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Publication numberUS3830986 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 20, 1974
Filing dateDec 18, 1972
Priority dateDec 17, 1971
Also published asDE2261501A1, DE2261501B2, DE2261501C3
Publication numberUS 3830986 A, US 3830986A, US-A-3830986, US3830986 A, US3830986A
InventorsYamamuro I
Original AssigneePioneer Electronic Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic circuit for an electro-acoustic converter
US 3830986 A
Abstract
An improvement in an electro-acoustic converter having a magnetic circuit with an air gap therein, the improvement including an air gap formed of a magnetic material laminated with a conductive layer having a comparatively higher magnetic resistance in the magnetic circuit, thereby increasing a magnetic resistance against a magnetic flux caused by a voice coil and acting the conductive layer as shorting rings to decrease the inductance of the voice coil, and thus eliminating the reproduction distortion caused by the magnetic non-linearity of the magnetic circuit.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Yamamuro 1451 Aug. 20, 1974 MAGNETIC CIRCUIT FOR AN ELECTRO-ACOUSTIC CONVERTER [75] Inventor: lsao Yamamuro, Tokorozawa,

Japan [73] Assignee: Pioneer Electronic Corporation, Tokyo, Japan [22] Filed: Dec. 18, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 315,963

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 17, 1971 Japan 46-102519 [52] US. Cl. 179/l15.5 R, 179/119 R [51] Int. Cl H04r 9/02 [58] Field of Search 179/115.5 R, 115.5 VC, 179/117, 119 R, 1002 C; 335/231, 236

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,976,874 10/1934 Brzeski 179/1 15.5 R 2,320,402 6/1943 Blessing 179/1 15.5 R 3,632,904 1/1972 Mauz 179/115.5 R 3,665,352 5/1972 Dietrich et al. 179/119 R OTHER PUBLICATIONS Brailsford, Magnetic Materials, 1960, Methuen & Co., Chaps. 4 & 5.

Tanaka 179/100 ZC Primary Examiner-Kathleen H. Claffy Assistant ExaminerTh0mas L. Kundert Attorney, Agent, or FirmSughrue, Rothwell, Mion, Zinn & Macpeak [5 7] ABSTRACT An improvement in an electro-acoustic converter having a magnetic circuit with an air gap therein, the improvement including an air gap formed of a magnetic material laminated with a conductive layer having a comparatively higher magnetic resistance in the magnetic circuit, thereby increasing a magnetic resistance against a magnetic flux caused by a voice coil and acting the conductive layer as shorting rings to decrease the inductance of the voice coil, and thus eliminating the reproduction distortion caused by the magnetic non-linearity of the magnetic circuit.

5 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Sato et al. 179/l15 5 R msmcnmzmw 3,830,986

FIG. '0 PRIORYART I FIG, l'b PRIORART b\ w r xi FIG. Ic PRIORART MAGNETIC CIRCUIT FOR AN ELECTRO-ACOUSTIC CONVERTER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a magnetic circuit for an electro-acoustic converter such as a speaker or a microphone.

2. Description of the Prior Art Normal magnetic material has a magnetic hysteresis loop characteristic and the relation of magnetizing force and magnetic flux density is non-linear. Therefore, when magnetic flux of a voice coil passes through a center pole and a plate near an air gap, the magnetic reaction in the voice coil results in a distorted output signal from the electro-acoustic converter such as a speaker or a microphone.

Accordingly, various methods of eliminating the distortion have been attempted, such as methods of covering a center pole (a) with a copper cap (b) as shown in FIG. 1a, putting in a copper ring (c) as shown in FIG. lb, or making a depression on an upper surface of a center pole (a) and plating the depression with copper (d) as shown in FIG. 10. The above-mentioned methods shown in FIGS. 1a and lb, however, do not only require a higher level of manufacturing technique than a conventional normal magnetic circuit for making the air gap a predetermined size, but also results in decreasing the magnetic flux density within the air gap due to the substantial increase in the air gap width. When using copper ring the copper ring disturbs the magnetic flux distribution in the air gap thus disturbing the output signal. In the last case shown in FIG. 1c, it is difficult to uniformly plate with sufficient thickness.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has taken notice of the aforementioned problems and eliminates the distortion caused by the magnetic circuit. The primary object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic circuit for an electro-acoustic converting device characterized in that a portion or all of the magnetic circuit elements defining an air gap have magnetically anisotropic characteristics, thereby increasing the magnetic resistance against magnetic flux caused by the voice coil and eliminating the reproduction distortion caused by the magnetic non-linearity of the magnetic circuit.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic circuit for an electro-acoustic converter which includes an air gap defined by magnetic parts of magnetic material laminated with a conductive layer so as to have the magnetically anisotropic character whereby the reproduction distortion caused by the inductance of the voice coil is sharply reduced.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGS. la-lc are vertical sections of conventional magnetic circuit portions for an electro-acoustic converter.

