Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3824506 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1974
Filing dateMay 22, 1973
Priority dateDec 15, 1971
Publication numberUS 3824506 A, US 3824506A, US-A-3824506, US3824506 A, US3824506A
InventorsBacher H
Original AssigneeMidwest Microwave Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Microwave attenuators
US 3824506 A
Abstract
A microwave coaxial attenuator having a centrally disposed arcuate resistive layer with opposite axial ends thereof in electrical contact with a pair of center conductors and a pair of side ends in electrical contact with an outer ground conductor.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Bacher July 16, 1974 [54] MICROWAVE ATTENUATORS 3,227,975 1/1966 1166/1611 et al. 333/81 A 3,260,971 71966 B k 1 1 333 81A [75] Invent: HelmutBacheBAnn Arbor/Mm 3,266,005 8/1966 1322:21 6: 3343/3013 3,368,103 2/1968 Thall 338/3o8x [73] Assgnee' K SSX R/EEL 3,464,037 8/1969 Bramick 6161.. 333/81A 3,521,201 7/1970 Veteran ..333/8IA [22] Filed: May22, 1973 Appl. No.: 363,178

Related US. Application Data Continuation ofSer. No. 208,093, Dec. 15, 1971.

US. Cl 333/81 A, 338/195, 338/309, 338/333 Int. Cl. l-l0lp 1/22 Field of Search 333/81 R, 81 A; 338/195, 338/216, 306, 309, 333; 323/94 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Weinschel 333/8l A Primary Examiner-Paul L. Gensler Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Har'ness. Dickey 8: Pierce A microwave coaxial attenuator having a centrally disposed arcuateresistive layer with opposite axial ends thereof in electrical contact with a pair of center con.- ductors and a pair of side ends in electrical contact with an outer ground conductor.

ABSTRACT 45 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures MICROWAVE ATTENUATORS This is a continuation, of application Ser. No. 208,093, filed Dec. 15, 1971, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Various microwave attenuators are known to the art which include a single resistive surface which forms both the series and shunt resistive paths of the attenuator. The resistive surfaces of these devices are ordinarily deposited on a rectangular plane" surface of a ceramic member. It has been difficult to satisfactorily secure the ceramic members of the above type within an outer conductor of a microwave coaxial device. This difficulty is especially acute when the device is subjected to a harsh environment.

The present invention provides a microwave attenuator having an attenuator element which is satisfactorily secured for use in harsh environments, provides excellent heat dissipation from the resistive layer to the outer conductor, and additionally, which is readily interchangeable to permit replacement of attenuator elements. This is accomplished by providing a microwave attenuator element having a dielectric member which is configured to allow the device to efficiently and safely receive a compressive retention load.

In a coaxial microwave attenuator according to this invention, a resistive layer is placed upon a ceramic member having a surface which is arcuate in crosssection when viewed along the axis of the attenuator. Consequently, the end boundaries of the resistive layer engaging the center conductors of the device are arcuate whereas the side boundaries of the resistive layer are linear. The attenuator element may be used in combination with an outer conductor having an abutment shoulder which is forcibly engaged by the attenuator element due to a compressive retention force on the attenuator element. For example, one or more dielectric bolts or other clamping device may engage the arcuate surface on the axis thereof to provide a compressive retentionforce on the ceramic attenuator member which acts along a bisecting axis passing through the attenuator element to retain the attenuator element in position and to provide a contacting force between the side boundaries of the resistive layer and the abutment shoulder on the outer conductor. In the preferred exemplary embodiment, the ceramic member is in a form of a cylindrical tube and is located by an arcuate recess in the outer conductor so as to provide a large area of contact between the attenuator element and the outer conductor which provides exceptional heat dissipation from the attenuator element to the outer conductor.

The resistive layer may be provided with various means for changing the electric fields therein by establishing series and shunt resistance relationships to prevent burnouts and/or to establish center conductor separations to prevent capacitive interactions between the center conductors. For example, spaced areas of highly conducting material such as gold may be placed along the series path to reduce the resistance of the path for a given path length so that the spacing of the center conductors may be increased. Alternatively, spaced voids may be provided in the shunt resistive path, for example, by masking prior to deposition of the resistive layer or by sandblasting portions of the resistive layer after deposition, so as to increase the shunt resistance for a given path length. With the latter construction, a heavier layer of resistive material may be used to pro vide a lower unit resistively so that the spacing between the center conductors may be increased.

