|Publication number||US3831904 A|
|Publication date||Aug 27, 1974|
|Filing date||Oct 24, 1972|
|Priority date||Nov 14, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3831904 A, US 3831904A, US-A-3831904, US3831904 A, US3831904A|
|Inventors||Appeldoorn J, Sluijters R|
|Original Assignee||Akzona Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
llniled Slales Peleni [191 Appeldeern el al.
[ Aug. 27, 1974 (ZOMMION PLANE SEQUEN'ITAL NHHNG APPARATUS  Inventors: Jacques W. .11. Appeldeorn; Robert Sluijlers, both of Arnhem,
Netherlands  Assignee: Alliiz dna lncdrfieraledLEika, NET
 Filed: Get. 24, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 300,227
Related US. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 83,402, Oct. 23, 1970, Pat. No.
 Foreign Application Priorily Data Nov. 14, 1969 Netherlands 6917131  US. Cl. 259/4  lnl. Cl DOld 3/00  Field of Search 425/131, 464, 198, DIG. 49, 425/207; 259/4; 264/171  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,051,453 8/1962 Sluijters 259/4 3,559,237 2/1971 Biggelaar et a1. 425/131 3,608,148 9/1971 Sluijters 264/171 X Primary Examiner-Robert D. Baldwin Attorney, Agent, or FirmCraig & Antonelli 1 1 ABS! RACT An improved mixer with no moving parts is obtained by arranging mixing elements in side-by-side relationship.
11) Claims, 6 Drawing Figures coon PLANE SEQUENTIAL APPA'I'IJS CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a divisional of US. application Ser. No. 83,402 filed Oct. 23, 1970 and now US. Pat. No. 3,701,619.
This invention relates to a new use of the apparatus previously disclosed in US. Pat. Nos. 3,051,453 and 3,182,965. More particularly, this invention relates to apparatus for mixing or homogenizing one or more high-viscous liquids to effect heat transfer, cause a re action, or divide the liquids into parallel layers.
An object of this invention is the combination of apparatus for mixing or homogenizing one or more liquids in an assemblage for melt spinning of synthetic yarn. Another object of this invention is to provide apparatus for mixing or homogenizing one or more liquids in a minimum height. Still another object of this invention is to provide apparatus of a minimum height for mixing or homogenizing one or more liquids in an assemblage for melt spinning synthetic yarn. Another object of this invention is to provide apparatus for use as a heat exchanger or as a reactor for carrying out chemical reactions.
A number of apparatus utilizing motionless blenders for imparting a close degree of blending to high viscous fluids are known, including those described in the above-mentioned patents. A common characteristic of these apparatus is the in-line combination of flowdiverting elements requiring a high length-to-width ratio of the combined elements. Certain processes, such as melt spinning of synthetic yarns, may extend for a height of several floors in a plant building. In such processes it is desirable to minimize the height requirements of each process step. It is also desirable when melt spinning synthetic yarn to have a high degree of hornegeneity of the liquid polymer prior to spinning. It is evident the known apparatus, while adequate, would add substantially to the overall height of such a process. The present invention discloses a method of maintaining the close degree of controlled mixing of known apparatus in a minimum height.
The apparatus of the present invention comprises a multiplicity of mixing elements or liquid-guiding members as described in the above-mentioned patents in a given arrangement on the same plane, the central axis of each mixing element being parallel to other mixing elements. Interconnecting channels between outlets and inlets of the mixing elements permit sequential mixing in a minimum of height. One or more liquids from a given supply source is directed through a mixing element of the type with two or more substantially axial-flow channels, each of which successively converges and diverges. The resultant liquid is directed to an adjacent element inlet by an interconnecting channel.
A preferred embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention has only the first mixing element connected to a supply channel for receiving liquid and only the last mixing element connected to a liquid discharge channel. The mixing elements may be cast in a discshaped body. Interconnecting channels between the mixing elements may be located in adjacent discs contiguous to the central disc-shaped body.
According to the invention the number of mixing elements may be even or odd. Two or more discs may be mounted adjacent each other in such a manner that the outlet of a mixing element in the first disc is directly aligned with the inlet of a mixing element of the second disc.
