|Publication number||US3815282 A|
|Publication date||Jun 11, 1974|
|Filing date||Aug 30, 1972|
|Priority date||Aug 30, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3815282 A, US 3815282A, US-A-3815282, US3815282 A, US3815282A|
|Original Assignee||L Frost|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Frost AMUSEMENT DEVICE HAVING INTERCHANGEABLE COMPONENTS  inventor: Lynn Marie Frost, 512 E. Parkway,
Appleton, Wis. 54911  Filed: Aug. 30, 1972 [211 App]. No.: 284,873
152] US. Cl. 46/16, 46/26  Int. Cl A63h 33/00  Field of Search 46/16, 17, 25, 26, 22,,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 604,708 5/1898 Burton 46/26 2,093,341 9/1937 Reiche 46/26 2,877,506 3/1959 Almoslino 46/26 X June 11, 1974 Primary Examiner-Antonio F. Guida Assistant Examiner-D. L. Weinhold Attorney, Agent, or Firm-James E. Nilles 57 ABSTRACT An amusement device of the take-apart and puttogether type comprises a plurality of semi-circular, nestable multi-colored components, each having a hole therein, which can be assembled in various ways.
Some or all of the components may be layed on a flat horizontal surface and arranged in concentric circles or semicircles or in an end-to-end sinuous arrangement. Or, some or all of the components may be arranged on the rod, when the latter is vertically disposed, as concentric circles or semicircles, each lying in a different vertical plane.
3 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures AMUSEMENT DEVICE HAVING INTERCHANGEABLE COMPONENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to amusement devices and particularly to those of the take-apart and put-together type comprising a plurality of components which can be assembled in a variety of ways.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART Numerous amusement devices of the aforesaid character are commercially available and particularly de- SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION In accordance with the present invention, there is provided an amusement device of the take-apart and put-together type which comprises a plurality of components which can be assembled in a variety of ways. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, each component is semi-circular in form and is adapted to meet with a complementary component of the same size and configuration. Each component is adapted to nest within an adjacent component of similar shape but larger in size and preferably of a different color. Each component is provided with a centrally located opening which is adapted to receive a rod which can extend therethrough. .In use, some of the possible ways of assembling or arranging the components are as follows. The components maybe arranged on a flat surface in the formof concentric rings giving a bulls-eye appearance, or in the form of concentric semicircles giving a rainbow appearance. The concentric semicircles can be arranged back-to-back. Or components may be laid end-to-end in a sinuous configuration. The components may also be arranged vertically, with the rod affording mechanical support, in the form of concentric circles with each circles lying in a different vertical plane. Also, the components may be arranged so that the components are nested and the ends of each component rests on a flat surface, with each component lying in a different vertical plane. The last described arrangement may be elaborated on by disposing the remaining components in inverted nested arrangement on the rod and capable of relative motion with respect to each other. In a preferred embodiment of the invention,
each component is semicircular, but it is to be understood that components could be rectangular or triangular in form whereby any two complementary components would form a rectangle. Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.
DRA WINGS FIG. 1 is a plan view of an amusement device or ap paratus in'accordance with the invention showing its components arranged in concentric circles and with a rod securing the components together;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of one of the components shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but wherein the rod is removed and the segments are arranged at random in concentric circles;
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but showing only half of the components arranged in concentric order;
FIG. 5 is a plan view showing the components arranged end-to-end in sinuous form; v
FIG. 6 is a perspective viewshowing how the arrangement of FIG. 1 may be disposed or positioned on edge with each pair of complementary components disposed in a different vertical plane;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing half of the components disposed in nested arrangement on a vertical rod and with the end surfaces of each component rested on a surface; and
FIG. 8 is a perspectiveview similar to FIG. 7 but showing the other half of the components disposed on the rod with their end portions projecting upwardly.
DESCRIPTION OF APREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1 there is shown an amusement device or apparatus in accordance with the present invention and which comprises components designated'I, 2, 3, 4 and 5 arranged with complementary components designated 1', 2, 3, 4, and 5 on a rod 6 which extends through a rod receiving hole 9 in each of the components l-5 and l'5'. It may be assumed, for example, that the components 1, 2,, 3, 4, and 5 are fabricated of wood, plastic, metal or otherrigid material, and that the-components are colored white, yellow, orange, brown and red, respectively. The complementary components 15' may also be assumed to be of the same color andmaterial as the components wit which they mate or cooperate.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of component I and it is to be understood that the other components 2-5 and 2'5 are similar in shape although different in size, except for component 1 which is identical in size and shape to component I. As FIG. 2 shows, component I is semicircular or arch-like in form and comprises a first end portion 10, a second end portion 11, a intermediate offset portion 12, and a central cut-out or relieved portion 7. For descriptive purposes component 1 comprises atop or front surface 13, a bottom or back surface 14, an inner surface 15, an outer surface 16, a first end surface 17, and a second end surface 18. The intermediate portion 12 of component 1 is provided with a rod receiving hole 9 which extends therethrough from inner surface 15 to outer surface 16. Each of the other components is constructed in the same manner as component 1.
