US 3824822 A
A programing system for press brakes or the like wherein a plurality of backgauge positioning means are pre-set in nonfunctioning condition and then activated to functioning condition in accordance with a predetermined sequence program. A plurality of adjustable depthgauges are provided and these are also selected in accordance with a predetermined sequence program. Changes from one setting to another are made responsive to actuation of a depth limit switch on the machine.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
D United States Patent [191 in] 3,824,822 Richardson 1 July 23, 1974  PROGRAMING SYSTEM FOR PRESS 3,587,375 6/197] Thumim 83/71 BRAKES O THE LIKE 3,600,993 8/1971 Williams 83/71 3,618,349 11/1971 Roch 72/36  Inventor: Rolland A. Richardson, Alameda, 9 337 9 1972 Roch 83/7! Calif. 3,733,885 5/1973 Brauer 72/46l  Alsslgnee: Canron, lnc., Oakland, Calif. Primary Examiner charles w. Lanham Fllfidi g- 1972 Assistant Examiner-M. J. Keenan  Appl. No.: 283,857
 ABSTRACT [LS Cl. A programing System for Press brakes or the  Int B21c sl'loo wherein a plurality of backgauge positioning means  Field DIG are pre-set in nonfunctioning condition and then acti- H1 vated to functioning condition in accordance with a predetermined sequence program. A plurality of ad-  References Cited justable depthgauges are provided and these are also selected in accordance with a predetermined sequence UNITED STATES PATENTS program. Changes from one setting to another are 34:32; 1
made responsive to actuation of a depth limit switch o erts et a 3,192,750 7/1965 Richardson 72 22 on the machme' 3,245,556 4/1966 Thumim 83/71 13 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures i "T9\ V* l 0 0 1 j 7 5 7 E 7 i i] of fii? n a o 1' S a 0 Q T 63 t 3 i 65 46 i :PAIENIEBJULZMBH MUSE-7 Uli IIUIIIEQJII IOIIIT mamma SEEIBII'! H C n W S P E T S N 0 s E H C W W S D A O L CLOSEDI X STEP 456789W B4 XX XXXXXXXXXXX EXHAUST AIR FIG. 12
EXHAUST FIG. 10
PROGRAMING SYSTEM FOR PRESS BRAKES OR THE LIKE My invention relates primarily to press brakes and more particularly to a programming system for backgauge and stroke control.
In the bending of sheet metal to form a structure involving a plurality of bends and particularly when some of such bends involve angles of different sizes, considerable time is involved in the setting up of the machine for each of such bends and for each of such strokes. Further, all items of a particular batch must be run through the machine for each separate step, thus necessitating piling or stacking the items after each operation.
Among the objects of my invention are;
1. To provide a novel and improved program system for all of the brake operations to be performed in the fabrication of a particular device, so that all bending operations may be performed in sequence on each device before fabrication of the next item is undertaken;
2. To provide a novel and improved program system for a press brake or the like which is adapted to take care of both backgauge and stroke control adjustments;
3. To provide a novel and improved program system for press brakes or the like which can be adapted for either backgauge or frontgauge control;
4. To provide a novel and improved program system for press brakes or the like wherein a backgauge adjustment or stroke control may be repeated sequentially when required in the production of a particular item;
5. To provide a novel and improved program system for press brakes or the like, which is rugged and positive in its action.
Additional objects of my invention will be brought out in the following description of a preferred embodiment of the same, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein;
FIG. I is a three dimensional view of a machine incorporating the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the machine of FIG. 1 depicting the backgauge adjusting apparatus;
FIG. 3 is a view depicting chain drives in the apparatus of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of a backgauge adjustment assembly involved in the apparatus of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the assembly of FIG. 4, partly fragmentated and sectioned;
FIG. 12 is a chart depicting switch operating contacts of a stepping switch involved in operating of the present system; and
FIG. 13 is an electrical circuit diagram associated with the operation of the apparatus of FIGS. I through 7 Referring to the drawings for details of my invention. the same has been illustrated as embodied in a machine I of the press brake type, only the pertinent components which have been illustrated. Such components, include a pair of slide housings 3 connected by a vertical bed plate 7 with a platen 9 mounted on the upper edge thereof and provided with an upper slot I1 and front and back side slots 13,15 respectively, preferably of dovetail contour. Above this platen and in line therewith is a reciprocably mounted ram 19.
