|Publication number||US3818266 A|
|Publication date||Jun 18, 1974|
|Filing date||Jul 27, 1972|
|Priority date||Feb 13, 1968|
|Also published as||DE1907059A1, DE1907059B2, DE1966983A1, DE1966984A1, US3857064|
|Publication number||US 3818266 A, US 3818266A, US-A-3818266, US3818266 A, US3818266A|
|Inventors||Orban J, Vital Z|
|Original Assignee||Ponder & Best|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (17), Classifications (26)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
ilnited States Patent. [191 Vital et a1.
[451 June 18, 1974  LOAD CURRENT PULSE CONTROL 3,541,387 11/1970 Ackermann 315/159 x DEVICES 3,585,442 6/1971 Krusche et al 315/151 3,591,829 7/1971 Murata et a1. 315/151  Inventors: Zoltan Vital, Uccle; Jean Orban,
Clabecq both of Belglum Primary Examinerl-lerman Karl Saalbach  Assignee: Ponder & Best, Inc., Los Angeles, Assistant Examiner-Lawrence J. Dahl Calif. Attorney, Agent, or FirmSpencer & Kaye  Filed: July 27, 1972 [211 App]. No: 275,886 ABSTRACT A device for controlling the termination of light emis- 301 Foreign Application priority Data sion by a flash device including means for detecting Feb 13 1968 Be] ium 54471 the light reflected from the sub ect being illuminated 1968 Belgium by the flash, integrating means connected to the de- 1968 Belgium tecting means for providing a flash termination signal Jan 1969 Belgium 68982 when the total amount of light received by the detectg ing means reaches a predetermined value, and flash termination means connected to the integrating device  CL 315/151 315/159 6 1 and to the flash device for terminating the delivery of  Int Cl 05b 37/02 electrical energy to the flash device when the signal  Fie'ld R 241 P from the integrating device reaches its predetermined value. The flash termination device is preferably con-  References Cited stituted by a novel gas-filled, arc-producing element having identical, unpolarized electrodes and an inter- UNITED STATES PATENTS nal or external triggering electrode. 3,122,677 2/1964 Flieder 315/241 R 3,519,879 7/1970 Ogawa 315/151 12 Claims, 23 Drawing Figures ELECTRONIC SWITCH.JZ
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SHEET 5 [IF 9 PAIENTEI] m I 8 I974 Fig. 13
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I LOAD CURRENT PULSE CONTROL DEVICES CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention concerns a device, circuit and method for controlling the impulses generated by the discharge of a capacitor placed either in series or in parallel with the load and, in the case of a parallel connection, having no more than one electronic switch. The invention further concerns a novel switching tube for use as such switch and having other uses and equipped with at least is composed of a device which controls the light of a photographic enlarger and in which a gas-discharge switching triode with an external firing electrode or a mercury tue is provided as a second switch, always with an impedance of about 0.] ohm. Concerning the light sensor of this patent, U-.S. Pat. No. 3,350,604 states, at column 3, lines 27-32: In order to achieve the high photocell dark impedance with the required high light sensitivity, the light sensitive element must be a photomultiplier tube. Such tubes require a rather complex power supply. This results in a package which is sufficiently bulky as to preclude its use in portable, camera mounted flash equipment. Another known device of the same kind is disclosed in US Pat. No. 3,350,604, which is essentially based on the disclosure of US. Pat. No. 3,033,988, and represents a modification thereof in that this device makes use of a nonreactive light integrator, i.e. one without a capacitor, and the patent states that the use of this is more advantageous than that of the integrator of U.S. Pat. No. 3,033,988.
