof,

(0) feeding negatively charged dry particles of a coating composition into the interior of said metal pipe from one end of the pipe,

(d) sucking air at the same time from the other end of the metal pipe so as to form an air stream carrying the particles and flowing in the interior of the pipe 7 at a flow rate of 4 to 20 m./sec. and to allow the particles to deposit electrostatically on the inner surface of the pipe, and

(e) fusing the deposited particles to form a continuous film on the inner surface of the pipe.

2. The method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe according to claim 1, in which said fiow rate of air stream is in the range of 5 to 18 m./sec.

3. The method for coating the inner surface of a metal pipe according to claim 2, in which said pipe is rotated at the rate of 5 to 50 r.p.m.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,019,126 '1/1962 Bartholomew 1l717 2,974,059 3/ 1961 'Gemmer 117DIG 6 2,974,060 3/ 1961 Dettling 117-DIG 6 8 Nagel DIG 6 Bader et al 117DIG 6 De Hart 117-21 Gill et a1 11717 Dickey et a1. 117-17 Watkins 117-17 Probst 11717 Harrison 117-21 Jones 11721 Lemelson 117--21 WILLIAM D. MARTIN, Primary Examiner M. SOFO'CLEOUS, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3904930 *Apr 17, 1974Sep 9, 1975Estey Dynamics CorpAutomatic powder spray apparatus and method for spraying the inside surfaces of containers
US3974306 *Oct 4, 1973Aug 10, 1976Kansai Paint Company, Ltd.Method for coating the inner surface of metal pipes
US3982050 *May 16, 1974Sep 21, 1976Dai Nippon Co., Ltd.Polymer powder coating
US4025664 *Nov 25, 1974May 24, 1977EppcoThin polymer film, spraying
US4104416 *May 6, 1976Aug 1, 1978Canada Wire And Cable LimitedThin walled protective coatings by electrostatic powder deposition
US4158071 *Sep 9, 1977Jun 12, 1979The Continental Group, Inc.Method and apparatus for power coating of three-piece cans
US4273798 *Jun 29, 1979Jun 16, 1981Metallgesellschaft AktiengesellschaftProcess for coating metal tubes with plastic materials
US4304179 *Dec 6, 1979Dec 8, 1981Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Marking method and device
US4420508 *Feb 23, 1981Dec 13, 1983Gibson Jack EdwardPreheating, charging of powdered plastics through tube with compressed air
US4490411 *Mar 14, 1983Dec 25, 1984Darryl FederApparatus for and method of metalizing internal surfaces of metal bodies such as tubes and pipes
US4551354 *Jul 23, 1984Nov 5, 1985Darryl FederMethod for metalizing metal bodies
US4552091 *Jul 23, 1984Nov 12, 1985Darryl FederApparatus for metalizing metal bodies
US5059453 *Mar 8, 1990Oct 22, 1991Inductametals CorporationMethod and apparatus for metalizing internal surfaces of metal bodies such as tubes and pipes
US5202160 *May 24, 1991Apr 13, 1993Inductametals CorporationSurrounding heater and rollers for rotating hollow tubes during spraying of metal powders which are melted to form uniform coatings
US5413638 *Aug 21, 1992May 9, 1995Bernstein, Jr.; PhilipApparatus for metalizing internal surfaces of tubular metal bodies
US7276264 *May 3, 2005Oct 2, 2007Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcMethods for coating conduit interior surfaces utilizing a thermal spray gun with extension arm
US7324011Apr 14, 2004Jan 29, 2008Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcMethod and system for pipeline communication
US7334485May 26, 2005Feb 26, 2008Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcSystem, method and computer-readable medium for locating physical phenomena
US7354561Nov 17, 2004Apr 8, 2008Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcChemical reactor and method for chemically converting a first material into a second material
US8256089 *Jun 15, 2006Sep 4, 2012Saipem S.A.Method of covering inside surface of steel connection part
US8287814Feb 8, 2008Oct 16, 2012Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcChemical reactor for converting a first material into a second material
US8591821Apr 23, 2009Nov 26, 2013Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcCombustion flame-plasma hybrid reactor systems, and chemical reactant sources
US20090129853 *Jun 15, 2006May 21, 2009Saipem S.A.Part for Connecting Pipes Including an Internal Liner, a Covering Method, and a Method of Assembly
USRE32921 *Dec 28, 1981May 9, 1989GCB, Inc.Method of powder coating the inside of pipes with a continuous film of plastic material
WO1995019853A1 *Jan 25, 1995Jul 27, 1995Queensland Heavy Duty CoatingApplying coatings to tubing interiors
Classifications
U.S. Classification427/476, 427/195, 118/622, 118/306, 118/318, 427/183
International ClassificationB05B5/08, B05B5/12
Cooperative ClassificationB05B5/12
European ClassificationB05B5/12