The bed plate platen is adapted to mount a lower die component while the ram is adapted to carry a complementary die component for cooperation with the lower component to perform a particular operation on a piece of work, in the present instance, a bending operatron.
The present invention involves in part, a pair of backgauge adjustment assemblies 21 each mounted at an end of the machine on the backside of the vertical bed plate, adjacent the upper edge thereof.
Each such backgauge adjustment assembly comprises a frame including a bottom 23, side walls 25, 27. A front end wall 29 and a rear end wall 31, the end walls extending above the side walls and being connected and braced by a pair of connecting rods 33.
A cylinder 37 is fixedly mounted at one end to the rear end wall between the bracing rods, and carries a piston 39 having a piston rod 41 extending through the opposite end of the cylinder toward the front end wall. On the free end of the piston rod is mounted a carrier assembly 45 for supporting one end of a backgauge 46.
The carrier assembly involves a substantially rectangular metal block 47 having a vertical bolt opening in the upper end to receive an adjusting screw 48 having an expsoed end portion 51 of smaller diameter extending upwardly and forming a shoulder on which is positioned a steel washer 53.
Installed about the exposed end portion of the adjusting screw and resting on the washer, is a bracket plate 55, on the end of which is supported one end of a backgauge, which may be of channel section, bolted to the bracket plate by a bolt 57 extending upwardly through the plate and channel, with a compression spring 58 about the bolt and maintained under slight compression by a washer S9 and nut 61.
An adjusting wheel 63 fixed to the exposed end of the adjusting screw, preferably with a washer intermediate the bracket plate and adjusting wheel, will enable elevational adjustments of the associated bracket plate and the proximate end of the backgauge supported by this bracket plate. Such adjustments become necessary to level the backgauge with respect to a particular die being used, such dies varying as to height.
Being that it would be difficult to manually adjust both ends of the backgauge simultaneously, the compression spring associated with each backgauge mounting bolt, permits of adequate independence in the adjustment of each end of the backgauge, to enable independent end adjustments toward realizing level adjustment of the backgauge.
To stabilize the bracket plate, a recess 65 in the upper side of the block receives a guide shaft 67 which in turn is bolted to the bracket plate. With such guide installed, swing movements of the bracket plate, while vertical adjustments are being effected, cannot occur.
As thus far described, the piston is capable of full stroke movement to carry the backgauge through its full range of adjustment without programming.
To program the backgauge, it must be restricted as to position, to certain predetermined adjustments, and then sequenced as to the use of such adjustments in accordance with the bending operations to be performed.
To first accomplish the prescribed adjustments to be used in the performance of a particular job, each gauge adjustment assembly includes a plurality of screw drives 71, 73, 75, 77 etc., one end of each being rotatably mounted in a bearing in a partition wall 81 carried by and between the side walls of the frame, just below and just to the front of the cylinder. The opposite end of each screw drive passes through a bearing in the front end wall of the frame, and on the exposed end of each screw drive is fixed a chain sprocket 83, with each sprocket offset with respect to the plane of the other sprockets, the spacing of the various sprockets with respect to the front end wall of the frame, being the same for the corresponding sprockets of the other gauge adjustment assembly.
Driven by each screw drive, is a slide assembly including a drive nut 87 on the screw, a latch 89 carried by the drive nut, and means enabling switching of the latch between a latching position in line of travel of a portion of the backgauge supporting means and a position out of line of travel of said backgauge supporting means.
Said latch includes a substantially rectangular plate 91 and means hingedly securing said plate to the nut on a hinge axis 93 enabling said latch to swing into latching position from its normal out of latching position.
The means for normally holding of the latch in its out of latching position includes means in the form of a spring 95 disposed in a channel 97 in the nut and anchored at one end to a wall of the channel and at its other end to a lever arm 99 extending from the latch and urging the latch toward its out of latching position.