These known devices, which can only operate in an automatic manner, i.e. by being coupled permanently to a sensor, always have two or more switches. The switch of the second patent (3,350,604) is a xenon gasfilled discharge tube, a variant of the well-known xenon gas-filled phototlash tube, equipped with an internal firing electrode and having a pressure of about I00 mm Hg. The internal resistance of this tube is mentioned as being 0.1 ohm.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION ergy of the capacitor, not used by the flashtube, the switch then being in a bypass circuit. In addition, we use at least one important complementary device or circuit, such as a special electronic gate, a device for the regulation of the sensitivity, etc.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a schematic circuit diagram of a control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1 of another form of construction of a control device according to the invention.
FIG. 3 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1 of a further control device according to the invention.
FIG. 4 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1 of still another control device according to the invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic circuit diagram of a modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 6 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of another embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 7 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a further embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 8 is a view similar to that 01- FIG. 5 of still another embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 9 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a still further embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 10 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of yet another embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 11 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of yet a further embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 12 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a further embodiment of the modified type of control device according to the invention.
FIG. 13 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of another embodiment of the modified type of control device according to the invention.
FIG. 14 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a further embodiment of the modified type of control device according to the invention.
FIG. 15 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a further embodiment of the modified type of control device according to the invention.
FIG. 16 is an elevational view of a manually adjustable setting unit for use with control circuits according to the invention.
FIG. 17 is an elevational view of another embodiment of the unit of FIG. 16.
FIG. 18 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 of a still further embodiment of the modified type of control circuit according to the invention.
FIG. 19 is a pictorial view of a self-regulating control device according to the invention.
FIG. 20 is an elevational view of one embodiment of a novel arc-operated switch according to the invention.
FIG. 20a is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment of FIG. 20.
FIG. 21 is a view similar to that of FIG. 20 of another embodiment of the switch according to the invention.
FIG. 21a is a cross-sectional viewof the embodiment of FIG. 21.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The invention concerns devices and circuits for controlling impulses generated by the discharge of a capacitor. These impulses are controlled by components placed in series and/or parallel with the load and including an integrator which receives the energy of the impulses. This control device may be operated in a manual and/or an automatic manner. All these devices are combined preferably with several other devices and circuits. The invention is especially related to electronic photoflashes, stroboscopes, lasers and the like, the reflected light of which is to be received by a light sensor whose output signal is to be integrated. When the light sensor has received a predetermined quantity of light, a threshold amplifier consisting of a unijunction transistor, a four-layer diode or any other suitable component and placed after the integrator generates impulses which control one or several semiconductor switches and/or one or several gas-filled tubes and/or one or several lightning arresters, preferably of the gasfilled type, and/or, most particularly, one or several gas-filled arc arresters of special construction to be described later in a detailed manner, and/or other similar components.
These components control the electrical supply of a flash tube, the impedance of which is higher than that of the switch, with or without arresting the discharge of the photoflash capacitor. Another essential element of this invention is the above-mentioned new type of arc arrester component of the gas-filled type, having an impedance of about 0.01 ohm when in its conduction state, fitted with at least two electrodes, preferably unpolarized and even of identical size, and internally or externally completed with a firing electrode. This new type of gas-filled switching tube differs from other gasfilled switching tubes above all because it functions on the basis of an arc and not as a gas-discharge tube of the type used in the prior art. The tube according to the present invention has the following advantages over all other gas-filled switching tubes, such as those of the two above-cited US. patents: lower impedance; larger range of current intensities and voltages; higher resistance to overloads; easier firing, and this over a more extended range; lower light emission; possibility of utilization at faster switching rates; increased ruggedness; extended lifetime, smaller sizes; and lower cost.
Furthermore, this new component is suitable for use in fields where thyratrons and thyristors are presently used or where no convenient component is available.
We remark that our control device, when using only one electronic switch or the gas-filled, arc-operation tube according to the invention is considerably smaller than all other similar devices, which is of the greatest importance in the case of portable devices.
We describe the supplementary devices and circuits intended to be combined with the control device.
