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Publication numberUS3822136 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1974
Filing dateSep 20, 1972
Priority dateSep 27, 1971
Publication numberUS 3822136 A, US 3822136A, US-A-3822136, US3822136 A, US3822136A
InventorsFujimori N, Mine K, Sakamoto E, Sakazume K, Sato S
Original AssigneeKonishiroku Photo Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Silver halide light-sensitive supersensitized materials
US 3822136 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3,822,136 SILVER HALIDE LIGHT-SENSITIVE SUPERSENSITIZED MATERIALS Kaiichiro Sakazume, Shui Sato, Noboru Fujimori, and Eiichi Sakamoto, Hanuo, and Kiyomitsu Mine, Tokyo, Japan, assignors to Konishiroku Photo Industry Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan No Drawing. Filed Sept. 20, 1972, Ser. No. 290,512 Claims priority, application Japan, Sept. 27, 1971, 46/ 74,631 Int. Cl. G03c 1/14 US. Cl. 96-126 5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention provides a light-sensitive material of the silver halide type having high speed green sensitivity and *being highly supersensitized to green light, which comprises a silver halide photographic emulsion and a specific combination of at least one compound expressed by following formula (I) with at least one compound expressed by following for- 1 34 (II) This light-sensitive material can be applied to not only black-and-white photography but also color photography, and is excellent over conventional supersensitized lightsensitive emulsions in spectral sensitivity, good storability, high color reproducibility with 'less color contamination, and other photographic characteristics.

This invention relates to a light-sensitive material of the silver halide type exhibiting an excellent supersensitizing effect. More particularly, the invention relates to a photographic material of the silver halide type which has a high green sensitivity and is highly supersensitized to light of the green portion of the spectrum.

The inherent sensitivity of silver halide emulsions is confined to short wavelength regions, namely ultraviolet and blue regions of the spectrum. It is known that the sensitivity of silver halide emulsions can be extended effectively by the use of certain dyes of the cyanine or merocyanine type. It is also known that when, in combination with such sensitizing dye, a certain other sensitizing dye or organic compound is incorporated into a silver halide emulsion, it is possible to impart to the emulsion a sensitivity higher than the sum of the individual effects of these sensitizing materials. Such effect is called supersensitizing effect.

In case such supersensitizing method is actually ap plied to silver halide emulsions in the photographic industry, it is desired that in addition to attainment of good spectral sensitizing effect, the following requirements will be satisfied:

(1) The spectral sensitization can be attained properly in the intended portion of the spectrum.

(2) The sensitizing material to be added does not cause such a reaction with other photographic additives as will result in bad influences to the quality of the resulting photographic material, and photographic charac- United States Patent 0 teristics of a photosensitive film or paper can be retained during storage stably.

(3) Fog or dye contamination is not observed on a photographic 'film or paper after development.

When the supersensitizing method is applied to greensensitized emulsions for use in preparing light-sensitive materials for color photography, it is especially important that these requirements will be satisfied. More specifically, it is desired that the emulsions have a sensitized spectrum portion optimum to exhibit a good color reproducibility as materials for color photography and have a green sensitivity of a high speed with less color contamination. Although various combinations of sensitizing dyes have been heretofore proposed to provide supersensitized silver halide emulsions, most of them fail to satisfy the above requirements sufficiently.

It is therefore a primary object of this invention to provide a highly supersensitized silver-halide lightsensitive material which will meet all of the above requirements sufficiently.

Another object of this invention is to provide a combination of sensitizing dyes which gives such excellent supersensitized photographic material of the silver halide type.

Still another object of this invention is to give a green sensitivity of a high speed to a silverhalide emulsion.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the description given hereinbelow.