In view of the above explanation, it will be appreciated that a microwave attenuator is provided having attenuation elements which are securely held in position so as to be suitable for use in harsh environments and which may be readily inserted and removed without destruction of the device.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS F IG. 1 is a side cross-sectional view of an exemplary microwave coaxial attenuator according to this inventron;

FIG. 2 is an end cross-sectional view of the attenuator of FIG. 1 taken generally along the line 2-2;

FIG. 3 is a perspective illustration of the attenuator element of the attenuator of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an end cross-sectional view of a second exemplary embodiment of an attenuator according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is an end cross-sectional view of a third exemplary embodiment of an attenuator according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is an illustration of an exemplary attenuator element according to this invention which has been modified by the deposition of sequential portions of a highly conductive material along the series resistive path of the element; and

FIG. 7 is an illustration of yet another exemplary embodiment of an attenuator according to this invention which has been modifield by the provision of sequential spaced voids in the shunt resistive path.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, an exemplary microwave coaxial attenuator 10 as taught by this invention is illustrated. The attenuator 10 consists of an outer or ground conductor assembly 12, a pair of coaxial center conductors l4 and an attenuator element 16. The center conductors 14 are supported at each end with respect to the ground conductor assembly 12 by dielectric support beads 18. The ground conductor assembly 12 consists of a tubular main body member 20 which is externally threaded at each end so as to receive internally threaded end caps 22 which retain the dielectric support beads 18 and hold the support beads 18 in position against radial shoulders 24 on the outer conductor 20. The attenuator element 16 has a terminal 26 at each end which is engaged by radially inwardly extending prongs 28 on the center conductors 14. With reference now to FIG. 2, the main attenuator element 16 is retained in position within the barrel 12 by a pair of dielectric bolts 30 which may be of Nylon, Teflon or other suitable material which are threadedly engaged with the outer conductor l2 and bear downwardly on the attenuator element 16 to bring opposite side edges of the device into forced engagement with axially-extending abutment shoulders 32 formed on the outer conductor 12. The attenuator element 16 has a dielectric substrate 34 which may be ceramic material such as beryllium oxide or aluminum oxide. Beryllium oxide is preferred because of its excellent thermal conductivity which allows heat generated by the dissipated microwave power in the attenuator element 16 to be efficiently transferred to the outer conductor 12.

With particular reference now to FIGS. 2 and 3, the dielectric member 34 is uniform in cross-section and is seen to have a semi-cylindrical or arcuate upper surface 36 defined by arcuate end boundaries and linear side bo'undariesJThe upper surface 36 carries the electrodes 26 at its arcuate'ends. The electrodes 26 are connected to input resistive layers 38 which are deposited on a central portion of the surface 36 so as to be generally coaxial with the outer conductor 12. The resistive layers 38 each have a thickness and a width so that approximately 50 percent of the input energy into the resistive surface 40. By minimizing steep field gradients using the input attenuators 38 and the intermediate electrodes 42, local heating near the input electrodes which often causes attenuator burnout is avoided. It will be appreciated that the intermediate electrodes 42 and input attenuators 38 areidentical in design and function in the'same manner so that each one of the input electrodes 38 may first receive the input microwave energy with the same results.

As is well known in the card attenuator art, the main resistive layer 40 may generally be defined as having a series resistance portionand a shunt resistance portion with the former connected between the centerconductors and the outer conductor. Accordingly, the layer 40 is deposited on a portion of the upper surface 36 and has a pair of curvilinear, e.g., arcuate, end boundaries 41 which are centrally connected to the intermediate electrodes 42 and a pair of linear side boundaries 43 which preferably have a deposited axially extending layer 44 of highly conductive material such as gold providing good conduction between the layer 40 and the outer conductor member 20. The layer may be of uniform thickness, graduated thickness, or a steeped layer design to provide shunt and series resistance relationships which are well known to those skilled in this art.

