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Publication numberUS3814948 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 4, 1974
Filing dateOct 10, 1972
Priority dateOct 10, 1972
Also published asCA986182A, CA986182A1
Publication numberUS 3814948 A, US 3814948A, US-A-3814948, US3814948 A, US3814948A
InventorsSchuchmann R, Schutten H, Small I, Van Zeeland D
Original AssigneeCutler Hammer Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Universal on-delay timer
US 3814948 A
Abstract
An on-delay timer comprised substantially entirely of solid state elements for energizing a load a timed interval after the pilot switch is closed. Upon reopening the switch, the load is immediately deenergized and the timer is automatically reset into readiness for another timing operation. The timer is universal in that it can be operated on a wide range of voltages (20 to 132) of either D.C. or 50/60 Hz A.C., and the value of the load current can be from a few milliamperes to a value limited by the capabilities of the components used, such as one ampere for a typical timer. It incorporates a leaky switch detector that enables proper operation even if the switch leaks current to some extent. An indicator indicates "off," timing (flashing) and "on " conditions.
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United States Patent [191 Schuchmann et all. .lune4, 1974 [54] UNIVERSAL QN-DELAY TIMER 3,641,397 2/l972 Elliot et al., 3l7/l4l S [75] Inventors: Russell P. Schuclunann, Racine;

. Herman P. Schutten, Elm Grove; zz f x 'fi g g g E h r W A Isadore Small, lll, Milwaukee; A 2 e Donald L. Van Zeeland, Franklin, all u of 57] ABSTRACT [73] Asslgnee? Cqtler-Hammer, Mllwaukee An on-delay timer comprised substantially entirely of solid state elements for energizing a load a timed in- [22 Filed; 0m 10 1972 terval after the pilot switch is closed. Upon reopening the switch, the load is immediately deenergized and [2]] Appl- 296,275 the timer is automatically reset into readiness for an- 1 other timing operation. The timer is universal in that it 52] us. Cl. ..307' 141,317/141s can be Operated on a wide range of voltages to [51 1'- rm. Cl. *1/00 ofeirher D0 or 50/60 Hz and the value of [58] Field of Search 317/141 5, 142, 148.5 B; the load Current-can be from a f milliamperes to a 302/141 R; 315/360 value limited by the capabilities of the components used, such as one ampere for a typical timer. lt incor -R f Cited porates a leaky switch detector that enables proper UNITED STATES PATENTS operation even if the switch leaks current to some ex- 3 512048 5/1970 W H t t 1 317/141 S tent. An indicator indicates off," timing (flashing) Ll en OWI Z e a u n I 3,555,367 1/1971 W atson s n/141 s and on commons 3584262 6/197! Gary 317/141 5 10 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure 1.1 Pan 2 meal/r lei/ i l ans/a H5 an 2) m/a/mrm @3 3 c/ecu/r I p4 m6 r/M/Na I Ian a6 c/eca/r II 5% gm #15 4 a ll g 12/4 5 I s .zor I is if} 31' l T mg? L 1 723 m 1a m a we 1;? Q8 vvvvv Q I L 43 k5 Le! 65 c I LIMP i) h w- Q :5 l

1 UNIVERSAL ON-DELAY TIMER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to solid state on-delay timers.

An object of the invention is to provide an on delay timer of the universal type, meaning that it has a wide range of application'to different voltages and loads.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer that will operate properly on a wide range of supply voltage values.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer that will operate properly on either DC. or AC. power.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer that will supply a wide range of load currents.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer that will control either resistive or inductive loads.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer with leaky switch detection means enabling proper operation if, on closing, the pilot switch impedance goes below a predetermined level and if, on opening, the pilot switch impedance goes above apredetermined higher level.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer with an indicator that is off when the load is deenergized, flashes when the timer is timing, and is on when the load is energized.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer that resets if the pilot switch is reopened during the timing interval.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide an on-delay timer having combinations of the aforementioned features.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The single FIGURE of the drawing shows a semiconductor universal on-delay timer constructed in accordance with the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawing, there is shown a solid state universal on-delay timer system according to the invention. This timer system'is a delay on energization or ondelay timer in that it energizes a load' L a predetermined time interval after closure of pilot switch SW.