As a result of extensive research works we have now found that the above objects and advantages (an be attained by incorporating in a silver halide emulsion at least one member selected from compounds expressed by the following general formula (I) I R1 a (1) wherein R and R stand for a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms or a sulfoalkyl group; R designates a hydrogen atom or a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; Y Y Y Y Y and Y stand for a hydrogen or halogen atom, a lower alkyl, group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a lower alkoxy group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms or phenyl group, or they may be atomic groups bonded together to form a naphthoxazole nucleus; X indicates an acid anion; and n is 0 to 1, and at least one member selected from compounds expressed by the following general formula (II) R4 (11) wherein R is a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a hydroxyalkyl group, a carboxyalkyl group or a sulfoalkyl group; Z is an atomic group necessary for forming an oxazole, benzoxazole, naphthoxazole, benzimidazole, thiazoline, thiazole, benzothiazole, naphthothiazole, indolenine or pyrroline nucleus which may be substituted by a halogen atom, a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a lower alkoxy group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a hydroxyl group; and Q is an atomic group necessary for forming a rhodanine, thiohydantoin or Z-thiooxazolidinedione nucleus which may be substituted by a hydroxyalkyl group, an alkoxyalkyl group, a carboxyalkyl group, a sulfoalkyl group, a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a halogen-substituted phenyl group.

3 -Thus, in accordance with this invention there is provided a photographic material of the silver halide type which comprises a silver halide photographic emulsion and, incorporated therein, a combination of at least One member selected from compounds expressed by the above general ject having a specific reflective spectrum or to effect the photographing under a specific light source.

Further, the sensitizing compounds of the above formulae (I) and (II) do not cause such a reaction with additives contained in photographic emulsions as will affect 5 formula (I) with at least one member selected from combadly addltlfes resPltmg photographlc pounds expressed by the above general formula (II) When a silver halide emulsion comprising the sensitizing In the photographic material of this invention compriscompounds f i gfq g ls g on g. substrat? f ing a combination of the above-mentioned specific sensitiz- 3153 x g gi gi g ggg g g gggg g g sl i ing compounds expressed by the general formulae (1) and 10 (II), it is possible to attain excellent spectral supersensigigg mg g zi zgg; 3 2 3353; 5 5:2 2 3 321 tlZatlOIl 1n either or both of the shorter wavelength por- (I) and (ID will now be illustrated, but the scope of this tron and longer wavelength portion of the green region of invention is not limited by Such illustration the spectrum. Furthermore, the photosensitive material 15 instance of compounds expressed the genof this invention makes it possible to photograph an oberal formula (I) are as follows:

Maximum absorption wavelenfih Compound No. Structural formula miii'mfi (1) 0 0 496 =OH(!J=CH- 01 \N CH N -o1 (a (CH1)4SO:H

=CH0=0H l 1 Cl N 02H N C1 (CHz)aSOaN8 HflaSOa (3) O O 503 =OH-(|3=CH u) (CHI)4SO3N8 L H3O T cm 503 CH1CH1CHCH3 l HD1301, SOINa =CH( 3=OH- N ci fi N OCH l 02H; I

. (CHflzSOgP) =CH-C=OH \N A3235 N 2115 SCNH (7)..:;:.;..;.:.;;;.:.:.--:: /O O 524 =CHC=CH 4 2115 N o) (JZHz): S OaNa (CHz)aS0 As typical instances of compounds expressed by the above general formula (II), the following compounds may be mentioned:

Maximum absorption wavelength n) in Compound No. Structural formula methanol CHCH=C-I- I N I $230 O=C I? 10) o CIIHOH 488 =CH--CH=C-N onms 0.11

CHzCH=CHz I \=CH--CH=CO (6H2) sSOsNa 07-0-1? H n 1 =CH-CH=CB Hi N v I =s I CHQGOOB:

1 =CHCH=C-S Y H N l cnmsoma N (0 Hg) 8 OaNa TABLEContlnued Maximum absorption wavelength m Compound No. Structural formula methanol (17) H3O CH: 480

C =CHCH=CO I =s on.

Hs- N =CH-CHC-S I =8 (CHmSOaNa l =CHCH=CS l can O=C-N H CHaCE (2)..':.T-'Z.T::.ZTI:II-TJ O CHCHC OH 488 ..-=CH-CH=C-N These compounds may be synthesized by methods disclosed in French Pat. 1,108,788 Specification, Japanese Patent Publication 13,821/68, etc.

