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Publication numberUS3831458 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 27, 1974
Filing dateJan 8, 1973
Priority dateJan 8, 1973
Publication numberUS 3831458 A, US 3831458A, US-A-3831458, US3831458 A, US3831458A
InventorsHashimoto S, Takanashi A
Original AssigneeHitachi Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Intermittent feed mechanism
US 3831458 A
Abstract
A mechanism for obtaining intermittent feed motion through a driven wheel in engagement with a driving wheel, said driven wheel being formed by a slotted rotating plate and a rotating plate formed with arcuate cam-contacting recesses in such manner that each of the slots is adapted to engage a roller of the driving wheel and each of the cam-contacting recesses is adapted to engage a locking cam of the driving wheel.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Takanashi et al.

[451 Aug. 27, 1974 INTERMI'ITENT FEED MECHANISM Inventors: Akihiro Takanashi, Hachioji; Seiya Hashimoto, Tokyo, both of Japan Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan Filed: Jan. 8, 1973 Appl. No.: 321,964

US. Cl. 74/436 Int. Cl. Fl6h 55/04 Field of Search 74/436 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1/1924 Reed 74/436 7/1968 Edwards et al. 74/436 X 3,638,510 2/1972 Staller 74/436 Primary Examiner-Leonard H. Gerin Attorney, Agent, or FirmCraig & Antonelli ABSTRACT A mechanism for obtaining intermittent feed motion through a driven wheel in engagement with a driving wheel, said driven wheel being formed by a slotted rotating plate and a rotating plate formed with arcuate cam-contacting recesses in such manner that each of the slots is adapted to engage a roller of the driving wheel and each of the cam-contacting recesses is adapted to engage a locking cam of the driving wheel.

10 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures 12/1969 Bleibtreu et al. 74/436 X minnows-21 3.83 1;458

I SHEET 1 If 4 FIG. I PRIOR ART PAHNIEB mszmm who FIG.

1 INTERMITI'ENT FEED MECHANISM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 2 l 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to an intermittent feed mechanism adapted for use with automatic machines, inputoutput units of electronic computers and' the like.-

2. Description of the Prior Art Various automatic' ma'chines require periodic motions of many different elements 'havingcertain periods of pause at regular intervals, that is, intermittent mo'-' tions converted from rotary motions. 'Ihesteady progiress of technology in the field is'broadening the appli-' cations of such intermittent mechanisms in more and more sectors of the industry.

Among the devices for obtaining intermittent'motion, the geneva gear or movement is well 'known. It

comprises a driving wheel adapted town at a constant speed anda driven wheel which is driven toprovide intermittent motion, in such way thata'drivin'g roller mounted on the driving wheel is-led into each ofrslots formed in the driven wheel, thereby forcing the latter a givendis'ta'nce forward, and then a lockingcam provided on the driving wheel is brought into contact with one of cam-contacting recesses formed in the driven wheel so that the driven wheel is allowed to "take a pause, the starting-and stopping being thus repeated forintermittent feed. v

A conventional geneva gear *isso' constructed that the driving rollerand locking cam of the driving wheel and the slots and cam-contacting recessesof'the driven wheel are all located on one and the same plane, flush with each other. Therefore, any attempt'at-increasing SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a principal object of this invention to providean intermittent feed mechanism capable of indexing with a high degree of precision.

Another object of the invention is to provide an intermittent feed mechanism having great mechanical strength.

These objects are realized, in accordance with the present invention, by dividing the driven wheel into two plates each formed witheither slots or cam-contacting recesses, so that the slotted plate'is com'bined withthe driving roller of the driving'wheel to form'a-pla'ne and the other plate having the cam-contacting recesses is combined with the locking cam of the driving wheel to form another plane.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF T HE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front view of a'conventional intermittent feed mechansim; I

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line II ll of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 isafront view of aniintermittenrfeedineeha,

nism embodyingzthe present invention; I

FIG. 4' is a sectionalview-takenralong'lineIV IV" of-FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 "isa front view of another embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a-sectional view taken along line- VI VI of FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is graph indicating the indexinggaccuracy. of

FIG. 1.1 'is asectional view takenzalongli'ne XII;

FIG. 12 is a sectional view of yet another embodimentof the :inventiomand FIG! 13 fisa front view of .a part of a further zembodi ment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THEINVENTIQN Referring to FIGS. l 'andl, which arterespectivelym plan view' and aisectional =view ofa conventional iinter+ mittent feed. mechanism providing raageneva-rnotion, a driving-wheel assembly is shown as comprising a: driving' wheel :shaft 1, an 2, .a roller 1 3,'==and aloe-king cam 4;" and, a"drivenwheelassemblyisshown 'ascom:-. prisingta'dr iven wheel'shaft 5 and a'idriven wheel bo'dy 6"formed'with slots'7 and .arcuate recesses-8rfor contact with the locking cam 4;

With the construction above described, therdr'iving wheel runs at aconstant speed about the shaft *1; Aszthe roller 3 of the drivingwheel is led into oneiofitheslots of thedriven wheel and slides therein, the driven wheel revolves about the shaftS. However, the driven wheel remains'stationary while the lockingv cam 4 'isin contact with one of i the 'arcuate recesses 8 in the manner as shown.