This timer system is supplied with electrical power through a pair of power line terminals LI and L2 shown at the left side of the drawing. This electrical supply may be either AC. or DC. and may have a wide range of voltage between 20 and 132 volts.

The load circuit comprises a path from terminal LI through pilot switch SW, triac Q3 and load L to terminal L2. As will be apparent, when pilot switch SW is closed and triac O3 is fired into conduction, the load will be energized with AC. or DC. depending upon which type of supply is connected to the line terminals.

The system is provided with a power supply circuit for supplying control voltage of 15 volts DC. to the timer circuit. This power'supply circuit comprises primarily transistors 01 and Q4. As shown at the left part of the drawing, the base of transistor OI is supplied with voltage from a voltage divider comprising a rectifying diode Dland resistors Rll, R2 and R3 connected in series in that order from terminal L1 to terminal L2. The base of transistor O1 is connected to the junction between resistors R1 and R2. The emitter of transistor O1 is supplied with voltage from terminal Ll through switch SW and rectifying diode D2 while the collector thereof is connected through resistors R4 and R5 in series to terminal L2. From this it will be apparent that whenever switch SW is closed, transistor Q] will be rendered conducting as long as the impedance of the closed switch is below a predetermined low value, hereinafter described in connection with the leaky switch detection circuit. Also, whenever switch SW is opened, transistor Q1 will be rendered nonconducting as long as the impedance of the open switch is above a predetermined high value as hereinafter described.

Also in this power circuit for supplying transistor O4 with voltage, a rectifying circuit extends from terminals Ll through switch SW, a rectifying diode D3 and current limiting resistor R1] in series to the collector of transistor Q4. The base of transistor O4 receives voltage through resistor R7 from the collector of transistor Q1. The emitter of transistor O4 is connected through a reverse-blockingdiode D4 to conductor 2 to supply 1; volts. DC. or the like thereto.

Transistor O4 is a power transistor connected as an emitter follower to supply the control voltage to the timer and indicator circuits to the right thereof.

Also in this power circuit, a zener diode ZDI is connected from the base of transistor 04 to terminal L2. This may be a 15 volt z'ener diode or the like to regulate the DC. voltage on conductor 2 at l5 volts.

The aforementioned leaky switch detector circuit is incorporated into this power circuit. This leaky switch detection is accomplished with transistor Q1, its base bias circuit including resistors R1, R2 and R3 and resistor R6. This latter resistor R6 is in series in the circuit extending from terminal Ll through switch SW, diode D3 and resistor R6 to terminal L2. Resistor R6 forms with the impedance of switch SW a voltage divider whose junction is connected through diode D2 to the emitter of transistor 01. Thus, the switch impedances at which transistor Q1 will turn on and off can be pre determined by the base bias voltage and the value of resistor R6.

A filter circuit comprising a capacitor C4 and a resis- A reset disabling switching transistor O2 is provided to shunt the inputs to reset transistors Q5 and O6 whenever the pilot switch is closed and the system is operating. At other times, the reset transistors conduct to discharge the filter capacitor and timing capacitor, respectively. For this purpose, the collector of transistor 02 is supplied with voltage from the junction between resistors R2 and R3. The base of transistor O2 is supplied with voltage from the junction between resistor R4 and its base bias resistor R5 and its emitter is connected to terminal L2.

Filter reset transistor O5 receives base current through its base bias resistor R12 from. the junction of resistors R2 and R3, and receives collector current through current limiting resistor R14 from DC. conductor litsemitter being connected to terminalls2 A transient voltage suppressing capacitor C 1 is connected from the junction of resistors R2 and R3 to terminal L2 to prevent inadvertent turn-on of the reset transistors.

Timer reset transistor Q6 receives base current from the junction of resistors R2 and R3 through its base bias resistor R13 and receives collector voltage from the timer circuit as hereinafter described its emitter is connected to terminal L2.

