|Publication number||US3823383 A|
|Publication date||Jul 9, 1974|
|Filing date||Feb 8, 1973|
|Priority date||Feb 8, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3823383 A, US 3823383A, US-A-3823383, US3823383 A, US3823383A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (15), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
e V United States Patent [191 Mallinger' July 9, 1974  AUDIBLE SPEEDOMETER [75 Inventor: John Mallinger, 109 w. Childs St., Wamg Woodbury, NJ. 08096 Assignee: General Electric Company, New
Filed: Feb. 8, 1973 Appl. No.: 330,498
us. on. 340/62, 340/263 Int. Cl B60q 1/54 Field 6: Search 340/53, 62, 263, 52 F References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1970 Legler et al 340/62 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-PP. L. Schlamp [5 7] ABSTRACT for reproducing an intelligent audio-signal indicative of vehicle speed.
5 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures 1 AUDIBLE SPEEDOMETER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As is well known to those familiar with present day driving conditions, relatively high speed limits exist and are often strictly enforced on many roads and highways requiring 100 percent of the drivers visual attention. Also, ease and comfort of vehicle operating conditions often belie true vehicle velocity, being indicative to the operator of a less than true speed. Also, there is reason to believe that frequent observation of a conventional speedometer necessary to maintain vehicle speed within permitted limits, is a contributory cause to many accidents.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an important object of the present invention to provide a novel and unique construction of audible speedometer which overcomes the abovementioned difficulties, permitting a driver to direct his entire visual attention to the driving conditions, affording an accurate representation of true vehicle speed, all without diversion of an operators eyes from the road.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an audible speedometer having the advantageous characteristics mentioned in thepreceding paragraph which avoids the alarm or shock effect, which of itself may cause an accident, and does not disturb passengers of the vehicle, all while maintaining a continuing supervisory and signaling action.
It is still another object of the present invention'to provide an audible speedometer of the type described which is extremely simple in construction and operation for manufacture at a reasonable cost, being highly reliable throughout a long useful life with a minimum of maintenance and repair, and which can be economically manufactured for sale at a reasonable price.
()ther objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification and referring to the accompanying drawings, which form a material part of this disclosure.
The inventionvaccordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangements of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope will be indicated by the appended claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a forward looking interior view showing a motor vehicle operator station incorporating the audible speedometer of the instant invention.
FIG. 2 is a somewhat diagrammatic and schematic representation of the electrical apparatus of the instant invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now more particularly to the drawings, and specifically to FIG. 1 thereof, a vehicleis there generally designated 10, including a dashboard or panel 11 located below the windshield 12. A steering wheel is shown at 13, and a speedometer is generally designated 15, being mounted in the panel 11 and including a face 16. Also mounted in the control panel or dashboard 11 may be a control box 17, including a control knob'l8,
a sound producer or speaker 19, and an additional or optional sound producer or earpiece 20.
The speedometer 15 is shown in greater detail in FIG. 2 and may have a conventional face 16 provided with numeral indicia and a movable pointer 22 for designating the indicia corresponding to vehicle speed. The movable pointer 22 may include or constitute a movable contact or switch arm, and there may be associated with the numeral indicia respective fired contacts 23, with which the movablecontact or switch arm 22 is successively engageable upon arm movement in one direction. The fixed contacts 23 may be relatively small and leave substantial openings or spaces along the path of movement of arm contact 22; or, the fixed contact may occupy substantial space along the path of arm movement, leaving relatively little unoccupied or open space, for purposes appearing presently.
A signal source is generally designated 25, and may include what is sometimes called a tape deck, say being constituted of a pair of rotary members or spools 26 and 27, at least one of which is driven, say spool 27 as by a motive means or motor 28. A plurality of recorded message bearing means, such as endless tapes 30, 31, 32, 33 and 34 may each be circum'posed about the driving and driven spools 27 and 26 for continuous rotation thereabout upon operation of drive motor 28. The signal sources or tapes 30-34 are each provided with a recorded message pertinent to a respective vehicle velocity or speed. That is, each of the signal sources or tapes serves to announce the existence of a particular vehicle speed.
Toward this end, a plurality of tape heads or pick-up means, say magnetic, may be provided, as at 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39, each associated with a respective tape 30-34 for sensing the message carried by the associated tape. The pick-up magnets or tape heads 35-39 are each connected to a respective fixed contact 23, as by respective electrical connections or conductors 35a, 36a, 37a, 38a and 39a.