Insuch an ordinary intermittent feed mechanism, as shown in FIG. 2, the roller3 of the driving wheel, locking cam 4, and slots 7 and cam-contacting.recesses 8"of the driven wheel are all included in oneand the same plane, flush with one another.

With such a mechanism it'is necessary to increase the width of theslots 7 if'the diameterofthedrivihgwheel.

roller 3 is to be increased 1 for added. strength. This means that the radius ofthe ilo'ckingicam '4; .which liolds the driven wheel at the time of indexing; has to be reduced. This tends to provide' gaps 'betweenxtherloclt ing; cam '4:and theiarcuate faces of the driven wheel recesses 8, such gaps in turn seriouslyv affecting-the indexing accuracy of the driven wheel. Another: disadvantage associated with the increase in the diameter oftlieiroL ler3isthat'the slots 7 of thedriven'wheel mustbeaccordingly increased in depth closer-to the center of the driven wheel body'6, thussmakingitiimpossiblefor the latter to maintain'adequate strength anylonger. This is particularly true-of a driven 'wheel ahavinga small mumber-of'slots.

In FIGS. 3and;4, which are respectively a'fronttview and 'a sectional view of anintermittentfeedimechanism. embodyingthe present invention; adrivenwheel .body securely mounted on a shaft isdividedinto two rotating plates 61 and '62, the-rotating plate6l' being-formed with slots 7 and the rotating plate 62 with arcuate recesses 8 for contacting a locking cam. These plates 61 and 62 are formed into one piece.

On the other hand, a roller 3 is so located as to engage the slots 7 of the driven wheel, and a locking cam 4 of the driving wheel is adapted to engage the arcuate recesses 8 of the driven wheel. This mechanism works in entirely the same manner as the one shown in' FIG. 1.

The construction above described enables the mechanism of the invention to have a driven wheel body with ample rigidity even though its slots 7 are widened or cut deeper toward its center to accommodate a larger driving wheel roller 3. Moreover, the fact that the radius of the locking cam 4 may be increased to nearly the theoretical radius Rwith which the cam periphery touches the center line A of an adjacent slot, contributes to a remarkable improvement of the indexing accuracy.

It is to be understood, of course, that although the two rotating plates 61 and 62 of the driven wheel body and the roller 3 and the locking cam 4 of the driving wheel assembly constituting the embodiment of FIG. 3 are. both of unitary structures, they may be completely separated into individual parts to serve the same purpose.

FIGS. 5 and 6 are front and sectional views, respectively, of another embodiment of the intermittent feed mechanism according to the present invention. The embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4 has a limitation to its possible indexing accuracy for the reason that, when the machined center of the driven wheel deviates from the theoretical desired location, the wheel is indexed with a corresponding deviation.

The embodiment of FIGS. 5 and 6 is directed to elimination of this possibility. To attain the desired end, the driven wheel plate 61 formed with the arcuate recesses 8 to contact the locking cam is further divided into two plate members 63, 64.

In the manufacture of this mechanism, the two plate members 63, 64 of the driven wheel plate 61 are fixed together, machined to form the arcuate cam-contacting recesses 8, and separated. Following this, one of the two plate members is turned 180 about the driven wheel shaft 5, and the two are again secured together for assembling.

In the manner described the cumulative pitch error of an existing geneva mechanism can be halved. The fact will now be explained with reference to FIG. 7. The solid curve in the graph represents the indexing accuracy of a feed mechanism as measured upon assembling after the two plate members were integrally fixed together and machined for engagement with a locking cam. In the graph the error in indexing angle is plotted along the ordinate and the number of the index position is plotted along the abscissa, the data being obtained in an operation of six intermittent runs per revolution of the driven wheel. It will be manifest, then, that the maximum cumulative pitch error as measured in this way is equal to the difference between the peak and bottom of the solid curve.

On the other hand, when either plate member is turned 180 and fixed together with the other member and machined in the manner described above, the resulting feed mechanism gives an index accuracy as represented by the dotted curve. As can be seen, the valley of the solid curve is removed but the hill is substantially left as it is. This means that the maximum cumulative pitch error is reduced to one half of the solid curve or of the conventional mechanism.

