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Publication numberUS3831931 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 27, 1974
Filing dateJun 2, 1972
Priority dateJun 2, 1972
Publication numberUS 3831931 A, US 3831931A, US-A-3831931, US3831931 A, US3831931A
InventorsTsukamoto T
Original AssigneeFuji Xerox Co Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet paper feed out device in copier
US 3831931 A
Abstract
Sheet papers are piled up on a lifter which is spring biased upward and the uppermost paper is in pressed contact with a set of feed out rollers. The feed out rollers are rotatably provided at a fixed position and the papers are pressed thereon from underneath. The force by which the papers are pressed on the feed out rollers is controlled to be constant regardless of the number of sheets of papers by controlling the force of the spring for biasing the lifter upward.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

States Patent 1 'lsultamoto 451 Aug. 27, 1974 1,478,464 12/1923 271/39 X 3,165,313 1/1965 Limberger........................ 271/39 X 1 SHEET PAPER FEED OUT DEVICE llN COPllElR Takuzo Tsukamoto, Yamato, Japan [75] Inventor:

Primary Examiner-Richard A. Schacher [73] Assignee: Fuji Xerox (30., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan Assistant Examiner-James W. Miller Attorney, Agent, or Firm-1. T. Martin; Gerald J. lFerguson, Jr.; Joseph J. Baker 22 Filed: June 2, r972 21 Appl. No.: 259,015

[57] ABSTRACT Sheet papers are piled up on a lifter which is spring biased upward and the uppermost paper is in pressed contact with a set of feed out rollers. The feed out rollers are rotatably provided at a fixed position and the papers are pressed thereon from underneath. The force by which the papers are pressed on the feed out rollers is controlled to be constant regardless of the number of sheets of papers by controlling the force of the spring for biasing the lifter upward.

5 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure O2 0 9999 muwm mmmm H mm 7 oo7 22 & m m m m 9 .1 u 6 u n 2 6 H u 4 S u n mm m W 7 m m hD E m m 7 G m m 9 n .H W B iP Mia m m S am mn .7 6E f "O cTmm U m: mA mumm mm" rT mtmdr "u" h E4793 a 000 H M 19999 bu NHHHH mmuw 4m5 mw 3074 UHF 10100 v w v v 6 w nwm o r1L SHEET PAPER FEED OUT DEVllCE TN COPIER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a sheet paper feed out device in a copier, and more particularly to a paper feed out device using feed out rollers in a copier wherein the papers are fed one by one from a stack of papers.

2. Description of the Prior Arts Heretofore, there have been two types of rollers used in this kind of sheet paper feed out device, one of which is a so-called arm type roller wherein feed out rollers are mounted to an end of arms which are rotatably supported at the other end thereof, and the other of which is a weight type roller wherein a lifter for lifting papers is normally urged upward on stationary feed out rollers by means of a weight, for urging the lift upward.

The above-mentioned prior arts, however, have been disadvantageous in practical use. In case of the arm type sheet paper feed out rollers, for example, it is very difficult to determine the shape of a guide plate provided downstream of the feed out rollers since a feed out angle of the arm type feed out rollers varies as the number of the sheet papers decreases. In case of the weight type feed out rollers, mis-feed out of the sheet papers is liable to occur since the pressure of the sheet papers on the feed out rollers varies as the number of the sheet papers decreases. Further in the latter case, the number of sheet papers which can be piled up on the lifter is limited.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The primary object of the present invention is to provide an improved sheet paper feed out device wherein the guide plate can be easily designed with a constant feed out angle of the papers.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved sheet paper feed out device wherein the passage of the sheet papers fed out is always at a fixed position regardless of the number of sheet papers left so that the design of the guide plate can be easily made.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a sheet paper feed out device in which the pressure on the feed out rollers exerted by sheet papers is made constant at its optimum value.

A further important object of the present invention is to provide a sheet paper feed out device in which mis-feed of sheet papers is remarkably reduced.

In order to accomplish the above objects, the sheet paper feed out device in accordance with the present invention employs spring means for urging a lifter upward and making sheet papers on the lifter be pressed on feed out rollers driving at a fixed position. The force of the spring means is reduced as the number of sheet BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The single FIGURE is a perspective view partly broken showing an embodiment of the sheet paper feed out device in accordance with the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Now referring to the drawing, the reference numeral 1 shows a copier body, 2 shows .a frame fixed to and within said body 1 for retaining a sheet paper feed out device therein, 3 shows guide poles vertically provided in the frame 2, and 4 shows a lifter movable up and down along said guide poles 3 by way of bearings and the like. The reference numerals 5 and 6 respectively show support members fixed to the upper surface and lower surface of the internal wall of the frame 2 for supporting shafts 9 and 10 of chain wheels 7 and 8. The reference numeral ill shows a pair of chains fixed at one end thereof to the upper surface of said lifter 4 and fixed at the other end thereof to an end of tensions springs 12 and tensioned therebetween by way of said chain wheels 7 and 8. The reference numeral 13 shows a slider engaged with the other end of said tension springs 12 which can be moved along a dove-tail groove 14 provided on the bottom of said frame 2. The slider 13 is further engaged with a screw rod 16 screwed therein which is rotatably supported by a bear ing 15. The screw rod 16 is provided with a worm wheel 21 fixed thereon which is in turn engaged with a worm 20 fixed on a control shaft 17 rotatably supported by a bearing 18. The control shaft 17 is provided at an end thereof with a handle 19, by the rotation of which the screw rod 16 is rotated through said worm 20 and worm wheel 21, whereby the slider 13 is moved back and forth along the groove 14 to control the tension of r the springs 12.

