|Publication number||US3816968 A|
|Publication date||Jun 18, 1974|
|Filing date||May 3, 1973|
|Priority date||May 3, 1973|
|Also published as||CA997667A, CA997667A1, DE2420633A1, DE2420633C2|
|Publication number||US 3816968 A, US 3816968A, US-A-3816968, US3816968 A, US3816968A|
|Inventors||Morgan J, Schlueter D, Seymour L|
|Original Assignee||Illinois Tool Works|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (24), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Morgan et a1.
DRUM ASSEMBLY FOR CONTAINER CARRIER MACHINE Inventors: John Edward Morgan; David Frederick Schlueter; Lonnie Ray Seymour, all of Hoopeston, Ill.
Assignee: Illinois Tool Works, Inc., Chicago,
Filed: May 3, 1973 Appl. No.: 356,880
U.S. Cl. 53/48, 53/198 R Int. Cl 1365b 27/04, B65b 13/04 Field of Search 53/48, 198 R; 29/208 B References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 5/1962 Reimers et al 53/48 eob [ June 18, 1974 3,032,944 5/1962 Hull et a1. 53/48 3,204,386 9/1965 Creed et a1. 53/48 3,221,470 12/1965 Stevenson 53/48 3,775,935 12/1973 Schlueter et a1 53/48 Primary Examiner-Robert L. Spruill  ABSTRACT An improved drum assembly for container carrier assembling machines of the type wherein a continuous strip of resilient plastic carriers are continuously serially stretched and applied to containers such as cans for producing packages of the well known six-pack type.
4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures AHP PATENTEB 13 I974 snmnrs BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The improved drum assembly of the subject invention is intended to be used in known container and carrier assembling machines of the type shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,032,943 and 3,032,044. The drum assemblies of the prior art machines are of limited versatility because the jaw stations which receive, stretch and apply the carrier stock to a continuous series of cans have a limited movement and adjustability in their opening and closing operations. That limited movement requires that certain types of carrier stock be used with the machine for efficient application. The subject invention is a basic improvement over the prior art machines in the substantially increased range and character of jaw operation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the drum construction of the subject invention, a series of jaw stations are arranged about a rotating spider assembly with the jaw stations aligned adjacent one another on the periphery of the spider assembly and generally extending along lines parallel to the axis of rotation of the spider assembly.
All of the jaw stations are identical in construction, and each jaw station has two pairs of jaws. Certain rods are mounted in each jaw station for guiding, operating and supporting the pairs of jaws. Cam follower assemblies are provided at the outwardly extending ends of certain of the rods for reciprocating the rods connected thereto which in turn operate the jaws to which they are connected.
Four cam follower assemblies are provided for each jaw station, and each cam follower operates one jaw of the two pairs of jaws. Four circular cam assemblies are fixedly mounted in the machine and each of the cam follower assemblies of each jaw station cooperates with one of the cam assemblies. As the spider assembly isrotated the cam followers ride in the cam grooves of the cam assemblies to produce the necessary and proper operation of the jaws at each circumferential position of each jaw station.
Reductions to practice of the subject invention have produced the unexpected result of being able to apply carriers with substantially closer container aperture spacing to produce more compact container-carrier packages than heretofore believed possible.
The primary object of the present invention is to provide a drum construction and arrangement for a rotary carrier applicating machine which will permit carriers of closer container aperture spacing to be applied serially to containers such as cans to produce more compact container-carrier packages than heretofore deemed practically possible.
An unexpected advantage of the subject invention is that because of the individual jaw movements, a differential action is produced in the jaw operations to produce differential stretching of different portions of the carrier bands to produce different packaging effects. That adavantage may be the result of the initial closed jaw positions and the relative timing and speed of opening of the jaws from the initial closed position.
Other objects and features of the invention will be apparent upon a perusal of the hereinafter following specification and drawings.
IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a known type of applicating machine including the drum assembly of the subject invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the machine shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary end elevational view of the drum assembly of the subject invention;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of one of the jaw stations of the drum assembly of the subject invention;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the jaw station of FIG. 4; and,
FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view of the jaw station shown in FIG. 4 and taken substantially along the line 6-6 of FIG. 4.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A complete machine of the general type in which the present invention is intended to be used is shown and described in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. No. 3,032,943, which issued May 8, 1962, to J. L. Reimers et al. The complete machine need not be described herein and the noted Reimers patent is incorporated by reference herein for general details of the machine which are not described herein.
