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Publication numberUS3822102 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1974
Filing dateMar 5, 1973
Priority dateMar 5, 1973
Publication numberUS 3822102 A, US 3822102A, US-A-3822102, US3822102 A, US3822102A
InventorsErickson J, Williams C
Original AssigneeKobe Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pitot pump with thrust balance
US 3822102 A
Abstract
A pitot pump, i.e., a centrifugal pump comprising a rotating casing, means for delivering the fluid to be pumped to the interior of the casing, a pitot tube fixed within and extending radially of the rotating casing, and a discharge duct for the pitot tube coaxial with the rotating casing, with means built into the pump for balancing the fluid forces normally developed in the pump tending to move the casing axially.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Erickson et al.

[ PITOT PUMP WITH THRUST BALANCE [75] Inventors: John W. Erickson, Huntington Beach; Carter P. Williams, La Crescenta, both of Calif.

[ July 2, 19 74 Primary ExaminerCurlton R. Croyle Assistant Examiner-Louis J. Casaregola Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Harris, Kern, Wallcn & Tinsley i [73] Assignee: Kobe, lnc., Huntington Park, Calif. [22] Filed Mar. 5, 1973 5 7 ABSTRACT V PP N01 A pitot pump, i.e., a centrifugal pump comprising a rotating casing, means for delivering the fluid to be 2 U. I pumped-t9 the Of the Casing! pitot tube Ell Int C l I F04d i;f l l O l d /8g fixed Within a d extendingradially of the rotatingcas- [58] Fieid 415/89 96 104 ing, and a discharge duct for the pitot tube coaxial with the rotating casing,'with means built into the [56] References Cited pump for balancing the fluid forces normally devel- UNITED STATES PATENTS oped in the pump tending to move the casing ax a ly 3,004,495 10/1961 Macklis'..... ..,415/891 3 m 1 Drawmg Flgure ,9 ll 4 m ID l 1 5! 7 2 1 ND a 1 I? i am x u l 7 3Q 35 M /8 25 .r

'PITOT PUMP WITH THRUST BALANCE BACKGROUND or THE INVENTION The present invention relates in general to centrifugal pumps and, more particularly, to a centrifugal pump of the pitot type. A typical pitot pump comprises a rotating casing, means for delivering the fluid to be pumped to the rotating casing, a pitot tube fixed within the casing for picking upfluid adjacent the periphery of the casing with a ram effect and'a fixed discharge duct for receiving fluid from the pitot tube and connected thereto, with the discharge duct coaxial with the rotating casing. A typical pitot pump is shown in the copending application of John -W. Erickson, one of the inventors herein, Ser. No. 280,677, filed Aug. 14, 1972, and assigned to the same assignee as the present application.

in such a typical pump, since a fluid pressure is developed, in the casing, by its rotation, substantially higher than the inlet fluid pressure and since the longitudinally spaced areas in the casing against which such pressure is exerted are unequal, there is a net longitudinal thrust on the casing tending to move it axially against itsbearings. Particularly with a multistage pump, developing much higher internal pressures, the total net longitudinal thrust on the casing frequently exceeds the capacity of the bearings supporting the casing and leads to excessivebearing wear and malfunction.

' SUMMARY or THE INVENTION The pitot pump of the present invention provides means built into it for balancing the fluid pressure thrusttending to move the rotating casing axially against its bearings so as to reduce the load on such bearings. i y

Other objects, advantages, features and results will more fully appear in the course of the following description; I v

' THE DRAWING Theshaft 30 is carried in the plate 14 in a bearing 33. An oil supply forthe bearing 33 is carried in the end bell 15, with an oil ring 34 aiding oil distribution. The bearing 33 includes a seal for blocking fluid flow between the end bell and the interior of the shell 13. The sleeve of the casing 9 is supported in another bearing 35 carried in the housing T1, with an oil supply for the bearing in the compartment 36 with an oil ring 37 positioned about the bearing. The plate 12 blocks fluid flowbetween the oil compartment 36 and the interior of the shell 13. A

There is a small clearance, on the order of 0.005

inches, between the interior of the sleeve 21 and the exterior of the cylindrical shaft 22 which, due to its length and size, operates as a fluidl seal to prevent any substantial leakage of fluid fromthe chamber 53 through such clearance, however some such leakage is desired to lubricate between such surfaces, which isan object of the invention. Such small leakage must be exhausted from the interior of the cylindrical shaft 22, and this is done through an exhaust tube 65 which extends longitudinally inthe duct 18 and opens into the annular inlet passage 25a at 66. Thus, all leakage through the clearance between the sleeve 21 and cylindrical shaft 22 is discharged back'i'nt'o the inlet andrecirculatesback through the pump, which'isanother' object of the invention.

The fluid to be pumped enters at the casting 10 through inlet passage 50 and flows throughlthe annular passage 25a in the sleeve 25 and through radial passages 51 of the end bell 26 into chamber 52'.

