US 3823972 A
A refuse container of the type adapted to be lifted up by lifting tines on a front loader. Two or more containers may be removably coupled together so as to form one large container.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 1111 3,823,972 Rainer July 16, 1974 REFUSE CONTAINER 712,898 11 /1902 Barney 297/248 1,577,823 3/1926 Dolle 312/107 Inventor: Leonard Ramel, n Brooklyn, 11210 2,820,655 1/1958 Hileman 403/349 3,122,249 2/1964 Dcmpster ct a1. 220/23.4  June 1972 3,711,902 1/1973 Eggert, Jr. 220/1.5  Appl. N0.: 262,857
. Primary ExaminerWi11iam 1. Price 1 Assistant Examiner-Allan N. Shoap  U.S. Cl 294/73, 2l43022222672155i Attorney, Agent, or Firm seidel, Gouda & [51 1111.01 B65d 21/02 Goldhammer  Field of Search 220/4 D, 1.5 23.4;
214/302; 312/107, 111, 198; 297/248; 1 ABSTRACT 403/315, 341, 349, 361; 294/69, 73 A refuse container of the type adapted to be lifted up by lifting tines on a front loader. Two or more con-  References Cited tainers may be removably coupled together so as to UNITED STATES PATENTS form one large container. 104,884 6/1870 10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures Keinshagen 403/349 1 REFUSE CONTAINER in existing locations, the refuse container is preferably in the form of a small module. In order that the modules can be used with existing front end loader type refuse vehicles, the modules are adapted to be rigidly coupled together. Thus, the present invention does not require existing storage locations to be modified nor do the existing vehicles have to be modified.
The closest prior art that is known is U.S. Pat. No.
3,122,249. In said patent, there isdisclosed a refuse container comprised'of a plurality of containers held in an assembled relationship by means of a torque bar on the lifting tines of the vehicle cooperating with brackets on one side and by means of a torque bar removably attached to the opposite side. The refuse container disclosed in said patent is cumbersome, inefficient in that it is time consuming to use the same, and is not adapted for use with all types-of lifting tines on front end loaders.
Each module of the refuse container of the present invention may be mounted on wheels if desired. This facilitates the ease with which the containers may be manipulated. Also, each module may have a movable cover. A coupling means is permanently provided on each module for cooperation with a mating coupling means on an adjacent module. As a safety feature, each coupling means must be properly orientated with respect to the mating coupling means, otherwise the lifting tines cannot properly pick up the refuse container. This feature prevents the tines from lifting the refuse container wherein the modules are improperly coupled together. The coupling bar member on each module is a captive member, that is it remains with the module.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel refuse container.
It is another object of the present invention to pro- For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a refuse container in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged detail view of a latch mechanism associated with a coupling bar member on one module as shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 1, but on an enlarged scale.
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of a refuse container comprised of two'sets of modules as shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. is an elevation view taken along the line 55- in FIG. 4. u a
FIG. 6 is an elevation view similar to FIG. 5, but showing another embodiment of the present invention wherein the refuse container is comprised of three modules. 8
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along the line 77 in FIG. 6.
} Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIG. 1 a refuse container designated generally as 10. The refuse container 10 is comprised of modules 12 and 14. The modules 12 and 14 are identical. Accordingly, only module 12 will be described in detail with corresponding primed numerals being applied to corresponding structure on the module 14.
The module 12 is comprised of a rectangular or square housing having vertical walls including walls 16 and 18. The housing is preferably mounted on wheels for ease of manipulation within the building whereby the module may be located in one position for receiving rubbish and easily moved to another location for emptying of rubbish. The housing is also preferably provided with a movable or pivotably mounted cover 22 having a handle thereon.
The housing of module 12 has brackets 24 and 26 fixedly secured to a wall thereof such as wall 18. A coupling bar member 28 is positioned so that it extends through the brackets 24 and 26 and is. mounted for limited horizontal reciprocable movement. The coupling bar member 28 may be hollow,-but is preferably solid metal.
As shown more clearly in FIG. 2, one of the brackets, namely'bracket 26, is provided with a bayonet slot 30. The coupling bar member 28 is provided with a latch 32 adapted to be received in the bayonet slot 30. The
. coupling bar member 28 is also provided with a limit stop 34 adapted to cooperate with the bracket 24 to limit the extent of movement of the coupling bar member 28. Thus, the coupling bar member 28 is rotatably and reciprocably supported by the brackets 24 and 26 and held captive on the housing of module 12.
The housing of module 12 is provided with a means defining a channel through which the tine on a front end loader may extend. Such means may be in the form of a C-shaped channel 36 which is fixedly secured to wall 16 on the housing of module 12. It is to be noted that the walls 16 and 18 are perpendicular to one another and that the elevation of the channel member 36 is so located that a tine cannot extend therethrough if the coupling bar member 28 is not properly latched. That is, when latch member 32 is not positioned within the bayonet slot 30, one end of the coupling bar member 28 blocks the opening defined by wall 16 and channel member 36. This prevents an operator from lifting the refuse container 10 when the modules 12 and 14 are not coupled together.
The coupling bar members 28 and 28- are provided with a means for interconnecting the same. As shown more clearly in FIG. 3, the end of bar member 28 remote from the channel member 36 is provided with a tubular portion 38. Tubular portion 38 receives the adjacent end of coupling bar member 28' with a telescoping relationship. If desired, bar member 28 may be provided with a pin 40 which telescopes into a socket 42 on the coupling bar member 28'. The elements as shown in FIG. 3 assume this relationship when each of I the latch members 32 and 32' are latched to their respective brackets 26 and 26'.