The timer circuit is provided with a regulated volt D.C. supply. For this purpose current limiting resistor R16 and a 10 volt zener diode ZD2 are connected in series from DC. conductor 2 to terminal L2. The junction of resistor R16 and zener diode ZD2 is connected to 10 volt D.C. conductor 4.

The timer circuit comprises a bridge circuit supplied with voltage across conductor 4 and terminal L2 and provides the control bias voltage for a programmable unijunction-transistor (PUT) Q7 used as a trigger device. For this purpose, the left leg of the bridge comprises a variable resistor P], a fixed resistor R17 and a timing capacitor C5 connected in that order from conductor 4 to terminal L2. The junction between resistor R17 and capacitor C5 is connected through current limiting resistor R18 to the anode of PUT Q7. The right leg of the bridge comprises resistors R19 and R20 connected in series from conductor 4 to terminal L2. The junction between resistors R19 and R20 is connected to the gateof the PUT. A capacitor C6 is connected across resistor R20 to delay the drop of voltage on the gate of the PUT and prevent its falling below its anode I voltage and thereby to prevent firing of the PUT when the timer is being reset.

The collector-emitter circuit of the aforementioned timer reset transistor 06 is connected across resistor R18 and capacitor C5 to discharge this timer capacitor.

The output of the timer circuit is used to fire an SCR that energizes a reed relay that, in turn, renders the aforementioned triac Q3 conductive in the load circuit. For this purpose, the cathode of the PUT is connected to the gate of silicon controller rectifier (SC R) Q8. The anode of the. SCR is supplied with voltage from conductor 2 through light emitting diode LED and the coil CR of an isolating reed relay. The cathode of the SCR is connected to terminal L2. A transient voltage suppressingcapacitor C7 is connected between the gate and cathode of the SCR. A gate bias register R21 is connected between the gate and cathode of the SCR. A transient voltage suppressing capacitor C8 is also connected across the SCR Q8 anode-cathode terminals.

The flasher indicator circuit comprises a light emitting diode LED and a state indicator circuit that causes it to be off when the load is not energized, to flash when the system is timing, and to provide a steady light when the load isenergized.

This state indicator circuit comprises a voltage divider including resistors R22 and R23 in series connected from DC. conductor 2 to terminal L2. The junction between resistors R22 and R23 is connected to the base of transistor Q10 to apply a base current thereto. A flasher control capacitor C9 and a resistor R24 are connected in series from conductor 2 to terminal L2. The junction between capacitor C9 and resistor R24 is connected to the emitter of transistor 010.

In this state indicator circuit, the emitter of transistor O9 is supplied with voltage fromconductor 2 through resistor R25 while the collector thereof is connected to the base of transistor O10. The junction of light emitting diode LED and reed relay coil CR is connected through resistor R26 to the base of transistor 09, and the emitter of transistor 09 is connected through resistor R27 to the junction between reed relay coil CR and the anode of the SCR. Resistor R27 is much larger in resistance value than coil CR and resistor R26 together so that the resistance of the base-emitter path through resistor R27, coil CR and resistor R26 is primarily determined by resistor R27 for reasons hereinafter described.

OPERATION OF THE STATE INDICATOR Assuming that SCR O8 and transistors 09 and Q10 are initially non-conducting, the voltage divider applies a bias current to the base of transistor Q10. Initially a higher positive voltage is applied to the emitter from conductor 2 through capacitor C9 to reverse bias the base-emitter circuit and hold transistor O10 nonconducting.

As capacitor C9 charges by current flow through resistor R24, the voltage at the emitter of transistor Q10 decreases below the voltage on the base to start the transistor conducting at about 0.6 volt forward baseemitter voltage. At low values of collector current, the collector current of transistor Q10 is shunted around the emitter-base circuit of transistor 09, that is, it flows through the shunt path formed by resistor R27, coil CR and resistor R26. Since resistor R27 is much larger in resistance value than coil CR and resistor R26 such as 220 kilohms as against 470 ohms for resistor R26, the resistance of'the shunt path is determined primarily by resistor R27. Resistor R27 serves two purposes. It shunts Q8 and Q10 leakage currents around the emitter-base circuit 'of transistor 09 and thereby prevents spurious turn-on of the 09-010 pair due to leakage current. It also establishes the peak point current of the the 09-010 pair in that the current flowing in transistor O10 must reach a value to develop 0.6 volt across resistor R27 before transistor Q9 conducts and regeneration in the 09-010 pair occurs.