Referring now to FIG. 8 there is shown, in cross section, still another embodiment of the present invention directed to prevention of inaccurate indexing which would otherwise result from the gaps between the locking cam of the driving wheel and the arcuate recesses of the driven wheel contacting the cam.

In this embodiment the rotating plate 62, which is combined with the other plate 61 to constitute the driven wheel and is itself formed with the camcontacting recesses 8, is made of an elastic material. The driven shaft 5 is journaled in a bearing 14 which is secured to a housing 15 with a high rigidity, and runs intermittently. On the driven shaft 5 is securely mounted a turntable 16 which in turn carries a desired number of jigs 17 which serve as reference. points for index positioning. To the housing 15 is secured a slide spring 13 which accommodates a slide 12 and is adapted to be expanded and compressed in conformity with the contour of a cam 11.

With the foregoing construction, the mechanism works as follows. In an indexing position, the spring 13 is compressed upward by a land of the cam 11, thus pushing up the slide 12 into contact with one of the jigs 17 carried by the turntable 16 to provide a reference point as shown in FIG. 9. The relative positions of the driving and driven wheels in this indexing position are illustrated in FIG. 10.

The elastic plate 62 of the driven wheel is shaped as shown in FIG. 11 and usually the machining center of each cam-contacting arcuate recess, designated 62', is not aligned to the center of the driving shaft 1. Therefore, in the indexing position, the plate 62 is deflected as shown by the locking cam 4 and a jig 17 secured to the turntable I6 is pressed by this flexibility against the slide 12 and held accurately in the indexing position. In this manner the driven wheel can be fixed in an indexing position without any objectionable gap and its indexing accuracy can be enhanced.

It should be appreciated that the contour of the plate 62 of the drive wheel is not confined to the one illustrated in FIG. 11 but the plate may take any other shape provided that it has recesses adapted to contact the locking cam 4.

FIG. 12 shows yet another embodiment of the invention wherein the turntable 16 of FIG. 8 is omitted for the simplification of construction. Instead, the jigs 17 which serve to provide the reference points are provided on the plate 61 of the driven wheel, and the slide spring 13 is supported by a holder 18 secured to the housing 15. This embodiment works exactly in the same manner as the embodiment of FIG. 8.

FIG. 13 shows a further embodiment of the present invention. In any of the devices thus far shown in FIGS. 1 through 12, the driving shaft runs at a constant speed and, given the indexing number of the driven wheel, the dynamic characteristic of the mechanism and the ratio of the period of motion to the period of pause in each cycle of the intermittent motion will be predetermined. Then it follows that the variables which a designer can freely alter for choice are limited. He thus finds difficulty in obtaining a mechanism that can satisfy certain desired conditions. This is in many case a limiting factor for the use of geneva movements.

In view of the foregoing, the driving wheel of the embodiment shown in FIG. 13 is caused to run at an inconstant speed by a slider crank so that the ratio of the period of motion to the period of pause of the driven wheel can be adjusted to a desired value.

For the purpose given above, an input shaft for effecting constant-speed running is provided in addition to the driving wheel shaft 1 and the driven wheel shaft 5, the input shaft 20 being connected to the driving shaft 1 via slider crank means 21. The slider crank means 21 consists of an arm 22 secured at one end to the driving shaft 1 and an arm 23 connected at one end to the input shaft 20. The arm 22 is formed with a slot 24, in which a roller 25 supported at the other end of the arm 23 is slidably fitted.

With the afore-described construction, the input shaft 20 is allowed to run at a constant speed; whereas, the driving shaft 1 runs irregularly. Thus, the rotational irregularity of the driving shaft 1 can be set to a desired value by changing the distance between the driving shaft 1 and the input shaft 20 to a suitable value. In this way the ratio of the motive period to the quiescent period in each cycle of intermittent feed motion can be freely controlled. It is further possible to obtain the kinetic characteristic best suited to given operating conditions by suitably choosing the angle 8 that the arm 2 of the driving wheel makes to the arm 22.

What is claimed is:

1. An intermittent feed mechanism comprising a driven wheel shaft, a first driven wheel member having slots and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a second driven wheel member having cam-contacting recesses and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, said first and second driven wheel members being axially displaced on said driven wheel shaft and fixedly mounted to each other, a driving wheel shaft, a driving roller secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the slots of the first driven wheel member in succession upon rotation thereof, and a locking cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the cam contacting recesses of the second driven wheel member.

2. An intermittent feed mechanism comprising a driven wheel shaft, a first driven wheel member having slots and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a second driven wheel member having cam-contacting recesses and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, the second driven wheel member being formed by two similar slotted plates, one of which slotted plates being turned 180 about the driven wheel shaft with respect to the other after the forming of the cam-contacting recesses therein and then set at that angle when assembled, a driving wheel shaft, a driving roller secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the slots of the first driven wheel member in succession upon rotation thereof, and a locking cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the cam contacting recesses of the second driven wheel member.