The control device may be completed by one or several electronic gates. The function of the electronic gate is to conduct current from the electric supply of the control device only during the period of the flash discharge. The supply current is initiated by the discharge of a capacitor associated with the electronic gate. This capacitor was previously charged by the photoflash discharge capacitor through a resistive, inductive, semiconductor, or other element. The supply voltage is controlled by a Zener diode, a gas-filled tube, a capacitor, a resistance, or another element.
It is the electronic gate which starts and maintains this control device for the duration of each flash of the photoflash and which sets the control device back to its starting point right after the flash is terminated. Thus, it is not possible for the control device to be actuated by any other source of light.
On the other hand, the control device may be completed with a device that regulates its own sensitivity, namely, by an adjustable optical device, such as a diaphragm, a set of filters, or others, placed in front of the light sensor of the control device, or by an adjustable electric or electronic device, such as fixed and/or variable capacitances, resistances and inductances.
These controls can be operated manually or else by coupling to a part or accessory of the camera, such as to the diaphragm, the film cassette, e.g. a coded Kodapak cassette, etc. Of course, in the case of a control coupled to the camera, both apparatuses should be constructed together.
The regulating components, being designed to be manipulated by the user, are completed with scales graduated in film sensitivities and/or in diaphragm apertures. The selected positions could be ratcheted or locked. The components to be manipulated and the scales are preferably interchangeable and reversible. This same device could be completed by a focal lengthaperture" calculator. This same device and its scales can be lighted.
Another mode of operation consists of controlling the quantity of light produced by the flash tube by a manual regulation of the control device of the integrator, without intervention by a light sensor, i.e. without taking into account the quantity of reflected light, based on the camera-to-subject distance, the film sensi tivity, etc. In this case, the light sensor of the control device is replaced by at least one adjustable component, e.g. the setting element of the threshold amplifier of the integrator, etc. The controls of this device may be graduated in distance, flash-duration, guidenumbers, etc.
Another control function is a determination of whether the operation of the control device was completed or not. This control consists of a suitable electric or electronic circuit or else a light sensor, such as a photosensitive element, etc., or a conductor of visible or nonvisible light, such as fiber optics, transparent material, etc., or a heat conductor, i.e. responsive to infrared radiation, used in conjunction with a gas-filled switching tube, or with any other component of the control device having the kind of emission as described above.
The control device can be completed with a circuit having an electric or electronic measuring instrument which allows the light integrator to function as a photometer, a chronometer, etc., and thus to execute different measurements, such as the amount of light reflected, the duration of the flash, etc.
A photoflash equipped with a control device may be advantageously completed with a compensation device, e.g. an induction coil and/or a suitable circuit, connected in series with the flash tube to modify the discharge impulses to the flash tube, for instance to slow down the discharge of the capacitor, which means to reduce the rate of increase of the current density of the capacitor discharge. FIG. 1 shows the circuit of an electronic photoflash equipped with a control device having only one switch whose purpose is to arrest the capacitor discharge when a predetermined amount of light has been produced.
The arrangement of such a unit is as follows:
An energy storage capacitor 100 is charged through a voltage source 101. A flash tube 102 of the usual type is connected to the capacitor terminals through a switch 103 which is preferably a gate-turn-out thyristor or thyratron, etc., provided, if necessary, with suitable supplementary circuitry. A light sensor 104, composed of a photodiode, phototransistor, photoresistance, or
other, is connected to an integrating circuit 105 of any well-known type. A firing circuit 106 triggers the firing of the flash tube 102. This device works as follows:
The capacitor 100 having been charged by the source 101, the ionization of the flash tube 102 is induced by the action of the firing circuit 106. The light sensor 104 supplying an instantaneous current proportional to the illumination on subject 107, to the integrating circuit 105, the latter, when the total amount of light received by the light sensor 104 reaches a predetermined value, causes a circuit to swing, thus supplying an impulse to the switch 103 which then interrupts the discharge of the capacitor 100.