To provide for swinging the latch to its latching position, a platform 101 is connected to the nut and extends rearwardly beneath the partition wall 81 and to a point beyond. On the portion of this platform beyond the partition, is a bracket 103 for supporting a solenoid 105 having a core 107 protruding in the direction of the latch. Connecting this core to the latch operating lever arm via a small spring 109, is a length of wire 111 whereby, upon energization of the solenoid, the movement of the core into the solenoid winding is sufficient to rotate the latch to its latching position against the urging of the spring 95 toward its out of latching position.
Behind the solenoid mounting bracket on the sliding platform, of each screw drive of one of the adjustment assemblies is installed a normally open roller switch 113 while the corresponding roller switch 114 of the other adjustment assembly will be of the normally closed type, each of the switches having a vertically extended actuating stem terminating in a roller 115 lying in the path of movement of a stop slide 117 affixed to the underside of the backgauge supporting block. With both the backgauge supporting block and drive nut in its forwardmost position, the slide terminates at the roller switch with the proximate end of the slide tapered to preclude engagement with such switch. Accordingly, as the backgauge supporting block is retracted rearwardly, the slide will engage the stem of the roller switch and depress the same to alter the condition of the circuit in which the switch may be located. in actual use, however, the drive nut and associated components will be adjusted to various positions and the point in the return stroke of the backgauge supporting block at which the roller switch would be so actuated, will depend upon the prevailing adjustment of the slide assembly on the screw drive.
Adjacent the forward end of the stop slide is a stop plate 121 adapted to abut against the latch during forward movement of the backgauge supporting block, the point of abutment in the forward stroke of the backgauge being a function of the prevailing position of the drive nut and associated latch. To permit the stop slide to initiate forward movement beyond the latch, should the latch be in its up or functioning position at the time, the forward end of the stop slide is tapered.
Each backgauge supporting assembly is supported in its position behind the bed of the machine, by affixing to the front wall of the bed, a dovetailed key 123 which is slidably installed in the proximate side slot 15 formed in the platen of the bed.
When so installed, rotation of the screws to effect adjustments of the respective nuts thereon, is provided for at the front side of the bed of the machine within convenient and easy access of an operator.
This may take the form of an adjusting hand wheel 127 for each corresponding pair of adjusting screws, such adjusting wheel being mounted on the end of a shaft 129 supported on bearings 131, 133 within a housing 135 mounted on the front face of the machine bed, the shaft passing through the wall of the machine.
On the end of the shaft behind the bed of the machine, is keyed a sprocket 137 in the plane of the sprockets of the corresponding screws which it is to control. A chain 138 wrapped around the corresponding sprockets of the two adjusting assemblies, and in driving engagement with the adjusting wheel sprocket, will enable simultaneous adjustments of the corresponding screw drives of both adjusting assemblies. To maintain the drive chain in positive engagement with the adjusting wheel sprocket, a chain roller 139 is mounted on the rear of the bed in the plane of the aforementioned sprockets and in a position to hold the chain in positive engagement with the adjusting wheel sprocket.
Inasmuch as there are four pairs of corresponding screw adjustments, there will be four adjusting wheels mounted on the front side of the bed.
To enable an operator to make proper adjustments he must have some means for indicating the adjustments as they are being made. For this purpose, with each adjusting wheel, there is associated a digital readout 141 which indicates to the operator, screw adjustments as they are being made.
Such digital readout is driven from the adjusting wheel shaft by providing on such shaft within the shaft supporting housing, a helical gear 143 and meshing it with a helical pinion 145 mounted on a shaft 147 controlling the digital movements within the indicator. By matching the ratio of the helical gear and pinion to the thread of the adjusting assemblies, very accurate adjustments may be made.
Once an adjustment is completed, it becomes desirable to assure that such adjustment will be maintained as long as desired, and to assure this, locking means is provided for restraining the adjusting wheel and its shaft from accidental shifting.
Toward this end, a locking block 149 on the shaft within the shaft supporting housing, is affixed to the end of a screw threadedly passing through the wall of the housing and carrying on its exposed end, a knob 153, which upon rotation will cause the locking nut to move into pressure engagement with the shaft to lock the same against turning.
