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Publication numberUS3827782 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 6, 1974
Filing dateDec 11, 1972
Priority dateDec 11, 1972
Publication numberUS 3827782 A, US 3827782A, US-A-3827782, US3827782 A, US3827782A
InventorsA Boudouris, G Gray
Original AssigneeEprod Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reflector apparatus
US 3827782 A
Abstract
A method and apparatus for distorting an open end of a reflector into a predetermined shape is disclosed. The reflector surface generally defines a paraboloid of revolution. The reflector apparatus comprises a housing which contains a suspension system for the reflector. The reflector is connected to the suspension system on a resilient mounting device for movement thereupon within the housing. A compression ring having opposing compression screws is located about the periphery of the reflector adjacent its open end. Adjustment of the opposing compression screws against the reflector causes the open end to distort into a predetermined shape, while the resilient mounting device prevents undesirable distortion at the inner surface of the reflector, thereby providing a desired distribution for reflected light.
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United States Patent [191 Boudouris et al.

[ REFLECTOR APPARATUS [75] Inventors: Angelo Boudouris, Sylvania, Ohio;

Geoffrey T. Gray, Lambertville, Mich.

[73] Assignee: Eprod Incorporated, Toledo, Ohio [22] Filed: Dec. 11, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 313,848

[52] US. Cl 350/295, 240/441, 240/4137, 350/293 [51] Int. Cl. G021) 5/10 [58] Field of Search 350/293, 288, 295; 240/441, 41.37, 103 R, 103 A; 353/85, 87, 98, 99

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,142,223 7/1964 Vetter 350/295 X 3,51 1,989 5/1970 Blaisdell et al. 240/44.1 3,588,493 6/1971 Nordquist 240/4137 3,628,852 12/1971 Snaper 350/295 3,703,635 11/1972 Burkarth 240/44.1

3,827,782 Aug. 6, 1974 ABSTRACT A method and apparatus for distorting an open end of a reflector into a predetermined shape is disclosed. The reflector surface generally defines a paraboloid of revolution. The reflector apparatus comprises a housing which contains a suspension system for the reflector. The reflector is connected to the suspension system on a resilient mounting device for movement thereupon within the housing. A compression ring having opposing compression screws is located about the periphery of the reflector adjacent its open end. Adjustment of the opposing compression screws against the reflector causes the open end to distort into a predetermined shape, while the resilient mounting device prevents undesirable distortion at the inner surface of the reflector, thereby providing a desired distribution for reflected light.

9 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures wir s PAIENIED 3,827,782

|'|. I I I l- I! I 1 N I l I 29/ 4/ Q 7 STANDARD scum /j wws- SCREEN PMENTEB R 61974 SHEET 3 BF 2 REFLECTOR APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Large moving picture projectorsand the like utilize high-intensity lamps which are located within polished parabolic reflectors. The lamps often comprise a glass tube filled with pressurized xenon gas. The light emitted from the high-intensity lamp is reflected by the reflector toward-a rectangular opening or mask which shapes the emitted light into a pattern matching the desired outline of picture area in the film to be projected on a screen. The image of this film is in turn projected through a lens system onto the screen.

The mask shapes the light by preventing rays emitting from the reflector from passing therethrough at any place other than the open rectangle. All other light from the reflector strikes the face of the mask and is reflected or dissipated in the form of heat through the projector cooling system. A substantial portion of light is often lost at the face of the mask. Conventional projectors have no provision for preventing this light loss but rather have sufficiently intense projection lamps to provide a relatively intense light pattern on the screen despite the light loss at the face of the mask. Other prior art projectors include a condensing lens placed immediately in front of the reflector thereby tending to condense more reflected light through the mask opening, but the pattern of light remains circular.

One apparatus for distorting a reflector having an elliptical cross section is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,628,852, A. A. Snaper et al. The reflector disclosed in that patent comprises a housing and a planar reflective sheet placed within the housing. The sheet is fixedly mounted on rigid supports near the closed end of the reflector. Set screws adjacent the sheet permit deformation of the sheet in one direction except at the points of contact between the rigid supports and the reflector surface, which prohibit deflection.

It has been found that if a reflector is fixedly suspended on rigid support posts, a change in the frontal shape thereof creates a nonuniform curvature on the reflector interior. Light reflected from the reflector interior tends to create a pattern which has an undesirable configuration. The most objectionable feature is the uneven distribution of light rays, causing unwanted brighter and darker areas in the projected picture.

