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Publication numberUS3827436 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 6, 1974
Filing dateNov 10, 1972
Priority dateNov 10, 1972
Publication numberUS 3827436 A, US 3827436A, US-A-3827436, US3827436 A, US3827436A
InventorsJ Andera, J Stumpf
Original AssigneeFrigitronics Of Conn Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multipurpose cryosurgical probe
US 3827436 A
Abstract
A cryosurgical probe having a refrigerated tip with a plurality of surfaces. The surfaces are differently shaped and positioned to facilitate treatment of different bodily tissues. A plurality of insulating sleeves are provided to fit over the probe tip. Each sleeve defines an opening which is positioned to expose a different one of the surfaces.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Stumpf et al.

Filed:

MULTIPURPOSE CRYOSURGICAL PROBE Inventors: Joseph G. Stumpf, Fairfield; Joseph F. Andera, Trumbull, both of Conn.

Assignee: Frigitronics of Conn., Inc., Shelton,

Conn.

Nov. 10, 1972 Appl. No.: 305,359

l28/DIG. 27, 303.1, 399

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Crump 128/3031 UX Lee 128/3031 Armao i 128/3031 Thyberg 128/3031 Gans 128/3031 Halloran 128/221 11] 3,827,436 1 Aug. 6, 1974 R26,276 10/1967 Hirschhorn 128/3031 Primary Examiner-Channing L. Pace Attorney, Agent, or FirmBuckles and Bramblett [57] ABSTRACT The foregoing abstract is not to be taken either as a complete expostion or as a limitation of the present invention. In order to understand the full nature and extent of the technical disclosure of this application, reference must be had to the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing as well as to the claims.

6 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures MULTIPURIOSE CRYOSURGICAL PROBE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention pertains to the field of cryosurgery. More particularly, it pertains to cryosurgical apparatus which may be selectively cooled for applicationto body tissue.

Cryosurgical devices are well known and widely used, both for manipulation and destruction of body tissue. Examples of the former are probes which are caused to adhere to, and assist in the removal of, a cataractous lens from the eye. Examples of the latter are probes which are utilized to necrose diseased tissue of many different types such as, for example, skin cancers and blemishes, cervicitis, and adenoidal and tonsil tissue.

Cryosurgical probes may be refrigerated by any of several means. Originally, they were often cooled by immersing them in, or filling them with, suitable refrigerants, such as liquid nitrogen or dry ice. More recent probes, however, are hollow and are cooled either by a low boiling refrigerant, such as dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon-12) which is allowed to boil within the tip, or by expansion of a gas, such as CO or N 0, which cools by means of the Joule-Thomson effect. These refrigerants are usually valved in such a manner that the probe may be selectively cooled or warmed by the surgeon.

Presently known cryosurgical probes are available with applicator tips of many different sizes and shapes, depending upon the type of tissue to be treated, its size, and its position in the body. While the availability of many types of probe tips is a convenience to the surgeon, it also makes it necessary for the surgeon or hospital to purchase and maintain a relatively large inventory. Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a cryosurgical probe having a single, multipurpose tip. Other objects, features, and advantages will become apparent from the following description and appended claims.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION There is provided a probe for a cryosurgical apparatus which includes an applicator tip of heat conductive material having a plurality of surfaces, each adapted to engage body tissue to be treated. A plurality of insulating sleeves are provided which are selectively positionable over the tip. Each of the sleeves defines an opening that is positioned to expose a different one of the surfaces.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a probe tip constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross section on an enlarged scale taken along the plane 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 is a view of the probe tip of the invention with a third insulating sleeve.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With particular reference to FIGS. 14 of the drawings, there is illustrated a probe in accordance with the present invention. It comprises a tube 10 which would normally be mounted at one end on a suitable handpiece (not shown). On its other end is mounted a hollow applicator tip 12 of a suitably heat conductive material, such as copper. In the disclosed embodiment, cooling is achieved by the Joule-Thompson effect by means of a high pressure gas expanding from the tip of a delivery tube 14. After expansion and cooling of the gas within the cavity 16 of tip 12, the exhaust gas is returned through tube 10 and vented. It will be understood that the precise method of cooling forms no part of the present invention and such cooling may be affected by other techniques such as, for example, the boiling of a low boiling temperature refrigerant. The tip 12 includes a neck 18 mounted in the end of tube 10 where it is secured by a suitable weld or other means forming a strong gas-tight seal. The particular tip which is illustrated is designed for use in the mouth and has three separate surfaces, each of a different shape and position. An upper cylindrical surface 20 is designed for use on tumors and lesions in the mouth. A lower conical surface 22 is for use on lingual tonsils, nd an inclined planar end surface 24 is for use on palatine tonsils, adenoids, and the posterior walls of the mouth.