The arcuate configuration of the ceramic member 34 provides a substantial increase in strength or resistance to failure under compressive loading in the direction of the bolts 30, i.e., in the direction of curvature of the surface 36 generally, or more specifically, in a direction which is perpendicular to a plane which is tangential to the upper surface-36 of the dielectric member 34. Consequently, clamping devices such as the screws 30 may be effectively used to exert a downward force on the element l6 to securely retain the element 16 in position and to provide good electrical contact with the outer conductor 12 along the side edges 32 of the resistive layer 40.

If it is desired to minimize the field within the dielectric material of the device 10, the upper and lower surface of the dielectric member maybe semi-cylindrical, with the lower surface preferably being of a smaller diameter so as to provide an arch-like structure as illustrated at 45 in FIG. 4. Additionally, a tube-like ceramic element'46 as illustrated in FIG. 5 may be utilized to minimize the field which is within the dielectric material of the attenuator device. In the embodiment of FIG. 5, the preferred embodiment of this invention, the outer conductor 12 is provided with an arcuate recess 48 which conforms to and closely receives a major circumferential portion of the cylindrical element 46, e. g., nearly thereof. The cylindrical element 46 hasa resistive layer 50 which may extend about the full circumference thereof or, if desired, generally to the outer conductor 12 at each side so as to be placed in electrical continuity therewith. Preferably, the axial ends of the resistive layer 50 joins with intermediate electrodes 42, input resistive layers38, and input electrodes 26 respectively, essentially as illustrated with respect to the embodiment of FIG. 3. To provide good electrical continuity between the resistive layer 50 and the outer conductor 12, a layer 52 of highly conducting material such as gold may be deposited on the resistive layer 50 adjacent the outer conductor 12. The layer 52 may extend about the entire circumferential portion within the recess 48. In the embodiment of FIG. 5, the cavity of the ground conductor 20 is shaped to reduce the 'microwave attenuation at very high frequencies so as to cornpensate foran increase in attenuation which occurs at very high frequencies due to an increase in dielectric loss and the increase in skin effect which effectively re-- duces the cross-sectional area of the conducting portion of theresistive layer 40. More specifically, the attenuator cavity is provided with a generally flat surface 54 which is in cross proximity to the mid-portion of the resistive surface 50 along the axis thereof so as to electrically cooperate therewith toprovide higher axially flowing current densities near the mid-portion of the surface 50 for increasing frequencies. The spacing of the flat surface 54 with respect to the resistive surface 50 is established to provide a substantially fiat response, i.e. substantially uniform attenuation regardless of thefrequency of the microwave energy transmitted through the attenuator.

It-also can be seen that a relatively large area of contact exists between the conductingfilm 52 and the arcuate recess 48 which provides excellentheatidissipation from the attenuator element to the outer conductor. Consequently, the power handling capability of the attenuator of FIG. 5 is enhanced.

In FIG. 6, an exemplary method is'shown for increasing the distance between center electrodes for a given low value of attenuation which utilizes a plurality of sequentially disposed, spaced gold films 56 deposited on the series portion of the resistive layer 40 along an axial line between the center electrodes 26. It will be appreciated that the gold layers 56 reduce the overall resistance of the series path between the electrodes 26 with respect to the resistance of the shunt paths. Accordingly, the central electrodes 26 may be spaced to a greater extent for given attenuation with the use of the gold film portions 56 while maintaining a theoretically desirable shunt resistance to series resistance ratio. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 7, a resistive layer 40 may be provided having a plurality of spaced portions 60 which are devoid of resistive material and are axially aligned in the shunt resistive layer portion, i.e., along an axis which in parallel but displaced from the central axis of the attenuator 10. With the construction of FIG.

