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Publication numberUS3825289 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 23, 1974
Filing dateJun 27, 1972
Priority dateJun 15, 1972
Also published asCA964697A1
Publication numberUS 3825289 A, US 3825289A, US-A-3825289, US3825289 A, US3825289A
InventorsR Armstrong
Original AssigneeDecalock Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latch bolt and keep assembly
US 3825289 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Armstrong July 23, 1974 LATCH BOLT AND KEEP ASSEMBLY 1,604,540 10/1926 Taggart 292/341.13 x 2,446,206 8/1948 B ckma 292/34l.l2 [75] Inventor: James Armstmng, Toronto 3,125,366 3/1964 c266; 292/169.14

Ontarlo, Canada [73] Assignee: Decalock Limited, Toronoto, Primary Examiner-Robert L. Wolfe Ontario, Canada Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Rogers, Bereskin & Barr [22] Filed: June 27, 1972 [211 PP :,N-L 1 .7. 3 r {57] ABSTRACT The invention relates to the combination of a latch [30] Foreign Application Priority Data bolt and. latch keep having co-operating structure for June 15, 1972 Canada 144,774 holding a door closed, and more particularly to a latch bolt and latch keep combination which when fitted re- [52] us. c1. 29/2, 292/341.13 spectively to a door and door frame provide limited [51] Int. Cl E05b 15/02, EOSc 21/00 djustment to close the door more tightly should the [58] Field of Search 290/341.12, 341.13, 340, door t Th latch k p includes a series of steps 290 1 73 2; 70 4 3 for selective engagement by an end portion of the latch bolt to retain the door in a closed position. [56] References Cited lCl 4D wn F ures UNITED STATES PATENTS g 850,840 4/l907 Ledford 292/340 X 9l3,4l0 Marbach 292/34l.l8

1 LATCH BOLT AND KEEP ASSEMBLY This invention relates to the combination of a latch bolt and latch keep having co-operating structure for holding a door closed, and more particularly to a latch bolt and latch keep combination which when fitted respectively to a door and door frame provide limited adjustment to close the door more tightly should the door rattle.

When assembling conventional latch bolts in a door, the door is first prepared and then the latch bolt entered in the door and held in place by screws. Next, a latch keep is attached to the door frame so that when assembly is complete, the door can be retained in a closed position by engagement of the latchbolt in the latch keep. The position of the latch keep should be such that the door is held closed against a door stop on the door frame; In some instances, because of the difficulties of accurate assembly, the keep is sopositioned that the door can be closed only by applying considerable force to press the door against the door stop, and in other instances the position of the latch keep is such that the door is not in position against the door stop when the latch bolt is engaged in the latch keep. In this latter instance the door will tend to rattle.

It is an object-of the present invention to provide a latch keep which can be positioned on a door frame within relatively large tolerances to combine'with a latch bolt to hold an associated door closed securely.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a combination of a latch bolt and a latch keep which cooperate on assembly to provide for adjustment of an associated door to more securely close the door should the door rattle.

Accordingly, in one of its aspects, the present invention provides a latch keep for use in combining with a latch bolt in a door to retain the door in a closed position, the door having parallel faces and an edge extending between the faces, and the latch bolt having an end portion projecting beyond the edge and defining a surface which is substantially parallel to the door faces, the latch keep being adapted to be attached to a door frame and the latch keep comprising a striker portion for deflecting said end portion inwardly uponclosing the door and means defining a cavity which on assembly receives at least part of said end portion when the door is closed, said cavity defining means including a plurality of steps at a side of the cavity adjacent the striker portion, the steps defining step faces which upon assembly and with the door closed are substantially parallel to the door faces for selective face-toface engagement with said end portion surface to retain the door in a closed position.

Accordingly, in another of its aspects the invention provides a combination of a latch keep and a latch bolt for use in retaining a door in a closed, position, the latch bolt being adapted to be attached to a door adjacent an edge of the door, and comprising: a housing, a slider contained in the housing, means locating the slider within the housing for axial movement and including means limiting the rotational movement of the slider,

' an end portion having a surface which on assembly is parallel to the faces of the door, and means biassing the slider towards a normal position such that on assembly the end portion portionsbeyond the edge of the door; and the latch keep being adapted to be attached to a door frame and comprising: a striker portion for deflecting the slider inwardly upon closing the door, and means defining a cavity which on assembly receives at least part of said end portion when the door is closed, said cavity defining means including a plurality of steps at a side of the cavity adjacent the striker portion, the steps defining step faces which upon assembly and with the door closed are substantially parallel to the door faces for selective face-to-face engagement with said end portion surface to retain the door in a closed position.