FIGS. 2 and 3 are vertical sections of embodiments of a magnetic circuit in accordance with the present in: vention.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view schematically illustrating directions of magnetic flux of a voice coil.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Explaining the present invention in accordance with the drawings, 1 is a yoke, 2 is a center pole fixed in the center of the yoke l, 3 is a ring-shaped magnet, 4 is a plate fixed on the magnet 3, 5 is a voice coil cylinder, and 6 is a voice coil.

In the present embodiment'as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the upper outside portion of the pole 2 and the inside portion of the plate 4 are respectively constructed with magnetic parts 7 and 8 which alternately laminate a sheet of magnetically anisotropic material or normal magnetic material 9, and a conductive layer 10 having comparatively higher magnetic resistance so as to have characteristics of magnetic anistropy. The easy magnetizing axis and a hard magnetizing axis of the parts 7 and 8 are consequently directed at right angles and parallel to the voice coil 6, respectively.

Therefore, the magnetic flux out of the magnet 3 returns to the same magnet 3 by way of the plate 4, the easy magnetizing axis of the magnetically anisotropic part 8, the air gap, the easy magnetizing axis of the magnetically anisotropic part 7, the center pole 5 and the yoke l. The magnetic flux for driving the speaker passes the air gap through the same path as in the conventional magnetic circuit. The total magnetic resistance of the magnetic circuit is slightly increased as compared to a conventional magnetic circuit, because the magnetic flux for driving the voice coil passes through the easy magnetizing axis of the magnetically anisotropic parts 7 and 8.

Magnetic flux caused by the voice coil 6 follows the path shown by dotted lines in FIG. 4, that is, the magnetic flux completes closed loops which pass along both hard magnetizing axes of the magnetically anisotropic parts 7 and 8. However, the magnetic flux passing the magnetic anisotropic parts is limited because of the high magnetic resistance and the magnetic saturation brought about by the small magnetic flux. Consequently, the reproduction distortion due to the magnetic non-linearity of the magnetic circuit elements decreases greatly because of the weak mutual relation of the magnetic flux of the voice coil 6 and the magnetic circuit parts. Further, since the resistance of the two directionalsilicon steel is higher than normal iron, the silicon steel is useful for decreasing eddy current power loss caused by the magnetic flux of the voice coil in the magnetic circuit elements. Further, the conductive layers 10 not only act as magnetic resistance members, but also act as short rings, and thus the reproduction distortion decreases because of the weak mutual relation of the inductance of the voice coil 6 and the surrounding magnetic material. I

As described above, the magnetic circuit of the present invention is composed of laminated magnetic parts which increase the magnetic resistance against the magnetic flux caused by a voice coil. The sheets of the magnetically anisotropic material are oriented such that the direction of the easy magnetizing axis is the same as the direction of the magnetic flux for driving the speaker or the microphone within the air gap. Consequently reproduction distortion is sharply reduced. Since the conductive layers are between the sheets of the magnetic material, the conductive layers function as shorting rings, the inductance of the voice coil is diminished and thus the reproduction distortion is further reduced.

While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various-changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a magnetic circuit for an electro-acoustic converter having a magnetic circuit means with an air gap therein, the improvement comprising:

wherein at least a portion of said magnetic circuit means includes magnetically anisotropic parts composed of a magnetic material laminated with a conductive layer means.

2. In a magnetic circuit of claim 1 wherein said magnetic material is a magnetically anisotropic material.

3. In an electro-acoustic converter comprising:

a. a center pole;

b. voice coil means surrounding said center pole;

c. magnetic means surrounding said center pole and said voice coil means; and

d, plate means fixed to said magnetic means; the improvement comprising e. wherein at least a portion of said center pole comprises a magnetic material laminated with conductive layer means; and

f. wherein at least a portion of said plate means comprises a magnetic material laminated with conductive layer means.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein said center pole and said plate means each are constructed with magnetically anisotropic material laminated with said conductive layer.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 wherein said at least a portion of said plate means is all of said plate means. l l I