Silver halide light-sensitive materials of this invention, which have excellent photographic characteristics such as mentioned above, may be effectively applied to not only high speed black-and-white emulsion but also color lightsensitive photography. According to this invention, it is also possible to provide coloring dye-containing lightsensitive materials for color photography by the silver dye breach method.

In silver halide light-sensitive materials of this invention, the distribution of the maximum sensitization wavelength may be varied depending upon the kinds of compounds of the general formulae (1) and (II) and the mixing ratio of them.

These compounds are usually incorporated into a silver halide emulsion in the state dissolved in water or an organic solvent such as methanol and ethanol, or a mixture thereof. They may be added to the silver halide emulsion at any time during the emulsion preparation process, but it is generally preferred that the addition is effected just after the second-ripening step. The amounts added of the compounds of the general formulae (I) and (II) vary depending upon the kind of the silver halide emulsion, but in general it is preferred that they are added in such amounts that the sum of them is l to 500 mg. per mole of the silver halide. It is also preferred that the mixing ratio of both the compounds is within a range of from 1:10 to :1.

Emulsions of any of silver chloride, silver chloridebromide, silver bromide, silver iodide-bromide and silver iodide-chloride-bromide may be used as the silver halide emulsion in this invention. It is permissible that these emulsions may be sensitized by noble metal sensitizers,

sulfur sensitizers, reduction sensitizers or sensitizers of the polyalkylene oxide type. Further, these emulsions may further comprise additives such as stabilizers, surfactants and hardening agents.

This invention will now be illustrated by reference to Examples but it is not at all limited by these Examples Example 1 A high speed emulsion of the silver iodide-bromide type containing 3 mole percent of silver iodide was prepared by efiecting the second-ripening by the gold sensitizing and sulfur sensitizing methods. Compounds of formulae (I) and (H) were added to the emulsion individually or in combination as indicated in Table 1 given below. Each compound was incorporated in the form of a 0.1% methanol solution.

Each emulsion was maintained at about 40 C. for 20 minutes to stabilize the spectral sensitivity, and then it was uniformly coated on a cellulose triacetate film substrate and dried to obtain a sample.

Each sample was exposed to day-light of luces (5400 K.) with use of a sensitometer (model KS-l manufactured by Konishiroku Photo. Ind. Ltd.) covered with a green filter having a maximum percent transmission at 525 mi, and then it was developed with a liquid developer having the following composition:

G. N-methyl-p-aminophenol sulfate 3.0 Anhydrous sodium sulfite 50:0 Hydroquinone 6.0 Sodium carbonate 29.5 Potassium bromide 1.0 Water Balance Total, 2 liters.

The development was conducted at 20 C. for minutes. Then fixing and water-washing treatments were carried out according to customary methods. The speed of green sensitivity and fog were determined with respect to each sample to obtain results shown in Table 1, in which the value of the speed of green sensitivity is expressed in terms of a relative speed calculated on the assumption that the speed of green sensitivity attained by single use of compound (2) corresponds to a relative speed of 100. In Table 1, compound numbers correspond with those given hereinabove when compounds of formulae (1) and (II) being illustrated.

Each emulsion was immediately coated on a polyethylene terephthalate film substrate and dried to obtain an as-coated sample. Then, the as-coated sample was allowed to stand still at 50 C. for 3 days in a relative humidity of 80% to obtain a preserved sample for testing the storability under high temperature and high humidity conditions.

These samples were exposed and developed in the same manner as in Example 1 and the sensimetry was conducted to determine the speed of green sensitivity. Further, the spectral supersensitivity to 530-540 mp, which is indispensable for faithful reproduction of a human image,

TABLE 1 Compound of Compound of Formula (1) Formula (II) Relative Maximum speed of sensitivity Compound Amount Compound Amount green wavelength Sample number number added l number added 1 sensitivity Fog (m Mg. per mole of silver halide.

From the results shown in Table 1, it is apparent that when compounds of general formulae (I) and (II) are employed in combination, the green sensitivity is highly improved over that attained by their individual use.