The casing 9vis driven in rotation clockwise, as seen from the right-hand end of thedrawing, via the drive shaft 30, with the pitottube- 19 picking up fluid adjacent theouter periphery of the chamber 52 with a ram" effect and delivering fluid to a second chamber 53 via an annular passage'54 and-radial distribution passages 55 in the casing section 28. The pitot tube 20'operates which in turn is bolted to a baffle plate 12 and a shell i 13. Another baffle plate 14 and an end bell 15 are bolted to the shelll3. A central duct 18 providing a longitudinal discharge passage 18a is carried at the right end of the housing lland isbolted thereto. A first pitot tube 19 and a second pitot tube 20 are carried'on the duct 18, with the second pitot tube 20 having a bearing member inthe form of an end sleeve or cylindrical tubular extension 21 journalled on a bearing member having the form of a cylindrical shaft or shaft extension 22 of the casing 9, l

The casing 9 includes a sleeve 25 disposed about the duct 18 and bolted to an end bell 26. A first casing section 27, a second casing section 28 and an end bell 29 are successively bolted to the end bell 26, with the shaft 22 bolted to the end bell 29. A drive shaft 30 is bolted to the outer sideof the end bell 29. i t

the same way as the pitot tube ,19, de'livering'fluid through the discharge passage 18a in theinte'rior of the duct 18 to the outlet passage 58. The pitot pump described thus far may have one stage or more than twostages. as well as the two stage configuration illustrated.

For the embodiment illustrated, assuming the casing 9 has a rotational rate of about 3000 r.p.m. and a fluid inlet pressure of about 25 p.s.i.a. in the inlet passages 50 and 25a, the fluid pressure at theouter periphery of the chamber 52 willbe about 300 p.s.i.a., the fluid pressure inthe'annular passage 54 will be about 600 p.s.i.a., the fluid pressure in the outer periphery of the chamber 53 will be about 900 p.s.i.a., and the fluid pressure in the discharge duct 18 will be about 1200 p.s.i.a. Also, the fluidpresSure adjacentthe inner periphery of the chamber 53 will be about 700 p.s.i.a.

Absent the sleeve 21, cylindrical shaft 22, and exhaust tube 65, the relatively high fluid pressure in the chamber 53 would beexerted on the full left-hand area of the chamber, as seen in the drawing, whereas it would be exerted against the right-hand area of the' on the rotating casing 9 tending to move it longitudinally to the left, as seen in the drawing, and due to the relatively high fluid pressures involved this would, or

could, put an axial overload on the bearing 33 and engaging parts.

To prevent such overload on the bearing 33, the cylindrical shaft 22 is made with an external diameter substantially the same as the external diameter 56, so that the effective right and left-hand pressure areas of the chamber 53 are substantially .equal and the fluid forces thereon are substantially equal. Thus, there is substantially no net fluid force exerted on the casing 9 tending to move it axially and overload the bearing 33.

The sleeve 21 also serves as an outboard support for the left-hand end of the casing 9, as seen in the drawing, which is an additional object of the invention.

We desire to be afforded the full scope of the following claims:

1. In a pitot pump adapted to pump a fluid, the combination of:

a rotary casing rotatable about a central axis, and including an annular pump chamber; an outer housing surrounding said rotary casing, said outer housing having an inlet port and a discharge port; drive shaft means extending into one end of said housing and rigidly connected to said casing, said drive shaft means having a cylindrical shaft extension extending into said pump chamber and concentric with the axis thereof; 7 bearing means between said drive shaft means and said housing; and generally tubular .means extending longitudinally in said housing and upon which said casing ismounted for rotation, such tubular means being fixedly mounted on said housing and having an inlet passage therein communicating betweensaid inlet port and said chamber for supply of a fluid to be pumped in said chamber, said tubular means having a pitot tube fixedly mounted thereon and extending radially in said chamber, said pitot tube having adjacent its outer end a pitot inlet facing in a direction opposite to the direction of rotation of said casing and a passage therein communicating between said pitot inlet and a longitudinal discharge passage in said tubular member, in turn communicating with said outlet, said tubular means having a cylindrical tubular extension journalling said cylindrical shaft extension of said drive shaft means, the maximum effective cross-sectional area of said tubular means in said chamber being approximately equal to the maximum effective crosssectional area of said cylindrical shaft extension so that the fluid pressure in said chamber bears on substantially equal exposed chamber areas on said casing and on said tubular means, and means for venting said cylindrical tubular extension to a pressure much lower than that in said chamber, and approaching atmospheric pressure, so that there is substantially no net fluid force tending to move said casing axially relative to said housing to overload said bearing means. a

