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Publication numberUS3825029 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 23, 1974
Filing dateJan 2, 1973
Priority dateJan 2, 1973
Publication numberUS 3825029 A, US 3825029A, US-A-3825029, US3825029 A, US3825029A
InventorsGenbauffe F
Original AssigneeRobertshaw Controls Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plural range pressure regulator construction or the like and the method of making the same or the like
US 3825029 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Genbauffe 1 i July 23, 1974 PLURAL RANGE PRESSURE REGULATOR CONSTRUCTION OR THE LIKE AND THE METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME OR THE LIKE [75] Inventor: Francis S. Genbauffe, lrwin, Pa.

[73] Assignee: Robertshaw Controls Company,

Richmond, Va.

221 Filed: Jan. 2, 1973 21 Appl.No.:320,520

521 U.S.Cl ..137/271,13"I/505,137/505.41

511 Int.Cl. F16k'31/l2 [58] Field ofSearch ..137/271,505.41,505.42, I 137/505 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,478,040 :8/1949 Campbell 137/505 .42 2,760,507 8/1956 Miller 137/63 R 3,128,086 4/1964- Wolfhope 137/505. 41 X 3,747,629 7/1973 Baum-an l37/505.41 X

Primary Examiner-Harold W. Weakley Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Candor, Candor & Tassone [57] ABSTRACT A plural range pressure regulator construction having a housing provided with an inlet and an outlet separated by a valve seat that is controlled by a valve member that is interconnected to a flexible wall carried 'bythe housing. Biasing means are carried by the housing for acting on one side of the wall to tend to move the wall in one direction relative to the housing, the biasing means comprising a plurality of separate spring means each acting on the wall to-provide one 1 pressure range for the pressure regulator construction.

The housing has a storage space for storing one of the spring means so that the same will not act on the wall whereby the remaining spring means acting on the wall will provide another pressure range for the pressure regulator construction.

5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PLURAL RANGE PRESSURE REGULATOR CONSTRUCTION OR THE LIKE AND THE METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME OR THE LIKE This invention relates to a'plural range pressure regulator construction orthe like as well as to a method for making such a pressure regulator construction or the like.

It is well known that pressure regulators have been provided for fuel burning apparatus to maintain the fuel being supplied from a fuel source to the fuel burning apparatus at a proper pressure level for proper operation of the fuel burning apparatus. It is also well known that various sources of fuel can be provided for the same fuel burningapparatus, such as a natural gas source and an LPG source whereby the outlet pressure of the pressure regulator must be different for the different fuel -sources in order for the fuel burning apparatus to function properly.

Accordingly, it is a featureof this invention to provide an improved plural range pressure regulator construction that is adapted to be easily converted from one outlet pressure thereof to another outlet pressure thereof. I

In particular, one embodiment of this invention provides a plural range pressure regulator construction having a housing means provided with an inlet and an outlet separated by a valve seat opened and closed by a movable valve member that is carried by a flexible wall or diaphragm which, inturn, is carried by the housing means. Biasing means are carried by the housing means for acting on one side of the wall to tend to move the flexible wall or diaphragm in one direction relative to the housing means. The biasing means comprises a plurality of separate spring means each acting on the'wall to provide one pressure range for the pressure regulator construction, such as for an LPGfuel source. The housing means has a storage space for storing one of the spring means so that the same will not act on the wall whereby the remaining spring means acting on the wall will provide another pressure range for the regulator construction, such as for a natural gas fuel source.

In this manner, the plural range pressure regulator construction can readily be converted between different outlet pressures thereof for use with different fuel sources by merely changing the location of one of the spring means thereof as will be apparent hereinafter.

Therefore, it is an object of this invention toprovide an improved plural range pressure regulator construction or the like, the construction having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Another object of this invention is to provide a method for making such a plural range pressure regulator construction or the like.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved plural range biasing construction, the construction having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Another objectof this invention is to provide a method for making such a plural range biasing construction or the like.

Other objects, uses and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description with proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the plural range pressure regulator construction of this invention set for one pressure range thereof.

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 and illustrates the plural range pressure regulator construction set for another pressure range thereof.

7 FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the various parts utilized to convert the pressure regulator construction from one pressure range thereof to another pressure range thereof.