7, the resistance of the series path is reduced with respect to the shunt path, and accordingly, the distance between the'center electrodes 26 may be increased. In essence, the same effect as that described with respect to FIG. 6 is achieved. It will be appreciated that an increase in the distance between center electrodes reduces capacitance effects between center conductors which would decrease the attenuation valve at very high frequencies. This result had formerly been accomplished by providing a second layer of resistive material along the series path so as to decrease the unit resistivity of the series path. In this regard, it will be appreciated that resistive layers are difficult to apply and normally require a significant period of manufacture time. On the other hand, the gold conducting portion 56 may be rapidly and easily applied, for example, by a masking process. Moreover, the areas 60 which are devoid of resistive material also may be readily provided by masking and sandblasting the resistive layer through the mask. It will be understood that the methods described with respect to FIGS. 6 and 7 are equally applicable to attenuators having plane, i.e., flat resistive layers as well as arcuate resistive layers.

In view of the above description, it can be seen that the present invention provides a microwave attenuator which features exceptional ease of manufacture, durability in service, and stable electrical characteristics. The construction of the present attenuator is well suited to the cartridge-type of unit with respect to which easy replacement of attenuator elements is desired.

While it will be apparent that the teachings herein are well calculated to teach one skilled in the art the method of making preferred embodiments in this invention, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope of meaning of the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is:

l. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors, one being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of each of said linear side boundaries.

2. A microwave attenuator according to claim 1 wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuat cross-section.

3. A microwave attenuator according to claim 1 wherein said ground conductor means has a wall opposing and spaced from said curvilinear surface portion and wherein a portion of said wall is more closely spaced from said surface portion than the remainder of said wall.

4. A microwave attenuator according to claim 3 wherein said wall portion is parallel to an axis intersecting said curvilinear end boundaries.

5. A microwave attenuator according to claim 3 wherein said wall portion is parallel to an axis connecting said first conductors.

6. A microwave attenuator according to claim 5 wherein said wall is a flat wall and the spacing of said wall from said surface portion which provides said wall portion is established by said curvature of said curvilinear surface.

7. A microwave attenuator according to claim 6 wherein said ground conductor means has a recess and wherein said dielectric member partly resides in said recess.

8. A microwave attenuator according to claim 7 wherein said dielectric member is a cylindrical member and wherein said two opposite linear side boundaries are connected along their full length to said ground conductor means at said recess in said ground conductor means.

9. A microwave attenuator according to claim 8 further including means bearing on said element so as to exert a force along an axis passing through said surface generally in the direction of curvature of said curvilinear surface.

10. A microwave attenuator according to claim 9 wherein said cylindrical dielectric member is a tubular member.

ll. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors, one being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween;

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductors means along the full length of each of said linear side boundaries; and

means bearing on said element so as to exert a force along an axis passing through said surface generally in the direction of curvature of said curvilinear surface.

12. A microwave attenuator according to claim 2 wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuate cross-section.

13. A microwave attenuator according to claim 1 wherein said axis along which said force is exerted lies generally in the direction of said curvature of said curvilinear surface.

14. A microwave attenuator according to claim 13 wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuate cross-section.

15. microwave attenuator according to claim 14 wherein said dielectric member has a flat surface portion joining said arcuate curvilinear surface portion at each of said linear side boundaries.

16. A microwave attenuator according to claim 14 wherein said arcuate curvilinear surface portion comprises one side of said dielectric member and said dibeing adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmissionpath therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature with a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said layer having-a pair of opposite curvilinear end boundaries which are electrically connected intermediate said first conductors and a pair of opposite linear side boundaries which are electrically connected along the full length thereof to said ground conductor means, said attenuator'element further including a plurality of spaced portions of highly conducting material disposed on said layer along said axis between said first conductors.

l8. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising: t

a pair of first conductors disposed on an axis, one

being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and t i an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature with a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said layer having a pair of opposite curvilinear end boundar'ieswhich are electrically connected intermediate said first conductors and a pair of opposite linear side boundaries which are electrically connected along the full length thereof to said ground conductor means, said resistive layer having a plurality of spaced voids therein disposed along an axis which is displaced from but substantially parallel to said axis between said first conductors.

l9. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors disposed on an axis, one

being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor:

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a surface portion with a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said layer having a pair of opposite end boundaries which are electrically connected intermediate said first conductors and a pair of opposite side boundaries which are electrically connected along the full length thereof to said ground conductor means,

said'attenuator element further including a pair of intermediate electrodes and a pair of input attenuation means with one of said intermediate electrodes being connected to'one of said pair of end boundaries and the other of said intermediate electrodes being connected to the other of said pair of end boundaries, and with one of said input attenuation means being connected between the oneof said interme'diate electrodes and one of said'first conductors and the other of said input attenuation means being connected betweenthe other of said intermediate electrodes and the other of said first conductors.

wherein each of said input attenuation means is a resistive layer on said attenuator element.