The present invention provides a means of suspending a reflector comprising a paraboloid of revolution on a resilient mounting ring. The ring has sufficient flexibility to permit a uniform distortion throughout 360 of the reflector interior into a predetermined shape to squash the reflected light pattern thereby presenting a pattern which more closely matches the rectangular shape of the mask, thus utilizing much of the light which would otherwise strike the mask outside the rectangular opening.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention is a reflector apparatus and a method of distorting an open end of the reflector to a predetermined shape. The reflector apparatus comprises a intensity lamp is located on the axial centerline of the reflector. A light-restricting mask is located adjacent the rear surface of the film in the projector head. A compression ring having opposing compression screws is mounted on the reflector adjacent an open end thereof. The compression screws are mounted on the compression ring for movement toward the center of the ring against the reflector. Inward movement of the opposing compression screws for a sufficient distance distorts the circular, open end into a predetermined shape to focus reflected light from the lamp more intensely through the restricting mask. The resilient mounting means permits the reflector to distort uniformly to present a more uniformly distributed ligli pattern over the area of the mask.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention in a projection system with the screen rotated 90;

FIG. 2 is an elevation view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention with parts broken-away;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention taken along the line 4-4 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view of the reflector apparatus of the present invention taken along the line 6-6 of FIG. 4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, a movie projection system 10 includes a projector mechanism housing 11 having a lens assembly 12 and a film guide assembly 13 adjacent a rear portion of the lens assembly 12. Movie film 14 is delivered from a feed reel 15 around a feed sprocket 16 through the film guide 13, around a take-up sprocket l7 and onto a take-up reel 18, at a predetermined rate of speed.

A light tunnel 19 is connected to an opening in the projector mechanism housing 11 in alignment with the lens system 12 for transmission of light from a reflector apparatus 20, according to the present invention, through the film guide 13 and the lens system 12 to a movie screen 21.

The reflector apparatus 20 includes a housing 22 resting on support feet 23 and having front and rear walls 24 connected to the support feet 23. Top and bottom walls 25 are connected to the front and rear walls 24; side walls 26 are connected to the top and bottom walls 25 to form a light-tight enclosure. An opening 0{ in the front wall 24 (see FIG. 2) is in axial alignment with the light tunnel 19 which is connected to the front wall 24.

Referring to FIGS. 2, 3 and 5, a reflector suspension system 26 within the housing 22 is shown. The reflector suspension system includes four parallel, threaded guide members 27 which are received by castings 28 mounted in the front and rear walls 24. A bulkhead support plate assembly 29 having threaded set screw collars 30 in complementary engagement with the threaded guide members 27 is mounted for movement toward and away from the front wall 24. A circular mounting member 31 is connected to the support plate assembly 29 by thumbwheels 32 and extends about the periphery of an opening defined by the support plate 29. The mounting member 31 is mounted at approximately the plane of the center of a light source, to be described below, and is normal to the optical centerline of the source. A resilient gasket material 33 is adhered to the circular mounting member 31. The circular mounting member 31, carrying the resilient gasket material 33, is shaped for receiving the rear portion of a generally parabolic reflector 34. The resilient gasket material 33 grippingly engages the reflector 34.

The reflector 34 comprises a highly finished nickel reflector having a mirrored interior surface. The reflector interior surface generally defines a paraboloid of revolution. An opening 35 in the axial rear end of the reflector 34 receives a high-intensity xenon bulb 36. Electrical leads from a power source (not shown) are connected to cathode and anode electrodes 37 on the xenon bulb 36 and supply power to the bulb 36. The xenon bulb 36 is precisely aligned to be in the axial center of the reflector 34 with the center of the light source substantially in the plane of the support plate 29.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 6, a compression plate 38 complementary with the largest circumference of the reflector 34 surrounds the reflector 34. Opposing compression screws 40 are threadably engaged with opposed adjustment blocks 41 connected to the compression plate 38 for movement toward and away from the axial centerline of the reflector 34. While two blocks 41 are shown in the present embodiment, any number of blocks 41 may be positioned around the reflector 34. Ends of opposing compression screws 40 are in contact with the circular outer surface of the reflector 34. The opening defined by the compression plate 38 is sufficiently large to permit changes in shape of the reflector 34 through adjustment of the compression screws 40 as will be described.

