|Publication number||US3831129 A|
|Publication date||Aug 20, 1974|
|Filing date||Sep 14, 1973|
|Priority date||Sep 14, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3831129 A, US 3831129A, US-A-3831129, US3831129 A, US3831129A|
|Original Assignee||Thomas & Betts Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (28), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
ited States Patent [191 1* rey [111 3,831,129 [451 Aug. 20, 1974 DEFLECTABLE JUNIPER STRIP  Inventor: William G. Frey, Union, NJ.
 Assignee: Thomas & Betts Corporation,
22 Filed: Sept. 14,1973
 US. Cl. 339/19, 339/242, 339/252 R  int. Cl H011 31/08  Field of Search 339/19, 222, 242, 22, 252;
24/81 B, 81 CC, 87 TB 3,728,656 4/1973 Neuber Primary ExaminerBobby R. Gay
Assistant Examiner-Robert A. Hafer Attorney, Agent, or Firm-David Teschner; Jesse Woldman ABSTRACT A jumper strip for terminal blocks or the like comprises in one embodiment a pair of fastener engaging portions coupled together by a resiliently deflectable upstanding arched portion so that the spacing between the apertures may be selectively varied by exerting suitable pressure on the arched portion. The strip may be disposed over terminal screws having a center to center spacing slightly greater or smaller than the spacing between the apertures in the strip whereby upon release of the arched portion the strip is urged against the shank of the terminal screws and retained in position during the loosening and tightening of the screws. In another embodiment, a plurality of such fastener engaging portions are resiliently joined one to another in strip fashion to provide a multiple terminal shorting bar or jumper strip. The apertures are joined to a common edge of the jumper strip by a slot which may be aligned with or offset from the axis of the ap- V erture.
3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENIEDAUEZOIW 3.831.129
SHEET 1 W 2 FIG, 4
DEFLECTABLE JUMPER STRIP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION snapped into place wherein upon removal of the force on the arched portion of the jumper strip the strip will tend to return to its undeflected state causing the side walls of the fastener receiving apertures to bear tightly against the terminal block screws. The jumper strip is thus maintained in position throughout the tightening and loosening of such terminal block screws so that the loss or displacement of such strip is effectively and simply prevented. The slots joining the apertures in the strip to a common edge of the strip may either be aligned with the apertures or offset therefrom which, in the latter case, will tend to further lock the strip onto the terminal block or the like. The degree of force required to selectively deflect the arched portion of the minals, or by the use of a solid shorting bar suitably ap- I5 jumper strip may be readily controlled by varying the ertured to correspond to the spacing between the terminals to be shorted or connected together. The former method is quite tedious and time consuming and requires the unwrapping of the wire from the terminal post to open or otherwise interrupt such connection. In the latter case, the strips must be formed with slotted apertures having a center to center spacing corresponding to the spacing between the terminals to be shorted or connected. Thus, where differently spaced terminals are employed a rather large quantity or stock of such shorting strips must be maintained to ensure the proper fit in any particular case. Additionally, when assembling such prior art strips to a terminal block or the like, the strip must be continuously supported in the desired position against the shank of the terminal screws to be connected or shorted together until the heads of the screws or threaded fasteners have been brought into sufficient contact with the strip to hold the strip in the desired position. Where such terminal block is disposed in a generally vertical plane in an electrical assembly or the like, extreme care must be exercised when loosening the terminal screws or fasteners to disengage the strip therefrom to avoid having the strip fall away from the terminal block and contact electrically energized terminals or elements adjacent thereto. Attempts to avoid this problem by supplying an unslotted aperture in the jumper strip causes additional inconvenience in that the terminal screws must be completely removed from the terminal block to provide for the assembly or disassembly of the strip to and from the terminal block.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention overcomes the problems and limitations noted above with respect to prior art devices by providing a deflectable jumper strip which is more reliable, convenient, efficient, and safer than such prior art devices. The strip is formed with a resiliently deflectable upstanding arched portion disposed intermediate each two apertured fastener engaging portions each having apertures spaced from one another a first given distance when the arched portion is undeflected and a second given distance when the arched portion is either compressed or expanded in response to a force applied thereto. The strip may thus be employed to bridge two or more terminals whose center to center spacing corresponds generally to the deflected spacing between the apertures in the strip by subjecting the arched portion to a suitable force to cause the slots in the jumper strip to be aligned with the shank portion of the threaded fasteners in the terminal block or the like. The strip may thus be urged against the terminals and height, width, and physical configuration of such arched portion thereby effectively controlling the resiliency thereof. It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an improved jumper strip.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a deflectable jumper strip for interconnecting terminals of a terminal block or the like.