The invention will be better understood with reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a latch bolt and latch keep according to the invention and assembled respectively on a door and door frame;

FIG/2 is a perspective view of the latch keep; FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the latch bolt; and FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing an alternadoor- 14 and door frame 16. The latch bolt 10 is coupled by a retracting mechanism 18 to a handle 20 for withdrawing a slider 22 of the latch bolt from a normal position to a withdrawn position shown in ghost outline in FIG. 1. As drawn the slider is deflected slightly from the normal position towards the withdrawn position by an amount d as will be described.

The latch bolt slider 22 is reciprocally engaged in a generally cylindrical'housing 24 having an end plate 25 (FIG. 3) through which screws are engaged to retain the housing on the door. A pair of ramps 26, 28 are formed on the slider. The rampscombine with resilient fingers 30, 32 on the inner wall of the housing to bias the slider towards a normal position in which an end portion 34of the slider projects beyond an edge 36 of the door.

The inner wall of the housing 24 defines two pairs of ribs 38 (one pair of which is shown) for guiding the slider as itmoves between the normal and withdrawn positions and for preventing rotation of the slider. Housing 24 is a snug fit in a first cylindrical door opening 40 extending inwardly from the door edge 36 and meeting a second cylindrical opening 42 which extends between door faces 44, 46 and contains the-retracting mechanism 18. Conventional cover plates 48 (one of which is shown) engage over respective ends of open ing 42 and journal a spindle.5 0 on which a pair of handles 52 (one of which is shown) are mounted.

The end portion 34 of the slider 22 is generally cylindrical and bordered in part by a firstsurface 56 parallel to the door faces 44, 46 and a second surface 58 inclined generally from the outer extremity of the surface 56. When closing the door the surface 56 co-operates with a strikerportion 60 of the latch keep 12 to automatically deflect the slider 22 towards the withdrawn position for subsequent engagement in a cavity 62 inthe latch keep.

As seen in FIGS. 1 and 2, the cavity 62 in the latch keep 12 contains part of end portion 54 of the-slider when the door is closed to retain the door in a closed position against a door stop 63 on the door frame 16. The latch keep 12 is recessed into the door frame'l6 and the entrance'to the cavity is generally rectangular. A side of the cavity adjacent the striker portion 60 is defined by a series of steps 64 having faces which on assembly and with the door closed are substantially parallel to the faces 44, 46 of the door 14.

Reference is again made to FIG. 1 to describe the cooperation between the latch bolt slider 22 and the latch keep 12 in retaining the door 14 closed. As drawn, the first surface 56 of the slider end portion 34 is in engagement with an intermediate one of the surfaces of the steps 64, and the door face 46 is firmly engaged against the door stop 63. As shown, the latch bolt slider is delfected inwardly an amount d against an'outward bias exerted bythe fingers 30,32 on the respective ramps I 26, 28. ln the event that the door is closed to a point where it rattles because it is not up against the door stop 63, door rattle will cause the end portion 34 of the slider 22 to move outwardly onto the next step thereby automatically adjusting the position of the door into a more firmly closed position such as that shown in FIG. 1. Alternatively the door can simply be pushed into engagement with the door stop .63 whereupon the slider will move outwardly onto a corresponding step to substantially retain the door in the fully closed position.

'It will be evident that the latch keep can be positioned within a range of positions relative to, the width of the door frame 16 and the steps 64 will combine with the latch bolt 10 to locate the door 14in a fully closed position against door stop 63'. Consequently, on assembly there isless need for accurate placing of the latch keep on the door frame.

Reference is now made to FIG. 4 which shows an alternative embodiment of the latch bolt and latch keep combination. A latch bolt 66 in a door 68 engages a latch keep 70 on a door frame 72. An end portion 74 of a latch bolt slider 76 is defined in part by a pair of generally inclined surfaces 78, 80 arranged symmetrically about the axis of the slider and defining respective steps 82, 84 adjacent the fiat front end of portion 74.

The latch keep 70 defines a cavity 86 including steps 88 at a side adjacent a striker portion 90 of the keep 70. The steps 88 are of a complementary shape to the steps 82, 84 for engagement either with the steps 82 (as shown) or with the steps 84 in the event that the door is to be hung to move in the opposite direction to that shown. I

Each of the steps 82, 84 includes a surface which on assembly on door 76 is parallel to faces 92, 94 of the door and the steps 88 have corresponding faces for face-to-face engagement with the surfaces of steps 82, 84. Consequently, the door is adjustable in the manner of door'14 (FIG. 1) previously described.

