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Publication numberUS3830493 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 20, 1974
Filing dateApr 2, 1973
Priority dateApr 2, 1973
Publication numberUS 3830493 A, US 3830493A, US-A-3830493, US3830493 A, US3830493A
InventorsG Miller
Original AssigneeG Miller
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hand exercising device
US 3830493 A
Abstract
A hand and wrist exercising device includes a pair of generally cylindrical hand-grippable elements coaxially mounted for relative rotation and having opposite radial end faces with an annular rubber disk disposed between and engaging the opposite end faces to resist relative rotation between the elements. One of the elements has an axial bore and a shaft extends through the bore and has one end fixed to the other element and a cap threaded on the other end. A helical compression spring is mounted around the shaft within the bore and acts between a shoulder in the bore and the cap through a thrust bearing, so that the spring exerts a force biasing the hand-grippable elements toward one another against the rubber disk, the amount of friction being varied by turning the cap on the shaft to adjust the spring compression and thereby the biasing force.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Miller Aug. 20, 1974 HAND EXERCISING DEVICE [76] Inventor: Gerald C. Miller, 1821 21st St.,

Rock Island, Ill. 61201 221 Filed: Apr. 2, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 346,745

Primary ExaminerAnton O. Oechsle Assistant Examiner-R. T. Stouffer [5 7 ABSTRACT A hand and wrist exercising device includes a pair of generally cylindrical hand-grippable elements coaxially mounted for relative rotation and having opposite radial end faces with an annular rubber disk disposed between and engaging the opposite end faces to resist relative rotation between the elements. One of the elements has an axial bore and a shaft extends through the bore and has one end fixed to the other element and a cap threaded on the other end. A helical compression spring is mounted around the shaft within the bore and acts between a shoulder in the bore and the cap through a thrust bearing, so that the spring exerts a force biasing the hand-grippable elements toward one another against the rubber disk, the amount of friction being varied by turning the cap on the shaft to adjust the spring compression and thereby the biasing force.

9 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PAIENIEtJmszomu FIG.

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FIG. 2

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HAND EXERCISING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an exercising device, and more particularly to a hand, wrist, and arm exercising device of the type wherein a pair of relatively rotatable hand grips are provided with means for resisting the relative rotation and the user grasps the opposite hand grips with his opposite hands and rotates one element relative to the other, the force required to overcome the resistance to relative rotation exercising the hand, wrist and arm muscles.

Such exercising devices are well known and generally include a pair of coaxial relatively rotatable cylindrical elements that are gripped by the opposite hands and a disk-type friction element interposed between the opposite end faces of the hand-grippable elements to oppose the relative rotation. It is known to provide a spring for biasing the hand-grippable elements toward one another against the friction element, although many of such devices merely use some type of screw thread and clamping means thereon for urging the opposite hand-grippable elements against the friction element, the amount of resistance to relative rotation being varied by adjusting the clamping force by means of the thread means.

One problem associated with some of the prior devices resides in the fact that, although the clamping or biasing force for urging the hand-grippable elements toward one another against the friction element can be varied, the means for adjusting the clamping force works loose or is otherwise affected by the relative rotation between the elements, so that the desired setting or resistance is not maintained. Another problem associated with some of the prior devices is the relatively large number of parts required or the relative complexity of the device, so that the devices are relatively expensive.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention, there is provided an improved hand, wrist and arm exercising device of the above-described general type, the improved device being of relatively simple construction and utilizing relatively few parts.

An important feature of the invention resides in the fact that the resistance to relative rotation of the opposite elements can be easily varied and once the desired setting is obtained, the device will maintain the desired amount of resistance during use.

More specifically, a compression spring is utilized to bias the hand-grippable elements against the friction element and the force exerted by the compression spring is easily adjusted by rotating a cap at one end of the device. Also, a thrust bearing is provided between the spring and the member that it moves relative to during relative rotation of the two hand-grippable elements so that no force is exerted on the cap that would affect the adjustment of the spring.

Another feature of the invention resides in the economical construction of the device and its attractive appearance.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a plan view of the exercising device.

FIG. 2 is an axial section through the exercising device as viewed generally along the line 2--2 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a section viewed along the line 33 of FIG.

FIG. 4 is a section viewed along the line 4-4 of FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The invention is embodied in an exercising device having left and right, approximately cylindrical, coaxial, hand-grippable elements 10 and 12 respectively. The left element has a cylindrical portion 14 at its inner end and the right element has a similar cylindrical portion 16 at its inner end adjacent to the cylindrical portion 14. The left and right elements 10 and 12 respectively have opposite, radial, inner end faces 18 and 20, and the right element 12 is provided with an axial cylindrical bore in its end face 12. The left element has an axial sleeve 24 projecting from the end face 18 and extending into the bore 22, the diameter of the sleeve 24 being slightly less than the diameter of the bore 22 so that the elements 10 and 12 are coaxially aligned and rotatable relative to one another.

