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Publication numberUS3831291 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 27, 1974
Filing dateNov 3, 1972
Priority dateAug 16, 1972
Publication numberUS 3831291 A, US 3831291A, US-A-3831291, US3831291 A, US3831291A
InventorsKayatz K
Original AssigneeFuller Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for treatment of particulate material
US 3831291 A
Abstract
A method and apparatus for heat treating particulate materials such as the cooling of cement clinker discharged from a rotary kiln. The cooler includes a hot material inlet and a cool material outlet with a reciprocating grate conveyor for supporting a bed of material within the cooler and transporting the material from the inlet to the outlet. A plenum chamber is defined below the conveyor and air is supplied to the chamber for passage through the conveyor and bed of material to cool the material. The cooler includes a first, narrow section which establishes a deep bed of material. High pressure air is passed through this deep bed of material so that a lower layer of coarse material and an upper layer of fine material is established. The first section is followed by a transition section through which no air is passed. The transition section is followed by a second, wider section through which low pressure air is passed. In the second section, a shallow bed of material is established.
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United States Patent [191 Kayatz Aug. 27, 1974 METHOD AND APPARATUS OR TREATMENT OF PARTICULATE MATERIAL [75] Inventor: Karl-Heinz Kayatz,

Hamburg-Niestedten, Germany [73] Assignee: Fuller Company, Catasauqua, Pa. [22] Filed: Nov. 3, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 303,669

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 281,088, Aug. 16,

1972. abandoned.

[52] US. Cl 34/20, 34/62, 432/78, 432/77 [5]] Int. Cl... F26b 7/00 [58] Field of Search 34/13, 20, 51, 62, 223, 34/210; 432/78, 77

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,l99,945 5/l940 Archer et al... 34/20 X 2,879,983 3/1959 Sylvest 432/78 X 3,079,70l 3/l963 Helming et al. 34/20 X 3,276,755 l0/l966 Bast 432/78 X 3,398,942 8/1968 Foeg 34/20 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,170,307 5/1964 Germany 263/78 Primary Examiner-Carroll B. Dority, Jr. Assistant Examiner-William C. Anderson Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Frank H. Thomson ABSTRACT A method and apparatus for heat treating particulate materials such as the cooling of cement clinker discharged from a rotary kiln. The cooler includes a hot material inlet and a cool material outlet with a reciprocating grate conveyor for supporting a bed of material within the cooler and transporting the material from the inlet to the outlet. A plenum chamber is defined below the conveyor and air is supplied to the chamber for passage through the conveyor and bed of material to cool the material. The cooler includes a first, narrow section which establishes a deep bed of material. High pressure air is passed through this deep bed of material so that a lower layer of coarse material and an upper layer of fine material is established. The first section is followed by a transition section through which no air is passed. The transition section is followed by a second, wider section through which low pressure air is passed. In the second section, a shallow bed of material is established.

5 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENIEDM 3.831.291

saw so: a

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF PARTICULATE MATERIAL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This application is a continuation-in-part of my prior application Ser. No. 281,088, filed Aug. 16, 1972, and now abandoned.

This invention relates to a method and apparatus for treating particulate material and in particular to a method and apparatus for cooling hot particulate material such as cement clinker discharged from a furnace, such as a rotary kiln.

Material coolers of the same type to which the present invention relates are generally known prior to the present invention. One such cooler is shown in US. Pat- No. 2,846,778 issued to Markle. In such coolers a reciprocating grate conveyor divides a cooler housing into an upper material chamberand a lower plenum chamber. The upper material chamber is provided with an inlet for receiving hot material from a kiln and an outlet for discharging cooled material. The reciprocating grate conveyor includes a plurality of alternate rows of fixed and movable grates with the movable grates adapted to be reciprocated relative to the fixed grates to thereby advance material from the inletto the outlet. Each of the grate plates which make up the'conveyor is provided with a plurality of holes therein -to provide communication between the lower plenum chamber and the upper material chamber. Air under pressure is supplied to the plenum chamber for passage through the openings in the grate plates and the bed of material on the conveyor. This air serves to cool the hot material. The cool air is heated as it passes through the hot material and may be returned to the kiln as preheated combustion air.