Thus, the light emission of the flash tube is arrested after producing the requisite amount of .light, without any energy being withdrawn from the capacitor other than that used for producing the light, and possibly for commutating the circuit.
The arrangement of FIG. 1 may be completed in the following manner: by connecting a voltmeter 108 to the terminals of the integrator circuit 105, which is designed for such a connection, an integrating photometer, or chronometer, can be produced, which device has scales in different measuring units.
Another variant is illustrated in FIG. 2 in which we describe a control device connected both in series and parallel with the load and combined with a compensating device, capable of also being used with the preceding embodiment, constituted by an induction coil.
The discharge capacitor 200 is charged through the voltage source 201. The flash tube 202 is connected to the terminals of the capacitor 200 through the intermediary of the induction coil 203. A thyratron 204 is connected in parallel with the flash tube 202. A light sensor 205 is coupled to the integrating circuit 206, receives reflected light from subject 209 and controls the firing electrode 207 of the thyratron 204. A firing circuit 208 acts to fire the flash tube 202. Meter 210 is connected to circuit 206.
The operation of the circuit of FIG. 2 differs from that of FIG. 1 as follows:
After reaching the predetermined signal value, the circuit of the integrator 206 triggers the firing electrode 207 of the thyratron 204 in parallel with the flash tube 202. The induction coil 203 allows for a short period during which the thyratron is practically in shortcircuit. Consequently, the flash tube 202 has enough time to deionize, and hence to become extinguished.
A modification is illustrated in FIG. 3. This control device is combined with both an electronic gate and an optical device of regulation of the sensitivity.
The control device consists of an electronic device 30 which is identical with the device 50 of FIG. 5, of the photoflash unit 31 and of an electronic switch 32.
. In this device, a light sensor 301 generates a current proportional to the reflected light from the subject. This current is integrated by a capacitor 302 to give a voltage proportional to the amount of the reflected light. This voltage is applied to a unijunction transistor 304 or to a four-layer diode or to some other element or device which would serve as suitable substitute, which develops a positive impulse in the resistance 305 as soon as the threshold swing" or switching level, of this component 304 has been reached.
This impulse is conducted by the capacitor 306 to open a semiconductor switch, or other gate element, 308 by means of its firing circuit which controls the electronic switch 32 so as to terminate the capacitor discharge and thereby extinguish the flash tube of the photoflash 31.
As soon as the cycle is ended, the voltage across a resistance 303 sets the system back to its initial condition. A resistance 307 prevents a premature opening of the semiconductor switch 308. The unit 31 contains the elements of the photoflash which are not individually referenced. The electronic device 30 contains as its principal element a semiconductor switch, such as a thyristor (SCR), or else a gas-filled switching tube, preferably of the arc arrester type or a special arc arrester, or another suitable component.
An improvement of the flash control device consists in equipping this device with a voltage applying circuit for the reflected light sensor circuit.
FIG. 3 also illustrates this circuit. When the flash tube is tired, the voltage at the flash tube terminals decreases sharply. This results in a current in the circuit of the capacitor 309, the resistance 310 and the diode 311. A voltage equal to that across the zener diode to appears at the terminals of the light sensor circuit so as to place it in operation. The current intensity depends on the resistance value of resistor 310. The period during which operating voltage is applied to the light sensor circuit depends on the value of the capacitor 309.
The regulation of the sensitivity of the control device is efiected by the user with the help of an adjustable optical device 315 composed of a diaphragm, a set of fil ters, or others, placed in front of the light sensor 301 of the control device.
A further explanation is given with reference to FIG. 4 which shows a light control device for the flash of an electronic photoflash, consisting of the electronic device 40, which is similar to the device 30 of FIG. 3 and the device 50 of FIG. 5 and which is therefore only partially shown, of the photoflash 41, which is similar to the device 31, and of an electronic switch 42, which is similar to the device 32, connected in series with the flash tube circuit.