It will now be appreciated that the signal source or tape 34 is operatively associated with its pick-up head 35 for electrical connection through conductor 35a to contact 23 of speedometer indicia 40", while tape 33 is associated with pick-up head 36 which is connected through conductor 36a to contact 23 of speedometer indicia 50.;tape 32 being associated through its pickup 37 and thereby connected through conductor 37a to the contact 23 associated with speedometer indicia 16; signal source or tape 31 being operatively associated through its pick-up head 38 and conductor 38a with the contact 23 of speedometer indicia and signal source or tape 30 being connected through associated pick-up head 39, which is in turn connected through conductor 39a with the contact 23 associated with speedometer indicia grammatic, it is appreciated that the circuitry may be made operative following the teachings herein by the exercise of mere skill in the art.
It will now be understood that, in use of the vehicle 10, as with the endless tapes 25 moving about their endless paths, and power being supplied to the sound reproduction means, the speedometer arm or movable contact 22 is angularly shiftable and positioned corresponding to the vehicle speed. Thus, in the illustrated position of vehicle speed being 50 mph, the signal source or tape 33 has its message picked up by the associated head 36, the signal being conducted therefrom through conductor 36a, arm 22 and conductor 42 to the amplifier 43, from which it is passed to the speaker 19. As noted hereinbefore, each signal source or tape 30-34 may have a recorded message thereon for announcing the vehicle speed corresponding to the associated speedometer contact, which message is reproduced by the speaker 19, or optionally by the earpiece 20, as desired. This provides a continuing audible message to the operator such that his eyes need not leave the road to achieve the advantageous results set forth hereinbefore.
While in the illustrated embodiment the contacts 23 are relatively small, so that a message is reproduced only when the vehicle is at a speed closely approximating that of a multiple of 10, the fixed contacts may be enlarged to provide the audible message throughout a greater range of speeds, as desired.
Although the device of the instant invention has been illustrated and described as operatively associated directly with the visual indicating speedometer, it is appreciated that the instant audible speedometer may be actuated by other suitable means. For example, it may be advantageous under certain circumstances, say in existing vehicles, to use a device of the instant invention operatively connected to other components of a vehicle, say the motor, drive train, or transmission. In particular, a device of the instant invention may be connected to a conventional tachometer take-off, say on the vehicle transmission, or elsewhere.
From the foregoing, it is seen that the present invention provides an audible speedometer which is extremely simple in construction and operation, adapted to produce a durable and reliable apparatus throughout a long useful life, and capable of manufacture, installa tion and maintanance at a reasonable cost.
Although the present invention has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example for purposes of clarity of understanding, it is understood that certain changes and modifications may be made within the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. An audible speedometer comprising a plurality of fixed contacts each corresponding to a respective vehicle velocity, a movable contact movable responsive to vehicle speed for engagement with respective fixed contacts at said respective vehicle velocities, sound re production means, a plurality of separate audible intelligent signal sources each continuously presenting a signal corresponding to a respective vehicle velocity, and electrical connection means operatively connecting each of said fixed contacts with a respective one of said signal sources and connecting said movable contact to said sound reproduction means to reproduce a single audible intelligent signal responsive to an existing vehicle speed.
2. An audible speedometer according to claim 1, in combination with a mechanical speedometer connected to said movable contact to move the latter.
3. An audible speedometer according to claim 1, in combination with an electrical speedometer connected to said movable contact to move the latter.
4. An audible speedometer according to claim 1, said signal sources comprising a plurality of separate, simultaneously and continuously operable recorded messages corresponding to respective vehicle speeds.