FIGS. 1 and 2 show the general organization of such a machine. Containers 10 are supplied to the machine from a container filling station ahead of the machine.
The containers enter the machine at 11 in two side-byside rows. After being properly aligned and positioned, the containers 10 are directed by an appropriate conveyor system beneath the drum assembly 12 of the subject invention. The drum assemblly 12 applies carrier stock to the upper ends of the containers 10. At the output side of the machine appropriate means (not shown) are provided for severing the applied carrier stock between selected cans to produce the container carrier packages shown at 13.
The carrier stock 16 is generally supplied to the ma chine from a reel 14, which is supported in an appropriate reel stand 15. A carrier stock 16, which has been found to be easily applied by the drum assembly 12 of the subject invention, is shown in the co-pending U.S. Pat. application of William Weaver, Ser. no. 337,505, filed Mar. 2, I973.
From the stock reel 14, the carrier stock 16 is appropriately directed over and about a series of rollers to the drum assembly 12. Such rollers are generally shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 at 17, 18 and 19.
Upon reaching the drum station 12 the carrier stock 16 is directed through an appropriate guide system, a portion of which is shown at 20 in FIG. 3. The carrier stock 16 is then received onto the jaw stations of the drum assembly 12 and carried thereabout as the assembly is rotated. As viewed in FIG. 1., the drum assembly 12 is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction. As viewed in FIG. 3, the upper end of the drum assembly 12 is being moved out of the drawing while the lower end if being moved inwardly of the drawing. In other words, the view in FIG. 3 of the drum assembly 12 is from the input side of the machine and is a view such as taken along theline 3-3 of FIG. I.
In passing through the guide system 20, the container encircling bands of the carrier stock 16 in the areas of the inner and outer sides thereof are folded to lie in planes generally perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the drum assembly 12. contemporaneously with the folding operation, the guide system 20 directs the container encircling bands of the carrier stock 16 onto the jaws of the jaw stations of the drum assembly 12. At the position of application of the carrier stock 16 to the jaws, the jaws are in what may be called their closed positions. As the drum station 12 is further rotated, the jaws are differentially moved to appropriately spread, stretch and position the container encircling bands for application to the containers 10 in the area beneath the drum station 12.
In the showing of FIG. 3, most of the jaw stations, which are indicated at 22, have been removed to clearly show the detailed construction of the drum assembly 12. The drum assembly 12 is rotatively carried between base or frame members 23 fixed in the machine. The drum shaft 24 is rotatively carried between the frame members 23 and appropriate means (not shown) are provided for rotating the shaft 24 in timed relation to the movement of the containers l beneath the drum station 12. At spaced apart positions on the shaft 24, a pair of spider wheels 25 are provided. The spider wheels 25 are fixed to rotate with the shaft 24. The spider wheels 25 have a series of tapped holes 26 about the peripheries thereof. The tapped holes 26 receive the fasteners 27 shown in FIG. 4 for each jaw station 22 to securely mount the jaw stations 22 in a sideby-side relationship about the periphery of the spider wheels 25 and with the longitudinal axes of the jaw stations 22 aligned substantially parallel to the axis of rotation of the shaft 24.
As shown in FIGS. 4, and 6, each jaw station 22 comprises a mounting plate 28 through which the fasteners 27 are carried in a longitudinally spaced apart relationship. On each end of the mounting plate 28, a support member 30 is mounted by fasteners 31. The support members 30 are positioned perpendicular to the mounting plate 28 and are provided with six holes therethrough. The six holes in the support member 30 carry six rods. Two of the rods 32 are secured between the support members 30 in a parallel spaced apart relationship to the mounting plate 28. The rods 32 in cooperation with the mounting plate 28 and the support members 30 provide a secure base and supporting arrangement for the jaws 33, 34, 35 and 36.
Each of the jaws 3336 is provided with six holes therethrough on the same spacing as the holes through the support members 30. The bottom side of each of the jaws 33-36 is provided with a slot for sliding cooperating with the mounting plate 28 as may be seen in FIG. 6. The upper sides of the jaws 33-36 are provided with curved teeth 33a-36a. The teeth 33a-36a receive and hold the folded carrier stock 16 thereabout as may be seen in FIG. 3. The space between teeth 33a and 34a and the space between teeth 35a and 36a are sufficient to encircle a container when the jaws 33-36 are in their open positions. The rods 32 extend through the jaws 33-36 for support and sliding movement of the jaws 33-36 on the rods 32.