This device and its operation are essentially identical to those described and illustrated previously, namely:
The thyristor 421, which is fired upon closing of the camera synchronization contacts, applied the voltage circuit consisting of a capacitor 413 and a transformer 414, thus firing the flash. When the thyristor 401 becomes conductive due to the subject having been sufiiciently illuminated, it discharges the capacitor 402, which was previously charged, into the thyristor 421, which results in reversing the anode voltage of the thyristor for a short period so as to cause it to block and thus arrest the discharge of the capacitor 411. The capacitance value of the capacitor 402 is selected so as to obtain an impulse of sufficient duration to allow the extinction, or blocking, of the thyristor 421. The capacitance value of the capacitor 422 is selected so as to obtain the shortest possible impulse so that the extinction of the thyristor 421 may occur as rapidly as possible. The resistances 424 and 425 are used to polarize the capacitor 422. The value of resistance 403 must be selected in order to give a current lower than the maintenance current of the thyristor 401 so as to prevent the capacitor 411 from continuing to discharge itself through the thyristor 401. A compensation device, such as an induction coil, 415 modifies the discharge impulse in the flash tube. Among other things, it lengthens the discharge duration, etc.
FIG. shows a control device combined with an electronic gate and with an optical device for the regulation of sensitivity. This control device consists of an electronic device 50 and the photoflash 51.
The components and operation of this device are identical to those described with reference to FIG. 3, with the difference that an impulse transmitted by the capacitor 506 opens a semiconductor switch, or a special arc arrester, etc., 508, via its firing circuit and thereby extinguishes the flash tube 512 of the photoflash while discharging the capacitor 513 of the latter.
In FIG. 6, we describe another embodiment equipped with a special arc arrester combined with an electronic gate and with an electric device having several capacitors for the regulation of sensitivity. A special arc arrester 611 and its firing device, which consists of the thyristor 606, the resistances 607 and 608, the capacitor 609 and the transformer 610, serve as a substitute for the thyristor 508 of FIG. 5. Here, we make use of an electric circuit for adjusting the sensitivity, the circuit consisting of a switch 615 connected to select one of the capacitors 603 and 604 having different capacitance values.
In FIG. 7 there is shown another embodiment in which the photodiode is replaced by a phototransistor 702 in order to give a higher sensitivity to the light integrator than is possible with the photodiode. In FIG. 8 the photodiode 802 has an amplification circuit composed essentially of an npn transistor 803 which allows the selection of a very high sensitivity, as a function of the gain of the transistor.
In FIG. 9 a pnp transistor 903 replaces the npn transistor.
In FIG. 10 the light sensor is a photovoltaic cell, such as a solar cell, etc., 1002, the current of which. is amplified by a transistor 1003.
In FIG. 11 the firing of the thyristor 1106 is efiected by a threshold amplifier which consists of the transistor 1114 and the resistances 1103, 1105, 1115 and 1116. The switching threshold may be adjusted or regulated internally and/or externally by means of the resistance 1103. The threshold voltage determines the control device sensitivity.
In FIG. 12 the threshold amplifier contains two transistors 1214 and 1216. The switching threshold may be adjusted by selecting suitable values for the resistances 1215 and 1203.
In FIG. 13 we use a circuit with a four-layer diode constituting a unilateral, bilateral switch, etc. as the level detector and at the same time as the firing impulse generator for the thyristor 1306.
In FIG. 14 the control device contains a voltage divider circuit which consists of the capacitors 1401 and 1403 instead of a Zener diode, a capacitor and a resistance as in the previous arrangements.
In FIG. 15 the control circuit contains a phototransistor 1502 and an electric device for regulating the sensitivity. The latter device consists of a switch 1516 which permits a selection of either one of the resistances 1503 and 1504, the value of the resistance selected deter mining the effective sensitivity of phototransistor 1502 and, therefore, the device sensitivity.