It is another object of this invention to provide a selflocking jumper strip.
It is yet a further object of this invention to provide means for deflectably varying the spacing between the fastener engaging apertures of a jumper strip.
Other objects and features will be pointed out in the following description and claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings which disclose, by way of example, the principle of the invention and the best mode contemplated for carrying it out.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the Drawings FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a deflectable jumper strip constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the device of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary top plan view of a terminal strip which may be employed in conjunction with the device of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is afragmentary top plan view showing a method of assembling the device of FIG. 1 to the terminal strip of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view showing the device of FIG. 1 assembled to the terminal strip shown in FIG. 3.
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary top plan view showing a further embodiment of a deflectable jumper strip constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the device of FIG. 6.
FIGS. 8 and 9 are top plan views of further embodiments of a jumper strip constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention.
Similar elements are given similar reference characters in each of the respective drawings.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to FIGS. 1 and 2 there is shown a resiliently deflectable jumper strip 20 constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention. For electrical applications, the strip 20 may be manufactured preferably from electrically conducting flat resilient metallic stock stamped or formed essentially in the shape shown. As illustrated, the strip 20 comprises a body member 22 comprising a pair of generally flat fastener engaging portions 24, 26 respectively, joined together by an upstanding resiliently deflectable arched portion 28. The arched portion 28 may be deflected outwardly or inwardly as shown for example, by the dotted outlines 30 and 32, respectively, in FIG. 2 either manually or by the use of a suitable tool (not shown). Each of the fastener engaging portions 24, 26 comprises a fastener receiving aperture 34, 36, respectively. Joining each of the apertures 34, 36 to a common edge 38 of the strip 20 is a slot 40, 42, respectively. In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the bisecting axes of the slots 40, 42 shown respectively as 44, 46, are each offset from the center line of its associated fastenern'eceiving aperture 34, 36 by a distance shown as T1, T2, respectively, the distance T3 between the axes of the respective slots 40, 42 being shown in this case as greater than the distance T4 between the centers of fastener receiving apertures 34, 36. The arrangement may, of course, be reversed wherein the distance T4 between the centers of the adjacent apertures is greater than the distance T3 between the axes of the respective slots. Consequently, the strip 28 may be disposed adjacent a pair of terminals 48, 50 (See FIG. 3) attached to a terminal block 52, the terminals 48, 50 being disposed on centers spaced apart, for example, a distance equal to T4, and urged into engagement with the terminals 48, 50 by deflecting the arched portion 28 inwardly so that the sides thereof approach one another as shown, for example, by the dotted outline 32 whereby the axes 44, 46 defining the respective centers of the slots 40, 42 are brought into coincidence with the shanks of the terminals 48, 50 so that the terminals may be advanced freely through the slots 48, 42 and into engagement with the fastener receiving apertures 34, 36. By releasing the arched portion 28, the strip 20 tends to assume its original shape thereby locking the strip 20 against the terminals 48, 50. The terminals 48, 50 may then be tightened down to more securely hold the strip 20 thereto. To disengage thestrip 20 from the terminal block 52 it is then merely necessary to loosen the terminal screws 48, 50 and deflect the arched portion 28 inwardly until the slots 40, 42 coincide with the spacing between the terminals 48, 50 whereby the strip 20 may then be urged outof engagement with the terminals. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the assembly of the strip 20 to the terminals 48, 50 provides a direct connection therebetween and due to the locking action provided enables the user to loosen each of the terminal fasteners 48, 50 to insert further conductors thereunder, if necessary or desirable, while being assured of the continued engagement of the strip 20 with the terminals 48, 50, during this operation. The relationship between the slots 40, 42 of the strip 20 and the terminal screws 48, 50 of the terminal block 52 prior to the assembly of the strip to the board is shown more clearly in FIG. 4. By providing a relatively large opening between the slots 40, 42 and the common edge 38 of the strip 20, which edge 38 tapers smoothly as at 54, 56 (FIG. 1) to the necked down portion of the slot 40, 42, the assembly of the strip 20 to the terminals 48, 50 may be accomplished in an alternative manner, that is, by urging the strip 20 against the terminal screws 48, 50 in a direction indicated by the arrow 58 in FIG. 4 whereby the pressure of the tapered surfaces 54, 56 against the shank of the screws 48,50 will cause the fastener engaging portions 24, 26 to be urged towards one another clue to the resiliency of the arched portion 28 therebetween so that the terminal screws 48, may enter the slots 40, 42 in the strip 20 and be advanced to the fastener receiving apertures 34, 36 at which time the strip 20 will tend to spring outwardly to its original state causing the strip 20 to be locked to the terminal screws 48, 50 as described hereinabove. By reversing the offset relationship between the fastener receiving apertures 34, 36 and the slots 40, 42, that is, where the distance between the axes 44, 46 of the slots 40, 42, respectively, is less than the distance between the centers of the fastener receiving apertures 34, 36, the outer edges of the slots 40, 42 bear against the shank of the respective screws 48, 50 causing the fastener receiving portions 24, 26 of the strip to be deflected away from each other during assembly of the strip to the terminal block and then returned to their original state after the shank of each of the screws 48, 50 has entered its respective fastener receiving aperture.
