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Publication numberUS3826221 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1974
Filing dateJun 13, 1972
Priority dateJun 15, 1971
Publication numberUS 3826221 A, US 3826221A, US-A-3826221, US3826221 A, US3826221A
InventorsRoss C
Original AssigneeEvans Medical Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closures for containers
US 3826221 A
A closure cap for a container has an aperture normally covered by a seal which is capable of being peeled off the cap to expose the aperture. At least part of the seal is arranged to change colour when the cap is exposed to heat.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Ross July 30, 1974 [54] CLOSURES FOR CONTAINERS l,826,l l5 lO/193l Ziebarth 1 l6/] l4 AM Inventor Charles Forbes kossrwallasey, 51323133? 3/1323 535121131... I3j11..'.f.7'3'/35Z England 2,953,921 9/1960 Muncheryan ll6/ll4 v 3,067,0l5 12/1962 Lawdermilt lI6/l l4 V [73] Assgnee' Evans E Speke 3,302,817 2/1967 ROlllflS et al.... 220/53 an 3,547,305 12/1970 Khoury 220/53 22 Filed; June 13, 1972 3,659,739 5/1972 Luviano 220/53 [21 App]. No.: 262,369

- Primary Examiner-Louis J. Capozi [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Attorney, Agent, or F1rm-W1ll1am R. L1berman .lune I5, 1971 Great Britain 27938/7] [52] U.S. Cl 116/114 v 57 ABSTRACT [51] Int. Cl. Gold 21/00 Field of 588mb 1 1 V, 11 A A closure cap for a container has an aperture norll6/l 14.5; 215/46 R; 220/53; 73/356, 51, mally covered by a seal which is capable of being 343 R, 362'6 peeled off the cap to expose the aperture. At least part of the seal is arranged to change colour when the cap [56] References Cited is exposed to heat.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 449,136 3/189] Reisct et al. 220/53 1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures CLOSURES FOR CONTAINERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to closures for containers and particularly, but not exclusively, to closures for bottles or other containers used for administering parenteral solutions.

It is commonplace to supply solutions for human administration by intravenous infusion in bottles which are sealed by rubber plugs covered by aluminium caps. These caps have centre portions which are removable to permit cannulas of giving sets to be inserted into the bottles through the rubber plugs. A disadvantage of such closures is that sharp instruments are necessary to remove the portions of the aluminium caps and the removal of these portions of the caps leaves sharp raw edges which may cut the fingers of nurses or others administering the infusion.

An object of the present invention is to provide a way of avoiding this disadvantage.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, a closure cap for a container for an infusion liquid is made of aluminium or other suitable metal. The cap has a cylindrical skirt 1 which is arranged to fit round the upper portion of the neck of the container and an annular flange 2 arranged to retain a rubber plug fitted in the neck. The annular flange defines a central aperture through which a cannula of a giving set can be applied to the rubber plug and inserted through the plug into the container so that the contents of the container can be withdrawn.

An outer seal or label 3 of paper or other suitable material is secured to the annular flange by a pressure sensitive adhesive. This seal completely covers the annular flange. When the cap is fitted on a container the area of pressure sensitive adhesive defined by the flange will contact the rubber plug and adhere to it. This outer seal has a tongue 4 projecting beyond a portion of the periphery of the cap, this projecting portion not being coated with adhesive. An area 5 of theouter surface of the outer seal has an area printed with an inkwhich is sensitive to heat in such a way that the area will change colour when a container to which the cap is fitted is heat treated in an autoclave. Thus, it is possible to see at a glance whether or not the container has been heat treated so that risk of containers which have not been heat treated being inadvertently used is minimised.

Information or symbols indicating the contents of the container can also be printed on the outer seal.

When it is desired to administer to a patient the liquid in the container, the outer seal or label 3 can be peeled off the cap by pulling the tongue 4 so that'the aperture in the cap is exposed to permit a cannula to be inserted through the aperture into the rubber plug. When the outer seal is partly or completely peeled off the cap the ink on the outer seal will smudge. This minimises the risk of use of the containers which have been tampered with.

The outer seal completely excludes dust from the rubber cap. Furthermore, the surface of the plug exposed by removal of the outer seal will be sterile, after heat treatment of the container.