When capacitor C9 charges to the point where the base-emitter junction of transistor Q10 becomes sufficiently forward biased, the 09-010 transistor pair switches on. That is, the voltage drop across resistor R27 causes emitter-base current to flow-in transistor Q9 to render it conducting. The transistor O9collector current then goes to the base-emitter junction oftransistor Q10 to turn the latter on more, causing transistor ()9 to conduct more, etc., causing regeneration.

This regenerating conduction of the transistor pair allows capacitor C9 to discharge. This discharge current flowsprimarily through light emitting diode LED, resistor R26 and transistor Q10 to light the LED, but some current also flows through the secondary path consisting of resistor R25, emitter-collector of transistor O9 and base-emitter of the transistor 010. The initial discharge current is limited by resistor R26 which also serves to lengthen the discharge time thereby to provide a more visible LED flash. Since the initial discharge current has a high value, the LED brightness is high. Since the pulse current through the LED is obtained from charge stored on capacitor C9, both the steady state and pulse current demands from the voltage supply from conductor 2 are low.

The indicator LED is now lit and will be extinguished when capacitor C9 has discharged. For this purpose, as the discharge current from capacitor C9 decays to zero, the voltage drop across resistor R26 becomes snall so that the voltage at the base of transistor 09 is provided primarily by the diode voltage drop characteristic of the LED. The voltage drop across the LED is substantially constant at about 1.5 volts over a wide range of currents. Thus, the voltage across resistor R is maintained at this voltage minus the emitter-base junction drop of transistor 09 or 1.5 minus 0.6 which is 0.9 volts; Under these conditions, the circuit including the LED, transistor Q9 and the resistor R25 is equivalent to a current source that injects a current of 0.41 matvoltage 0.9 divided by 2,200 ohms resistance of resistor R25 into the junction between the base of the transistor Q10 and resistors R22 and R23. The current provided by this current source determines the turn-off point of the (39-010 pair. As capacitor C9 discharges, the voltage at the emitter oftransistor 010 will rise until it reaches a given value at which the curent being drawn through the voltage divider is equal to the current provided by this current source. Thus, no base drive current is available for transistor Q10 and transistors Q10 and Q9 are rendered non-conducting, causing the indicator LED to be extinguished.

Capacitor C9 is then free to resume charging to provide a second flash in a similar manner. The flash rate is preferably about two per second.

When SCR O8is fired into conduction as hereinafter described, current will flow continuously from conductor 2 through the LED, coil CR and the SCR to provide a steady indication.

OPERATION OF THE TlMl NG SYSTEM When this system is used on a DC. supply, the positive side is connected to terminal L1 and the negative or grounded side is connected to terminal L2. This causes current flow through diode D1 and resistors R1, R2 and R3 to apply a bias voltage on the base of transistor Q1 that is lower than the supply voltage in accordance with the drop in diode D1 and resistor R1.

For on-delay energization of load L, switch SW is closed. Current flows from terminal L1 therethrough 6 and through diode D3 and resistor R6 to terminal L2.

The leaky switch detection occurs as follows. The impedance of the closed switch SW and resistor R6 form a voltage divider. The voltage from the junction of this divider is applied through diode D2 to the emitter of transistor Q1. it will be apparent that the higher the impedance of the closed switch, the lower this emitter voltage will be. This transistor will not be rendered conducting unless its emitter-base junction is forward biased. Thus, the transistor detects the impedance of the pilot switch and will allow proper operation if the closed switch impedance is low enough such as less than ohms, for example. On reopening, the load will deenergize if the open switch impedance is high enough such as greater than 40,000 ohms, for example, as hereinafter described.