Example 2 Compounds of general formulae (I) and (II) were added in a combination, as illustrated in Table 2, to a TABLE 2 Compound of Compound of Relative speed of Formula (1) Formula (II) green sensitivity Compound Amount Compound Amount .As-coated Preserved 530'540 Sample number Number added Number added sample sample mu (2) 120 (11) 60 165 155 185 (5) 120 (13) 90 155 155 190 (3) 120 (11; 60 160 150 190 I (A) 90 9 (B 90 100 85 100 1 Mg. per mole of silver helife.

2 Comparative. high speed silver iodide/bromide emulsion similar to that used in Example 1. After the after-ripening, a suitable amount of 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-1,3,3a,7-tetrazaindene was added to the emulsion as anantifoggant to form a greensensitive emulsion. As a comparative sample of the conventional supersensitized green-sensitive emulsion, there was prepared an emulsion in the same manner as above by employing a combination of the following dyes (A) and (B) according to the teaching of US. Pat. 2,688,545 Specification:

Comparative Dye (A) From the results shown in Table 2, it will readily be understood that as compared with the comparative sample, the samples according to this invention exhibit excellent spectral sensitivity and have such excellent greensensitive characteristics that the sensitivity is hardly changed on storage under severe conditions and the sensitivity to the spectral region of 530540 mp, which is essential for faithful reproduction of a human image, is extremely high.

Example 3 A high speed emulsion of the silver iodide/bromide type for negative prints of color light-sensitive material containing 5 mole percent of silver iodide was gold-sensitized and sulfur-sensitized to effect the after-ripening, and anhydro 5,5 dichloro-3,3'-disulfopropyl-9-ethylthiocarbocyaninehydroxide was added as a red-sensitizing dye in an amount of mg. per mole of the silver halide. A cyan coupler formed by dissolving 4-chloro-1-hydroxy-2- n-octylnaphthoic acid under heat into dibutyl phthalate and ethyl acetate and dispersing the solution into a gelatin solution with use of sodium alkylbenzenesulfonate was added to the emulsion. The pH of the emulsion was adjusted to 6.3, and the emulsion was coated uniformly on a cellulose triacetate film substrate, followed by drying. A thin gelatin layer was formed on the above emulsion coating. A high speed emulsion of the silver iodide/ bromide type, similar to that employed in Example 1, was

incorporated with compounds of formulae (I) and (II) individually or in combination as indicated in Table 3 given below. In the same manner as described above with respect to formation of the cyan coupler, 1(3-carboxyphenyl)-3-(4-stearoylaminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone was dispersed and incorporated as a magenta coupler into the silver halide emulsion. After the pH was adjusted to 6.8, the emulsion was coated on the gelatin layer, followed by drying.

A yellow filter layer composed of colloidal silver was further coated on the above silver halide emulsion coating. Then, a yellow coupler formed by emulsifying and dispersing 2-dodecyloxybenzoyl acetoanilide in a goldsensitized and sulfur-sensitized emulsion of the silver iodide/ bromide type for negative film in the same manner as described above with respect to formation of the cyan coupler and magenta coupler, and the pH of the emulsion was adjusted to 6.8. The so formed yellow coupler emulsion was coated on the above yellow filter layer and dried to obtain a sample of a multi-layer light-sensitive material for color photography. The sample was exposed in the same manner as in Example 1 and developed at 22 C. for minutes with use of a color developer of the following composition:

After the development, the bleaching, fixing and waterwashing treatments were carried out according to customary procedures. The color sensimetry was effected with respect to each sample to determine the speed of green sensitivity, fog (color contamination) and photographic gamma. Results are shown in Table 3, in which the value of the speed of green sensitivity is expressed in terms of the relative speed calculated on an assumption that the speed of green sensitivity attained by the single use of compound (6) corresponds to a relative speed of 100.