3. An intermittent feed mechanism comprising a driven wheel shaft, a first driven wheel member having slots and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a second driven wheel member having cam-contacting recesses and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a driving wheel shaft, a driving roller secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the slots of the first driven wheel member in succession upon rotation thereof, a locking cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the cam contacting recesses of the second driven wheel member, an input shaft for constant-speed running,- and crank means connected .to the input shaft and the driving wheel shaft to cause the latter to run at an irregular speed.

4. An intermittent feed mechanism according, to claim 3 wherein the crank means comprises a first arm secured at one end to the driving wheel .shaft and slotted along its length to the other end portion, asecond arm secured at one end to the input shaft, and a roller secured at the other end to the second arm and slidably fitted in said slot.

5. An intermittent feed mechanism comprising a driven wheel shaft, a driven wheel body having slots and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, an elastic driven wheel member having cam-contacting recesses and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a turntable mounted on the driven wheel shaft, jigs provided on the surface of said .turntable for providing indexing points therein, a housing having a bearing to support the driven wheel shaft, a slide slidably held by the housing for pressure contact with one of said jigs, a drivingwheel shaft, a driving roller secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage one of the slots of the driven wheel body, a locking cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage. each of the cam-contacting recesses of the elastic driven wheel member, a cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to cause sliding of the slide in accordance with its contour, and a spring secured to the housing for elastically supporting the slide.

6. An intermittent feed mechanism according to claim 5 including an input shaft for constant-speed running and crank means connected to the input shaft and the driving wheel shaft to cause the latter to run at an irregular speed.

7. An intermittent feed mechanism according to claim 6 wherein the crank means comprises a first arm secured at one end to the driving wheel shaft and slotted along its length to the other end portion, a second arm secured at one end to the input shaft, and a roller secured at the other end to the second arm and slidably fitted in said slot.

8. An intermittent feed mechanism comprising a driven wheel shaft, a driven wheel body having slots and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, an elastic driven-wheel member having cam-contacting recesses and fixedly mounted on the driven wheel shaft, a housing having a bearing to support the driven wheel shaft, jigs provided on the surface of the driven wheel member for providing indexing points thereon, a slide slidably held by the housing for pressure contact with one of the jigs, a spring secured to the housing and elastically supporting the slide, a driving wheel shaft, a driving roller secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage one of the slots of the driven wheel body, a locking cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to engage each of the cam-contacting recesses of the elastic driven wheel member, and a cam secured to the driving wheel shaft and positioned to cause sliding of the slide in accordance with its contour.

9. An intermittent feed mechanism according to claim 8 including an input shaft for constant-speed running and crank means connected to the input shaft and the driving wheel shaft to cause the latter to run at an irregular speed.

10. An intermittent feed mechanism according to arm secured at one end to the input shaft, and a roller claim 9 wherein the crank means comprises a first arm secured at the other end to the second arm and slidably secured at one end to the driving wheel shaft and slotfitted in said slot. ted along its length to the other end portion, a second

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1480864 *Jan 10, 1921Jan 15, 1924Cinechrome Instr LtdIntermittent feed mechanism for cinematographic apparatus
US3390757 *Nov 9, 1966Jul 2, 1968Monsanto CoElectrostatic printing apparatus
US3485965 *Oct 2, 1967Dec 23, 1969Reinhausen Maschf ScheubeckSelector switch for regulating transformers
US3638510 *Nov 26, 1969Feb 1, 1972IttShifting arrangement using a reversible geneva drive
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4004465 *Jan 20, 1976Jan 25, 1977The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air ForceOptical window protective shutter mechanism
US4124729 *Aug 25, 1976Nov 7, 1978Kishimoto Sangyo Co., Ltd.Method of multiple powder coating employing geneva gears
US4417691 *Dec 1, 1980Nov 29, 1983Anthony Manufacturing Corp.Turbine drive water sprinkler
US4812858 *Dec 17, 1987Mar 14, 1989Enter Computer, Inc.Indexing mechanism
US5213425 *Apr 11, 1991May 25, 1993Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Platen drive device
US5251400 *Jun 29, 1992Oct 12, 1993Yale Security Inc.Control for a door closer having a power-assist opening feature
CN102602673A *Jan 12, 2012Jul 25, 2012四川方大新型建材科技开发有限责任公司Air-locking feeder of moisture-containing raw material
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/436
International ClassificationF16H27/00, H01H3/44, F16H27/06, H01H3/32
Cooperative ClassificationH01H3/44, F16H27/06
European ClassificationF16H27/06