The apparatus according to the invention permits the application oia large number of mixing elements in a minimum height, corresponding to the thickness of the disc. The number of guiding members will generally not be more than 30 and preferably between 15 and 25.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
FIG. I shows a disc with mixing elements in plan view;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the disc of FIG. 1, installed in a spinning assembly;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of two discs with mixing elements, one disc on top of the other;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the discs of FIG. 3, installed in a spinneret assembly; and
FIGS. 5 and 6 represent block diagrams of discs with different groups of mixing elements.
In FIG. 1, there are nineteen mixing elements that are arranged side by side in the plane of disc 1 and at some distance from one another, the mixing elements generally being referred to by numeral 2. The mixing elements 2 each comprise two axial flow ducts, each of which successively converges and diverges in a plane turned through an angle of as described in US. Pat. No. 3,05 l ,453. The longitudinal axis of each mixing element is perpendicular to the end faces 3 of disc I. As can be seen from FIG. 2, disc 1 is installed between two other disc-shaped bodies 5 and 6 in a housing 4 of a partially shown melt spinning assembly. FIG. 2 shows discs 1, 5 and 6 in a cross section along Line IIII of FIG. 1. In FIG. I, the nineteen mixing elements 2 are numbered from 101 through 119 to indicate the sequence of flow. One or more molten polymers are supplied from above disc 5 to first mixing element 101. From the exit of 101 the liquid stream flows via a connecting channel in disc 6 to the inlet of mixing element 102. From the exit of 102 the liquid stream flows via another connecting channel in disc 5 to the inlet of mixing element 103. In this way the liquid successively passes through all the mixing elements 101 to H9. In FIG. 2 a cross-sectional view is shown of mixing elements I06, I09, I10, I11, and 114 and connecting channels 7, 8, I3, I41 and 15. Interconnecting channel 113, for example, connects mixing elements 106 and 107 as shown by flow arrows in FIG. l. The stream of liquid passes in a downward direction through the last mixing element 119 to orient it through channel 9, shown by a broken line, into chamber 10 positioned over a spinneret plate 11. The spinneret plate contains a large number of orifices 12 shown by vertical lines.
Disc ll may be cast in one piece from stainless steel by the lost wax casting process. The mixer obtained is compact and has a very intensive mixing action. Two unmixed liquid components supplied to the first mixing element are divided into two layers upon passage through that first mixing element. Through each successive mixing element the components are repeatedly divided and doubled so that, at the end of the nineteenth member, the number of layers of the two components is 2", indicating a very intensive mixing of the two initially unmixed streams.
A slightly different embodiment. is shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. Two discs of identical construction are turned relative to each other about their central axis in housing 4 of a spinning assembly. In each disc there are nine mixing elements 201 through M99.
FIGS. 5 and 6 are schemes for the application of mixing elements in groups of and 25. At the top and bottom sides of the discs the connecting channels between successive mixing elements are shown by full and broken lines respectively. The scheme according to FIG. 5 is particularly suitable for application in melt spinning assemblies comprising a rectangular spinneret plate.
1. An apparatus, having no moving parts, for mixing or homogenizing one of more viscous liquids comprismg:
a. a first body having two substantially parallel end faces, said first body containing a plurality of mixing elements with inlets and outlets arranged adjacent to each other in a common plane, the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements being located in the same face, said mixing elements having two or more substantially axial flow ducts, each of which converges and diverges to divide the viscous liquids into layers;
b. a second body operatively engaging one end face of the first body and having therein a passage for receiving and directing one or more viscous liquids to the inlet of an initial mixing element, and channels for connecting the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements in the end face in a pattern; and
c. a third body operatively engaging the other end face of the first body and having therein channels for connecting the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements in the other end face in a pattern, and a passage for discharging the viscous liquids from the exit of a final mixing element, the pattern of the channels being such as to guide the viscous liquids sequentially through each of the mixing elements to repeatedly divide and double the liquids to provide intensive mixing.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the number of mixing elements is not more than 30.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the number of mixing elements is between l5 and 25.
4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein two first bodies of identical construction are mated adjacent each other between said second and third bodies, said two first bodies being turned 180 relative to each other in such a manner that the outlet of a mixing element and one first body is directly aligned with the inlet of a mixing element in the other first body, the combination of the two first bodies cooperating with said second and third bodies to provide intensive mixing of the liquids.
