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Publication numberUS3827038 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1974
Filing dateOct 26, 1972
Priority dateOct 26, 1972
Publication numberUS 3827038 A, US 3827038A, US-A-3827038, US3827038 A, US3827038A
InventorsWillis J
Original AssigneeSolid State Technology
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Alarm system
US 3827038 A
Abstract
An alarm system having a central radio receiver and a plurality of independent alarm devices for mounting on a door or the like movable to and from a closed position adjacent a stationary door frame element or the like toward an open position. Each device comprises an electro-mechanical generator, a radio transmitter energized by it and a load-and-fire mechanism having loading means movable into loaded position upon movement of the door into closed position and firing means triggered by release of the loading means upon movement of the door from its closed position to drive the generator and operate the radio transmitter for reception by the central radio receiver.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ ALARM SYSTEM John George Willis, Wakefield, Mass.

[73] Assignee: Solid State Technology, Inc.,

Wilmington, Mass.

[22] Filed: Oct. 26, 1972 [2i] Appl. No.: 300,913

[75] Inventor:

[52] US. Cl. 340/224, 340/274 [5 1] Int. Cl. G08b 13/02 [58] Field of Search 340/224 R, 274 R [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,574,696 ll/l95l Fischler.... 340/224 R 2.673.975 3/1954 Kearney... 340/224 X 3,l63.856 l2/l964 Kirby 340/224 X 3.440.635 4/1969 Hull 340/224 X 1 Early 30, 1974 3,698,352 l0/l972 Forman ..340/274X Primary Examiner-Harold l. Pitts 5 7 ABSTRACT means triggered by release of the loading means upon movement of the door from its closed position to drive the generator and operate the radio transmitter for reception by the central radio receiver.

4 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEU iii-301974 3,827. 038

' SHEET 1 or 2 ALARM SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to alarm apparatus and more particularly to such apparatus for signalling the opening of a door or the like.

2. Description of the Prior Art The provision of simple, effective alarm devices for signalling the opening of a door, window or the like has long been a problem. Wired devices are expensive to install if the wiring is to be concealed and are unattractive if not. Furthermore, their operation may be pre vented by cutting of their wires. Wireless devices have been of the standing wave type which are operated by the inside presence of an intruder rather than the initial opening of a door or window. In addition to being expensive, they tend to be unstable in operation and subject to power failure, or, if battery operated, subject to battery failure.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a novel, independent, wireless, batteryless alarm device capable of signalling the initial opening of a door or the like.

It is another object of the invention to provide an alarm device including a radio transmitter operable upon the initial opening of a door or the like to emit a radio signal.

It is still another object of the invention to provide an alarm system including a central radio receiver and a plurality of independent, wireless, batteryless radio devices each operable upon the initial opening of a door or the like to emit a radio signal for reception by the central radio receiver.

The above and further objects and features are pro-- vided according to the invention by novel alarm apparatus for use with a door or the like element movable to and from a closed position adjacent a stationary door frame element or the like toward an open position. Such apparatus comprises alarm means, which may include an electro-mechanical generator having a driving wheel such as a pinion and a radio transmitter energized by the generator, and a loadand-fire mechanism. The latter mechanism may have loading means including pin means movable along a line of travel between a loaded and an unloaded position and spring means urging the loading pin means toward its unloaded position, firing means includang a rack or similar element engaging the generator driving pinion movable along a line of travel between a rest position and a firing position and spring means urging the firing rack toward its rest position and latch means for retaining the firing rack means in its firing position.

The loading pin' is movable along its line of travel, upon movement of the door to its closed position, to engage the firing rack to move it to its firing position in engagement with the latch means and, upon movement of the door toward its open position, to engage the latch means to release the firing rack for driving the generator pinion for operation of the radio transmitter.

An alarm system is also provided including a central radio receiver and a plurality of independent alarm devices as above described.