When the material to be cooled is discharged from the rotary kiln, it is discharged in bands. That is, the material is not continuously discharged from the kiln so that an even bed of material is formed in the cooler, but rather the material tends to be discharged in batches. This pattern of material discharge can result in the formation of channels or rat holes" in the bed of material in the cooler. Most of the cooling air flows through the open areas because this is the path of least resistance. When these rat holes are formed, the cooling deficiency of the apparatus is substantially reduced.

Another problem with prior coolers of this type is that when there are a large number of fine particles on the material, the fine material will flush along the sides of the cooler. This can result in heat danger to the sidewalls of the cooler and to the grates of the conveyor. In addition, this flushing will reduce the time the material remains in the cooler. A reduction in material residency time will reduce the cooling efficiency of the apparatus.

One of the main advantages of the cooler of the type to which the present invention relates is that the cool air can be returned to the furnace as preheated combustion air. Therefore, it is important that the best possible heat transfer characteristics be achieved in that area of the cooler in which the material to be cooled is the hottest. This means that the best heat transfer characteristics should be achieved inthe area closest to the hot material inlet. It is believed that this can be done by separating the hot particulate material into a coarse layer and a fine layer and passing high pressure air through this section.

SUMMARY It is, therefore, the principal object of this invention to provide a novel method and apparatus for treating particulate material which has improved heat transfer characteristics over prior methods and apparatus.

It is another object of this invention to provide a cooler for hot particulate material, such as cement clinfirst bed of material at a pressure sufficient to form a lower layer of coarse material and an upper layer of fine material; establishing a second bed of material on the conveyor downstream of said first bed of material in the direction of material movement from the inlet to the outlet; and passing a gaseous fluid upwardly through said second bed of material at a pressure lower than the pressure of gaseous fluid passed through said first bed of material; said gaseous fluid passing through said first and second beds of material serving to cool said hot material.

The objects of the invention will also be carried out by providing apparatus for heat treating particulate material by passing gaseous fluid through the material comprising a housing having an inlet for material to be treated and an outlet for treated material; conveyor means mounted in and dividing said housing into an upper material chamber and a lower plenum chamber for advancing material from said inlet to said outlet; said conveyor means including first and second gas permeable sections; means for dividing said plenum chamber into first and second sections positioned so that the first section of said plenum chamber underlies the first section of the conveyor means and the second section of the plenum chamber underlies the second section of the conveyor means; means for supplying gaseous fluid at a first pressure to said first section of the plenum chamber for passage through said first section of said conveyor means for heat treating said material; and means for supplying gaseous fluid at a second pressure, lower than said first pressure to said second section of the plenum chamber for passage through said second section of said conveyor means for heat treating said material.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention willbe described in connection with the annexed drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a cooler in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a view taken on the line A-B of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line C-D of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing a modified cooler in accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. is an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawing, there is shown in FIG. 1 apparatus for heat treating solid particulate material generally indicated at 1. This apparatus will be referred to as a cooler because it is primarily designed for cooling hot particulate material such as cement clinker discharged from a furnace such as a rotary kiln 2. However, it should be understood that the apparatus could also be used for other heat transfer functions such as the heating of particulate material.

The material cooler 1 includes a housing 4 having a reciprocating grate conveyor generally indicated at 5 mounted therein and dividing the cooler into an upper material chamber 6 and a lower plenum chamber 7. The material chamber 6 includes an inlet 8 for material to be treated and an outlet 9 for treated material. A conduit 10 may be provided for flow connecting the kiln 2 and the material inlet 8. A material breaker such as a roll crusher 11 may be provided in theinlet 8 and a breaker (not shown) can be provided at the material outlet 9. The housing 4 also includes an outlet conduit 12 for gases not returned to the kiln 2.

The conveyor 5 includes a first conveyor section 15 and a second conveyor section 16. Each conveyor section 15 and 16 includes alternate rows of fixed grates 17 and movable grates 18 with the movable grates 18 secured to beams 19. Means (not shown) are provided for reciprocating the beams 19 and thus the movable grates 18 relative to the fixed grates l7 and material is advanced through the cooler in a well-known manner. Each of the grates 17 and 18 are provided with a plurality of openings therein providing communication between the plenum 7 and the material chamber 6.