On closure of switch SW, assuming its impedance is less than 100 ohms, transistor 01 is turned on, causing current flow through diode D2, emitter-collector junction of transistor Q1 and resistors R4 and R5. The voltage drop across resistor R5 forward biases the baseemitter junction of transistor O2 to render the latter conducting thereby to shunt base current from resettransistors Q5 and 06. This keeps the reset transistors Q5 and Q6 turned off, allowing the filter capacitor C4 and timing capacitor C5 to charge as hereinafter described.

.Closure of switch SW as aforesaid also applies the supply voltage across triac Q3 and load L. The supply voltage is also applied by switch SW through diode D3 and resistor R11 to the collector of power transistor Q4. Current from the collector of transistor 01 is applied through resistor R7 to the base of transistor 04 to render the latter conducting. This causes a DC. voltageto be applied through transistor 04 and diode D4 to conductor 2. Zener diode ZDl at the base of transistor Q4 regulates this voltage to l5 volts DC.

The filter comprising capacitor C4 and resistor R15 smooths the DC. voltage when the system is used with an AC. power supply.

The timer circuit supply voltage is taken from the DC. conductor. Current flows from conductor 2 through resistor R16 and Zener diode ZDZ to regulate the voltage on conductor 4 at 10 volts D.C.

For the timing function, current flows through variable resistor P1 and resistor R117 to charge timing capacitor C5, the charging rate and thus the time interval being set at variable resistor P1. Current also flows through resistors R19 and R20 in the other leg of the bridge to apply a bias voltage from the junction of this voltage divider to the gate of PUT Q7. Capacitor C6 charges to the voltage across resistor R20. Now, when timing capacitor C5 charges, the voltage on the anode of the PUT increases. This charging time is the time interval of the on-delay system. During this time interval, since the DC. control voltage is being applied to the flasher indicator circuit, the LED flashes in the manner hereinbefore described to indicate that the system is timing. Before switch SW was closed, of course, the LED was off since there was no voltage on conductor 2.

The timing interval terminates when the anode voltage of the PUT exceeds the level of the gate voltage. At this time, the PUT triggers on and applies current from its cathode to the gate of SCR Q8 to fire the latter into conduction. As a result, current now flows through the LED, coil CR and the SCR to energize the reed relay and close its contact CR1. As a result, current flows into the gate of triac O3 to fire the triac into conduction thereby toenergize the load.

The current flow in the SCR maintains the LED continuously lighted to indicate that the load is energized.

When switch SW is reopened, the load is deenergizes instantly and without any time delay if the impedance across the open switch is 40,000 ohms or'more. If the switch impedance is at least that amount, the voltage drop across it will be enough to reverse bias the emitter-base junction of transistor 01 to render it nonconducting. This switch thus opens the load circuit to deenergize the load. The switch also disconnects the control voltage so that the reed relay is deenergized and its contact opened and the LED is extinguished to indicate that the load is deenergized.

The circuit is reset as follows. Opening of switch SW removes the base current from transistor Q2, rendering the latter nonconducting so it no longer shunts the base-emitter junctionsof the reset transistors. Conse-' quently, the voltage across resistor R3 is now applied to bias the base-emitter junctions of transistors Q5 and 06 on. As a result, filter capacitor C4 discharges through resistor R14 and the collectingemitter junction of transistor O5. And timing capacitor C5 discharges through resistor R18 and the collector-emitter junction of transistor O6. in this manner, the capacitors are reset to zero charge so that the system will always start from the same point when switch SW is closed resulting inaccurate timing repeatability.

When A.C. power is connected to terminals L1 and L2, the system operates in substantially the same manner as with DC. power except that half-wave rectified power is used for control purposes and full-wave power is used for the load. Thus, the positive half-cycle of the supply voltage is applied through diodes D1, D2 and D3 and the negative half-cycle is blocked. Also, the positive half-cycle of voltage is applied through power transistor Q4 and diode D4 to the DC. conductor and the negative half-cycle is blocked. Under this condition, the rectified half-wave voltage on the DC. conductor is smoothed by filter C4-Rl5 to provide smooth unidirectional voltage for operation of the timer circuit and the flasher indicator circuit in the manner hereinbefore described. When contact CR1 is closed at the end of the timedelay period, triac O3 is fired on each half-cycle to provide full-wave A.C. energization of the load. For'this purpose, the gating pulse of current must be applied to the gate of the triac to render it conducting. When terminal L1 is positive, current flows through contact CR1 and resistor R8 into the gate and out of the lower terminal of triac O3 to render it conducting. When terminal L2 is positive on alternate halfcycles of the supply A.C. voltage. current flows into the lower terminal and out of the gate and then through resistor R8 and contact CR1 to fire the triac into conduction.