Referring now to FIGS. 6 and 7 there is shown a further embodiment of a deflectable jumper strip constructed in accordance with the concepts of the invention. The strip 60 may be of almost any length and comprises a plurality of preferably similarly dimensioned fastener receiving apertures 62 disposed in alignment along a common longitudinal axis, each of the fastener receiving apertures 62 being joined to a common edge 64 of the strip 60 by a slot 66 having smoothly tapering sides 68, 70. Between each pair of fastener receiving apertures 62 extending transversely through their respective fastener engaging portions 72 is an upstanding resiliently deflectable arched portion 74 similar to element 28 illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this arrangement, however, the axes of the slots 66 coincide with the centers of the respective apertures 62 which are shown separated by a distance T5. When employed in conjunction with a terminal block such as 52 illustrated in FIG. 3, the distance T5 is arranged to be either slightly greater or slightly less than the distance T4 between the terminal screws 48, 50. In this way, each pair of fastener receiving portions 72 may be deflected either slightly inwardly or slightly outwardly, depending upon the particular dimension of T5, to cause the slots 66 to coincide with the respective shanks of the terminal screws 48, 50, and the strip thereafter urged against such terminal screws until their shanks are seated within the apertures 62 of the strip 60. The strip 60will then tend to return to its original undeflected state urging the side walls of the apertures 62 against the shanks of the respective terminal screws 48, 50 to lock the strip in position thereat. The strip 60 may thus be employed to interconnect three or more adjacent terminals to one another in a manner similar to that set forth above with respect to the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. Since many terminal blocks now in common use are generally constructed with relatively standard center to center terminal spacings, the fabrication of a strip such as 60 with suitably spaced apertures becomes a simple matter of determination to provide the locking action described hereinabove. The strip 60 may be further modified wherein given sets of apertures 62 are spaced on centers equivalent to the spacing T4 between terminal screws such as 48, 50, and other sets of apertures 62 on the strip 60 are spaced on centers different than the spacing T4 between the terminal screws 48, 50 where it may be necessary or desirable to reduce the force required to assemble the strip to the terminal block. It has been found that a variation in the spacing between the fastener receiving apertures 62 and the spacing between the terminal screws 48, 50 in the order of from ten to twenty thousandths of an inch is generally sufficient to provide the necessary locking action.
Referring now to FIGS. 8 and 9, the deflectable upstanding arched portion 28 and 74 illustrated respectively in FIGS. 1 and 6 may be modified to provide, for example, two spaced arched portions such as 76, 78 illustrated in FIG. 8, or a relatively narrow arched portion 80 spanning less than the full width of the jumper strip. Additionally, although the arched portions described heretofore have been shown as integral with the remainder of the jumper strip, such portions may be fabricated independently of the remainder of the jumper strip, and of different material where, for example, greater resiliency is desired, and such arched portion fastened to the fastener engaging portions by soldering, welding, brazing, or the like, to provide the necessary integrity therebetween.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
l. A deflectable jumper strip comprising: a body member formed from generally flat, resilient metallic stock, said body member having a pair of generally flat fastener engaging portions lying in a common first plane and coupled together by at least one resiliently deflectable upstanding arched portion having sides extending generally parallel to a second plane which is disposed substantially perpendicular to said first plane, said arched portion being disposed intermediate said fastener engaging portions, there being an aperture extending transversely through each of said fastener engaging portions, said apertures having centers spaced a first given distance from one another when said arched portion is in an undeflected state, and a second given distance from one another when said arched portion is selectively deflected, there being a slot joining each of said apertures with a common edge of said jumper strip, the axis bisecting each of said slots and lying in said first plane being selectively offset from an axis parallel to said slot bisecting axis and passing through the center of a corresponding one of said body member apertures and lying in said first plane so that by selectively deflecting said body member arched portion, said slots may be aligned with and cooperatively coupled to terminals disposed on centers spaced from one another a distance generally equivalent to said first given distance, wherein upon the release of said arched portion, said apertures are caused to be aligned with and cooperatively coupled to such terminals, said slots thereby restricting the removal of said jumper strip from such terminals prior to redeflection of said arched portion.