With the apparatus as thus described, the drive nuts on each pair of corresponding screws, will be adjusted simultaneously and can be moved to any position within the permissible range provided on the adjusting screws. With four pairs of adjusting screws, four different settings can be established at any time and such settings can then be employed in performing a sequence of bends in a sheet of metal, the angles of such bends being determined by stroke adjustments of the machine.
Adjustable movement of the backgauge requires simultaneous actuation of the pistons in their respective cylinders. The pistons are preferably air actuated from a source of air under compression, the cylinders being preferably supplied in parallel from such source, one line 159 from such source branching and supplying the corresponding ends of the cylinders. while another line 161 from such source branches to supply the opposite ends of the cylinders. A switching valve assembly 163 installed in one line 159, is actuated in one direction to an exhaust position by a spring 164 and in the opposite direction by a solenoid 165 to an air feed position. A similar switching valve assembly 167 is located in the other line 161. One is thus enabled to reverse flow of air to the cylinders, whereby to selectively perform an advance stroke and a return stroke.
To assure synchronism between the movement of both pistons, a cross shaft 171 is mounted in bearings on the facing side walls of the backgauge adjusting assemblies, and at each end carries a sprocket 173. Each sprocket is chain coupled to an idler sprocket 175 mounted on the same side wall, while the chain itself is mechanically tied in with the proximate stop slide by a connection 177 having a chain anchoring screw 179 installed therein. Thus, should one piston tend to advance ahead of the other, the advancing piston will drive through the cross shaft to maintain the other piston in synchronism therewith.
Since either piston maintains a drive connection through the cross shaft to the other piston, it becomes apparent that one might eliminate the air drive to one of the cylinders, and drive from only one cylinder, relying on the cross shaft to transmit drive power to the opposite end of the backgauge.
To realize maximum utility from such equipment, it becomes necessary to program the machine so as to obtain the proper bends and angles and in proper sequence and without having to rely on the operator for such adjustments.
Multiple presettable stroke control apparatus is known, such being disclosed in the US. Pats. to Walldow No. 2,797,724 of July 2, 1957 for Selective Multiple Control Machanism For Machine Tools, and the US. Pat. to Jones No. 3,485,071 of Dec. 23, 1969 for Multiple Stroke Depth Selector For Hydraulic Press Brakes. The stroke control elements in such apparatus, through preset, are manually selected as and when needed, and are not related to any backgauge adjustments except as selected by the operator in the course of performing an operation on a piece of work. in accordance with the present system, depth stop or stroke control adjustments are programmed along with backgauge adjustments, both being made responsive to actuation of depth limit or stroke control switches.
To shift from a prevailing backgauge setting to another setting, necessitates first a de-energization of the solenoid actuating the latch of the prevailing setting, and then retract slightly the stop slide with its stop plate 121 so as to free the latch and permit its restoring spring to restore the latch to its nonfunctioning positron.
What happens next depends upon whether the stop plate on the slide stop associated with the next adjustment in the sequence, is in advance of or behind the latch associated therewith.
If in advance of such latch, then the pistons and everthing tied to it must be retracted to bring the stop plate to the rear of the latch so that it may engage the latch and position the backgauge at its proper distance behind the bed of the machine.
On the other hand, if the stop plate is behind its associated latch, then all that is required is to advance the pistons until the stop plates engage their respective latches, which in the meantime will have been elevated to their functioning positions by energization of their associated solenoids.
One manner of accomplishing this shifting of the backgauge from one setting to another and in accordance with a predetermined sequence, may be realized through the electrical control of circuitry of FIG. 13 on which the various solenoids and rotor switches have been identified by reference numerals corresponding to those on the apparatus drawings.
Also depicted in the circuitry are three switch banks, a first bank 183 involving four switches 185 for determining the program selector sequence, a second bank 187 comprising four switches 189 constituting backgauge position selector switches, each having four contacts, while a third bank 191 involves four depth stop selector switches 193, each also having four contacts.