5. An audible speedometer according to claim 4, said recorded messages each comprising an endless tape, and said electrical connection means comprising a plurality of pick-up heads each operatively associated with a respective tape and a respective fixed contact, for transmitting the respective recorded signal corresponding to vehicle speed.
l= l l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTEN Patent No. 3 8Z3 383 Dated July 9 y 1974 PRINTER'S 1 RIM LINVI John Mallinger Inventor(s) It is cert-ifid that error appearfs in the abQN fdEhtifid patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby correctedfias shown below;
On the cow cs1 sheet cancel I73] Assignee: General Electric:
Company New York, N. Y."; "PP. Lw schlamp" should read Robert K. Youtie Signed and sealed this 26th day of November 1974.
v McCOY M. GIBSON JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesciwmg Offioar Commissioner of Patents FORM PC4050 (YO-69) USCOMM'DC 50375'F'59 U.5 GOVKRNMENY PRINTING OFHCEi a 6 9. 93 o
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4007438 *||Aug 15, 1975||Feb 8, 1977||Protonantis Peter N||Speed monitoring and ticketing system for a motor vehicle|
|US4348653 *||Mar 17, 1981||Sep 7, 1982||Nippondenso Co., Ltd.||Method and system for indicating automobile abnormal conditions|
|US4359714 *||Oct 23, 1980||Nov 16, 1982||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Voice warning system for an automotive vehicle|
|US4373116 *||Oct 3, 1980||Feb 8, 1983||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Voice trip information system for an automotive vehicle|
|US4389537 *||Oct 3, 1980||Jun 21, 1983||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Voice warning system for an automotive vehicle provided with an automatic speed control device|
|US4498075 *||Sep 23, 1982||Feb 5, 1985||Napco Security Systems, Inc.||Fault indicator apparatus for a multi-zone intrusion system|
|US5554970 *||Jul 24, 1995||Sep 10, 1996||Mottahedeh; Haghnazar||Speed alarm system for an automobile|
|US5794730 *||Jun 23, 1997||Aug 18, 1998||Deka Products Limited Partnership||Indication system for vehicle|
|US20130069774 *||Sep 19, 2011||Mar 21, 2013||Elizabeth Ajala||Talking Speedometer|
|DE3037298A1 *||Oct 2, 1980||Apr 23, 1981||Nissan Motor||Akustische informations- oder warneinrichtung fuer kraftfahrzeuge mit automatischer geschwindigkeits-kontrolleinrichtung|
|DE3040223A1 *||Oct 24, 1980||May 7, 1981||Nissan Motor||Akustische informations- oder wandeinrichtung fuer kraftfahrzeuge|
|DE19532480A1 *||Sep 2, 1995||Mar 6, 1997||Hannelore Lumpp Feinwerktechni||Vehicle travel velocity display device|
|U.S. Classification||340/441, 340/688, 340/670, 340/692|
|International Classification||B60Q1/54, B60Q1/50, G01P1/11, G01P1/08, G01P1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G01P1/08, G01P1/11, B60Q1/54|
|European Classification||G01P1/11, B60Q1/54, G01P1/08|
|Mar 22, 1982||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: BILGER, JANICE H. AND
Effective date: 19811028
Owner name: BILGER, JANICE H. EXECUTRICE, 412 MEADOWCROFT RD.,
Owner name: MALLINGER, JOHN DEC D.
Owner name: SMITH, LOIS M.
Effective date: 19820616
Owner name: SMITH, LOIS M., EXECUTRICEES OF
Effective date: 19811028
|Mar 22, 1982||AS05||Letters testamentary|
Free format text: BILGER, JANICE H., 412 MEADOWCROFT RD. WOODBURY, NJ.; SMITH, LOIS M. RD 4 ANN DR * MALLINGER, JOHN,DEC D. : 19810616
|Mar 22, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BILGER, JANICE H. EXECUTRICE, 412 MEADOWCROFT RD.,
Owner name: BILGER, JANICE H., 412 MEADOWCROFT RD. WOODBURY, N
Owner name: MALLINGER, JOHN, DEC D
Owner name: SMITH, LOIS M. EXECUTRICE, RD. 4 ANN DR. VINCENTOW
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. EFFECTIVE JUNE 16, 1981;ASSIGNORS:MALLINGER, JOHN DEC D.;BILGER, JANICE H. AND;SMITH, LOIS M., EXECUTRICEES OF THE ESTATE OF JOHN MALLINGER, DEC D;REEL/FRAME:003956/0080;SIGNING DATES FROM 19811028 TO 19820616
Owner name: SMITH, LOIS M. RD 4 ANN DR. VINCENTOWN, NJ.
Free format text: LETTERS OF TESTAMENTARY;ASSIGNOR:MALLINGER, JOHN, DEC D.;REEL/FRAME:003956/0079
Effective date: 19810616