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Publication numberUS3824504 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1974
Filing dateSep 7, 1973
Priority dateSep 7, 1973
Publication numberUS 3824504 A, US 3824504A, US-A-3824504, US3824504 A, US3824504A
InventorsParris W
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Microwave filter
US 3824504 A
Abstract
A microwave filter adaptable to suppress the even harmonics of a predetermined fundamental frequency of energy processed in a waveguide. The filter consists of a slanting conductor, for example a wire, connected between the top and bottom walls of a rectangular waveguide such that its ends contact the waveguide at points one half of a guide wavelength apart of the fundamental frequency along the length of the waveguide.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Parris [111 3,824,504 [451 July 16, 1974 MICROWAVE FILTER [75] Inventor: William J. Parris, Severna Park,

[73] Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation,

Pittsburgh, Pa.

22 Filed: Sept. 7, 1973 211 Appl. No.: 395,312

[52] US. Cl. 333/73 W, 333/73 C, 333/76 [51] Int. Cl HOlp 1/20, l-IOlp 3/06 [58] Field of Search 333/73 W, 73 C, 98 M, 76

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Ring 333/98 M Primary Examiner-James W. Lawrence Assistant Examiner-Marvin Nussbaum Attorney, Agent, or F irm-J. B. Hinson [5 7] ABSTRACT A microwave filter adaptable to suppress the even harmonics of a predetermined fundamental frequency of energy processed in a waveguide. The filter consists of a slanting conductor, for example a wire, connected between the top and bottom walls of a rectangular waveguide such that its ends contact the waveguide at points one half of a guide wavelength apart of the fundamental frequency along the length of the waveguide.

11 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures l6 lo MICROWAVE FILTER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1; Field of the Invention I This invention relates generally to microwave transmission line means and more particularly to microwave filter devices capable of suppressing selective frequencies and more particularly even harmonics of a predetermined fundamental frequency or frequencies.

2. Description of the Prior Art Microwave filters are well known to those skilled in the art and are widely used in much the same manner as filters in the other types of well known electrical transmission lines. One type of microwave filter comprises the use of resonant chambers in waveguides coupled together to form either wide band or narrow band filters in a manner analogous to the coupling of lumped tuned circuits at lower frequencies. Additionally, dielectric materials have been used to insert series or shunt capacitive elements and resistive card attenuators have also been placed in the waveguide for obtaining a desired filter characteristic.

SUMMARY Briefly, the subject invention is directed to a microwave filter for suppressing the even harmonic frequencies of one or more fundamental frequencies by means of electrical conductor means, for example at least one wire conductor extending on a slant in a longitudinal plane passing centrally through the waveguide and having the ends of the wire contacting the inner walls or walls of the waveguide at points one half of a guide wavelength apart along the length of the waveguide. The conductor means may, when desirable, be comprised of a set of wires identically positioned between inner and outer conductors of a coaxial waveguide or may even be comprised of a planar conductor element having sloping forward and rear edges of different lengths oriented in the middle of the waveguide in a plane parallel to one of the side walls.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of a first embodiment of the subject invention;

FIG. 2 is a transverse cross sectional view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of a second embodiment of the subject invention;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of a third embodiment of the subject invention;

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of a fourth embodiment of the subject invention;

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of a fifth embodiment of the subject invention; and

FIG. 7 is a transverse cross sectional view of the fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings and more particularly to the embodiment disclosing the inventive concept in its simplest form, reference is made to FIGS. 1 and 2 wherein reference numeral 10 denotes a rectangular waveguide having a pair of relatively narrow side walls 12 and 14 and a pair of upper and lower broadwalls 16 and 18. Whereas many bandpass microwave filters in current use have the undesirable property of opening up again, i.e. passing energy, at the second and higher even harmonics, the present invention is adapted to suppress the even harmonics of a predetermined fundamental frequency f}, by the extension of a wire conductor, of as large a diameter as is practically possible, on a slant between the top and bottom. broadwalls 16 and 18 and located laterally in a plane running longitudinally through the center of the waveguide 10. The slope of the wire 20 and hence its length is selected such that its ends electrically contact the inner conducting sur faces 22 and 24 of the broadwalls l6 and 18. respectively at points which correspond to one half of a wavelength A of the fundemental frequency f, of the electromagnetic energy propagated in the waveguide 10. Under this set of conditions, both ends of the wire conductor 20 will be at the same potential for example,