These three banks of switches, along with a main line on/off switch 195, are mounted on the panel of a console 197 for use by an operator in programming, in advance, the operations to be performed by the machine, while in the upper right hand corner of the circuitry and enclosed by a dash line, are circuit components normally to be found on the machine itself and which are functionally related to the programming procedure.
Electrically associated with the program selector sequence switches is a stepping switch 201 of the type having a plurality of cam operated contacts 203, 205, 207, 209, 211, 213, 215, 217, 219, 221, 223, 225, 227, 229, 231, 233, 235, 237, 239 and 241, the intermittent cam movement being controlled by a stepping switch winding 245. Such a switch designated MT" series step switch (Bulletin 780 c) is available under the name Eagle Signal, a division of E. W. Bliss Company of 736 Federal Street, Davenport, Iowa 52803 and includes means for adjusting cam action to establish which contacts will respond to cam action and when. For the purpose of the present invention, the contacts are set to function in accordance with the schedule as set forth in FIG. 12 of the drawings.
To this stepping switch was added another contact 248.
Each program selector sequence switch 185 includes five sets 185a, 185b, 185e, 185d and 185e, each involving five contacts 247, 249, 251, 253 and 255, with a rotatable switch contact 257 for each set, and all rotatable contactors being ganged simultaneous adjustment through a single knob 259, the first of these switches not making use of the first and last set of contacts.
Considering each of the program selector sequence switches 185 except the first, it will be noted that only contact 255 of the first set is wired for connection to an external circuit, while the contacts 253 and 255 only of the second set are wired for external connection. As for the third set, contacts 251, 253 and contact 255 are wired for connection to an external circuit, whereas with regard to the fourth set, contacts 249, 251, 253 and 255 are so wired, and as for the last set, contacts 247, 249, 251 and 253 are so wired, leaving contact 255 blank.
These wired contacts are connected to line L1 of a power source while each of the rotatable contacts 257 is connected through its own associated stepping switch contact to a common line 261, which line passes through the first contact 203 of the stepping switch to the control winding 245 of the stepping switch, and from there to L2 of the power source. The stepping switch contact 203 through which the common line 261 passes to the control winding, is normally closed for all positions of the stepping switch except the first position as designated on the chart of Figure.
The first four sets of contacts are employable in determining repeat strokes where a particular backgauge setting can be used more than once and up to four times in succession in a particular sequence. The fifth or last set of contacts is employed in correlating these sequence switches to the operation of the backgauge and depth stop controls.
A signal light 265 parallels the wired contacts of each of these first four sets of contacts, to indicate when such wired contacts are functioning in a circuit.
The first of the program selector sequence switches, which does not require use of the first and last sets of contacts, is otherwise wired the same as the other switches in this bank.
Coming back to the stepping switch 201, the chart of FIG. 12 indicates that preliminary to the start of a sequence of programmed operations, contacts 235 and 248 are closed. All others are open.
Contacts 235 place a relay 291 in action. This relay closes its normally open contacts 293, 295 and 297.
The contacts 293 close a circuit through a selected contact 298 of the first backgauge position selector switch to a backgauge relay 299.
Contacts 295 similarly close a circuit through a selected contact 301 of the first depth stop selector switch, such circuit including a depth stop relay 305.
Contacts 297 complete a circuit through normally closed contacts 307 to a time delay relay 309.
Relays 299, 305 and 309 are thus energized.
The relay 299 when energized, closes a pair of normally open contacts 311 in circuit to a relay 315 via a normally open roller switch 113 and the normally open slow make contacts 317 of the time delay relay 309.
The time delay relay 309 in addition to the slow make contacts 317, has a pair of normally open instantaneous contacts 319 which close a circuit to the solenoid of the switching valve assembly 167, causing retraction of the backgauge and connected apparatus from its prevailing position, which means also, rearward movement of the stop slides 117 to, at some point in their movement, depress their associated roller switches.
At the moment, one is concerned only with those roller switches in circuit with contacts associated with backgauge relay 299. Thus normally open roller switch 113 in circuit with contacts 311 will close, along with the slow make contacts 317 of the time delay relay 309, and thereby cause gauge relay 315 to energize.
