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Publication numberUS3831147 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 20, 1974
Filing dateJan 26, 1972
Priority dateJan 26, 1972
Publication numberUS 3831147 A, US 3831147A, US-A-3831147, US3831147 A, US3831147A
InventorsH Kafafian
Original AssigneeH Kafafian
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Communication system for the handicapped
US 3831147 A
Abstract
A seven-key hard wire controller with a dual-sequence operation is used to provide an output signal for producing a typed symbol or the like. When used in a matrix arrangement, the first actuation of one of the switches will provide an X-coordinate, and the second actuation of one of the switches will provide the Y-coordinate. Circuitry is provided to store the X-coordinate signal until the second switch actuation occurs. Upon release of the second switch of the actuated pair, the symbol is typed or the desired function is activated, and the system is reset to accept another pair of inputs. The system is compatible with most types of electric typewriters, adding machines and punched and magnetic tape devices, as well as almost any machine where data or information is to be stored, printed, displayed or otherwise used.
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United States Patent 1191 Kafafian [451 Aug. 20, 1974 COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR THE HANDICAPPED [21] App]. No.: 220,995

Primary ExaminerHar0ld I. Pitts Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Bacon & Thomas [5 7] ABSTRACT A seven-key hard wire controller with a dual-sequence operation is used to provide an output signal for producing a typed symbol or the like. When used in a ma- 52 US. Cl. 340/166 R arrangement the first actuation of one of 51 Int. Cl. H04q 3/00 Switches Will Provide x-cofrdinate, and the Second [58] Field Of Search 340/166 R actuation of one of the switches Will Provide the coordinate. Circuitry is provided to store the X- [56] References Cited coordinate signal until the second switch actuation oc- UNITED STATES PATENTS curs. Upon release of the second switch of the actuated pair, the symbol is typed or the desired function g is activated, and the system is reset to accept another 3' 11 69 g zs 3405166 UX pair of inputs. The system is compatible with most 41 H970 'x 340/166 UX types of electric typewriters, adding machines and 3:55 1:888 12/1970 Balugani 340/166 R Punched and magnetic tape devices as as almost 3,573,388 4/1971 pagna 340/166 R any machine where data or information is to be 3,582,892 6/1971 Juliusburger 340 1 R stored, printed, displayed or otherwise used. 3,593,289 7/1971 Lerch 340/166 X 7 Cl 3 D F. 3,597,737 8/1971 Wallace 340/166 R 1756/ H /NP//T fil/FFEI? U/ C/ACU/T j X %0H7IZIQI//N7@TE 2 I562 E +V liv 1 1.. T Ll/Vk A x-coammqrs D2 52 05/751057- 4+ 5W3 722 156,3 6 Z34 0520/7 5 3 F l 03 Q I 6W4 r5614 5 Z44 l0 4? 4 4 K F LAMP Z/ZH Y-CO0FDIM4 TE 04 e) OUTPUT I I565 E A ycameg/Nxi r5 L/NE 5W5 -2- 04 E FJJL 12 5 i" 5 C/ACU/T z;

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comma/v /NPl/T :D 6/56 i BUFFEP C/ALl/ll' (T swa Cl 1 t? r5v- Z/ZG I COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR THE I-IANDICAPPED BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to an improvement in systems for operating typewriters and other programcontrolled machines which are particularly adapted for use by the blind, amputees, and those afflicted with debilitating diseases such as multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy. Reference is made here to the extensive introductory portion in my previous US. Pat. No. 3,507,376 which will provide additional background information upon which that invention, as well as the instant invention, is based.

The operation of the system set out in my previous patent required a greater amount of manual dexterity than is often possessed by some handicapped persons. Also, due to certain disabilities in some persons, a system is needed having easier methods of actuation. At the same time it is desirable that the operator be required to exert as much movement as he is capable of, where required for therapeutic purposes.

In addition to my earlier patent, several others are worthy of note. Tevis, US. Pat. No. 2,031,017, illustrates a device having a number of input keys equivalent to the number of digits on a persons hand used to provide the X- and Y-coordinate inputs to actuate a plurality of solenoids representative of the keys on a typewriter, but their nature'limits its utility.

Another communication device is illustrated in Seibel et al., U.S. Pat. No. 3,022,878, which discloses a machine control system designed especially for aerospace applications wherein the operator is equipped with a three-position transducer for each finger and is required to perform small movements of hisfingers in order to actuate the controls of the machine.