S. An apparatus for mixing or homogenizing one or more highviscous liquids comprising:
a. a body having two end faces, said body containing a plurality of mixing elements, each mixing element having inlets and outlets adjacent to each other in a common plane of said body with the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements being located in the same end face of said body, said mixing elements each having means for dividing a viscous liquid flowing axially therethrough into layers;
b. a first flow directing means operatively associated with the one end face of said body, said first flow directing means including passage means for supplying a viscous liquid to the inlet of one of said plurality of mixing elements and for interconnecting the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements on said one end face; and
c. a second flow directing means operatively associated with the other end face of said body, said second flow directing means including passage means for discharging a viscous liquid from a mixing element other than said one mixing element and for interconnecting the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements on said other end face, the passage means of said first and said second flow directing means being so arranged that the viscous liquid supplied to one mixing element successively flows through each of said mixing elements until the liquid is discharged from said other element whereby said liquid is repeatedly divided into lay ers to provide intensive mixing thereof prior to discharge from said other element.
6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the means for dividing a viscous liquid flowing axially through said element into layers comprises two or more substantially axial flow ducts, each of said ducts converging and diverging to divide said viscous liquid into layers.
7. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the central axis of each of said plurality of mixing elements is parallel to the other mixing elements.
8. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the passage means of said first and second flow-directing means are so arranged that the viscous liquid is successively passed in opposite directions through said plurality of mixing elements.
9. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the length of each of said mixing elements has a minimum height corresponding to the thickness of said body.
it). An apparatus for mixing a viscous liquid, comprising:
a. an assembly housing;
b. a first body mounted in the assembly housing and having two substantially parallel end faces, said first body containing a plurality of mixing elements having inlets and outlets adjacent to each other in a common plane with the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements being located in the same end face of said body, said mixing elements having means for dividing a viscous liquid flowing axially through said elements into layers;
c. a second body mounted in said assembly above and in contact with one end face of said first body, said second body having passage means for receiving a viscous liquid and for directing the liquid to the inlet of one of said mixing elements and additional passage means for interconnecting the inlets and outlets of the adjacent mixing elements in said one end face of said first body in a pattern; and
d. a third body mounted in the assembly housing below and in contact with the other end face of said first body, said third body having passage means for interconnecting the inlets and outlets of adjacent mixing elements in the other end face of said first body in a pattern and additional passage means for directing viscous liquid from the outlet of a mixing element other than said one mixing element to an outlet of said housing, the patterns of the passage means in said second and third bodies being such that the viscous liquid is sequentially guided through each of the mixing elements to repeatedly divide and double the number of layers of liquid therein prior to discharge from said housing.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3051453 *||Jun 22, 1959||Aug 28, 1962||American Enka Corp||Mixing apparatus|
|US3559237 *||Nov 22, 1967||Feb 2, 1971||American Enka Corp||Apparatus for producing synthetic yarns formed of bicomponent filaments|
|US3608148 *||Feb 20, 1967||Sep 28, 1971||American Enka Corp||Apparatus for spinning a miltifilament yarn|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3950317 *||Oct 29, 1973||Apr 13, 1976||Basf Wyandotte Corporation||Process for the preparation of graft copolymer dispersions|
|US4112520 *||Mar 25, 1976||Sep 5, 1978||Oscar Patton Gilmore||Static mixer|
|US4222671 *||Sep 5, 1978||Sep 16, 1980||Gilmore Oscar Patrick||Static mixer|
|US5826977 *||Apr 21, 1998||Oct 27, 1998||Nova Biomedical Corporation||Method for mixing laminar and turbulent flow streams|
|US5826981 *||Aug 26, 1996||Oct 27, 1998||Nova Biomedical Corporation||Apparatus for mixing laminar and turbulent flow streams|
|US7080937 *||Nov 13, 2003||Jul 25, 2006||Automatic Bar Controls, Inc.||Nonclogging static mixer|
|WO2011005740A1||Jul 6, 2010||Jan 13, 2011||The Lubrizol Corporation||Dispersant viscosity modifiers|
|U.S. Classification||366/337, 138/38|
|International Classification||D01D1/06, B01F5/06, D01D1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B01F5/0604, D01D1/065|
|European Classification||B01F5/06B2B, D01D1/06B|