21.'A microwave-attenuator according to claim 20 wherein said input attenuation means and intermediate electrodes are each coaxially disposed with respect to said first conductors.

'22. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising: 1 v

a pair of first conductors, one being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvatureand having a uniform cross section defined by two opposite linearside boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries andalayer of resistive material on said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of each of said linear side boundaries.

23. A microwave attenuator according to claim 22,

wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuate cross-section.

24. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors disposed on an axis, one

being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface-portion of substantial curvature and being symmetrical with respect to said axis defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and a layer of resistive materialon said 20. A microwave attenuator according to claim 19 g surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of each of said linear side boundaries. 25. A microwave attenuator according to claim 24 wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuate cross-section.

26. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequen- I cies comprising:

a pair of first conductors which are substantially aligned with an axis of said microwave attenuator, one being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors including a tubular conducting member which is coaxially disposed with respect to said axis for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member ofdielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of each of said linear side boundaries.

27. A microwave attenuator according to claim 26 wherein said dielectric member is a tubular member and said arcuate curvilinear surface portion is a radially outward surface of said tubular dielectric member.

28. A microwave attenuator according to claim 27 wherein said tubular dielectric member is a cylindrical member. v

29. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors, one'being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and-a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of at least one of said linear side boundaries.

30. A microwave attenuator according to claim 29 wherein said curvilinear surface portion has an arcuate cross-section.

3]. A microwave attenuator according to claim 30 wherein said dielectric member is a tubular member 35. A microwave attenuator according to claim 29 wherein said ground conductor means has a wall oposing and spaced from said curvilinear surface portion and wherein a portion of said wall is more closely spaced from said surface portion than the remainder of said wall.

36. A microwave attenuator according to claim 35 wherein said wall portion is parallel to an axis intersecting said curvilinear end boundaries.

37. A microwave attenuator according to claim 35 wherein said wall portion is parallel to an axis connecting said first conductors. I

38. A microwave attenuator according to claim 37 wherein said wall is a flat wall and the spacing of said wall from said surface portion which provides said wall portion is established by said curvature of said curvilinear surface.

39. A microwave attenuator according to claim 38 wherein said ground conductor means has a recess and wherein said dielectric member partly resides in said recess.

40. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors, one being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor;

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween, said ground conductor means having a recess and a cylindrical planar wall including a portion which is parallel to an axis connecting said first conductors; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material partly residing in said recess of said ground conductor means having a curvilinear surface portion of substantial curvature defined by two opposite linear side boundaries and two opposite curvilinear end boundaries and a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said surface portion being more closely spaced to said wall portion than the remainder of said wall due to the curvature of said surface portion, said resistive layer being electrically connected intermediate said first conductors at said curvilinear end boundaries and being electrically connected to said ground conductor means along the full length of said linear side boundaries at said recess in said ground conductor means.

41. A microwave attenuator according to claim 40 further including means bearing on said element so as to exert a force along an axis passing through said sur- 1 1 face generally in the direction of curvature of said curvilinear surface.