2. In a pitot pump adapted topump afluid, the combination of: Y

a rotary casing rotatable about a central axis, and including an annular pump chamber;

an outer housing surrounding said rotary casing, said outer housing having an inlet port and a discharge port;

drive shaft means extending into one end of said housing and rigidly connected to said casing, said drive shaft means having a cylindrical shaft extension extending into said pump chamber and concentric with the axis thereof;

bearing means between said drive shaft means and said housing;

generally tubular means extending longitudinally in said housing and upon which said casing is mounted for rotation, such tubular means being fixedly mounted on said housing and having an inlet passage therein communicating between said inlet port and said chamber for supply of a fluid to be pumped to said chamber, said tubular means having a pitot tube fixedly mounted thereon and extending radially in said chamber, said pitot tube having adjacent its outer end a pitot inlet facing in a direction opposite to the directionof rotation of said casing and-a passage therein communicating between said pitot inlet and a longitudinal discharge passage in said tubular member, said longitudinal discharge passage in turn communicating with said outlet, said tubular means having a cylindrical tubular extension journalling said cylindrical shaft extension of said drive shaft means, the maximum effective cross-sectional area of said tubular means in said chamber being approximately equal to the maximum effective cross-sectional area of said cylindrical sleeve'so that the fluid pressure in said chamber bears on substantially equal exposed chamber areas on said casing and on said tubular means; and I an exhaust duct in said tubular means communicating between the interior of said cylindrical tubular extension and said inlet passage, the periphery of said cylindrical shaft extension and the interior of said cylindrical tubular extension having a small clearance therebetween permitting a small flow of fluid from said chamber through said clearance to lubricate the same, said flow being conducted through said exhaust duct into said inlet passage so that there is substantially no net fluid force tending to move said casing axially relative to said housing to overload said bearing means.

3. In a pitot pump adapted to pump a fluid, the combination of: l

a generally cylindrical rotary casing rotatable about its central axis, including an annular pump chamber;

an outer housing surrounding said rotary casing, said outer housing having an inlet port and a discharge port; 1

drive shaft means extending into one end of said housing and rigidly connected to said casing, said drive shaft means having a first cylindrical bearing member extending into said pump chamber and concentric with the axis thereof;

bearing means between said drive shaft means and said housing; generally tubular means extending longitudinally in said housing and upon which said casing is mounted for rotation, such tubular means being fixedly mounted on said housing and having an inlet passage therein communicating between said inlet port and said chamber for supply of a fluid to be pumped to said chamber, said tubular means having a pitot tube fixedly mounted thereon and extending radially in saidchamber, said pitot tube having adjacent its outer end a pitot inlet facing in a direction opposite to the direction of rotation of i in journalled relation with said first cylindrical bearing member, the maximum effective crosssectional area of said tubular means in said chamher being approximately equal to the maximum effective cross-sectional area of said first bearing ,6 member so that the fluid pressure in said chamber bears on substantially equal exposed chamber areas on said casing and on said tubular means;

said bearing members having a small clearance therebetween pennitting small leakage flow of fluid from said chamber through said clearance to lubricate said bearing members; and an exhaust duct in said tubular means for conducting said leakage flow into said inlet passage so that there is substantially no net fluid force tending to move said casing axially relative to said housing to overload said bearing means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3004495 *Feb 11, 1957Oct 17, 1961New York Air Brake CoHigh speed hydrodynamic pump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3994618 *Jan 13, 1975Nov 30, 1976Kobe, Inc.Or pressures
US4183713 *Jan 9, 1978Jan 15, 1980Kobe, Inc.Pitot pump with jet pump operated thrust balance
US4875826 *Jul 26, 1988Oct 24, 1989Sundstrand CorporationPitot pump assembly for a rotating fluid management device
US5028204 *Dec 11, 1989Jul 2, 1991Nova Corporation Of AlbertaGas compressor having a dry gas seal on an overhung impeller shaft
US5051637 *Mar 20, 1990Sep 24, 1991Nova Corporation Of AlbertaFlux control techniques for magnetic bearing
US5975840 *Oct 29, 1997Nov 2, 1999Envirotech Pumpsystems, Inc.Pitot tube pump having axial-stabilizing construction
US5997243 *Jan 21, 1998Dec 7, 1999Envirotech Pumpsystems, Inc.Pitot tube inlet insert
US6431828Apr 5, 2000Aug 13, 2002Envirotech Pumpsystems, Inc.Non-planar rotor cover for a centrifugal pump
US6709227Sep 6, 2002Mar 23, 2004Envirotech Pumpsystems, Inc.Pitot tube insert
CN101922452A *Sep 25, 2010Dec 22, 2010朱生Pitot-turbo booster pump
WO1999037923A1Jan 21, 1999Jul 29, 1999Envirotech Pumpsystems IncPitot tube inlet insert
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/89, 415/104
International ClassificationF04D1/00, F04D1/12
Cooperative ClassificationF04D1/12
European ClassificationF04D1/12
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 13, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: BAKER OIL TOOLS, INC., A CORP OF CA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KOBE, INC. A CORP OF CA;REEL/FRAME:004289/0558
Effective date: 19840629
Owner name: BAKER OIL TOOLS, INC.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KOBE, INC. A CORP OF CA;REEL/FRAME:004289/0558