A light-restricting mask 42 is positioned adjacent the rear surface of the film at the film guide 13. The restricting mask 42 comprises a flat plate defining a rectangular opening 43 whose plane is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the xenon bulb 36.

The xenon bulb 36 is energized to produce a highintensity light source within the reflector 34. Light emits from the xenon bulb 36 and strikes the mirrored interior surface of the reflector 34 and is reflected from the mirrored surface toward the restricting mask 42. The light emitting from the reflector partially passes through an opening 0' in the apparatus 20, through the light tunnel 19, the rectangular opening 43 in the mask 42, the lens system 12 and onto the screen 21 as is diagrammatically shown by the lined pattern in FIG. 1. Light rays which do not pass through the opening 0' are dissipated in the form of heat energy through a cooling stack 44 (see FIG. 2) in the top wall 25. The projected light pattern is shaped by the rectangular opening 43 and is made substantially complementary to the shape of the opening 43 by adjustments which will be described.

To properly adjust the light distribution pattern striking the mask 42, the xenon bulb 36 is energized and the reflector 34 carried by the suspension system 26 is moved toward or away from the restricting mask 42. Adjustment of the threaded guide rails 27 causes the support plate 29 threadably engaged therewith through the set screw collars 30 to move toward or away from the restricting mask 42 to permit the use of the apparatus 20 with different light sources. The reflector 34 is thus axially adjusted until a relatively uniform light distribution is visible on the movie screen 21. The guide tracks thereby provide means whereby various bulbs from various manufacturers and having various power ratings and various axial dimensions can be used.

Once the parabolic reflector 34 is axially adjusted along the threaded guide rails 27, the compression screws 40 are tightened against the reflector 34 until sufficient force is exerted to compress the circular open end thereof into a squashed condition. The distortion of the reflector 34 by the compression screws 40 places a uniform and opposing distortion in the geometry of the reflector including that portion of the reflector adjacent the resilient gasket material 33. As the reflector distorts, the gasket material 33 correspondingly distorts to permit all points of the reflector 34 in contact therewith to distort uniformly the compression screws 40 are moved inwardly.

As the open end of the reflector 34 is thus squashed," the light pattern emitted from the parabolic reflector is correspondingly focused from a generally circular configuration to a configuration more complementary with the rectangular opening 43 of the restricting mask 42. As a result, more light rays are reflected from the interior surface of the reflector 34 through the restricting mask 42, thereby projecting an intensified and more uniform light pattern through the film 14, the lens system 12, and ultimately to the movie screen 21.

Because the reflector apparatus 20 of the preferred embodiment is adjustable both axially and in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis, as described, the projection system can be adapted to the particular lighting requirements of a wide range of indoor and outdoor theaters. It is understood that changes may be made in the numerous details of construction described in the preferred embodiment of the present invention which would not limit the scope or spirit of the invention defined in the following claims. In addition, means may be added for either automatically or manually changing the light distribution from the reflector apparatus 20 to facilitate the use of different masks 42. In a fully automatic projector having an automatic mask changer to facilitate different film formats, for example, solenoids may be provided for automatically changing the degree of squash of the reflector 34 when masks are automatically changed. Or, a cam mechanism may be provided for manually changing the degree of squash between preset positions to adapt for use with different size aperture plates. With such an arrangement, the aperture plate could be quickly changed from one having a square opening to one having a rectangular opening without an appreciable darkening of the corners of the light passing through the rectangular opening.

What we claim is:

l. A method of distorting the interior surface of a thin-walled reflector having an interior surface defining a curvature of revolution and an open end comprising the steps of: suspending the reflector within a resilient distortable mounting means; engaging the reflector at spaced locations about the reflector adjacent said open end; and urging the open end of the reflector inwardly to distort the interior surface of the reflector to a predetermined shape throughout including the area adjacent the mounting means.

2. A reflector apparatus comprising a housing, resilient distortable suspension means within said housing, a reflector normally having the shape of a curvature of revolution carried by said resilient suspension means, and means for compressing an open end of said reflector into a predetermined shape to impart a controlled distribution to light rays emerging from said reflector.