A partition 20 divides the plenum chamber 7 into a first section 21 which underlies the first conveyor section 15 and a section 22 which underlies the second conveyor section 16. The partition 20 serves to substantially completely prevent communication between the first and second sections of the plenum chamber.

A transition section generally indicated at 25 is interposed between the first conveyor section 15 and the second conveyor section 16. The transition section 25 includes a grate 26 fixed to the partition 20 and in line with the grates 17 and 18. The transition section may also include a row of movable grates 27 secured to the beams 19 of second conveyor section 16 followed by a row of fixed grates 28. The grates 26, 27 and 28 of the transition section 25 differ from the grates l7 and 18 in that they are preferably saddle-shaped as clearly shown in FIG. 5 rather than the flat style of grates 17 and 18. In addition, the grates 26, 27 and 28 are not provided with openings. Thus, there is substantially no communication between the material chamber 6 and the plenum chamber 7 at the transition section 25, and the transition section substantially prevents gaseous fluid from flowing upwardly therethrough.

A fan 30 is connected by means of a duct 31 to the first section 21 of the plenum 7 for supplying gaseous fluid, such as air, to the plenum chamber section 21. A second fan 33 is connected through a duct 34 to the plenum chamber section 22. The fan 30 is designed to supply a higher pressure fluid into the first section 21 of the plenum chamber than the fan 33 supplies to the second section 22 of the plenum. The plenum 7 may include a plurality of conical sections 35 each having a conduit 36 connected thereto for discharging material which passes through the conveyor 5. This material may be discharged onto a conveyor 38 which also serves to convey material discharged from the material outlet 9 to a storage point.

In the area above the first conveyor section 15, the material chamber 7 includes sidewalls 45 which narrow the material chamber above the conveyor section 15. In the embodiment of FIG. 2, this narrow section also includes the transition section 25. The walls 45 gradually widen as at 46 in the area above the second conveyor section 16 until they reach the full width of the housing 4. With such a configuration, the bed of material 50 above the first conveyor section 15 will be deeper than the bed of material 52 above the second conveyor section 16. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the walls 45 narrow at the transition section 25 as shown at 47 and then gradually widen as at 48.

In operation, hot material is discharged from the rotary kiln 1 into the inlet 8 of the cooler. The roll crusher 11 may be used for reducing the size of the large clinkers discharged from the kiln 2. As the material drops onto the first conveyor section 15, it forms a deep bed 50 of hot material on the order of 400 to 500 mm. High pressure air, on the order of 700 to 800 kg/m is supplied by fan 30 into the first section 21 of the plenum chamber 7. This high pressure air in the plenum section 21 flows through openings in the grates of the conveyor section 15 and the bed of material. This high pressure air causes the formation of a lower bed 55 of coarse material and an upper bed 56 of fine material. With this particular formation, the formation of rat holes in the bed of hot material is substantially eliminated. In addition, the air which passes through the bed of material serves to better cool the hot mate- I rial and heat to a high temperature the air which is transferred from the cooler 1 to the kiln 2 through the material inlet 8 and duct 10. The fines will not be in contact with the grates l7 and 18 at this point thereby reducing the likelihood of grate damage.

The first conveyor section 15 moves the material fromthe inlet towards the transition section 25. Because there are no openings in the grates 26, 27 and 28 which make up the transition section 25, the material above the transition section is not aerated. The absence of aeration of the material above the transition section 25 results in the breaking down of the separate beds 55 and 56 of material. This is shown in FIG. 2.

The fan 33 supplies air under pressure to the second plenum section 22 at a pressure lower than that supplied to section 21. This pressure may be on the order of to 200 kg/m The full width of the housing 4 is used above the second conveyor section 16 so that a relatively shallow bed is formed, on the order of 200 mm. Because of the lower pressure air which passes throughthe grates of the conveyor section 16 and the shallow bed 52, the material which makes up bed 52 is not separated into coarse and fine particles. This shallower, integrated bed is ideal for achieving final cooling of the hot material.

It is believed that with the arrangement of the present invention, optimum cooling can be achieved. The sliding effect which is encountered if an incline conveyor is used is believed to be eliminated. The saddle-shaped grates 26, 27 and 28 of the transition section serve to hold the deep bed 50 above the first conveyor section 15. This is further achieved by the configuration shown in FIG. 4 where the transition section of the material chamber includes narrow wall portions 47.