For the purpose of more fully explaining the above and still further objects and features of the invention, reference is now made to the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, together with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of apparatus according to the invention, including thesystem thereof;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are general top views of the apparatus of FIG. 1 showing it in unloaded and loaded (firing) position, respectively;

FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are, respectively, end, side and top detail views of the apparatus of FIGS. 1 through 3, partly broken away and in section; and

FIGS. 7 and 8 are partial top sectional views of the apparatus of FIGS. 1 through 3 illustrative of its operation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, in FIG. 1 is illustrated an overall view of the radio alarm system of the invention, including the device thereof, generally designated 10, mounted on a door element 12 by a suitable bracket 14, in conjunction with similar devices 10a, 10b and a central receiver 18 for receiving radio signals therefrom for building security, for example. FIGS. 2 through 8 show the details of device 10 as well as its mounting on a door element 12 or the like movable to and from a closed position (FIGS. 3 and 6) adjacent a stationary door frame element 16 or the like to an open position (FIGS. 1, 2 and 4). It may also be mounted on other building closure elements, such as a window, or on the stationary elements adjacent thereto.

More specifically, the independent, wireless, batteryless radio alarm device of the invention includes a housing 20, which is preferably of an organic plastic material, having alarm elements mounted therewithin including a conventional miniature radio transmitter 22 and a rotary electro-mechanical generator 24 having a driving pinion 26. For driving pinion 26 at the high rotational speed necessary to produce sufficient power from generator 24 to operate radio transmitter 22, regardless of how slowly door 12 is opened, a load and fire mechanism is uniquely provided for driving said pinion.

Such load and fire mechanism, in brief, includes a loading pin 30, having associated elements adapted to engage door frame element 16, a firing rack 40 engaging generator pinion 26 and a pivotable latch member Loading pin 30 is mounted on the free end of a pair of arms 32, 34, pivoted together and carrying thereat a door frame contacting roller 33, with the other end of said arms being pivotally mounted at pivot 31 on housing 20. A slot 36 in housing 20 provides a guide for loading pin 30 along a line of travel between an unloaded position at 300 adjacent pivot 31 and a loaded 'fso that it is movable along a line of travel between a rest position 40a and a firing position 400. A compression spring 44 is positioned between rack 40 and housing 20 for urging said rack toward its rest position. On the upper end of its arm 41 above housing web member 21, rack 40 has pivotally mounted thereon a triangular cam follower 46 which cooperates with a cam surface 48 extending downwardly from housing cover 23 for moving rack 40 by loading pin 30 to its firing position as hereinafter described.

For releasably retaining rack 40 in its firing position 40c, latch member 50 is provided pivotally mounted on web member 21 with a cooperating actuating arm 52 mounted thereabove having a downwardly extending lug 54 engaging latch member 50. Tension springs 56 and 58 are provided, respectively, for maintaining latch member 50 on its latched position and arm 72 in position to be engaged by loading pin 30.

In operation, with door 12 in its open position (FIGS. 1, 2-and 4) movement of said door to its closed position, as best shown in FIG. 7, will, upon initial contact of roller 33 with door frame 16, begin to move pin 30 from its initial position 30a. This will result in engagement between said pin and triangular cam follower 46 to move it and rack 40 in opposition to rack spring 44 to position 40b. At this point, follower 46 begins to pass beyond cam surface 48, where arm 41 is engaged by latch 50, and to rotate to allow pin 30 at 30b to move beyond it. At this point, rack 50 is in its firing position (FIG. 6) and is so maintained by latch 50. Pin 30 continues to advance through position 30c, at which it releases follower 46, to position 30d, at which it engages and pivots latch arm 52, to position 30e at which it passes latch arm 52 for return of said latch arm by its spring 58, and finally to its loaded position 30f at which door 14 is closed against frame element 16.