Two operating rods are provided for each of the jaws 33-36. A pair of rods 38 are journaled through one of the support members 30. The rods 38 extend through two of the holes in the jaw 33 and are secured to the jaw 33. The other ends of the rods 38 are journaled through a cam follower assembly 41 and secured to a cam follower assembly 39. A second pair of rods are journaled through the same support member 30 as rods 38. One end of each of the rods 40 extends into and is secured to the jaws 34. The other end of each of the rods 40 is secured to a cam follower assembly 41. The rod arrangement for the other two jaws 35 and 36 is similar to that described for jaws 33 and 34. A pair of rods 42 are journaled through the other support member 30 with one end of each of the rods 42 secured to jaw 35 and with the other end of each rod 42 being secured to a cam follower assembly 43. A pair of rods 44 are also journaled through the same support member 30 as rods 42, and one end of each rod 44 is secured to jaw 36. The other ends of the rods 44 are journaled through the cam follower assembly 43 and secured to a cam follower assembly 45.
From the foregoing it may be seen that when the cam follower assemblies 41 and 43 are moved toward the longitudinal center of the jaw station 22, the jaws 34 and 35 will be moved toward each other. When the cam followers 41 and 43 are moved apart, the jaws 34 and 35 will be moved apart. It may be seen that in a similar manner the jaws 33 and 36 will respectively follow the longitudinal reciprocating movements of the cam followers 39 and 45. Each of the cam follower assemblies 39, 41, 43 and 45 is similarly constructed and includes a roller and grease fitting for the roller bearings. The rollers for cam follower assemblies 39, 41, 43 and 45 are respectively shown at 49, 50, 51 and 52.
Each jaw station 22 further includes what may be called a tucker assembly 54. The tucker assembly 54 comprises an angled member 55 having one leg thereof secured to the underside of the mounting plate 28 by fasteners 56 as may be seen in FIGS. 4 and 6. The other leg of the angled member 55 is bifurcated and extends upwardly along one side of the jaws 33-36 as may be seen in FIG. 5. The ends of the leg of the angled member 55 positioned at the side of the jaws 33-36 serve to aid in the removal of the carrier stock 16 from the jaws 33-36 after application of the carrier stock 16 to the containers 10. The tucker assembly 54 further includes a plate 57 which is positioned perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the jaw station 22 and midway between jaws 34 and 35. The plate 57 serves to cooperate with the guide assembly 20 partially shown in FIG. 3 to aid in the proper folding of the longitudinal center portion of the carrier stock 16 upon the application of the carrier stock to the jaws 33-36.
The position and movement of the jaws 33-36 relative to and in the carrier stock 16 are controlled by four cam elements 60, 61, 62 and 63 as shown in FIG. 3. The cam elements 60-63 are substantially annular in shape and may be conveniently formed as semi-circular sections which are bolted together. Each cam element 60-63 has a radially inwardly extending flange such as the flanges 62a and 63a respectively shown for cam members 62 and 63. A cam element supporting member such as a member 65 is mounted on each of the base members 23 as may be seen in FIG. 3, and the cam members 62 and 63 are mounted in a side-by-side relationship with the flanges 62a and 63a thereof on each side of the member 65. A plurality of fasteners such as fasteners 66 are secured through the flanges 62a and 63a and member 65 at a suitable number of positions to securely fixedly mount the cam members 62 and 63.
Alternatively, the flanges 62a and 63a may be separately secured to the member 65 with shims to provide axial adjustment of the cam members 62 and 63. The cam members 60 and 61 are mounted to the base mem ber 23 in a similar manner. Each of the cam members 6063 is provided with a cam groove respectively indicated at 60b to 63b. The cam follower assembly 39 of each jaw station 22 is positioned to have the cam roller 49 thereof disposed within cam groove 60b. The cam roller 50 of each cam follower assembly 41 is positioned within the cam groove 61b. The cam roller 51 of each cam follower 43 is positioned in the cam groove 62b, and the cam roller 52 of each cam follower assembly 45 is positioned in cam groove 63b.