An annular, disk-like friction element 26 is coaxially mounted on the sleeve 24 and has substantially the same outer diameter as the cylindrical portions 14 and 16, the opposite faces of the friction element engaging the opposite end faces 18 and 20. The friction element is preferably made of neoprene rubber and resists relative rotation between the elements 10 and 12, the amount of resistance depending on the amount of force biasing the elements 10 and 12 toward one another against the friction element.

The left and right elements 10 and 12 respectively include tapered, frusto-conical portions 28 and 30, which are gripped by the opposite hands of the user, the taper being relatively slight and the tapered portion having a slightly smaller diameter than the cylindrical portions 14 and 16 at their inner ends, while having substantially the same diameter as the cylindrical portions at their outer ends. Although the elements are generally cylindrical, the taper provides an attractive appearance for the exercising device. Also, the elements 10 and 12 are preferably made of hard wood and are stained and polished on the exterior to give a highly attractive appearance.

The left element 10 has an axial bore extending through the element, the bore being indicated in its entirety by the numeral 32. As is apparent, the bore 32 is stepped, and has a relatively small diameter portion 34 at its inner end, a larger diameter central portion 36, and a relatively large portion 38 adjacent its outer or left-hand end. A shoulder or abutment 40 is formed between the inner portion 34 and the central portion 36. An axial shaft 42 extends through the bore 32 and has one end attached to the right element 12, the attachment being accomplished by a screw thread 44 on the end of the shaft 42. The opposite or outer end of the shaft is disposed within the enlarged left end portion 38 of the bore 32 and has a screw thread 46.

A generally cylindrical cap 48 has a slightly smaller diameter than the enlarged left end portion 38 of the bore 32 and is rotatably disposed therein, the cap being provided with an internally threaded insert 50, preferably a conventional hex nut pressed into the cap,

3 whereby the cap 48 can be threaded on the screw thread 46 and adjusted axially thereon by rotation of the cap. A handle 52 is provided on the end of the cap to facilitate the adjustment of the cap.

A helical-type compression spring 54 is coaxially mounted in the central bore portion 36 around the shaft and its inner end abuts against the shoulder 40, while its opposite end engages the cap 48 through a thrust washer 56 having a pair of conventional annular disk-type washers 58 and 60 on its opposite sides. The thrust washer 56 is of known construction and has a plurality of generally radially extending roller-type bearings 62, the opposite sides of which are engaged by the washers 58 and 60 so that the spring, which exerts a torque on the inner thrust washer 58, exerts a negligible torque on the cap 48. The spring 54 has a relatively high spring rate, the spring in the illustrated embodiment exerting 16.5 pounds for each tenth of an inch of compression.

In operation, the cap 48 is rotated and thereby compresses the spring 54 to the desired amount. The force exerted by the inner or right end of the spring urges the left element to the right against the friction disk, while the force exerted by the outer or left end of the spring exerts an axial force on the shaft 42 through the cap 48, and the axial force on the shaft to the left pulls the right element 12 against the opposite side of the friction element 26. The friction element, of course, opposes relative rotation between the elements 10 and 12, and the amount of resistance can be increased by screwing the cap 48 on the thread 46 so that it moves to the right and further compresses the spring to give an increased force clamping the friction element between the left and right elements 10 and 12. During relative rotation between the elements 10 and 12, the cap 48 rotates with the right element 12 relative to the left element 10, while the spring 54 stays with the left element 10. The thrust bearing 56 permits the relative motion between the spring and the cap without transmitting any torque to the cap that would tend to rotate the cap on its thread 46 and thereby change the spring compression.

As is apparent, relatively few parts are employed in the device, and the device can easily be disassembled by simply removing the cap 48 and sliding the washers, the spring, and the left element off of the shaft, thereby exposing the friction element.

I claim:

1. An exercising device comprising: first and second coaxial, relatively rotatable hand-grippable elements, having opposite inner end faces normal to the axis of relative rotation, the first of said elements having an axial bore extending through the element; an annular friction element coaxially disposed between and abutting the opposite end faces of the hand-grippable elements for resisting relative rotation between the elements; an axial shaft extending through the bore in the first element, and having one end connected to the second element and a cap element mounted on its other end, said shaft including thread means so that rotation of the cap elements changes the distance between the cap element and the second element; a compression spring means mounted in said bore around said shaft and operatively extending between the first element and said cap element to bias the first and second elements toward one another; and thrust bearing means interposed between the spring means and one of said elements so that rotation of the first hand-grippable element relative to the second is not transmitted to the cap element.

2. The invention defined in claim 1 wherein the thrust bearing means is interposed between the spring means and the cap element.

3. The invention defined in claim 2 wherein the shaft is rigidly connected to the second element and the thread means is operative between the cap element and the shaft.