Themodules 12 and 14 in FIG. 1 may be of a size such as 36 inches square so as to be combinable into a refuse container 10 which is 36" 72" and capable of being handled by the tines 48 and 50 on the front end loader vehicle. If desired, two of the refuse containers 10 may be coupled together back to back as shown in FIG. 4 to define a refuse container comprised of l4 and 46.
In FIG. 6, there is illustrated another embodiment of the present invention wherein a refuse container is comprised of a module 52 sandwiched between and coupled to the modules 12 and 14. Module 52'is identical with module 12 except that it does not have a channel member on its side face thereof corresponding to channel member 36. Hence, the side walls of the housing of module 52 may be juxtaposed to smooth side walls of each of the modules 12 and 14.
The exposed wall of the module 52 in FIG. 6 is desi' nated as 54. Brackets S6 and 58 are mounted on wall 54. A coupling bar member 60 is reciprocably and rotatably supported by the brackets 56 and 58 for limited reciprocal movement. The reciprocal movement of ba member 60 is defined by limit stops 62.
The lefthand end of coupling bar member 60 in F168. 6 and 7 is provided with a socket adapted to receive the pin 40 on the coupling bar member 28 with a telescoping relationship as described above. The
righthand end of coupling bar member 60 is provided with a tubular portion 64. Tubular portion 64 cooperates with the adjacent end of coupling bar member 28 in the same manner as did the portion 38 described above.
- On the front wall 59 on the module 52, there'is provided-brackets 64 and 68. A bolt 70 is slidably supported by bracket 66. The bolt 72 is slidably supported by bracket68. Bolt 70 maybe slid to the left in FIG.
7 so as to overlie the joint 74 between modules 12 and 52. Bolt 74 may be slid to the right in FIG. 7 to overlie the joint 76 between modules 52 and 14. The bolts 70 operates with the lifting tines is the channelmembers on opposite side faces of the refuse container, no special structure need be provided on the containers for cooperation with any other portion of the lifting tines. In this manner, the modules may be grouped together and coupled as shown in F IG, 1 or- FIG. 4 or FIG. 6. lf
desired, the coupling bars and their respective supporting brackets may be mounted on a recessed portion of are acaptive portion of each module. These features aid in reliability since there are no components which are necessary for lifting the refuse container and yet are capable of being lost or stolen.
If desired, each of the above modules can be provided with means for compacting refuse therein. A wide variety of compacting means are known to those skilled in this art. It is to be understood that the dimensions of the modules referred to above are only illustrative and may be increased or decreased as desired.
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof and, accordingly, reference should be made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specification as indicating the scope of the invention.
' l claim:
l. A refuse container comprising a rectangular housing having an access opening through which refuse may be introduced into the housing, a horizontally disposed member fixedly secured to a first side wall of the housing to define a channel for receiving a lifting tine, a side wall on said housing opposite said first side wall being substantially planar and lacking any structure to facilitate lifting thehousing, a coupling bar supported by brackets on a second wall of said housing, said second wall being generally perpendicular to said first wall, said brackets supporting said bar for reciprocation in a horizontal direction, and means on the coupling bar for latching said bar to said second wall in a position wherein said bar does not obstruct said channel.
2. A refuse container in accordance with claim 1 wherein said last-mentioned means includes a latch on the coupling bar, one of said brackets including a bayonet slot for receiving the latch, said coupling bar being supported for rotation about its longitudinal axis by said brackets.
3. A refuse container in accordance with claim 2 including a pivotable cover for said opening, and said housing being mounted on wheels.
4. A refuse container in accordance with claim 1 including a second housing juxtaposed to said firstmentioned housing, a coupling bar supported by brackets on said second housing, said coupling. bars being coupled together adjacent the interface between said housings, and a wall of second housing remote from said interface having thereon a horizontally disposed member to define a second channel for receiving a lifting tine, the horizontally disposed members defining channels being at the same elevation and parallel to one another.
5. A refuse container in accordance with claim 4 wherein said coupling bars are coaxial and have their juxtaposed ends in a telescopic relationship.
6. A refuse container in accordance with claim 1 including a second housing adjacent said first-mentioned housing, a coupling bar on said second housing being coupled to said first-mentioned bar, a third housing identical with said first-mentioned housing, said third housing having a coupling bar which is coupled to the bar on the second housing, and means on the second housing for cooperation with the first and third housings to prevent the second housing from pivoting relacent housing at an interface, a side wall of each housing remote from and parallel to the interface having thereon an elongated horizontally disposed member for defining a channel to receive a lifting tine, said members being at the same elevation, each housing having a second wall which is perpendicular to the interface, a coupling bar supported on the second wall of each housing, each coupling bar being at the same elevation as the channel on its respective housing, means for removably interconnecting the adjacent ends of the coupling bars, means for preventing the coupling bars from being removed from their respective housings, each coupling bar being supported on its respective housing for limited reciprocal movement wherein an end portion of the bar may obstruct free passage through its adjacent channel, and means for latching said bars to 9. A refuse container in accordance with claim 7' wherein said means for interconnecting the bars is integral with one bar and includes a tubular portion which extends across said interface.
10. A refuse container in accordance with claim 7 wherein the housings are square and said rods being coaxial.