The cam grooves 60b-63b are so arranged that each pair of jaws 33, 34 and 35, 36 are closed at the position of the drum assembly 12 wherein the jaws enter the guide assembly 20. In other words, jaws 34 and 35 are at their maximum spaced positions from the longitudinal center of the jaw station 22, and jaws 33 and 36 are positioned at their closest position to the longitudinal center of the jaw station 22 when the jaws enter the guide system. From that position, which is on the backside of the drum assembly as shown in FIG. 3, the cam grooves 60b63b have a period of dwell or direction in which no jaw movement occurs while the guide system folds and applies the carrier stock 16 to the jaws 33-36. Before the rotating drum carries the carrier stock out of the guide system, cam grooves 60b and 63b are directed to begin to move the jaws 33 and 36 outwardly against the folded carrier stock 16. At about the top of the drum, the cam grooves 61b and 62b are directed to begin to move the jaws 34 and 35 inwardly against the carrier stock 16. From the top of drum the cam grooves 60b-63b are directed substantially as shown in FIG. 3, with cam grooves 60b and 63b on a substantially higher rise than cam grooves 61b and 62b. The resulting action on the carrier stock 16 is a compound action. Due to the container band interconnections in the carrier stock 16, the initial positions of those bands and the jaws 33 36, and the different movements between the inside jaws 34, 35 and the outside jaws 33, 36, the container band portions engaged by the outside jaws 33 and 36 are stretched more than the container band portions engaged by the inside jaws 34 and 35. Further, the final jaw positions, with the container bands of the carrier stock 16 fully stretched, position the container bands closely together for close application to each pair of containers l0 beneath the drum.
The cam grooves 60b-63b are directed through a dwell period immediately before the jaws reach the bottom of the drum for application of the carrier stock 16 to the containers 10.
After application of the carrier stock 16 to the containers 10, the cam grooves are directed on the backside of the drum assembly as shown in FIG. 3 to again close the jaws to again receive the carrier stock 16.
1. In an applicating machine for applying a carrier stock to containers in which the carrier stock is made of a resilient plastic material and comprises a longitudinally extending series of transversely arranged pairs of container encircling bands which are transversely stretchable for application to pairs of containers and in which the machine is adapted to pass a series of pairs of containers therethrough for receiving said carrier stock in a multi-packaging arrangement, the improvement of a rotating drum assembly for receiving said carrier stock and stretching and applying said carrier stock to said containers, said drum assembly comprising a pair of spider wheels mounted in a parallel spaced apart relationship for rotation about a horizontal axis in said machine above said series of pairs of containers, a plurality of jaw stations mounted in a parallel side-byside relationship on and about the periphery of said spider wheels with the longitudinal axes of said jaw stations arranged parallel to the axis of rotation of said spider wheels, each of said jaw stations comprising two pairs of jaws arranged in a side-by-side relationship along the longitudinal axis of said jaw station and with one pair of said jawson each side of the longitudinal center of said jaw station, whereby the adjacent jaws on each side of the longitudinal center of said jaw station are inside jaws and the other jaws are outside jaws of each pair of jaws, each of said jaw stations having means mounting said pairs of jaws for rectilinear movement independently of each other along the longitudinal axis of said jaw station, cam means for each jaw for moving each jaw responsive to the rotation of said spider wheels, and said cam means for each jaw being arranged and formed to produce substantially greater movement of the outer jaws relative to the inner jaws between the rotary position of said spider wheels whereat said jaws receive said carrier stock and imme diately before said carrier stock is applied to said containers.
2. In the improvement of a rotating drum assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein each of said jaw stations comprises a base plate mounted on the periphery of said spider wheels, a support member secured to each end of said base plate to upstand therefrom radially outwardly of the axis of rotation of said spider wheels, a pair of rods secured between the upstanding ends of said support members, and each of said jaws having a pair of holes therethrough with said pair of rods journaled through said holes to carry said jaws for rectilinear movement on said base plate and between said support members.
3. In the improvement of the rotating drum assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein each of said jaw stations further comprises a pair of operating rods for each jaw, one end of each pair of operating rods connected to one of said jaws, said operating rods for the jaws on one side of the longitudinal center of said jaw station being journaled through the support member on that side of the longitudinal center of said jaw station, the operating rods for the jaws on the other side of said longitudinal center of said jaw station being journaled through the support member on that side of the longitudinal center of said jaw station, and said cam means being connected to the extending ends of said operating rods for moving each jaw responsive to the rotation of said spider wheels.