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1976874 *Dec 12, 1932Oct 16, 1934Brzeski HenrykLoud speaker
US2320402 *Sep 30, 1940Jun 1, 1943Rca CorpLoud-speaker
US3632904 *Mar 24, 1970Jan 4, 1972Paul MauzMoving coil loudspeaker with eddy current suppression
US3665352 *May 12, 1970May 23, 1972Deutsche Edelstahlwerke AgPermanent magnet system for a loudspeaker
US3716677 *Jun 5, 1970Feb 13, 1973Matsushita Electric Ind Co LtdMulti-channel magnetic head
US3783311 *Dec 13, 1971Jan 1, 1974Coral Audio CorpMagnetic device for use in acoustic apparatus
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Brailsford, Magnetic Materials, 1960, Methuen & Co., Chaps. 4 & 5.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3922501 *Dec 18, 1972Nov 25, 1975Pioneer Electronic CorpMoving voice coil electro-acoustic converter with laminated magnetically anisotropic poles
US4259550 *Apr 11, 1979Mar 31, 1981Yoshiro NakamatsuAcoustic device with floating vibrating means
US4378471 *Oct 16, 1981Mar 29, 1983Ibuki Kogyo Co., Ltd.Horn speaker with linear grooves in a front surface of a pole piece of a yoke
US5321762 *Aug 5, 1991Jun 14, 1994Aura Systems, Inc.Voice coil actuator
US5381483 *Apr 5, 1993Jan 10, 1995Commonwealth Of Puerto RicoMinimal inductance electrodynamic transducer
US6289106Mar 26, 1999Sep 11, 2001Hong Long Industrial Co., Ltd.Cap and center pole apparatus and method of coupling
US6473515Mar 13, 2001Oct 29, 2002Ching Tong WongCap and center pole apparatus and method of coupling
US6768806 *Mar 18, 1999Jul 27, 2004Harman International Industries, IncorporatedShorting rings in dual-coil dual-gap loudspeaker drivers
US6774510Oct 25, 2000Aug 10, 2004Harman International Industries, Inc.Electromagnetic motor with flux stabilization ring, saturation tips, and radiator
US6847726 *Apr 9, 2003Jan 25, 2005Harman International Industries, IncorporatedShorting rings in dual-coil dual-gap loudspeaker drivers
US7012345Jun 29, 2004Mar 14, 2006Harman International Industries, Inc.Electromagnetic motor with flux stabilization ring, saturation tips, and radiator
US7057314Feb 10, 2005Jun 6, 2006Harman International Industries, Inc.Electromagnetic motor system capable of removing heat away from its magnetic gap
US9100738Aug 1, 2014Aug 4, 2015Harman International Industries, Inc.Electrodynamic loudspeaker with conducting elements
US9392357 *May 16, 2011Jul 12, 2016J. Craig OxfordMethod and apparatus for enhanced stimulation of the limbic auditory response
US20030190052 *Apr 9, 2003Oct 9, 2003Jbl IncorporatedShorting rings in dual-coil dual-gap loudspeaker drivers
US20040239193 *Jun 29, 2004Dec 2, 2004Jerry MoroElectromagnetic motor with flux stabilization ring, saturation tips, and radiator
US20050179326 *Feb 10, 2005Aug 18, 2005Harman International Industries IncorporatedElectromagnetic motor with flux stabilization ring, saturation tips, and radiator
US20100246880 *Mar 30, 2010Sep 30, 2010Oxford J CraigMethod and apparatus for enhanced stimulation of the limbic auditory response
US20110245585 *May 16, 2011Oct 6, 2011Oxford J CraigMethod and apparatus for enhanced stimulation of the limbic auditory response
EP0029266A1 *Nov 4, 1980May 27, 1981Philips Electronics N.V.Magnet system for an electroacoustic transducer
EP0616751A1 *Aug 4, 1992Sep 28, 1994Aura Systems, Inc.Voice coil actuator
EP0616751A4 *Aug 4, 1992May 17, 1995Aura Systems IncVoice coil actuator.
EP1072168A1 *Mar 19, 1999Jan 31, 2001Jbl IncorporatedShorting rings in dual-coil dual-gap loudspeaker drivers
EP1072168A4 *Mar 19, 1999Feb 8, 2006Jbl IncShorting rings in dual-coil dual-gap loudspeaker drivers
EP2833648A3 *Aug 1, 2014Mar 18, 2015Harman International Industries, Inc.Electrodynamic loudspeaker with conducting elements
WO2001006523A2 *Jul 19, 2000Jan 25, 2001New Transducers LimitedMagnet assembly
WO2001006523A3 *Jul 19, 2000Jul 19, 2001Graham BankMagnet assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/414
International ClassificationH04R9/02, H04R9/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04R9/025
European ClassificationH04R9/02D