While the various features of this invention are hereinafter described and illustrated as being particularly adapted for providing a plural range pressure regulator construction for a fuel burning apparatus, it is to be un derstood that the various features of this invention can be utilizedsingly or any combination thereof to provide a plural range biasing means for other devices as desired.

Therefore, this invention is not to be limited to only the embodiments illustrated in the drawings, because is generally indicated by the reference numeral 10 and] comprises a housing means 11 having an inlet 12 and an outlet 13 interconnected together by a resilient valve seat means 14 that is adapted to be controlled by a valve member 15 disposed on the inlet side of the valve seat 14 and being interconnected by a stem 16 thereof that projects through the valve seat 14 to a flexible diaphragm or wall 17 carried by the housing means 11 and cooperating therewith to define a chamber 18 on the outlet side of the diaphragm 17 and another chamber 19 on the other side 20 of the diaphragm 17 for a purpose hereinafter described.

The upper side 20 of the diaphragm 17 has a metallic backup plate 21 secured thereto by the stem 16 of the valve member 15 in the manner illustrated with the backup plate 21 having a plurality of upwardly bent tabs 22 to provide a spring retaining function as will be apparent hereinafter.

The housing 11 has an internally threaded bore portion 23 leading to the chamber 19 and defining a storage space 24 for a purpose hereinafter described, the storage space 24 having its upper end closed by a removable cover member or end cap 25 threaded to the threaded portion 23 and having an annular flange 26 thereof adapted to abut against the top surface 27 of the housing 11 to limit theamount of insertion of the cover member 25 into the housing means 11.

A first spring retainer 28 is of annular configuration I and has its outer periphery 29 formed in such a manner that the same can be threaded to the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 and thus be positioned in a preselected axial position therein in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.

Another annular spring retainer 30 of this invention is adapted to be loosely disposed in the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 and have its upper surface 31 abut against the lower surface 32 of the threaded portion 33 of the end cap 25 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 1' or have the surface 31 thereof disposed on upwardly directed tabs 34 of the other spring retainer 28 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 2, the spring retainer 30 having an opening 35 passing therethrough and defining a cylindrical flange 36 extending therefrom. Simthereof.

ilarly,the other annular spring retainer 28 has an opening 37 passing therethrough and defining a cylindrical flange 38 extending therefrom.

of coiled compression springs 41 and 42 adapted to be.

concentrically disposedin the housing means 11 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 1 with the lower ends 43 and 44 of the springs 41 and 42 respectively bearing against the backup plate 21 of the flexible wall 17 to act in a direction to tend to open the valve member 15 away from the valve seat 14 for a purpose that will be apparent hereinafter, the lower end 44 of the outer spring 42 nesting within the tabs 22 of the backup plate 21 whereby the tabs 22 provide a spring retaining function for the spring42. The upper end 45 of the outer spring 42 encircles the cylindrical flange 38 of the threaded spring retainer 28 andv bears against the under surface 46 thereof in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. i

The upper end 47'of theinner spring 41 isadapted to encircle the cylindrical flange -36 of the upper spring retainer '30. and bear against the under surface 48 In this manner, it can be seen that when both springs 41 and 42 are assembled in the housing means 11 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 1, the spring retainers 28 and 30 support the upper ends 45 and 47 of the springs 42 and 41 while the lower ends 43 and 44 thereof respectively act against the flexible wall 17 of the pressure regulator construction to tend to move the valve member away from the valve seat 14 with a certain force that is the sum of the forces of the two springs 41 and.42'acting downwardly in FIG. 1.

Thus, when a fuel source isinterconnected-to the inlet 12, such as an LPG fuel source the .fuel passes through the open valve seat 14 to the outlet 13. How

ever, the pressure of the fuel passing through the open valveseat 14 builds up in the chamber 18 and acts against the under side 49 of the flexible wall 17 in opposition to the-force of the springs 41 and 42 tend to move the valve member 15 upwardly in FIG. 1 and, thus, close the valve seat 14. In this manner, the pressure in the chamber 18 and, thus, to the outlet 13 is maintained at a certain pressure value regardless of the pressure value of the fuel being directed to the inlet 12 of the housing means 11 as the position of the valve member 15 relative to the seat 14 will assure that the fuel pressure in the chamber 18 and being directed to the outlet 13 will remain at acertain pressure level as determined by the combined force .of the springs 41 and 42in a manner wellknown inthe art.