3. A reflector apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said resilient suspension means includes guide means mounted within said housing for guiding said reflector along a longitudinal optical centerline, a support plate mounted for movement along said guide means, said support plate defining an annular opening for receiving a portion of said reflector, and resilient distortable gasket means mounted between said support plate and said reflector for cushioning and suspending said reflector in the opening.

4. A reflector apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said compressing means includes a ring mounted adjacent the open end of said reflector and having an opening for receiving the reflector end, the opening of said ring being larger than the adjacent dimension of said reflector, compression screws threadably connected to said ring for movement into contact with said reflector, whereby movement of said compression screws against said reflector compresses said open end of said reflector into a predetermined shape.

5. A reflector apparatus comprising a longitudinally extending frame, resilient distortable suspension means mounted on said frame, a reflector mounted within said suspension means, the interior surface of said reflector normally having the shape of a curvature of revolution, a light source mounted within said reflector, means for shaping light reflected from said reflector into a predetermined pattern, and adjustable compression means connected adjacent an open light-emitting end of said reflector for distorting said reflector to increase the amount of reflected light passing through said shaping means to produce a high intensity light pattern.

6. A reflector apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said shaping means includes a plate defining a desired opening therethrough, and means mounting said plate in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis of said reflector. I

7. A reflector apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said suspension means includes upper and lower guide tracks mounted within said frame parallel to the optical axis of said reflector, a support plate connected for movement along said parallel tracks, said plate having an annular opening for receiving a portion of said reflector therein, and resilient means carried by said plate and within said opening for cushioning and suspending said reflector in the annular opening.

8. A reflector apparatus according to claim 7 and including means mounting said compression means for movement along said tracks.

9. A reflector apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said compressing means includes an annular ring connected adjacent said open end of said reflector, the circumference of said annular ring being larger than the adjacent circumference of said reflector, a plurality of compression screw means mounted adjacent said annular ring for movement toward the center of said ring, the innermost portion of said screw means engaging said reflector, whereby movement of said compression screw means toward the center of said ring distorts said open end of said reflector into a desired shape.

oFMcE I: CT

Patent 3,827,782 Dated Auqust 6. 1974 lnvent fl Anqelo Boudouris and Geoffrev T. Grav It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

The assignee information should be corrected to read: "Assignee: Eprad Incorporated, Toledo, Ohio".

Column 4, lineZl, after "uniformly" the word "as" should. be inserted.

Signed and sealed this 5th day of November 1974.

(S L) Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON JR. c. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM P0-1050 (10-69) USCOMM-DC GUSTO-P69 Q U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE I969 0S66!J

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3988626 *May 12, 1975Oct 26, 1976Eprad IncorporatedMagnetically stabilized xenon arc lamp
US4125890 *Dec 10, 1976Nov 14, 1978Corning Glass WorksParabolic reflector including filament locating means
US4223986 *Mar 6, 1978Sep 23, 1980Automation Gages, Inc.Surface illuminator
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US5673153 *Oct 13, 1995Sep 30, 1997Image Optical CorporationViewing assembly for producing an optically corrected reflected image
US5677800 *Jun 7, 1995Oct 14, 1997Image Optical CorporationViewing assembly for producing an optically corrected reflected image
US6715892 *Dec 23, 1999Apr 6, 2004Societe Europeene De Systemes OptiquesMethod of making beam focusing surfaces, in particular at grazing incidence and apparatus for carrying it out
US6776510Mar 30, 2000Aug 17, 2004Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Light source device, adjusting device therefore and production method therefore, and illuminating device and projection type display device provided with light source device
US7055961Jun 28, 2005Jun 6, 2006Reflectivity, IncLight recapture projection system
US7771086Jul 19, 2005Aug 10, 2010Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Lighting device comprising a lamp unit a reflector
US20050219845 *Feb 9, 2005Oct 6, 2005Gregory CutlerIllumination system with improved optical efficiency
US20050231958 *Feb 9, 2005Oct 20, 2005Gregory CutlerIllumination system with improved optical efficiency
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EP1085367A4 *Mar 30, 2000Aug 27, 2003Matsushita Electric Ind Co LtdLight source device, adjusting device therefor and production method therefor, and illuminating device and projection type display device provided with light source device
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Classifications
U.S. Classification359/846, 362/299, 362/347, 359/849
International ClassificationG03B21/20, F21V7/16
Cooperative ClassificationF21V7/16, G03B21/20
European ClassificationG03B21/20, F21V7/16