In FIG. 16 there is shown a scale device intended for permitting an external regulation of the sensitivity, i.e. related to focal distance, or range, and/or diaphragm apertures. Moreover, we have combined this device with the usual focal distance aperture calculator of electronic photoflashes and with other improvements as well. This regulating device consists of a fixed interchangeable disc 1601 and a rotatable and selflocking disc 1604 coupled to the device for regulating the sensitivity of the control device.
Graduated in degrees DIN, scale 1603 on disc 1601 is provided for setting the film sensitivity, and graduated in meters, scale 1602 is provided for setting distances. In the case of a photographic camera fitted with an adjustable diaphragm, the disc 1604 is to be rotated so as to bring the desired aperture indication on scale 1607 right opposite the sensitivity figure on scale 1603 for the film being utilized. The zone 1605 of disc 1604 shows on scale 1602 the range of distances for which the control device will work accurately.
Another way of using this same device is to select the focal distance, or range, and read the aperture to be used opposite the sensitivity figure for the film being used.
For use with a photographic camera fitted with a fixed diaphragm, as for example the *Minox" camera with a 3.5 aperture, the disc 1604 is rotated so as to bring the Minox pointer 1609 opposite the sensitivity for the film being used on scale 1603. The zone 1605 of the disc 1604 shows on scale 1602 the range of distances for which the control device can work accu rately.
If the control device is not to be used, one must rotate the disc 1604 so as to bring the NA pointer =nonautomatic) 1606 opposite the sensitivity figure of the film used on scale 1603.
The scales 1608 and 1602 are used in the same manner as those of a customary distance aperture" calculator. This operation results in setting the control device sensitivity to the starting, or zero point, which means that it is out of action.
This device may advantageously be combined with a light source 1610 which allows easier use and reading.
The same device may also be combined with the following luminous indicators:
for the charge of the photoflash capacitor 1611;
for the control device, to indicate whether it functions or not, (functioning 1612, not functioning 1613);
for the achievement of the functioning of the control device 1614.
FIG. 17 shows essentially the same device as FIG. 16, but the device of FIG. 17 is in the shape of a fixed and interchangeable guide strip 1701 and a sliding and selflocking slider 1704.
In FIG. 18 there is shown a control device which is fundamentally identical to that of FIG. 15, but equipped for manual regulation. In this case, the light sensor is replaced by a variable resistance 1801 whose setting determines the period required for the capacitor 1802 of the integrator to reach its triggering charge.
In FIG. 19 there is shown an optical control and indicator device for operating the control device. This optical device consists of a fiber-optic element 1902 one end of which is placed on the special arc arrester 1901 which emits light when actuated. The other end of the fiber optic is covered with a fluorescent, luminescent, or phosphorescent material 1903, or else the fiber optic touches a part of the photoflash which is covered with such a material, and in both cases, it is set in a place easily viewed by the user, such as in or on the sensitivity regulation scale unit.
Possibly, a complementary optical system 1904 can be used to further increase the visibility of this indica- 101'.
In FIG. 20 there is shown one embodiment of the abovementioned special gas-filled tube of the arc arrester type. This consists of an electrically isolating enclosure 2003, which can be transparent, translucent or opaque, whose interior 2005 is filled with a gas, preferably argon and contains two preferably identical and unpolarized electrodes 2001 and 2002. A third firing electrode 2006 is arranged outside the enclosure 2003 and is extended by the connecting wire 2007. The electrodes 2001 and 2002 are located and formed in such a way, and the filling and the pressure of the gas are chosen in such a manner, that this tube will function to perform an arc operation. The modified embodiment of FIG. 21 has a firing electrode 2106 which protrudes into the gas-filled interior 2105 of the enclosure 2103.
As can be seen from FIGS. 20a and 21a, which show modified embodiments of the devices of FIGS. 20 and 21, the enclosures 2003 and 2103 are formed in the shape of tubes and are delimited by two electrodes of the socket" type, and of large surface area. The length of this tube is about the same as its diameter.