4. The invention defined in claim 2 wherein the bore has an internal abutment and the spring means extends between the abutment and the thrust bearing means.

5. The invention defined in claim 4 wherein the cap element is generally cylindrical and'is at least partly disposed in the end of the bore in the first element.

6. The invention defined in claim 1 wherein each hand-grippable element includes a cylindrical portion at their inner ends having substantially the same diameter as the friction element.

7. A hand exercising device comprising: first and second approximately cylindrical hand-grippable elements coaxially disposed and rotatable relative to one another and having opposite, radial, inner end faces; an annular friction element coaxially disposed between and engaging the opposite inner end faces for resisting relative rotation between said elements; an axial bore through the first element and including an internal abutment; a shaft extending through said bore and having one end connected to the second element and thread means at its opposite end; a cap member threadably mounted on the thread means; a helical compression spring mounted on the shaft within said bore and operative between the cap and the abutment for exerting an axial force on the shaft and the first element biasing the first and second elements toward one another against the friction element, the cap being threadable on the shaft to vary the spring compression and thereby vary the friction resisting rotation between the first and second elements; and a thrust bearing means interposed between the cap and the spring to substantially eliminate the torque on the cap member exerted by the spring during relative rotation between the first and second elements.

8. The invention defined in claim 7 wherein the first and second elements include generally frusto-conical portions tapered outwardly toward the outer ends of the elements.

9. The invention defined in claim 7 wherein the outer end of the bore is enlarged and the cap member is at least partially disposed in the enlarged portion of the bore.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1604333 *Apr 18, 1925Oct 26, 1926John R AndersonWrist exerciser
US3666267 *Oct 6, 1969May 30, 1972James C MckinneyWrist exerciser
US3717338 *Apr 17, 1972Feb 20, 1973P HughesWrist exercising device
CA672538A *Oct 22, 1963Rene WidmerLocking device for screw nut
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3952422 *Nov 15, 1974Apr 27, 1976Roberts Jr David BPersistence test apparatus
US4203591 *Nov 7, 1977May 20, 1980Graphic Holdings, Ltd.Arm, wrist and shoulder friction type exercising device
US4208047 *Sep 26, 1978Jun 17, 1980Olsen Gerald PExerciser and tension relieving device
US4337937 *Jan 16, 1980Jul 6, 1982Lopez Rafael EArm muscle exerciser device
US4591151 *Mar 25, 1985May 27, 1986Virgil HensleyTorsional exercise device and method of use
US4643417 *Oct 17, 1983Feb 17, 1987Nieman Frank CHand manipulated exercise device
US4799668 *Feb 22, 1988Jan 24, 1989Jansen Martin BBicycle mounted exercising device
US4852871 *Dec 2, 1988Aug 1, 1989John PerkoHand exercise device
US4913417 *Dec 5, 1988Apr 3, 1990Francu Nicholas JUpper body exercising device
US5244442 *Jul 23, 1992Sep 14, 1993Schill John MPortable wrist exercise device utilizing frictional resistance
US5263908 *Nov 4, 1992Nov 23, 1993Ping ChenMulti-functional physical exercise apparatus
US5300002 *Jun 18, 1992Apr 5, 1994Freye Allen EUpper and lower body frictional resistant-type exercising device
US5637065 *Jul 25, 1996Jun 10, 1997Chang; SreterMassage exercise bar device
US5662564 *May 15, 1996Sep 2, 1997Nelson; Keith A.Exercise device
US5776034 *May 1, 1997Jul 7, 1998Pro 4 Arm Ltd.Wrist and forearm exercise device
US7314438Dec 2, 2005Jan 1, 2008Carol ClarkHand-operable exercise bar
US20140357450 *May 20, 2014Dec 4, 2014Jean SylvainExercise devices and methods of operation thereof
US20150258368 *May 28, 2015Sep 17, 2015Arrowhead Medical Recources, LLCMethod and Portable Apparatus, With Adjustable Resistance, for Exercising The Upper Extremities
US20160074689 *Sep 2, 2015Mar 17, 2016Daniel Craig AndersonRotational Forearm Exercise Apparatus
CN103432721A *Sep 5, 2013Dec 11, 2013潘峰Multifunctional wrist force measurer
CN103432721B *Sep 5, 2013Feb 3, 2016潘峰多功能腕力器
DE3802191A1 *Jan 26, 1988Aug 3, 1989Schlafhorst & Co WBobbin-driving roller
WO2001097921A1 *Jun 20, 2001Dec 27, 2001Orto-Nordström, S.L.Device for muscular exercise and rehabilitation of the upper limbs
Classifications
U.S. Classification482/46, 74/558
International ClassificationA63B23/035, A63B23/14, A63B21/015
Cooperative ClassificationA63B21/015, A63B23/14
European ClassificationA63B23/14