' shown in FIG. 1, and hence no current will flow in the wire. With no current flow in the wire conductor 20, there will be no disturbance of the propagating energy of the wavelength A On the other hand, at those frequencies where the ends of the wire conductor. 20 contact the waveguide at distances of an even multiple of one half of a guide wavelength It, apart, the two ends of the wire conductor 20 will have a maximum difference of potential, for example and between them, resulting in a maximum current flow for the specific frequency and near total reflection of the propagating energy at that frequency. Thus the single slanting wire conductor 20 will suppress all of the even harmonies of the fundamental frequency f,,. Where there is a requirement for suppressing the even harmonics of a plurality of fundamental frequencies, one may resort to the configurations such as shown in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5. In the configuration shown in FIG. 3,'the wire conductor 20 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 has been replaced by a relatively narrow sheet like metal conductor 26 providing an edge view such as shown in FIG. 2, but having a profile in the form of a triangular wedge having a relatively shorter side dimension 28 than the other longer dimension 30. The side dimensions converge at substantially the same contact point 29 on the conducting surface 22 of the upper wall 16 while the opposite ends thereof contact the inner surface 24 of the lower broadwall 18 at separate points. It can be seen that the length of the edge 28 is adapted to act as a suppressor of even harmonics for the frequency f1 1/) while the length of the edge 30 is adapted to act as an-even harmonic filter for the frequency f NM. The intermediate body portion is accordingly adapted to provide the same even harmonic suppressant function for all the'frequencies between f and f 7 Whereas the configuration shown in FIG. 3 comprises a continuous or band suppression type harmonic filter, the configuration in FIG. 4 is adapted to act as a notch suppression filter and constitutes an arrangement which is intermediate the limits prescribed by the configurations shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and instead of a single wire conductor 20 or a continuous wedge shaped sheet conductor 26, the filter is comprised of a plurality of wire conductors 32, 34, 36 and 38 of selectively different lengths, having a substantially common contact point 31 on the surface 22 of the upper broadwall 16 and separated contact points 33, 35, 37 and 39 on the inner conducting surface 24 of the lower broadwall 18. Such a configuration is adapted to provide acts to cancel any mismatching are selectively spaced at a quarter wavelength A of a selected frequency f,,. The respective wire conductors 40, 42 and 44 because of their different length, have a different slant and contact the inner surface 24 of the lower broadwall 18 at different spacings other than a quarter wavelength spacing and therefore are adapted to suppress the even harmonics of j}, f, and f;,. In the embodiment shown in FIG; 5, while operating in the same manner as the configuration shown in FIG. 4, for the number of wire conductors utilized, it additionally occurring at the predetermined frequency f,. v

Where for example the inventive concept is desired to be utilized in connection with circular waveguide, the same criteria would obtain depending upon the planar orientation of the one or more conductors in the waveguide, since for example if the conductors are parallel to the E or electric field vector of the propagated energy, the conductors will act as previously described; however, if the planar orientation is perpendicular to the E field vector, it is not'seenhSince the H or magrietic field vector is orthogonal to the E field vector, its effect is just the opposite to that of the electric field; however, it is still the difference of potential existing at the respective ends'of the wire conductors caused by the electric E field which results in the reflection or suppression of the even harmonics.

Where an even harmonic filter for coaxial waveguide structure such as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 is used and wherein reference numeral 46 denotes the outer circular waveguide while reference numeral 48 denotes the inner concentric waveguide, the filter for even harmonics of a fundamental frequency corresponding to f}, l/A comprises a plurality of wire conductors 50, 52, 54 and 56 of equal length, and disposed in quadrature while having contact on the inner conducting surface 58 of waveguide 46 and the outer conducting surface 60 of the waveguide 48 at the same position along the structural length of the configuration (FIG. 6) such that coincidence of potentials will result from all four conductors.

While the present invention has been shown and described with a certain degree of particularity with respect to what is considered to be the preferred embodiments of the subject invention, it will be appreciated that other modifications may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, in addition to having any number of conductors of various slopes employed in a co-planar configuration, the conductors may have different diameters resulting in further bandpass shaping.