From the foregoing, the objects of the invention have been carried out. The formation of channels or rat holes is eliminated by the use of a deep bed in the initial portion of the heat exchanger to thereby improve cooling efficiency. The material closest to the kiln is in better heat exchange with the cooling air because of the deep bed. This results in better initial cooling and better heating of the air returned to the kiln as combustion air. The large particles of material which require the most air for cooling are subjected to the initial cool air in the layered bed 50.

It is intended that the foregoing description be merely that of a preferred embodiment and that the invention be limited solely by that which is within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A method of cooling hot, particulate material such as cement clinker in a device including a housing having an inlet for hot material and an outlet for cooled material and a conveyor for supporting a bed of material in the housing and moving the material from the inlet to the outlet comprising the steps of:

establishing a first bed of material on the conveyor;

passing a gaseous fluid upwardly through said first bed of material at a pressure sufficient to form a lower layer of coarse material and an upper layer of fine material;

establishing a second bed of material on the conveyor downstream of said first bed of material in the direction of material movement from the inlet to the outlet; and

passing a gaseous fluid upwardly through said second bed of material at a pressure lower than the pressure of gaseous fluid passed through said first bed of material;

said gaseous fluid passing through said first and second beds of material serving to cool said hot material.

2. A method of cooling hot particulate material according to claim 1 further comprising the step of substantially preventing gaseous fluid from passing upwardly through said material in a transition area between said first bed and said second bed.

3. Apparatus for heat-treating particulate material by passing gaseous fluid through the material comprising:

a housing having an inlet for material to be treated and an outlet for treated material;

conveyor means mounted in and dividing said housing into an upper material chamber and a lower plenum chamber for advancing material from said inlet to said outlet;

said conveyor means including first and second gas permeable sections;

means for dividing said plenum chamber into first and second sections positioned so that the first section of said plenum chamber underlies the first section of the conveyor means and the second section of the plenum chamber underlies the second section of the conveyor means:

means for supplying gaseous fluid at a first pressure to said first section of the plenum chamber for passage through said first section of said conveyor means for heat treating said material;

means for supplying gaseous fluid at a second pressure, lower than said first pressure to said second section of the plenum chamber for passage through said second section of said conveyor means for heat treating said material; and

a transition section interposed between said first and second sections of the conveyor means;

said transition section adapted to substantially prevent gaseous fluid under pressure from passing upwardly therethrough;

said material chamber above the first section of the conveyor means is narrower than above the second section of the conveyor means so that the bed of material above said first section of the conveyor means is deeper than the bed of material above the second section of the conveyor means.

4. Apparatus for heat treating particulate material according to claim 3 wherein said transition section and the material chamber above said transition section is narrower than said first and second sections of the conveyor means.

5. Apparatus for heat treating particulate material according to claim 3 wherein the transition section of the conveyor means includes means for accumulating material in said first section of the conveyor means.