The high degree of manual dexterity in the abovementioned systems and the high costs of manufacturing and of maintenance are the principal shortcoming thereof. The same is true of much of the other prior art,

such as US. Pat. Nos. 2,532,228; 2,573,370; 2,613,797; 2,924,321; 3,166,856; 3,239,664 and 3,241,115.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present system is of the hard wire type, and a seven-key controller or logic box contains the electronic circuitry required to convert a seven-key dualsequential input to a 7 X 7 dual-concurrent output or other known input/output devices for the ultimate control of a typewriter, other business machines, or the like, or other programmable machines. The sequential momentary actuation of any two of the seven interface key-operated coding switches, which can include a repeat actuation of the very same switch, will produce an output from the controller.

A signal resulting from the actuation of the first interface switch of the sequentially operated pair is stored or time delayed, and is the X-coordinate of a 7 X 7 matrix. When the second switch is actuated, a Y- coordinate signal of the 7 X 7 matrix and the X- coordinate retrieved from storage are provided as outputs from the seven-key logic box. Upon release of the second switch of the actuated pair the logic circuitry is reset, the memory is cleared, andthe logic box is ready to accept another sequentially paired input. The circuitry in the matrix can control a typewriter, or the X, Y-coordinates can be fed into a converter which will in turn control a ball typewriter such as manufactured by IBM under the trademark SELECTRIC," or a teleprinter or the like, e.g., input/output typwriter, or display.

. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The novel features of the invention are set forth in the appended claims. The invention itself, both as to its construction and manner of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be understood from the following description of the preferred embodiments when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a seven-key controller;

FIG. 2 is a block schematic showing the output from FIG. 2 feeding into a matrix arrangement which in turn controls a typewriter; and

FIG. 3 is a block schematic showing the outputs from FIG. 1 feeding into an ASCII code converter and solenoid driver, which in turn controls a typewriter.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Reference is now made to FIG. 1 wherein there are illustrated seven interface coding switching means or transducers S Wl-SW7. Energization of each switch feeds a signal over lines 1-1 to 1-7 into respective input buffer circuits lCBl-ICB7. Likewise, the energization of any of the switches SW1-SW7 also connects the potential to a common input buffer CIBC through a plurality of lines 2-1 to 2-7 and diodes Dl-D7. As will be seen below, CIBC changes state prior to [CB 1-ICB7 on actuation of the switch and reverts to the static state after ICBl-ICB7 on switch release. The outputs from the input buffer circuits ICBl-ICB7 are fed over lines 3-1 to 3-7 to respective X-coordinate input drive gates ZlA through Z7A. It will be noted that lines 3-1 through 3-7 are connected to one of the terminals of theinput AND gates ZlA-Z7A. The other terminal of input AND gate is connected by a common line 4 as will be discussed below. The output of each input gate ZlA through Z7A is connected to one of the inputs of a respective number of first switch memory binaries ZlB through Z7B. One output, 5-1 through 5-7, from each of the first switch memory binaries ZlB thorugh 27B is connected to a logic element Z8. The logic element Z8 changes state the instant a first bit representing a first switch actuation is loaded in one of the memoriesZlB-Z7B. Each of the memories Z1B-Z7B have a second output 6-1 through 6-7 (also labeled A-G') connected to a respective X-coordinate output drive circuit 7 (only one of which is seen). The drive .circuits are in turn directlyconnected to X-coordinate output lines, one of which is seen at 8.

One output from logic element Z8 is connected to a lamp driver circuit 10 which will illuminate a first bit indicator 12 which may be placed adjacent the interface panel to provide the operator with feedback to the effect that the first bit has been accepted and is stored in the memory. The output of element Z8 is also connected via a line 26 to line 4 through an inverter 29D which in turn is connected to the second of the input terminals of drive gates Z1A-Z7A, closing them. Line 26 is also connected to control binary Z9B.

When any one of the switches SW1-SW7 is released, an output from the common input buffer circuit CIBC places a signal on line 14 through an inverter Z12A to a logic AND gate element Z9A. There will also be an output from logic element Z8 over line 16 into AND gate Z9A. When the switch is released, therefor, there will'be outputs over lines 14 and 16, thus gating logic element Z9A on, which in turn will gate on a control binary labeled Z9B. The output of the control binary Z9B will be fed over a line 18 to one terminal of a plurality of Y-coordinate driver gates Z12A-Z12G. The other input terminal of each of the logic elements Z12A-Z12G will be connected to respective output lines A-G of the input buffer circuit, one of which is seen as line 20. Each of the Y-coordinate drive gates when gated on will transmit a signal to the appropriate Y-coordinate driver circuit, one of which is seen as 22. The output of the Y-coordinate driver circuit is connected directly to a Y-coordinate output line 23.