wherein R and R stand for a lower alkyl group having to to 3 carbon atoms or a sulfoalkyl group; R designates a hydrogen atom or a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; Y Y Y Y Y and Y stand for a hydrogen or halogen atom, a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a lower alkoxy group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms or phenyl group, or they may be atomic groups bonded together to form a naphthoxazole nucleus; X indicates an acid anion; and n is 0 or 1, with at least one member selected from compounds expressed by the following general formula (II) B4 (II) wherein R is a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a hydroxyalkyl group, a carboxyalkyl group or a sulfoalkyl group; Z is an atomic group necessary for forming an oxazole, benzoxazole, naphthoxazole, benzimidazole, thiazoline, thiazole, benzothiazole, naphthothiazole, indolenine or pyrroline nucleus which may be substituted by a halogen atom, a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a lower alkoxy group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a hydroxy group, and Q is an atomic group necessary for forming a rhodanine, thiohydantoin or 2-thiooxazolinedione nucleus which may be substituted by a hydroxyalkyl group, an alkoxyalkyl group, a carboxyalkyl group, a sulfoalkyl group, a lower alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a halogen-substituted phenyl group.

2. A silver halide light-sensitive material set forth in claim 1 wherein the sum of amounts incorporated of the compounds of the above general formulae (I) and (II) is 1 to 500 mg. per mole of the silver halide contained in the gelatinous emulsion.

3. A silver halide light-sensitive material set forth in claim 1 wherein the ratio of the compound of the above general formula (I) to the compound of the above general formula (II) is within a range of from 10:1 to 1:10.

4. A silver halide light-sensitive material set forth in claim 1 wherein the silver halide is selected from silver TABLE 3 Compound of Compound of Formula (1) Formula (II) Relative Fog speed 0! (color Photo- Compound Amount Compound Amount green eontamlgraphic Sample number umber added l number added I sensitivity nation) gamma 1 Mg. per mole of the silver halide.

chloride, silver chloride/bromide, silver bromide, silver iodide/bromide and silver iodide/bromide/chloride.

5. A silver halide light-sensitive material according to claim 1 wherein the silver halide emulsion contains color coupling agents.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,671,260 6/1972 Oftedahl et a1 96126 3,711,288 1/1973 Sato et a1. 96140 FOREIGN PATENTS 625,446 6/ 1949 Great Britain 96126 J. TRAVIS BROWN, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 96100, 137,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3930860 *Jan 2, 1974Jan 6, 1976Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Spectrally sensitized color photographic materials suitable for high temperature rapid development
US3953216 *Aug 16, 1974Apr 27, 1976Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Spectrally sensitized silver halide photographic emulsion
US4040841 *Aug 6, 1975Aug 9, 1977Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Silver halide photographic emulsion
US4053318 *Dec 18, 1975Oct 11, 1977Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Silver halide photographic emulsions
US4057430 *Feb 9, 1976Nov 8, 1977Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Silver halide photographic emulsion
US4110116 *Mar 16, 1977Aug 29, 1978Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFogged direct positive silver halide emulsion containing a cyanine dye having at least one benzoxazole or benzothiazole nucleus substituted with halogen atoms
US4634653 *Mar 18, 1985Jan 6, 1987Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Direct positive silver halide photographic emulsion
US6361932Sep 11, 1998Mar 26, 2002Eastman Kodak CompanyPhotographic material having enhanced light absorption
EP0749038A1Jun 16, 1995Dec 18, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyLight-sensitive photographic materials comprising tabular silver halide grains and azodicarbonamide derivatives
EP0843209A1Nov 13, 1996May 20, 1998Imation Corp.Silver halide emulsion manufacturing method
EP0985967A1 *Aug 30, 1999Mar 15, 2000Eastman Kodak CompanyPhotographic material having enhanced light absorption
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/550, 548/219, 548/181, 548/217, 548/183, 430/577
International ClassificationG03C7/26, G03C1/08, G03C1/28, G03C1/29
Cooperative ClassificationG03C1/29
European ClassificationG03C1/29
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 22, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: KONICA CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:KONISAIROKU PHOTO INDUSTRY CO., LTD.;REEL/FRAME:005159/0302
Effective date: 19871021