It will be understood that the above description of the present invention is susceptible to various modifications, changes and adaptations, and the same are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the appended claims.
1. In a device for delivering current from a dc. voltage source to a light producing load, said load including a flash tube and electronic switch means connected therewith for tenninating delivery of current to said load, and supply means connecting said voltage source to said load, and means for firing said flash tube and causing it to produce light, the voltage across said flash tube and said supply means decreasing when said flash tube is fired, the improvement comprising a light sensing circuit for sensing light produced by said flash tube and connected with said electronic switch means for causing said electronic switch means to terminate delivery of current to said flash tube upon receipt of a predetermined amount of light, and
voltage developing means connected between said supply means and said light sensing circuit for developing and applying a voltage to said light sensing circuit only in response to the initiation of current through the flash tube to cause said flash tube to produce light, said voltage developing means including capacitive means for providing a current when the voltage across said flash tube decreases.
2. A device as in claim 1 wherein said supply means includes first and second means connecting said dc. voltage source with said load,
said light sensing circuit has first and second terminals, said voltage developing means comprising a resistance connected in series with said capacitive means from the first of said terminals to said first means to said supply means, and said second terminal is connected to said second means of said supply means, and
said voltage developing means including voltage level establishing means connected across said terminals of said light sensing circuit and responsive to said current from said capacitive means for establishing said voltage for said light sensing circuit.
3. A device as in 2 wherein said voltage level establishing means comprises a zener diode.
4. A device as in claim 1 wherein said light sensing circuit has first and second terminals, and
said voltage developing means comprises a capacitive divider connected across said terminals of said light sensing circuit.
5. A device as in claim 1 wherei said supply means includes first and second means connecting said dc. voltage source with said load,
said light sensing circuit includes a pair of terminals,
said voltage developing means includes maximum voltage determining means connected across said terminals of said light sensing circuit, means connecting a first of said terminals of asid light sensing circuit with the first means to said supply means, and
said voltage developing means includes a resistance and capacitance circuit, means connecting said resistance and capacitive circuit from a second of said terminals of said light sensing circuit to said second means of said supply means.
6. A device as in claim 1 wherein said electronic switch is connected in series with said flash tube,
said supply means includes first means connecting said dc. voltage source with a first terminal of said flash tube and includes second means connecting said dc. voltage source with said electronic switch,
said light sensing circuit includes a pair of input terminals, said voltage developing means comprises a resistance connected in series with said capacitive means from the first of said terminals of said light sensing circuit to one of said means of said supply means, and said second terminal of said light sensing circuit is connected to the other means of said supply means, and
diode means for establishing a maximum voltage level connected across said terminals of said light sensing circuit.
terminating signal and to operate said electronic switch when said signal reaches a predetermined value, and
voltage applying circuit means connected with said load and said terminating circuit means for providing an operating voltage to said terminating circuit means only when current is passed through said flash tube, and said voltage applying circuit means including capacitive means and diode means connected in series, said capacitive means being responsive to a voltage change across said load for supplying a current through said diode means, said diode means establishing a maximum operating voltage for said terminating circuit means.
8. A device as in claim 7 wherein said terminating circuit means comprises an integrator circuit having a light sensor responsive to light from said flash tube and an integrating capacitor, and
said diode means of said voltage applying circuit means is connected across said light sensor and integrating capacitor of said integrator circuit for supplying said operating voltage thereto.
9. A device as in claim 7 wherein said terminating circuit means has input terminals, and includes a light sensor responsive to light from said load,
means connecting said diode means across said input terminals of said terminating circuit means, and means connecting the series combination of said capacitive means and said diode means to said load.
10. A device as in claim 7 wherein said storage capacitor has said first and second terminals,
means connecting a first terminal of said diode means with a terminal of said storage capacitor, and
resistive means connecting said capacitive means between another terminal of said storage capacitor and the remaining terminal of said diode means.