In the specifically described applicator tip designed for the purposes set forth, the upper surface 20 is the outer surface of one inch diameter stock turned to 0.995 inch diameter. Its overall length from the end of tube 10 is 0.950 inch. The end surface 24 makes an angle of 50 to the horizontal, as viewed in FIG. 2. The lower surface 22 forms an angle of 20 to the horizontal, also as viewed in FIG. 2. The neck 18 is 0.350 inch in diameter.

Normally, a surgeon will desire to utilize only one of the three surfaces for a specific operative procedure. He will also wish to prevent the other surfaces from adhering to, or otherwise contacting, healthy or untreated tissue. To this end, there are provided three resilient insulating sleeves formed of a material such as polytetrafluorethylene. One such sleeve 26 is illustrated in FIG. 5. It includes a split shank 28 for engaging the end of tube 10, a conical wall 30 conforming to surface 22, and an end wall 32 conforming to surface 24. When positioned on tip 12, as shown in FIG. 6, it exposes only the upper cylindrical surface 20 and protects healthy tissue from engagement with the other surfaces of the tip.

FIG. 7 illustrates a somewhat similar sleeve which exposes only the surface 22, and FIG. 8 discloses a third sleeve which exposes only the surface 24. It has been found that the normal resiliency of the sleeves, coupled with the freezing action of the applicator tip 12, holds them securely in position and negates any requirement for additional fastening means.

It is believed that the many advantages of this invention will now be apparent to those skilled in the art. It will also be apparent that a number of variations and modifications may be made in this invention without departing from its spirit and scope. For example, while a mouth probe has been described, it will be apparent that probes and sleeves for many other multiple uses may be designed. Accordingly, the foregoing description is to be construed as illustrative only, rather than limiting. This invention is limited only by the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. A probe for a cryosurgical apparatus which comprises: an applicator tip of heat conductive material having thereon a plurality of surfaces of different geometrical contours, each surface being adapted to engage body tissue to be treated; and an insulating sleeve removably positioned over said tip, said sleeve defining an opening positioned to expose only one of said sursaid substantially planar surface.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification606/23, 607/113
International ClassificationA61B18/00, A61B18/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61B2018/00101, A61B18/02, F25B2309/021
European ClassificationA61B18/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 11, 1992ASAssignment
Owner name: COOPERVISION, INC. A NY CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:FRIGI ACQUISITION, INC., A CORPORATION OF DE;REEL/FRAME:006047/0568
Owner name: FRIGI ACQUISITION, INC., CONNECTICUT
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:COOPERVISION, INC. A CORP. OF NEW YORK;REEL/FRAME:006047/0578
Effective date: 19911004
Mar 11, 1992AS27Nunc pro tunc assignment
Free format text: FRIGI ACQUISITION, INC. A DE CORP. 770 RIVER ROAD SHELTON, CONNECTICUT 06484 * COOPERVISION, INC. ACORP. OF NEW YORK : 19911004
Jul 16, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC.
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF NEW YORK COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, THE;REEL/FRAME:005395/0050
Effective date: 19900612
Mar 28, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: FRIGI ACQUISITION, INC., 3145 PORTER DRIVE, PALO A
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC.;REEL/FRAME:005262/0818
Effective date: 19900316
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Owner name: FRIGI ACQUISITION, INC., A CORP. OF DE, CALIFORNIA
May 20, 1988AS06Security interest
Owner name: BANK OF NEW YORK COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, THE, 530
Owner name: FRIGITRONICS OF CONNECTICUT, INC.,
Effective date: 19870724
May 20, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: FRIGITRONICS INC., A DE CORPORATION
Effective date: 19870724
Owner name: FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC.
May 20, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: BANK OF NEW YORK COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, THE, 530
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FRIGITRONICS OF CONNECTICUT, INC.,;REEL/FRAME:004935/0800
Effective date: 19870724
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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC.;REEL/FRAME:004935/0794
Oct 26, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:FRG TWENTY-NINE CORPORATION (MERGED INTO);FRG TWENTY-EIGHT CORPORATION (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004858/0786
Effective date: 19870126
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Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:FRIGITRONICS, INC., A CORP. OF CT.;FRIGITRONICS OF CONN., INC., A CORP. OF CT;REEL/FRAME:004858/0780;SIGNING DATES FROM 19680314 TO 19861208