42. A microwave attenuator according to claim 41 wherein said cylindrical dielectric member is a tubular member.

43. Attenuator for operation of microwave frequencies comprising:

a pair of first conductors disposed on an axis, one

being adapted to receive microwave energy and another adapted for transmitting an attenuated portion of said microwave energy which is received at said one conductor:

ground conductor means associated with said first conductors for establishing a microwave transmission path therebetween; and

an attenuator element including a member of dielectric material having a surface portion with a layer of resistive material on said surface portion, said layer having a pair of opposite end boundaries which are electrically connected intermediate said first conductors and a pair of opposite side boundaries, at least one of said side boundaries being electrically connected along the full length thereof to said ground conductor means, said attenuator element further including a pair of intermediate electrodes and a pair of input attenuation means with one of said intermediate electrodes being connected to one of said pair of end boundaries and the other of said intermediate electrodes being connected to the other of said pair of end boundaries, and with one of said input attenuation means being connected between the one of said intermediate electrodes and one of said first conductors and the other of said input attenuation means being connected between the other of said intermediate electrodes and the other of said first conductors. 44. A microwave attenuator according to claim 43 wherein each of said input attenuation means is a resistive layer on said attenuator element.

45. A microwave attenuator according to claim 44 U ITED STATES PATENT omen CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PatentNo. 3,824,506 Dated July 16, 1974 Inv n fl Helmut Bacher -It is certified that error appears in the aboveidentified patent and that said Letters Patent are-hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 3, line 47, "steeped" should be --stepped--; Column 4 line 67, "in" should be is--; Column 6, line 51, "conductors" should be "conductor".

Signed and sealed this 19th day of November 1974.

(SE-AL) Attest: I

McCOY M. GIBSON JR. f o. MARSHALL DANN Attesti ng Officer v Commissioner of Patents FORM 1 uscoMM-oc 60376-P69 I lLS. Govll'lulll'r PRINTING OFFICE l". "3"3ll CERTIFICATE OFICORRECTION UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I n Patent No. 3, 824, 506 Y Dated July 16, 1974 Inventor s) Hel rnut Bacher It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent'are-h'ereby' corrected as shown below:

Column 3, line 47, "steeped" should be --stepped--; Column 4, line 67, "in" should be is--; Column 6, line 51, "conductors" s hould be conductor- Signed and sealed this 19th day of November 1974.

(SE-AL) Attest:

McCOY M. GIBSON JR, Q c, MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer I I Commissioner of Patents FORM T uscoMM-oc 60376-P69 [1.5T GOVIIIHINT PRINTING OFFIC t I." 0-3l-JII

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3157846 *Aug 23, 1962Nov 17, 1964Weinschel Eng Co IncCard attenuator for microwave frequencies
US3227975 *Aug 31, 1964Jan 4, 1966Hewlett Packard CoFixed coaxial line attenuator with dielectric-mounted resistive film
US3260971 *Dec 3, 1964Jul 12, 1966Weinschel Eng Co IncMulti-layer card attenuator for microwave frequencies
US3266005 *Apr 15, 1964Aug 9, 1966Western Electric CoApertured thin-film circuit components
US3368103 *May 20, 1964Feb 6, 1968Rca CorpResistor comprising spaced metal coatings on a resistive layer and traveling wave tube utilizing the same
US3464037 *Aug 8, 1966Aug 26, 1969MicrolabMicrowave attenuator and method of making same
US3521201 *Nov 1, 1968Jul 21, 1970Hewlett Packard CoCoaxial attenuator having at least two regions of resistive material
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4107632 *Aug 9, 1976Aug 15, 1978Texscan CorporationAttenuator element
US4146853 *Dec 16, 1976Mar 27, 1979Alps Electric Co., Ltd.Variable attenuator
US4272739 *Oct 18, 1979Jun 9, 1981Morton NessesHigh-precision electrical signal attenuator structures
US4570133 *Feb 9, 1984Feb 11, 1986Helmut BacherMicrowave attenuator
US4684905 *Aug 5, 1985Aug 4, 1987Weinschel EngineeringLoad-bearing detent mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification333/81.00A, 338/309, 338/333, 338/195
International ClassificationH01P1/22
Cooperative ClassificationH01P1/225
European ClassificationH01P1/22C
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 23, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: MARINE MIDLAND BUSINESS LOANS, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MARINE MIDLAND BUSINESS LOANS, INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:005404/0139
Effective date: 19891208
Jul 23, 1990AS06Security interest
Owner name: MARINE MIDLAND BUSINESS LOANS, INC., A CORP. OF DE
Owner name: MARINE MIDLAND BUSINESS LOANS, INC., ONE VAN DE GR
Effective date: 19891208