The latch bolt 66 and latch keep 70 have advantages over the structures shown in FIG. 1. Either of the sur- 4 faces 78, 80 will ride on the striker portion 90 of latch plate 70 when closing the door to deflect the slider 76 into a withdrawn position preparatory to the engagement of the endposition 74 in the latch keep cavity 86. As shown, surface 80 rides over the striker portion 90 and on engagement slider steps 82 engage keep steps 88. If the door movement were reversed, the positions of the latch keep would also be reversed relative to the position shown in FIG. 4 and then surface 78 would ride over striker portion 90 and slider steps 84 would engage in keep steps 88.

The latch bolts and latch keeps described with reference to the drawings are preferably of a polyoxymethylene plastic sold under the trade mark DELRIN. However, any other material or materials having suitable physical characteristics can be used. Also, although the description has included a specific form of latch bolt it will be appreciated that the form of the latch bolt can be changed significantly provided that a slider is provided which is biassed outwardly and has an end portion suitable for co-operation with one of the latch. keeps previously described.

' What I claim as my invention is:

1 The combination of a latch keep and latch bolt to use in retaining a door in a closed position, the latch bolt being attached to a door adjacent'an edge of the door, and comprising: a housing, a slider contained in the housing, means locating the slider within the housing for axial movement and including means limiting the rotational movement of theslider, an end portion having a pair of generally inclined surfaces disposed symmetrically about the axis of the slider, each of these surfaces defining a plurality of similar steps each of which includes a step surface which is substantially parallel to the faces of the door and means biassing the slider towards a normal position such that on assembly the end portion projects beyond the edge of the door; and the latch keep being attached to a door frame and comprising a striker portion for deflecting the slider inwardly upon closing the door, and means defining a cavity which receives at least part of said end portion when the door is closed, said cavity defining means including a plurality of steps at a side of the cavity adjacent the striker portion, the steps defining step faces which with the door closed are substantially parallel to the door faces for selective face-to-face engagement with the step surfaces of one of the inclined surfaces to retain the door in a closed position, the pair of inclined surfaces permitting the combination to be attached either to a door openingto the left or to a door opening to the right.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4061369 *Jun 17, 1975Dec 6, 1977Itw LimitedCatches
US4109948 *Aug 9, 1976Aug 29, 1978Norris IndustriesPlastic latch bolt for door lock
US4491353 *May 2, 1983Jan 1, 1985Micro & Precision Mouldings (Cheltenham) LimitedReciprocatory devices
US4818000 *Dec 9, 1987Apr 4, 1989The Stanley WorksDecorative surface bolt
US4909551 *Jul 19, 1989Mar 20, 1990Square D CompanyLatch assembly for an electrical load center door, and method of assembly thereof
US5437133 *Dec 3, 1992Aug 1, 1995Illinois Tool Works, Inc.Grille fastener assembly
US5639129 *Apr 20, 1995Jun 17, 1997Mcclain Industries Of OklahomaDoor latch and sealing mechanism for waste containers
US5690371 *Nov 1, 1996Nov 25, 1997Schlage Lock CompanyFor fusible dead bolting by excessive temperature
US6113160 *Mar 9, 1998Sep 5, 2000Southco, Inc.Latch
US6305726 *Nov 24, 1997Oct 23, 2001Allibert-Contico, L.L.C.Latch assembly for collapsible storage bin
US6575503Oct 28, 2000Jun 10, 2003Southco, Inc.Latch
US7066504 *Oct 31, 2003Jun 27, 2006Perko, Inc.Slam latch and strike assembly
US8123183 *Mar 31, 2006Feb 28, 2012Dieter RamsauerFixing device for a plastic mounting or housing that can be fixed in a rectangular opening in a thin wall
US20140260446 *Mar 14, 2014Sep 18, 2014Flexible Security LlcEnergy absorbing lock systems and methods
DE2713230A1 *Mar 25, 1977Oct 13, 1977Fima S ASchliessvorrichtung
EP0978605A2 *Mar 1, 1999Feb 9, 2000RW Rüdel Werner, Patentverwertung, Entwicklung und KonstruktionDoor fitting for door-case, respectively integral door-case with a closing domain
WO1991001426A1 *Jan 4, 1990Feb 7, 1991Square D CoLoad center door latch and assembly method
WO1999046464A2 *Mar 2, 1999Sep 16, 1999SouthcoLatch
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/163, 292/DIG.600, 292/2, 292/341.13, 292/DIG.380
International ClassificationE05B15/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/60, Y10S292/38, E05B15/0205
European ClassificationE05B15/02E