Upon movement of door 14 toward its open position, as best shown in FIG. 8, pin 30 moves from its loaded position 30f to engage arm 52, pivot latch 50 and release arm 41 and triangular cam follower 46. Upon such release, rack spring 44 rapidly drives rack 40 to its rest position, rotating generator pinion 26 to energize radio transmitter 22 to produce an alarm signal for reception by central receiver 18.

ator having a driving wheel and a radio transmitter energized by said generator and a load-and-fire mechanism having loading means movable along a line of travel between a loaded and an unloaded position firing means engaging said generator driving wheel and movable along a line of travel between a rest position and a firing position and latch means for retaining said firing means in its firing position said loading means being movable along its line of travel:

upon movement of said door to its closed position to engage said firing means to move it to its firing position in engagement with said latch means and upon movement of said door toward its open position to engage said latch means to release said firing means for driving said generator wheel for operation of said radio transmitter alarm.

2. Alarm apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said driving wheel is a pinion and said firing means includes a rack for driving said pinion upon release thereof by said latch means.

3. Alarm apparatus for mounting on a door or the ke element movable to and from a closed position adjacent a stationary door frame element or the like toward an open position,

Pin 30 continues to move upon further opening of said door past arm 52 which pivots out of the way at pin position 30g, and into engagement with follower 46 at position 30h which also pivots out of the way at unloaded pin position 30a, so that the drive is ready for a succeeding loading operation by the closing of door 12.

I claim:

1. Alarm apparatus for mounting on a door or the like element movable to and from a closed position adjacent a stationary door frame element or the like toward an open position,

said apparatus comprising alarm means including an electro-mechanical genersaid apparatus comprising alarm means including an electro-mechanical generator having a driving wheel and a radio transmitter energized by said generator and a load-and-fire mechanism having loading pin means movable along a line of travel between a loaded and an unloaded position and spring means urging said loading pin means toward its unloaded position firing means engaging said generator driving wheel and movable along a line of travel between a rest position and a firing position and spring means urging said firing means toward its rest position and latch means for retaining said firing means in its firing position said loading pin means being movable along its line of travel:

upon movement of said door to its closed position to engage said firing means to move it to its firing position in engagement with said latch means and upon movement of said door toward its open position to engage said latch means to release said firing means for driving said generator wheel for operation of said radio transmitter alarm.

4. An alarm system comprising a central radio receiver and a plurality of independent alarm apparatus as claimed in claim 3.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2574696 *Mar 3, 1949Nov 13, 1951John NathansonRadio alarm transmitting, recording, and signaling system
US2673975 *Feb 15, 1949Mar 30, 1954Gunderson Robert WFire alarm system
US3163856 *Nov 14, 1961Dec 29, 1964Frederick G KirbyAlarm device for indicating lack of motion
US3440635 *Jun 28, 1965Apr 22, 1969Harris B HullPolice alarm
US3698352 *Jul 16, 1971Oct 17, 1972Forman Willey GBurglar alarm
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4365238 *Nov 3, 1980Dec 21, 1982Adam KollinVisual signalling apparatus
US5317303 *Sep 11, 1992May 31, 1994Anro Engineering, Inc.Batteryless sensor used in security applications
US5402105 *Apr 18, 1994Mar 28, 1995Mapa CorporationGarage door position indicating system
US5463371 *May 13, 1994Oct 31, 1995Coyote Enterprises, Inc.Window mounted automobile security alarm
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US20110012730 *Jul 22, 2008Jan 20, 2011John Gerard FinchDoor notification system
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CN102232136BApr 26, 2010Dec 19, 2012梁凯慈Casement window with muli-angle positioning window sash
EP0627537A1 *May 4, 1994Dec 7, 1994FRITZ FUSS GmbH & Co.Door monitoring device
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WO2009020762A1 *Jul 22, 2008Feb 12, 2009Masco CorpSecurity system including wireless self-energizing switch
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Classifications
U.S. Classification340/520, 340/545.1, 340/539.14, 340/539.1
International ClassificationG08B13/08, G08B13/02
Cooperative ClassificationG08B13/08
European ClassificationG08B13/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 16, 1983AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: SIGNAL COMMUNICATIONS, DIVISION OF GULF INDUSTRIES
Effective date: 19830328
Owner name: SOLID STATE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
May 16, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: SIGNAL COMMUNICATIONS, DIVISION OF GULF INDUSTRIES
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SOLID STATE TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004128/0706
Effective date: 19830328
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLID STATE TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004128/0706