Referring again to FIG. 1, it is seen that components 1 and 1' form a set of components. Similarly, components 2 and 2', 3 and3, 4 and 4', and 5 and 5 also form sets. Each set of components if so proportioned and dimensioned that when the components forming a set have their end surfaces in abutting engagement, one set of components is concentrically nestable within the next larger set of components. Furthermore, the outer surface of the smaller set of components is contiguous to the inner surface of the next larger set of components. In the arrangement shown in FIG. 1, the sets of components are disposed so that all of the rodreceiving holes 9 are in axial alignment and the cylindrical rod 6 extends through all the holes to lock the 3 components in position. Furthermore, in the arrangement shown in FIG. 1 it will be noted that the complementary components in each set come together or abut along a common plane 8.
FIG. 3 is an arrangement of the components on a flat horizontal surface with rod 6 removed and with each set of components orientated with respect to the other sets of components so that the rod receiving holes 9 are not in axial alignment. The configuration shown in FIG. 3 is, in effect, that of a puzzle comprising a plurality of components which need to be mated with respect to color and size in order to complete the assembly.
FIG. 4 is an arrangement of the components 1-5 on aflat horizontal surface without the use of rod 6 and wherein the components are concentrically arranged in appropriate order of magnitude with their end surfaces again lying in a common plane. The configuration shown in FIG. 4 lends itself to the teaching of orders of magnitude of components and regularizing the arrangement thereof.
In the arrangement shown in FIG. 5 the components l-5 are arranged in end-to-end relationship in descending order of size (proceeding from left to right in FIG. 5) to provide an interesting, multi-colored, sinuous form. It is to be understood that the components 1'5' could be similarly arranged and joined to the arrangement shown in FIG. 5. Furthermore, the arrangement shown in FIG. 5 could be altered so that the components 1-5 could be placed in some other order.
In the arrangement shown in FIG. 6 the components are disposed on the rod 6 as shown in FIG. 1 and the rod 6 is disposed vertically. Balancing of the apparatus is accomplished by moving each set of components into a different vertical plane until proper balance is achieved. The arrangement shown in FIG. 6 teaches the principles of balance of objects and principles of relative motion. FIG. 7 shows an arrangement wherein the components l-5, for example, are inverted and disposed in concentric order on rod 6 which is vertically disposed. In FIG. 7 the end surfaces of each component rest on a horizontal supporting surface. The positioning of the components as shown in FIG. 7 can be maintained even though rod 6 is withdrawn.
The arrangement shown in FIG. 8 is similar to that of FIG. 7 in that rod 6 is vertically disposed and the components l-5 are disposed thereon in inverted or downwardly extending position. In addition, the components 1'5' are disposed in nested concentric, upwardly extending arrangement on rod 6. It is to be understood that in the arrangement shown in FIG. 8, any of the components 1'5' could be rotated on rod 6 to illustrate principles of relative motion and color mixing.
In the embodiment of the invention disclosed herein, as previously noted, each component is semicircular or arch-like in form. However, it is to be understood that components could have other arch-like shapes provided such shape included first and second end'portions joined by an intermediate portion having a rodreceiving hole therein and provided that each component had flat first and second end surfaces such as the surfaces 17 and 18 of component 1.
An amusement device or apparatus in accordance with the present invention is useful not only to amuse a youngster, but to teach numbers, colors, orderly arrangement of components, principles of balance and symmetry, principles of relative size and so forth.
1. Amusement apparatus comprising: a plurality of components adapted to be arranged flat or upstanding on either end in various combinations on a flat surface, each component having an arch-like configuration and encompassing a recess, each component also having a centrally-located rod-receiving hole extending therethrough between its inner and outer surfaces, and each component terminating in two flat end surfaces which lie in a common plane, some components being of different sizes than others and each component being nestable within the recess of another component of larger size, each component having a complementary component of the same size and configuration .with which it is cooperable in abutting relationship to form a set of components defining an enclosed central opening with each set of components being nestable within the central opening of another set of components of larger size, and a rod for insertion through said rodreceiving holes and with respect to which each component mounted thereon is relatively rotatable, said rod having a length at least equal to the outside dimension defined by the largest set of components when the flat end surfaces of those components are in abutting relationship, said rods being adapted to maintain differentsized components in nested relationship or to maintain sets of components in nested relationship.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein each component has a semicircular configuration and wherein each set comprises two semicircular components of the same size and configuration arrangeable in abutting relationship to form a full circle.
3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein all the end surfaces of the different sized components can be arranged to lie in the same plane when said different sized components are in nested relationship.
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|US604708 *||May 27, 1896||May 24, 1898||Child s building-blocks|
|US2093341 *||Mar 9, 1936||Sep 14, 1937||Reiche Robert A||Building block set|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|International Classification||A63F9/06, A63F9/12|
|Cooperative Classification||A63F2009/1216, A63F2009/128, A63F9/06, A63F9/12|
|European Classification||A63F9/06, A63F9/12|