gether by two of said arched portions.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1046465 *||May 24, 1911||Dec 10, 1912||Adrian H Hoyt||Electric shunt connection.|
|US3133778 *||Feb 1, 1962||May 19, 1964||Artisan Electronics Corp||Multiple electrical-connection terminal strip|
|US3562873 *||Oct 11, 1968||Feb 16, 1971||Erico Prod Inc||Channel clips|
|US3597722 *||Oct 13, 1969||Aug 3, 1971||Malco Mfg Co Inc||Connector|
|US3609634 *||Oct 7, 1969||Sep 28, 1971||Logic Dynamics Inc||Electrical connector|
|US3668606 *||Oct 8, 1970||Jun 6, 1972||Malco Mfg Co Inc||Buss connector|
|US3728656 *||Jun 26, 1972||Apr 17, 1973||Gte Sylvania Inc||Transormer and terminal assembly|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4082411 *||May 6, 1976||Apr 4, 1978||Amerace Corporation||Electrical connectors and contact assemblies thereof|
|US4249125 *||Aug 4, 1978||Feb 3, 1981||Clem Carver||Portable device for testing and/or temporarily correcting circuits in a vehicle electrical system|
|US4345806 *||Aug 15, 1980||Aug 24, 1982||International Harvester Co.||Wire harness retainer clip|
|US4475783 *||Aug 24, 1981||Oct 9, 1984||Littelfuse, Inc.||Clip-in interconnection bus for multiple fuse holder arrays|
|US4639819 *||Aug 6, 1984||Jan 27, 1987||Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.||Protective bypass for electronic circuits|
|US5113480 *||Jun 7, 1990||May 12, 1992||Apcom, Inc.||Fluid heater utilizing dual heating elements interconnected with conductive jumper|
|US5703998 *||Oct 20, 1994||Dec 30, 1997||Energy Convertors, Inc.||Hot water tank assembly|
|US6188051||Jun 1, 1999||Feb 13, 2001||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Method of manufacturing a sheathed electrical heater assembly|
|US6263158||May 11, 1999||Jul 17, 2001||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Fibrous supported polymer encapsulated electrical component|
|US6392206||Aug 4, 2000||May 21, 2002||Waltow Polymer Technologies||Modular heat exchanger|
|US6392208||Aug 6, 1999||May 21, 2002||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Electrofusing of thermoplastic heating elements and elements made thereby|
|US6432344||Nov 4, 1998||Aug 13, 2002||Watlow Polymer Technology||Method of making an improved polymeric immersion heating element with skeletal support and optional heat transfer fins|
|US6433317||Apr 7, 2000||Aug 13, 2002||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Molded assembly with heating element captured therein|
|US6434328||Apr 23, 2001||Aug 13, 2002||Watlow Polymer Technology||Fibrous supported polymer encapsulated electrical component|
|US6516142||Feb 12, 2001||Feb 4, 2003||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Internal heating element for pipes and tubes|
|US6519835||Aug 18, 2000||Feb 18, 2003||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Method of formable thermoplastic laminate heated element assembly|
|US6539171||Jan 8, 2001||Mar 25, 2003||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Flexible spirally shaped heating element|
|US6541744||Feb 12, 2001||Apr 1, 2003||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Packaging having self-contained heater|
|US6744978||Jul 19, 2001||Jun 1, 2004||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Small diameter low watt density immersion heating element|
|US6748646 *||Feb 21, 2002||Jun 15, 2004||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Method of manufacturing a molded heating element assembly|
|US6929504 *||Feb 21, 2003||Aug 16, 2005||Sylva Industries Ltd.||Combined electrical connector and radiator for high current applications|
|US7198508||Mar 29, 2005||Apr 3, 2007||Sylva Industries Ltd.||Combined electrical connector and radiator for high current applications|
|US8556665 *||Aug 27, 2010||Oct 15, 2013||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Electrically contacting an electrical component|
|US20040166727 *||Feb 21, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Sylva Industries Ltd.||Combined electrical connector and radiator for high current applications|
|US20050098684 *||Mar 14, 2003||May 12, 2005||Watlow Polymer Technologies||Polymer-encapsulated heating elements for controlling the temperature of an aircraft compartment|
|US20060228918 *||Mar 29, 2005||Oct 12, 2006||Sylva Industrial Ltd.||Combined electrical connector and radiator for high current applications|
|US20120178280 *||Aug 27, 2010||Jul 12, 2012||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Electrically Contacting an Electrical Component|
|EP2771610A4 *||Oct 24, 2012||Jul 29, 2015||Vik ěrsta As||Connection systems for electrical installations|