As will be discussed more fully below in the OPER- ATION section, it will be seen that actuation of the second switch of the sequential pair produces an output from its associated input buffer circuit IBC1-IBC7 which is transmitted to the appropriate Y-coordinate output driver circuit (for example 22) through the enabled drive Y-coordinate driver gate Zl2A-Zl2G.

The X and Y coordinate output lines may be connected to matrix 30 such as that shown in my previous US Pat No. 3,507,376. This is schematically shown in FIG. 2. Thus, a dual-sequential input is converted to a dual-concurrent output. Alternatively, as seen in FIG. 3, outputs 8 and 23' may be connected to a code converter, such as an ASCII code converter, and a solenoid driver-or some other logic conversion system--to operate a typewriter, such as the IBM SELECTRIC brand typewriter.

Upon release of the second switch of the sequentially operated pair, the transition of the output from CIBC to its static state is differentiated by the network 21 at the input of logic element Z10C. The other terminal of 210C is connected to the output of control binary 298 via line 34 through an inverter 213A. The pulse output from 210C is connected to one of the terminals of logic OR element 211C. The output from 211C resets the first switch memory binaries ZlB-Z7B. With the first binaries reset, Z8 reverts to its initial static state, and the first-bit light 12 is extinguished. Also, the static state of 28 through line 26 is used to reset the control binary 298. Thus, the controller is ready to accept another dual sequential input.

Also, the binaries Z1B-Z7B, and thus the control binary Z9B, are intially reset when the device is turned on through element Zl1C via line 28. This is accomplished from the volt potential which is delayed through the charging action of C 1.

Also, the firstswitch memory binaries can be reset through Z11C upon actuation of SW8 in the event the operator recognizes that his first input switch selection was an error.

OPERATION OF THE INVENTION For ease in explanation it is assumed that the operator pressesswitch SW1 for his first sequential pair energization, which will provide the X-coordinate, and then also presses SW1 to provide the Y-coordinate. The present system operates in real-time, and features direct memory access.

When the device is turned on the binaries Z1B-Z7B are initially reset through element Z1 1C. The closing of switch SW1 will feed the signal into input buffer circuit lBCl over line l-l. The output from input buffer circuit IBCl will go over the line 3-1 into the X-coordinate drive input gate ZlA at its first terminal. The signal will also appear on the common input buffer circuit CIBC over line 2-1 through D1.

Now assuming that the drive gate 21A is enabled by the signal coming over line 4, the signal from SW1 will be impressed upon the first switch memory binary ZlB. The signal will be generated over line 5-1 to logic element Z8 which will change its state the instant the bit of information is loaded into memory binary 213.

The output from Z8 over line 26 through element Z9D will then gate of the various elements ZlA-Z7A. The Z8 output, which, is also connected to the lamp driver 10, will illuminate the first bit indicator 12 to advise the operator that the X-coordinate has been established.

The establishment of the X-coordinate is accomplished by the transmission of a signal over line 6-1 (also labeled A) to the X-coordinate output drive circuit 7 and then on to the X-coordinate output line 8.

Upon release of the switch SW1 an output signal from the common input buffer circuit CIBC places an input signal over line 14 to one terminal of the logic element 29A. The other terminal of element 29A is energized via line 16 from logic element Z8. Therefore, when the switch is released there will be outputs over lines 14 and 16, thus gating logic element Z9A on. Because of the timing relationship between the output of lCBl and CIBC, the switching on of 29A is assured of occuring after ICBl. This in turn will latch the control binary Z9B. Since the output of control binary 29B is connected to one of the terminals of logic elements Z12A-Z12G, one terminal will be gated on for each of the elements which are the Y-coordinate drive gates. When the switch is depressed for the second time (again assuming it is the switch SW1), the signal will follow over lines 1-1 to the input buffer circuit lBCl and line 3-1 to line 20 (also labeled A). Since the Y-coordinate drive gates have been enabled via line 18, the output from line 20 will thus gate on the logic element Z12A. This in turn will energize the Y-coordinate driver circuit 22 and provide an output on the Y- coordinate output line 23.

Now upon release of the second switch the reversion to the initial static state of the output over line 14 from the common input buffer circuit CIBC will be differentiated by element 21 and energize logic gate 210C, which has been enabled by the control binary 29B. This signal is utilized to clear the memory binaries Z1B Z7B through logic element Z1 1C, which will output a reset signal to the memory binaries over line 28.