11. A device as in claim 10 wherein said load is a flash tube having first and second electrodes, and
one terminal of said storage capacitor is connected to an electrode of said flash tube, and the other terminal of said storage capacitor is connected through said electronic switch to the other electrode of said flash tube.
12. In a device for delivering current from a dc. voltage source to a light producing load, said load including a flashtube and electronic switch means connected therewith for controlling current through said load, supply means connecting said voltage source to said load, and means for firing the flash tube and causing it to produce light, the improvement comprising light sensing circuit means for sensing light produced by said flash tube and connected with said electronic switch means for causing said electronic switch means to terminate delivery of current to said flash tube upon receipt of a predetermined amount of light, and
voltage applying circuit means connected with said supply means and said light sensing circuit means for applying a voltage to said light sensing circuit means only in response to a decrease in voltage across said flash tube when said flash tube is fired to produce light, said voltage applying means including capacitive means and impedance means connected in series, said capacitive means providing a current through said impedance means when the voltage across said flash tube decreases upon production of light thereby, said current through said impedance means developing a voltage across said impedance means for providing an operating voltage to said light sensing circuit means.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3864600 *||Jan 22, 1974||Feb 4, 1975||Rollei Werke Franke Heidecke||Electronic flash apparatus|
|US3878429 *||Aug 27, 1973||Apr 15, 1975||Iwata Hiroshi||Electronic flash device with automatic light control|
|US3878433 *||Dec 17, 1973||Apr 15, 1975||Sato Koki Kk||Photographic flashlight apparatus with improved automatic light termination means|
|US3896333 *||May 9, 1973||Jul 22, 1975||Canon Kk||Electronic flash device|
|US3896337 *||Jan 22, 1974||Jul 22, 1975||Rollei Werke Franke Heidecke||Electronic flash apparatus|
|US3946269 *||Jan 14, 1974||Mar 23, 1976||Itsuki Ban||Electronic flash system|
|US3947720 *||Mar 30, 1972||Mar 30, 1976||Loewe-Opta Gmbh||Pulsed flash tube regulator using thyristor gate control|
|US4224555 *||Jul 12, 1978||Sep 23, 1980||West Electric Co., Ltd.||Electronic flash with automatic duration control|
|US4279254 *||Oct 30, 1978||Jul 21, 1981||Paul B. Elder Company||Ultraviolet light control|
|US6630798||May 1, 2002||Oct 7, 2003||Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.||Electronic flash device of automatic light adjusting type|
|US7829831||Oct 9, 2008||Nov 9, 2010||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab||Control of output voltage provided to a flash unit|
|US8653737 *||Apr 14, 2009||Feb 18, 2014||Phoseon Technology, Inc.||Controller for semiconductor lighting device|
|US20100059659 *||Oct 9, 2008||Mar 11, 2010||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab||Light control of a flash unit|
|US20100259187 *||Apr 14, 2009||Oct 14, 2010||Phoseon Technology, Inc.||Controller for semiconductor lighting device|
|EP1191825A2 *||Sep 24, 2001||Mar 27, 2002||Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.||Flash device for a camera|
|EP1191825A3 *||Sep 24, 2001||Dec 29, 2004||Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.||Flash device for a camera|
|WO2010026494A1 *||Mar 3, 2009||Mar 11, 2010||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab||Light control of a flash unit|
|U.S. Classification||315/151, 315/241.00R, 315/241.00P, 315/159|
|International Classification||G03B15/04, G03B7/16, H05B41/32, G03B15/05, H05B41/30, G03B15/03, H05B41/34, H01J61/073, H01J61/06|
|Cooperative Classification||H05B41/325, H05B41/34, G03B15/0452, G03B15/05, G03B2215/0528, G03B15/03, G03B7/16|
|European Classification||H05B41/34, G03B15/04F, G03B7/16, H05B41/32B, G03B15/05, G03B15/03|