This relay 315 closes a pair of normally open contacts 321 to establish a holding circuit for itself.
Relay 315 also opens a pair of normally closed contacts 323 in the circuit to the solenoid of the return switching valve assembly 167, while at the same time closing a pair of normally open contacts 327 to cause energization of the solenoid of the advance switching valve assembly 163, thus halting the rearward movement of the backgauge and initiating an advance movement.
Simultaneously, relay 315 closes a pair of normally open contacts 329 to energize corresponding solenoids in the two adjusting assemblies, to flip up corresponding latch plates 91 controlling the next stop position in the sequence. Thus, these latch plates are now awaiting engagement by the associated advancing stop plate 121.
As these stop plates may conceivably engage the latches with substantial impact, provision is made for braking the advance movement of the backgauge as these stop plates approach impact with their respective latch plates. This is accomplished through closing of another pair of normally open contacts 333 associated with the backgauge relay 299. These contacts are in series with the pertinent normally closed roller switch 114, a pair of normally open instantaneous contacts 335 (now closed) associated with time delay relay 309, and the winding of a time delay relay 337.
Bearing in mind that the normally closed roller switch 114 is, during advance of the backgauge, being depressed by the stop slide, it will be in open condition until the stop slide moves off the roller as the backgauge approaches its new position. At this moment, the roller switch closes to complete the circuit through time delay relay 337 which then becomes energized.
This relay 337 has a pair of normally open instantaneous contacts 339 and a pair of normally closed slow opening contacts 341, these being connected in series to close a circuit through the solenoid of the return switching valve assembly 167 upon energization of this relay 337, which circuit remains closed but a brief time, as determined by the opening of the slow opening contacts 341.
During this brief period, air under compression will be fed into the forward end of each cylinder to oppose and brake the forward or advancing movement of the backgauge, thus slowing it down, and without cutting off the air supply which advances the pistons. As a backgauge comes to a stop at its new position, the air supply can then build up and maintain pressure behind the pistons to forcibly maintain the stop plates against their associated latch plates.
Also associated with the operation of the stepping switch 201, is a circuit adapted to include the stepping switch winding 245 directly across the power source. such circuit including the contact 345 ofa 3-way single pole switch 347 and a pair of normally open contacts 349.
These latter contacts belong to a relay 351 located on the machine in circuit with the slow release contacts 353 of a time delay relay 357, which is also mounted on the machine, the contacts of a normally open depth limit switch 359 and a pair of normally open contacts 361 on the relay 305.
The relay 357 is in series with the same normally open contacts 361, the same depth limit switch 359, a second pair of normally open contacts 363 associated with the aforementioned relay 351, and the back travel limit switch 365 of the machine.
When energized, relay 357 closes a pair of normally open contacts 367 to establish a holding circuit, while at the same time opening its slow opening contacts 353 to disconnect relay 351, and closing a pair of slow closing contacts 369 which complete a circuit through an Up" relay 371 located on the machine and controlling the return of the ram from its position at the end of a work stroke.
Thus, with contacts 361 closed, a work stroke of the ram, will cause depth limit switch 359 to close at the end of the work stroke, thereby energizing relay 351 which, in turn, not only closes contacts 363 to energize time delay relay 357 and ultimately return the ram and ready it for another stroke, but at the same time, relay 351 closes contacts 349 to energize the stepping switch winding 245 and advances this switch one step.
In the meantime the time delay 357 will have opened the circuit to the relay 351 which, as a result, will deenergize and drop out its contacts 349 to open that circuit to the stepping switch winding 245.
According to the chart of FIG. 12 contacts 203, 205 and 235 at this stage are closed.
With the contact 203 of the stepping switch now in closed position, the stepping switch winding 245 can be energized anytime that a circuit including this winding is completed through any of the program selector sequence switches 185. If no circuit is completed at the first set of contacts of any one switch, the backgauge position will remain undisturbed and ready for the next stroke of the ram.
Thus, if the first switch 185 were adjusted to contact 247 for example, the closing of the associated contact 205 would still leave the circuit open to the stepping switch winding 245, thus leaving the stepping switch unaffected, which means that the same backgauge and depth stop settings will be utilized on the next stroke.