Patent Citations
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US2879983 *Jun 5, 1957Mar 31, 1959Smidth & Co As F LMethod and apparatus for cooling material in bulk
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4509917 *May 6, 1983Apr 9, 1985Claudius Peters AgDevice for removing grate screenings
US4680009 *Aug 1, 1986Jul 14, 1987Metallgesellschaft AktiengesellschaftApparatus for removing oversize from the hot material discharged from a rotary kiln used to produce sponge iron by a direct reduction of iron oxide containing materials
US4762489 *Apr 10, 1987Aug 9, 1988Krupp Polysius AgCooling apparatus
US5129820 *Dec 31, 1990Jul 14, 1992Krupp Polysius AgMethod and apparatus for cooling fired bulk material
US5149266 *Feb 5, 1991Sep 22, 1992Krupp Polysius AgMethod and apparatus for cooling hot material
US5476377 *Sep 9, 1994Dec 19, 1995Krupp Polysius AgMethod and grate cooler for hot bulk material
US5618104 *Apr 24, 1995Apr 8, 1997Krupp Fordertechnik GmbhMethod for cooling white cement clinker
US5636982 *Jun 7, 1995Jun 10, 1997Bha Group, Inc.Method and apparatus for acoustically enhancing cooling of clinker
US5715687 *May 19, 1995Feb 10, 1998Krupp-Polysius AgDouble layer cooler
US5759026 *Jan 23, 1996Jun 2, 1998Von Wedel; KarlProcess and apparatus for the cooling treatment of hot non homogeneous bulk material
US5775891 *May 30, 1995Jul 7, 1998Babcock Materials Handling Division GmbhGrate cooler for combustion material and process for its operation
US5890888 *Mar 18, 1996Apr 6, 1999F. L. Smidth & Co. A/SMethod and cooler for cooling particulate material
US5895213 *May 24, 1996Apr 20, 1999Chichibu Onoda Cement Corp.Clinker cooler
US7708556 *May 3, 2005May 4, 2010Khd Humboldy Wedag GmbhBulk-material cooler for cooling hot material to be cooled
US9605902 *Feb 25, 2016Mar 28, 2017Alite GmbhClinker cooler
US20070259298 *May 3, 2005Nov 8, 2007Christian SplinterBulk-Material Cooler for Cooling Hot Material to be Cooled
US20120233872 *Nov 9, 2010Sep 20, 2012Flsmidth A/SApparatus for Treating a Bed of Particulate Material
US20160223261 *Feb 25, 2016Aug 4, 2016Alite GmbhCement clinker cooler
CN103213207A *Mar 14, 2013Jul 24, 2013中山兆龙光电科技有限公司Cooling water tank device
CN104011492A *Dec 21, 2012Aug 27, 2014川崎重工业株式会社Bulk-material cooling device and bulk-material cooling method
CN104011492B *Dec 21, 2012Mar 30, 2016川崎重工业株式会社散状物料冷却装置及散状物料冷却方法
DE3131514C1 *Aug 8, 1981Sep 8, 1988Wedel Karl Von Dipl Ing Dipl WVerfahren zum Kuehlen von Kuehlgutbetten und Stauvorrichtung zur Durchfuehrung des Verfahrens
DE4003679A1 *Feb 7, 1990Aug 22, 1991Krupp Polysius AgVerfahren und vorrichtung zur kuehlung von gebranntem schuettgut
DE19649921A1 *Dec 2, 1996Jun 4, 1998Krupp Polysius AgPush-grate cement clinker cooler has fixed and moving grids and push-drive mechanism
EP0072018A1 *Aug 9, 1982Feb 16, 1983von Wedel, KarlProcess and apparatus for cooling beds of materials in grate-type coolers
EP0440935A1 *Dec 13, 1990Aug 14, 1991Krupp Polysius AgProcess and device for cooling burned materials
EP0715141A1 *Nov 18, 1995Jun 5, 1996Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz AktiengesellschaftInstallation for the heat treatment of fines
EP0955083A2 *Apr 7, 1999Nov 10, 1999Celtic Vacuum LimitedConveying of hot particulate material
EP0955083A3 *Apr 7, 1999Jul 12, 2000Celtic Vacuum LimitedConveying of hot particulate material
EP2799801A4 *Dec 21, 2012Aug 19, 2015Kawasaki Heavy Ind LtdBulk-material cooling device and bulk-material cooling method
WO1998048231A1 *Apr 7, 1998Oct 29, 1998F. L. Smidth & Co. A/SCooler for particulate material
WO2013099186A1 *Dec 21, 2012Jul 4, 2013Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaBulk-material cooling device and bulk-material cooling method
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/429, 432/78, 432/77, 34/62
International ClassificationC04B7/47, F28C3/16
Cooperative ClassificationC04B7/47, F28C3/16
European ClassificationC04B7/47, F28C3/16
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 4, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: FULLER COMPANY, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., A CORP OF CT;REEL/FRAME:005465/0255
Effective date: 19900912
Jun 22, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: FULLER COMPANY, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC.;REEL/FRAME:005251/0122
Effective date: 19881214
Dec 22, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: BARCLAYS-AMERICAN/BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., 111 FOUND
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FULLER COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004994/0255
Effective date: 19881214
Jan 8, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., 228 EAST 45
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FULLER COMPANY, A DE CORP;REEL/FRAME:004659/0543
Effective date: 19861231
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FULLER COMPANY, A DE CORP;REEL/FRAME:4659/543
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., A CORP OF D