What is claimed is: v

1. An infusion liquid container, an opening thereinto and a closure cap over the opening, the cap being apertured to communicate with the container interior, a seal for the closure cap, the seal having a component extending beyond the marginal edge of the cap to provide an easily manipulable pull-tab to facilitate the removal of the seal and allow removal of the container contents, the underside of the seal in that portion thereof which overlies the margin of the cap aperture being provided with adhesive material, the underside of the pull-tab being free of adhesive material, and a portion ofthe upper surface of the seal overlying the cap aperture being provided with a temperature responsive, color-changing indicator to signal the readiness for use of the container contents upon appropriate heat treatment thereof.

* l l l

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US449136 *Jan 25, 1890Mar 31, 1891 waeber
US1826115 *Aug 12, 1929Oct 6, 1931Bell & Howell CoHumidor
US2889799 *Jan 20, 1955Jun 9, 1959Korpman RalfTemperature indicator
US2932971 *Feb 11, 1957Apr 19, 1960Gen Dynamics CorpTemperature indicator
US2953921 *Jun 24, 1957Sep 27, 1960Muncheryan Hrand MTemperature-indicating device and closure cap
US3067015 *Jan 29, 1960Dec 4, 1962Ray F LawdermiltSpoilage indicator for food containers
US3302817 *Feb 11, 1964Feb 7, 1967Gen Foods CorpContainer for liquid combinable products
US3547305 *Nov 15, 1968Dec 15, 1970Continental Can CoEasy opening container
US3659739 *Nov 19, 1969May 2, 1972Crown Cork & Seal CoEasy-open pull-tab construction for a container
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4318436 *Aug 19, 1980Mar 9, 1982The Firestone Tire & Rubber CompanyTire sidewall addition members that undergo perceptible change during abnormal operation
US4502605 *Jun 29, 1984Mar 5, 1985Denerik Creativity, Inc.Container closure integrity system
US4505399 *Jun 21, 1984Mar 19, 1985Weiner Robert CTamper-indicating device and method
US4558794 *Oct 19, 1983Dec 17, 1985Tbl Development CorporationContainer with vessel for retention of telltales
US4733786 *Nov 7, 1986Mar 29, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyContainer and innerseal capable of indicating heat tampering
US4792053 *Nov 12, 1982Dec 20, 1988Tbl Development CorporationTamper-indicating capped container with angularly movable tine
US4793122 *Nov 22, 1982Dec 27, 1988Tbl Development CorporationTamper-indicating closure for a container, container and method for making same
US4793503 *Dec 17, 1982Dec 27, 1988Tbl Development CorporationContainer closure with rupturable tamper disk
US4793504 *Sep 12, 1983Dec 27, 1988Tbl Development CorporationClosure with containment of telltale means
US4793505 *Jan 28, 1983Dec 27, 1988Tbl Development CorporationTamper-indicating container closure with rupturable disk
US4998988 *Sep 20, 1989Mar 12, 1991Kardon Industries, Inc.Tamper evidencing cap and container
US5144112 *Sep 9, 1991Sep 1, 1992Aladdin Synergetics, IncorporatedFood service indication system
US5189281 *Aug 15, 1990Feb 23, 1993Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.Rethermalization cart indicator system
US5273360 *Dec 21, 1992Dec 28, 1993Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.Food service tray assembly
US5477972 *Jun 2, 1994Dec 26, 1995Lester; William M.Tamper evident closure device for bottles and the like
US5720555 *May 24, 1996Feb 24, 1998Elele; James N.Temperature indicating container and lid apparatus
US6105618 *Jul 21, 1998Aug 22, 2000Blaney; TrevorSink and bath plugs
US6386756Feb 7, 2000May 14, 2002Sean RiceCup for indicating temperature of contents thereof and method of making
US20050178773 *Feb 17, 2004Aug 18, 2005Sena Kim A.Temperature-indicating disposable lid for beverage container
US20060138167 *Jan 2, 2004Jun 29, 2006Mcmahon Michael DCondiment dispenser
EP0266924A2 *Oct 14, 1987May 11, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyInnerseal capable of indicating heat tampering
EP0266924A3 *Oct 14, 1987Feb 8, 1989Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyInnerseal capable of indicating heat tampering
U.S. Classification116/216, 374/141, 116/207, 215/230
International ClassificationB65D79/00, B65D51/24, B65D79/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D79/02, B65D51/24
European ClassificationB65D51/24, B65D79/02