Reed relay CR electrically isolates the control circuit from the power output (load) circuit.

While the system hereinbefore described is effectively adapted to fulfill the objects stated, it is to be understood that the invention is not intended to be confined to the particular preferred embodiment of universal on-delay timer disclosed inasmuch as it is susceptible of various modifications without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A universal on-delay timer system that operates properly on any power supply voltage through a wide range of voltages of either AC or DC. to energize a load a time interval after closure of a pilot switch comprising:

' an electrical power supply source;

a load circuit including power switching means controllable to connect said source to said load;

a control circuit comprising a timer circuit including triggering means operable by said timer circuit at the end of a precisely measured time interval;

a power conversion circuit fed from said source for providing a control voltage of predetermined value for a wide range of power supply voltages of either AC. or DC;

a pilot switch operable to control energization and deenergization of the load;

means including said power conversion circuit responsive to closure of said pilot switch for applying said control voltage to operate said timer circuit;

means including control switching means responsive to said triggering means at time-out of said timer circuit for operating said power switching means to energize the load at the end of a precisely measured time interval for accurate repeatability;

said control switching means including means electrically isolating said control circuit from said load circuit,

2. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said pilot switch is effective upon reopening thereof for controlling immediate deenergization of the load.

3. A universal on-delay timer system that operates properly on any power supply voltage through a wide range ofvoltages of either AC. or DC. to energize a load a time interval after closure of a pilot switch comprising:

an electrical power supply source;

a load circuit including power switching means controllable to connect said source to said load;

a control circuit comprising a timer circuit;

a power conversion circuit fed from said source for providing a control voltage of predetermined value for a wide range of power supply voltages of either a pilot switch operable to control energization and deenergization of the load;

means including said power conversion circuit responsive to closure of said pilot switch for applying said control voltage to operate said timer circuit;

' means including control switching means responsive to time-out of said timer circuit for operating said power switching means to energize the load;

said control switching means including means electrically isolating said control circuit from said load v circuit;

said pilot switch being effective upon reopening thereof for controlling immediate deenergization of the load;

said power conversion circuit incorporating:

a leaky switch detection circuit comprising:

impedance means;

and means for detecting the relative impedance of said pilot switch and to allow proper operation under conditions where the closed pilot switch imimately 100 ohms and said predetermined large value is approximately 40,000 ohms.

5. A universal on-delay timer system that operates properly on any power supply voltage through a wide range of voltages of either A.C. or DC. to energize a load a time interval after closure of a pilot switch comprising:

an electrical power supply source;

a load circuit including power switching meanscontrollable to connect said source to said load;

a control circuit comprising a timer circuit;

a power conversion circuit fed from said source for providing a control voltage of predetermined value for a wide range of power supply voltages of either A.C. or DC;

a pilot switch operable to control energization and deenergization of the load;

means including said power conversion circuit responsive to closure of said pilot switch for applying said control voltage to operate said timer circuit;

means including control switching means responsive to timeout of said timer circuit for operating said power switching means to energize the load;

said control switching means including means electrically isolating said control circuit from said load circuit;

said control circuit comprising:

an indicator circuit fed from said control voltage comprising:

a visual indicator that is off when said pilot switch is open;

means responsive to closure of said pilot switch to initiate timing for causing said visual indicator to operate in a flashing mode;

and means responsive to said control switching means at time-out for terminating said flashing mode and operating said visual indicator in a continuous indication mode.

6. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said control circuit comprises:

semiconductor means for resetting said timer circuit so that each timing cycle is uniform for accurate repeatability;

and reset disabling means responsive to closure of said pilot switch for rendering said resetting means ineffective. and being responsive to reopening of said pilot switch for allowing operation of said resetting means.

7. A universal on-delay timer system that operates properly on any power supply voltage through a wide range of voltages of either A.C. or DC. to energize a load a time interval after closure of a pilot switch comprising:

an electrical power supply source; e

a load circuit comprising a triac and a pilot switch operable to connect said load circuit to said power supply source and to initiate operation of the system;

a control circuit comprising a timer circuit and an indicator circuit;

a power conversion circuit fed from said source for providing a regulated unidirectional control volt age of predetermined value for a wide range of power supply voltages above said value and of ei-. ther A.C. or DC;

means including said power conversion circuit responsive to to operation of said pilot switch for providing said unidirectional control voltage to said control circuit to initiate operation of said timer circuit;

a visual indicator and means in said indicator circuit responsive to said unidirectional control voltage while said timer is timing for causing flashing of said visual indicator;

and control switching means responsive to time-out of said timer circuit for firing said triac into conduction to energize said load and for continuously energizing said visual indicator. g

8. The invention defined in claim 7, wherein said power conversion circuit incorporates:

a leaky switch detector circuit comprising:

a detector transistor;

means fed from said power supply source for applying a bias voltage to said transistor;

means comprising an impedance forming with said pilot switch a voltage divider fed from said power supply source to apply an operating voltage to said transistor in opposition to said bias voltage;

and said bias voltage and said impedance being proportional so that said transistor conducts when the closed pilot switch impedance is below a predetermined small value and stops conducting when the.

open pilot switch impedance is above a predetermined large value. 9. The invention defined in claim 8, wherein said power conversion circuit also comprises:

means comprising an emitter-follower power transistor. fed from said power supply source and being responsive to conduction of said detector transistor for providing said unidirectional control voltage. 10. The invention defined in claim 7, wherein said control switching means comprises:

a reed relay for firing said triac into conduction; and a semi-conductor controlled rectifier for energizing said reed relay and for continuously energizing said visual indicator.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3939384 *Oct 2, 1974Feb 17, 1976Iwatani & Co., Ltd.Electric timer switch
US4079267 *Jun 10, 1976Mar 14, 1978Cutler-Hammer, Inc.Modular IC on-delay timer
US4097791 *Dec 1, 1975Jun 27, 1978Towmotor CorporationDelayed turn-on and turn-off control circuit
US4204242 *Jun 8, 1978May 20, 1980Schleicher Gmbh & Co. Relais-Werke KgTime delay circuit for timing relays
US4360743 *Jul 23, 1980Nov 23, 1982Stokes John HSolid state control device for gradually turning on and off an electrical load
US4412267 *Feb 22, 1982Oct 25, 1983Eaton CorporationTime-delay current sensing circuit breaker relay
US4467219 *Jun 7, 1982Aug 21, 1984Dennis ReidVariable time delay apparatus for controlling the start of a vehicle
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US5202585 *Jun 22, 1992Apr 13, 1993Pioneer Electronic CorporationElectronic device including improved connection device
US5406129 *Jun 22, 1994Apr 11, 1995Cpx Industries, Inc.Flashing locator switch control with built-in lamp operation test
US5666081 *Mar 31, 1993Sep 9, 1997The Nippon Signal Co., Ltd.On-delay circuit
US8446704 *Jan 26, 2011May 21, 2013Li-Chun LaiTiming device without neutral line
USRE32474 *Aug 20, 1986Aug 11, 1987 Variable time delay apparatus for controlling the start of a vehicle
EP0644655A1 *Mar 31, 1993Mar 22, 1995The Nippon Signal Co. Ltd.On-delay circuit
EP0644655A4 *Mar 31, 1993Aug 30, 1995Nippon Signal Co LtdOn-delay circuit.
Classifications
U.S. Classification307/141, 361/198
International ClassificationH03K17/292, H03K17/28
Cooperative ClassificationH03K17/292
European ClassificationH03K17/292