With the first switch binaries reset, Z8 reverts to its initial static state, and the first bit light 12 is extinguished. Also, the static state of Z8 through line Z6 is used to reset the control binary Z9B.

Reset switch SW8 can also be used in conjunction with logic element Z1 1C to reset the first switch memory binaries ZlB-Z7B when an error is made in actuation of the first switch.

The output from X- and Y-coordinate lines 8 and 23 are connected to matrix 30 or code converter 32 for for example.

The hard wire control system of invention is thus seen to utilize direct access to the memory, and to operate in real-time'lt is to be understood that the number of input switches can be varied in the system, according to a formula whereby the number of resultant signals is equal to S", wherein S is the number of input switches and n is the number of successive sequential actuations.

While a specific form of the invention has been described herein, it is to be understood that the same is merely illustrative of the principles involved and that other forms may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a hard wire direct access control operating in real time:

a. a single set of at least two input switching means;

b. logic means for providing single X and Y outputs registering successive, sequential actuations of said single set of switching means, said logic means including means for first storing a signal commensurate with a first actuation, and means for generating a Y output signal commensurate with a second actuation together with an X output signal commensurate with the first stored signal only after initiating the second actuation; and

c. utilization means connected to said outputs for providing a single resultant indication representative of the combination of the successive actuations of said switching means in real time.

2. In a control as defined in claim 1, wherein said utilization means is a typewriter.

3. In a control as defined by claim 1, wherein the number of resultant indications is equal to S wherein S is the number of input switching means and n is the number of successive sequential actuations.

4 in a control as defined in claim 3, including means for resetting said logic means prior to the nth switch actuation whereby no output willoccur until said switching means receives it switch actuations.

5. In a control as defined in claim 1, in means for indicating the occurrence of a first switch actuation.

6. In a control as defined in claim 1 including:

a. an input buffer circuit connected to each of said switching means;

b. an X-coordinate input drive gate connected to each of said input buffer circuits;

c. a first switch memory connected to each of said X- coordinate input gates;

d. an X-coordinate output drive circuit connected to each of said first switch memory;

e. a utilization circuit having X and Y inputs thereto;

f. an X-coordinate output line for each of said X- coordinate output drive circuits connected to an X input of said utilization circuit;

g. a Y-coordinate input drive gate also connected to each of said input buffer circuits;

h. a Y-coordinate output drive circuit connected to each of said Y-coordinate input drive gates;

i. a Y-coordinate output line for each of said Y- coordinate output drive circuits connected to a Y input of said utilization circuit;

j. means for enabling said X-coordinate drive gate for passing therethrough a first switch actuation signal, and means for disabling said X-coordinate drive gate after said first switch actuation is stored in said first switch memory; and

k. means for disabling said Y-coordinate drive gate during said first switch actuation and means for enabling said Y-coordinate drive gate after said first switch actuation.

7. In a control as defined in claim 1, wherein there are seven input switching means.

Patent Citations
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US3220000 *Feb 15, 1963Nov 23, 1965Bull Sa MachinesManually controlled coding device
US3317783 *Feb 12, 1964May 2, 1967Telefunken PatentPicture tube with symbol displacement by manually actuated signal generator
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US3551888 *Dec 7, 1967Dec 29, 1970Sits Soc It Telecom SiemensPulse distributor for time-sharing systems
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3937884 *Jul 2, 1974Feb 10, 1976Rotary Club Geneve SudDecoding equipment especially for a typewriter intended for handicapped persons
US3982236 *Dec 24, 1974Sep 21, 1976Haig KafafianOr spasticity
US4486741 *Apr 17, 1981Dec 4, 1984Fujitsu Fanuc LimitedManual data input device for a numerical control apparatus
US4779079 *Sep 6, 1985Oct 18, 1988Hauck Lane TMulti-purpose computer utility arrangement
US4951033 *May 26, 1987Aug 21, 1990Murata Giken Kabushika KaishaInput device of character data
US5993089 *Feb 3, 1997Nov 30, 1999Burrell, Iv; James William8-bit binary code for use as an 8-dot braille arrangement and data entry system and method for 8-key chordic binary keyboards
EP0039233A2 *Apr 28, 1981Nov 4, 1981Fanuc Ltd.Data input device
Classifications
U.S. Classification400/87, 341/21, 340/4.1
International ClassificationH03M11/22, A61F4/00, H03M11/08, B41J7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61F4/00, H03M11/08, G05B2219/36009, B41J7/005, H03M11/22
European ClassificationH03M11/08, B41J7/00B, A61F4/00, H03M11/22