On the next stroke, due to energization of the step ping switch winding via contacts 349, the switch will advance a step to close contact 207. Since a circuit through this contact 207 to the winding 245 would still be open at the program selector sequence switch, the backgauge and depth stop settings will remain for a third stroke of the ram etc.
On a subsequent stroke of the ram, however, the advance of the stepping switch one step in response to the closing of the contacts 349, will place the stepping switch winding 245 in circuit through the wired contact 253 of the program selector sequence switch under consideration, and cause the selector switch to advance another step. and this will repeat each time the winding 245 is placed in circuit by a wired contact in that switch until a stepping switch contact associated with the contacts of the next switch is closed, and the stepping switch winding circuit is broken.
ln the meantime, when the transfer from the first program selector sequence switch to the second occurs, contact 235 will have been opened and contact 237 closed, this having the effect of setting the circuitry into operation to change the backgauge and depth gauge settings in accordance with that dictated by the setting of the second backgauge selector switch and the second depthgauge selector switch, and in the manner previously discussed in connection with the setting of the first switch in each bank.
It will be recalled that the contact 255 of the last set of contacts associated with the second, third and fourth of the program selector sequence switches 185 has been left unwired to any circuit. It is also noted that the related rotatable contact 257 functions to place in circuit one of the relays 291, which in turn activates the circuitry to change the backgauge and depthguage settings to the next in the sequence.
If the rotatable contact rests on the free or unwired contact, the pertinent relay 291 cannot be energized and nothing happens except that the stepping switch winding 245 will be energized through the corresponding contacts 255 of the same switch causing the stepping switch to step its way to the next program selector switch 185 in the bank.
Thus, it becomes possible to by-pass any of the program selector sequence switches following the first.
To add additional flexibility to the system, a single rotary switch 375 having a number of contacts 377, 379, 381, 383 and 385 and a rotary contact 387, all corresponding to those in each set of contacts 247-255 of a program selector sequence switch 185, is associated with the first program selector sequence switch.
Contact 377 is connected to the first relay 291, contact 379 to the second relay 291, contact 381 to the third of these relays, and contact 383 to the fourth. Contact 385 is connected to the line 261.
The rotary contact 387 of this switch is connected to that side of contacts 209 which were previously connected to line 261. However, to render rotary contact 387 active, (a) the connection from contacts 209 to the line 261 must be open, and this can be made possible by inclusion of a switch 391 in the connection, (b) a connection 393 through a switch 395 from the line L1 to the contacts 209 must be completed, and (c) the connection to the last rotary contact 265 of the first program selector sequence switch must be open, which can also be accomplished through the insertion of a switch 397.
All three switches 391, 295 and 397 may be ganged to facilitate the inclusion of the additional switch 375.
A second such switch 375 associated with the second program selector sequence switch will be related to stepping switch contacts 217 and will be similarly connected in circuit.
A third such switch associated with the third program selector sequence switch will be related to stepping switch contacts 225, while a fourth such switch associated with the fourth program selector sequence switch, will be related to stepping switch contacts 233. Both will be connected in circuit like the first two.
With these switches 375 added to the system, one may now pre-selectively energize any of the relays 291 when the related stepping switch contacts close. and since these relays determine the next backgauge and depthgauge adjustment to come up, these added switches make it possible to selectively introduce into a program at various points in the sequence, any one of the available adjustments.
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that once the backgauge, depthgauge and program selector sequence switches have been adjusted for a desired program of operation, all the operator need do is insert the work into the machine as many times as will be necessary to complete the sequence. The adjusting mechanism and associated circuitry will cause the machine to perform in accordance with the program established.
While the system described above involves the use of four switches to a bank, it should be apparent that the invention may utilize more or less switches per bank.
While I have illustrated and described the invention in considerable detail, the same is subject to further alteration and modification without departing from the underlying principles involved, and l, accordingly, do not desire to be limited in my protection to the specific details illustrated and described except as may be necessitated by the appended claims.