When it is desired tochange the pressure range of the pressure regulator construction 10 to another pressure range thereof, such as for being interconnected to a natural gas fuel source, the cap 25 is unthreaded from the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 and removed therefrom as well as the spring retainer 30 and inner spring 41. The spring retainer 30 is then turned .over in the manner illustrated in" FIG. 2 and inserted back through the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 to have the surface 31'thereof rest against the-upwardly H 4 directed tabs34 of the lower'spring retainer 28 as illustrated in FIG. 2. If the end coil47 of theinner spring 41 has been tightly fitted around thecylindrical-flange 36 of the spring retainer 30, the same will have remained attached thereto so that when inverting, the spring retainer 30 to insert the same downwardly through the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 in the mannerjillustrated in FIG. v2, the inner spring 41 now projects upwardly therefrom out through the threaded portion 23 and is adapted to have its end 44 received in a chamber '50 formed in the end cap 25 when the end cap 25 is again threaded to the threaded portion 23 of the housing 11 in the manne'rillustrated in FIG. 2. Thus, the inner spring 41 is compressed between the end cap 25 and the spring retainer 30 in the storage space 24 of the housing means 11 .so that the same has no affect on the movable wall 17 of the pressure regulator construction 10. Of course, if the-spring 41 beeomesseparatedfrom the spring retainer 30 during the changeover fromthe condition of FIG. 1 to the condition of FIG. 2, the spring 41 is inserted on top of the inverted retainer 30 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 2 to be storedin the storage space 24 as previously stated.

When the pressure regulator construction 10 is disposed in the condition illustrated in FIG. 2, it can be seen that only the compression spring 42 is now acting in a downward direction on the flexible wall 17 so that the'valve member 15 is moved away from the valve seat 14 by only the force of the compression spring 42 whereby thepressure regulator construction 10 will .tendto maintain a lesser pressure value of the" fuel in the chamber 18 and at the outlet13 thereof than when both springs 41 and 42 were utilized in the'manner il lustrated in FIG. 1. Y

Therefore, it can be seen that this invention provides a pressure regulator construction that can readily be converted from one pressure range thereof to another pressure range thereof by merely changing the position of one spring thereof from a stored condition thereof to an active force applying condition thereof in a simple and effective manner. Thus, when it is desired to convert the regulator construction 10 from the condition illustrated inFIG. 2 to the condition illustrated in FIG. 1, the end cap 25 isremoved and the spring 41 and its retainer 30 are inverted from the position illustrated in FIG. 2 to the position illustrated in FIG. 1 whereby when the end cap 25 is replaced, both springs 41 and 42 will now act on the movable wall 17 for the reasons previously set forth.

Of course, the chamber 19 of the pressure regulator construction 10 is adapted to be interconnected to the atmosphere in any desired manner. For example, in the embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the housing invention :provides an improved plural range biasing construction and method of making the same.

While the form and the method of this invention now preferred has been described and illustrated as required by the Patent Statutes, it is to be understood that other forms and methods can be utilized and still come within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A plural range pressure regulator construction comprising a housing means having an inlet and an outlet separated by a valve seat, a valve member for controlling said valve seat, a flexible wall carried by said housing means and being interconnected to said valve member to control'the movement thereof relative to said valve seat, and biasing means carried by said housing means for acting on one side of said wall to tend to move said wall in one direction relative to said housing means, said biasing means comprising a plurality of separate spring means each acting on said wall to provide one pressure range for said regulator construction, said housing means having a storage space for storing one of said spring means so that the same will not act on said wall whereby the remaining spring means acting on said wall will provide another pressure range for said regulator construction, said one spring means and said remaining spring means being coiled compression springs and being concentrically disposed when acting on said wall to provide said one pressure range for said regulator construction, said springs, each having one end thereof operatively engaging said wall when providing said one pressure range, said storage space for said one spring means being located in aligned relation with said remaining spring means and adjacent the other end thereof whereby said one spring means is out of operative engagement with said wall when said other pressure range is being provided.