Accordingly, I claim as my invention:

1. A microwave filter for the even harmonic frequencies of at least one. predetermined fundamental frequency propagated ina waveguide, comprising in combination;

waveguide transmission line means; and

electrical conductor means centrally located in said waveguide transmission line means, extending longitudinally on a slant between opposing conductive surface portions of said waveguide transmission line means and having the ends respectively electrically contacting said opposing conductive surface portions at points along the length of the waveguide transmission line means spaced substantially one half wavelength apart of said at least one predetermined fundamental frequency.

2. The microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein 10 said electrical conductor means comprises a wire conductor.

3. The microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein said electrical conductor means comprises at least one wire conductor having a circular cross section of predetermined diameter.

4. The microwave filter as defined by claim I wherein said electrical conductor means comprises a plurality of wire conductors of unequal length arranged in a common plane.

said waveguide transmission line means comprises a rectangular waveguide having opposing narrow and broad conducting walls, and

said electrical conductor means comprises a wire conductor electrically contacting opposing broadwalls and extending in the central longitudinal plane of said rectangular waveguide.

6. The microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein said waveguide transmission line means comprises a rectangular waveguide having opposing narrow and braod conducting walls, and

wherein said electrical conductor means comprises a sheet of metallic conductor of substantially constant thickness and having one edge dimension greater than the other edge dimension, said edge dimensions terminating in and contacting the opposing broadwalls of said rectangular waveguide and lying in a substantially central longitudinal plane of said waveguide.

7. The filter as defined by claim 6 wherein said sheet of metallic conductor comprises a wedge shaped element having side edge dimensions of predetermined unequal lengths.

8. The microwave filter as defined by claim I wherein said waveguide transmission line means comprises a rectangular waveguide having opposing narrow and broadwalls, and

wherein said electrical conductor means comprises a plurality of wire conductors of having predeter- '50 mined unequal lengths and having one corresponding end contacting substantially the same surface portion of one of said broadwalls and the other corresponding end contacting the opposite broad conducting wall, and wherein the plurality of wire conductors lie in a common plane running substantially along the central longitudinal axis of said waveguide. 9. The microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein said waveguide transmission line means comprises a rectangular waveguide having opposing narrow and broad walls, and

wherein said electrical conductor means comprises a plurality of wire conductor means of predetermined unequal lengths electrically contacting opposing broadwall conductive portions, lying in a common plane extending substantially along the central longitudinal axis of said waveguide and 5. A microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein wherein said plurality of electrical conductors have the same corresponding ends contacting the same broadwall at spaced intervals of substantially a quarter wavelength of a predetermined frequency.

10. The microwave filter as defined by claim 1 wherein said waveguide transmission line means comprises coaxial waveguide having inner and outer circular waveguides, and

wherein said electrical conductor means comprises a plurality of wire conductors of substantially equal lengths extending from the inner conducting surface of said outer waveguide to the outer conductplane.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2425345 *Dec 23, 1942Aug 12, 1947Bell Telephone Labor IncMicrowave transmission system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5367409 *Apr 29, 1993Nov 22, 1994International Business Machines CorporationEven harmonic distortion compensation for digital data detection
US6917266 *Sep 3, 2002Jul 12, 2005Paul MackMicrowave waveguide
US7132909Apr 19, 2005Nov 7, 2006Paul MackMicrowave waveguide
US7259640 *Dec 3, 2002Aug 21, 2007MicrofabricaMiniature RF and microwave components and methods for fabricating such components
US7830228 *Aug 21, 2007Nov 9, 2010Microfabrica Inc.Miniature RF and microwave components and methods for fabricating such components
US8713788Aug 8, 2011May 6, 2014Microfabrica Inc.Method for fabricating miniature structures or devices such as RF and microwave components
Classifications
U.S. Classification333/208
International ClassificationH01P1/212, H01P1/20, H01P1/16, H01P1/207
Cooperative ClassificationH01P1/207, H01P1/16, H01P1/212
European ClassificationH01P1/16, H01P1/207, H01P1/212