4. In the improvement of a rotating drum assembly as defined in claim 3, wherein said cam means comprises a cam follower assembly for each pair of operating rods of each jaw station, and four annular cam members fixedly mounted in said machine concentrically about the axis of rotation of said spider wheels, and each of said cam follower assemblies of each jaw station cooperating with one of said cam members to move each jaw of each jaw station rectilinearly independently of the other jaws of each said jaw station.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3032943 *||Aug 12, 1960||May 8, 1962||Reimers James L||Assembly machine|
|US3032944 *||Dec 24, 1959||May 8, 1962||Illinois Tool Works||Container and carrier assembling machine|
|US3204386 *||Feb 19, 1962||Sep 7, 1965||Illinois Tool Works||Container pack forming machine|
|US3221470 *||Nov 21, 1962||Dec 7, 1965||Illinois Tool Works||Stripping means for a container pack forming machine|
|US3775935 *||Sep 18, 1972||Dec 4, 1973||Illinois Tool Works||Container and carrier assembling machine|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3946535 *||May 6, 1975||Mar 30, 1976||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Carrier applicating machine and method|
|US3959949 *||Jun 2, 1975||Jun 1, 1976||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||System, machine and method for multipackaging containers|
|US4250682 *||Jul 19, 1979||Feb 17, 1981||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Wheel assembly for use in an apparatus for multipackaging containers|
|US4324085 *||Apr 14, 1980||Apr 13, 1982||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Carrier assembly apparatus|
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|US4470241 *||May 21, 1982||Sep 11, 1984||Salinas Valley Engineering & Manufacturing, Inc.||Apparatus for bunching, trimming, and banding vegetables|
|US4649690 *||Jun 20, 1986||Mar 17, 1987||Louis B. Schiesz||Apparatus for applying carriers onto containers|
|US4817361 *||Feb 16, 1988||Apr 4, 1989||Grip-Pak, Inc.||Carrier assembling apparatus|
|US4953342 *||May 9, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||Hynes Charles M||Multi package containers|
|US5097650 *||Feb 15, 1991||Mar 24, 1992||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Multipackaging method using carrier stock for side wall application|
|US5211711 *||May 29, 1992||May 18, 1993||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Package comprising multiple containers, such as beverage cans, and method of forming packages|
|US5398487 *||Nov 26, 1993||Mar 21, 1995||Ag-Bag Corporation||Bale bagging machine|
|US5671588 *||Sep 8, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Owens-Illinois Labels Inc.||Method and apparatus for applying carriers to containers|
|US5813193 *||Mar 24, 1997||Sep 29, 1998||Owens-Illinois Labels Inc.||Method and apparatus for applying carriers to containers|
|US6484478 *||Jan 24, 2000||Nov 26, 2002||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||System and method for packaging oriented containers|
|US6588173 *||Feb 21, 2002||Jul 8, 2003||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Machine for packaging containers|
|US6868652 *||Jul 7, 2003||Mar 22, 2005||Illinois Tool Works, Inc.||System and method for packaging oriented containers|
|US7637077||Apr 24, 2007||Dec 29, 2009||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Applicating machine|
|US20040003575 *||Jul 7, 2003||Jan 8, 2004||Arends Craig W.||System and method for packaging oriented containers|
|US20070261373 *||Apr 24, 2007||Nov 15, 2007||Slovik Rachell L||Applicating machine|
|CN1094456C *||Jun 21, 1994||Nov 20, 2002||伊利诺斯工具制造公司||Improved machine for applying carrier stock to containers, such as beverage cans|
|CN100445169C||Feb 14, 2003||Dec 24, 2008||伊利诺斯器械工程公司||Machines for packing containers|
|DE3423059A1 *||Jun 22, 1984||Jan 10, 1985||Illinois Tool Works||Traegerschneidrad|
|EP0630814A1 *||Jun 21, 1994||Dec 28, 1994||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Machine for applying carrier stock to groups of containers|
|U.S. Classification||53/48.4, 53/556, 53/585|
|International Classification||B65B15/00, B65B17/00, B65B17/02, B65D5/06, B65D5/02, B65D65/40|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/061, B65B17/025|
|European Classification||B65B17/02C, B65D5/06B|