1. A programming system for a press brake or the like having a ram for performing operation on work, said programming system including a backgauge, a backgauge adjusting assembly comprising means for controlling movement of said backgauge through a range of adjustability, a plurality of mechanical backgauge posi tion determining means, each capable of being ren dered functional or non-functional, means for prelocating, from a remote station, the individual mechanical backguage position determining means in a nonfunctional condition, and means, between work strokes of said machine, for establishing said various mechanical backgauge position determining means to a functioning condition in accordance with a predetermined sequence program.
2. A programming system in accordance with claim 1, characterized by a second backgauge adjusting assembly with each said assembly coupled to a backgauge adjacent an end thereof, and means for simultaneously advancing the backgauge movement controlling means of each of said backgauge adjusting assemblies until said movement controlling means engages a mechanical backgauge position determining means in its functioning position.
3. A programing system in accordance with claim 1, characterized by said means for controlling movement of a backgauge, including a frame, a cylinder supported by said frame, a piston in said cylinder having a piston rod extending through an end of said cylinder, means connecting said rod to a backgauge, and means for selectively supplying power to either end of said cylinder.
4. A programing system in accordance with claim 3, characterized by each of said backgauge positioning means including a screw drive supported for rotation in said frame, a latch threadedly carried on said screw drive, means for shifting said latch between a nonfunctioning position and a functioning position, and means, on a movable component of said backgauge movement controlling means, for engaging said latch in its functioning position, to halt forward movement of said movement controlling means.
5. A programing system in accordance with claim 2, characterized by means interconnecting both said means for controlling movement of said backgauge, for maintaining synchronism between the two backgauge movement controlling means.
6. A programing system in accordance with claim 2, characterized by said backgauge movement controlling means maintaining pressure against said backgauge positioning means, following engagement thereof with said backgauge positioning means.
7. A programing system in accordance with claim 1, characterized by said means for establishing said various backgauge positioning means to a functioning condition in accordance with a predetermined sequence program, including a plurality of backgauge selector switches, each having a plurality of contacts with each contact controlling the functioning condition of one of a plurality of backgauge positioning means, and a rotatable contact for preselecting one of said plurality of contacts to condition a desired one of said backgauge positioning means when said switch is connected in circuit, and stepping switch means for sequentially connecting said backgauge selector switches in circuit.
8. A programming system in accordance with claim 6, characterized by a plurality of program selector sequence switches, each having a plurality of sets of contacts and a rotary contact, with each succeeding set of contacts having a progressively larger number of contacts wired for connection in circuit, and means connecting said wired contacts in common to one side of a power source, with each of said rotary selector contacts connected to a different contact of said stepping switch, and means for maintaining one of said backgauge selector switches in circuit so long as an associated program selector sequence switch is functioning.
9. A programming system in accordance with claim 1, characterized by said means for establishing said various backgauge position determining means to a functioning condition being responsive to operation of a depthgauge switch on said machine.
10. A programing system in accordance with claim 1, characterized by a plurality of depthgauges, means for adjusting said depthgauges, and means for utilizing said depthgauges in accordance with a predetermined sequence program.
11. An assembly for pre-setting the adjustments of a backgauge in a gauge programing system, comprising a frame, a piston drive assembly including a cylinder supported by said frame and a piston within said cylinder having a rod extending through an end of said cylinder for reciprocal movement within the full stroke of said piston, means connected to said piston rod for supporting one end of a backgauge, adjustable stop means in the path of a portion of said backgauge supporting means for arbitrarily limiting the travel of said backgauge supporting means in one direction, said adjustable stop means including a drive supported by said frame substantially parallel to said piston rod, a slide assembly in drive engagement with said drive including a drive nut, a latch carried by said drive nut, means enabling switching of said latch between a latching position in line of travel of a portion of said backgauge supporting means and a position out-of-line of travel of said backgauge supporting means, means for actuating said drive to adjust the position of said latch, and means for indicating such adjustment as it is being made.
12. An assembly in accordance with claim 11, characterized by said latch including a substantially rectangular plate and means hingedly securing said plate to 13. An assembly in accordance with claim 12. characterized by a plurality of said drives supported in said frame with associated slide assemblies.
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