2. A plural range pressure regulator construction comprising a housing means having an inlet and an'outlet separated by-a valve seat, a valve member for controlling said valve seat, a flexible wall carried by said housing means and being interconnected to said valve member to control the movement thereof relative'to said valve seat, and biasing means carried by said housing means for acting on one side of said wall to tend to move said wall in one direction relative to said housing means, said biasing means comprising a plurality of separate spring means each acting on said wall to provide one pressure range for said regulator construction, said housing means having a storage space for storing one of said spring means so that the same will not act on said wall whereby the remaining spring means acting on said wall will provide another pressure range for said regulator construction said one spring means and said remaining spring means being coiled compression springs and being concentrically disposed when acting on said wall to provide said one pressure range for said regulator construction, said storage space for said one spring means being located in aligned relation with said remaining spring means and adjacent one end thereof, said housing means having a removable cover means closing one end of said storage space that is remote from said one end of said remaining spring means, said one spring means being stored in compressed relation between said cover means and said one end of said remaining spring means when stored in 'said' storage space. r

3. A plural range pressure regulator construction as set-forth in claim 2 wherein said cover means includes a spring retainer, said one spring means having one end thereof bearing against said spring retainer when the.

other end of said one spring means is acting on said-wall to provide said one pressure range of said regulator construction, said one spring means being disposed between said cover means and said spring retainer when said one spring is stored in said storage space.

4. A plural range'pressure regulator construction as set forth in claim 3 wherein said housing means has an internally threaded portion, an annular spring retainer being threaded to said threaded portion and having said one end of said remaining spring means bearing against the same, said one spring means projecting through said annular spring retainer when said one spring means is acting on said wall to provide said one pressure range of said pressure regulator construction.

5. A plural range pressure regulator construction as set forth in claim 4 wherein said cover member, is threaded to said threaded portion of said housing when closing said one end of said storage space.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3938542 *Nov 8, 1974Feb 17, 1976Robertshaw Controls CompanyPlural range pressure regulator construction and cap assembly therefor
US4243374 *Aug 23, 1978Jan 6, 1981Robertshaw Controls CompanyFluid flow sensing switch device and method of making the same
US4621658 *Feb 18, 1986Nov 11, 1986Honeywell Inc.Non-removable spring holder for a pressure operated valve
US4724833 *May 2, 1986Feb 16, 1988Respirator Research, Ltd.Portable emergency breathing apparatus
US5988204 *Jan 26, 1998Nov 23, 1999Emerson Electric Co.Adjustable fluid flow regulator
US6073649 *Apr 17, 1998Jun 13, 2000Emerson Electric Co.Adjustable flow limiter
US6076549 *Oct 2, 1998Jun 20, 2000State Of Israel Ministry Of Defense Armaments Development Authority, RafaelPressure control device
US6273117Jul 9, 1999Aug 14, 2001I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US6276392Feb 1, 2000Aug 21, 2001Hendrickson Bros.Liquid pressure regulator
US6619308Aug 14, 2001Sep 16, 2003I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US6938642Sep 16, 2003Sep 6, 2005I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US7114520Aug 31, 2005Oct 3, 2006I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US7264018Sep 27, 2006Sep 4, 2007Roger MassengalePressure regulator
US7306195Nov 17, 2004Dec 11, 2007Honeywell International, Inc.Anti-icing actuator assembly for pneumatic valve
US7546846Sep 4, 2007Jun 16, 2009I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US7766028Jun 15, 2009Aug 3, 2010I-Flow CorporationPressure regulator
US20140083519 *Mar 12, 2013Mar 27, 2014Emerson Process Management Regulator Technologies, Inc.Fluid Regulator, Actuator and Method of Improving Stability of a Fluid Regulator
EP0233604A2 *Feb 13, 1987Aug 26, 1987Honeywell Inc.Pressure regulator
EP0469266A1 *Jun 7, 1991Feb 5, 1992KNF-NEUBERGER GmbHBladder flushing device
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/271, 137/505.41, 137/505
International ClassificationF16K31/36, F16K31/365, G05D16/06, G05D16/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/365, G05D16/0661
European ClassificationG05D16/06H8D4, F16K31/365
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 28, 1991ASAssignment
Owner name: BANKERS TRUST COMPANY, NEW YORK
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ROBERTSHAW CONTROLS COMPANY A CORP. OF DELAWARE;REEL/FRAME:005758/0075
Effective date: 19900730