The selection and control of the springs 12 is determined by taking the weight W of the maximum number of sheet papers 22 (papers retained in a cartridge 23 in the embodiment shown in the drawing), the weight W of the cartridge 23, the weight W of the lifter, and the optimum pressure P of the sheet papers 22 on the feed out rollers 24 driven at a fixed position into consideration. In this consideration, the selection and control of the springs 12 is conducted so that the following relationship may be always satisfied where x and F are a displacement and force of the spring 12 when the maximum number of sheet papers 22 are set and x and F are a displacement and force of the springs 12 when all the sheet papers 22 are fed out and the number thereof becomes zero.

What is claimed is:

1. A sheet paper feed out device comprising at least one feed out roller for feeding out sheet papers by friction;

a lifter for lifting a stack of sheet papers located under said feed out roller; at least one tension spring for urging said lifter upward toward said feed out roller and pressing the stack of sheet papers against said feed out roller;

at least one cable connected to the top of said lifter for moving said lifter vertically;

pulley means for connecting said cable to one end of said tension spring; and

tension control means connected to the other end of said tension spring so that the maximum tension in said spring, which occurs when the lifter is fully loaded with said sheet papers, and the minimum tension, which occurs when the lifter is unloaded,

may be adjusted to keep the spring force substantially constant regardless of the number of sheet papers on the lifter.

2. A sheet paper feed out device as in claim 1 including at least one vertically disposed guide pole along which said lifter is guided, the lifter having an opening therein for receiving the guide pole.

3. A sheet paper feed out device as in claim 2 where at least one bearing is provided in said opening for facilitating the movement of said lifter along said guide pole.

4. A sheet paper feed out device as in claim 3 where said tension spring is disposed in a plane beneath and parallel to the plane of said lifter.

5. A sheet paper feed out device comprising at least one feed out roller for feeding out sheet papers by friction;

a lifter for lifting a stack of sheet papers located under said feed out roller;

at least one tension spring for urging said lifter upward toward said feed out roller and pressing the stack of sheet papers against said feed out roller, said tension spring being disposed in a plane beneath and parallel to the plane of said lifter;

at least one cable connected to the top of said lifter for moving said lifter vertically;

pulley means for connecting said cable to one end of said tension spring;

at least one vertically disposed guide pole along which said lifter is guided, the lifter having an opening therein for receiving the guide pole and where at least one bearing is provided in said opening for facilitating the movement of said lifter along said guide pole;

a slider connected to the other end of said tension spring for controlling the tension in said tension spring so that the maximum tension in said spring, which occurs when the lifter is fully loaded with said sheet papers, and the minimum tension, which occurs when the lifter is unloaded, may be adjusted to keep the spring force substantially constant regardless of the number of sheet papers on the lifter; and

manual control means for moving said slider in the longitudinal direction of said spring, said manual control means being disposed outside of said sheet paper feed out device.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US749113 *Sep 25, 1902Jan 5, 1904AKo model
US852100 *May 26, 1904Apr 30, 1907Frank D BullardFeeding attachment for type-writers.
US937017 *Jul 8, 1907Oct 12, 1909Adams Letter Folding Machine CompanyFeed device.
US1061584 *Jan 8, 1912May 13, 1913Armstrong Wrapping Machine CompanySheet-feeding device.
US1478464 *Jan 5, 1921Dec 25, 1923Edward T WatersAutomatic sheet separating and feeding mechanism
US3165313 *Aug 29, 1961Jan 12, 1965Zindler Lumoprint KgApparatus for making copies
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4330114 *Apr 28, 1980May 18, 1982Coombs Peter MSheet delivery apparatus with horizontal plate
US5106073 *Nov 8, 1990Apr 21, 1992Hitachi, Ltd.Sheet feeding device
US5305996 *Aug 30, 1993Apr 26, 1994Fujitsu LimitedPaper hopper
US5335901 *Feb 1, 1993Aug 9, 1994Fujitsu LimitedPaper feeder
US20050087922 *Oct 24, 2003Apr 28, 2005Erik Yi ZhangAdjustable biasing device for sheet media feeder
EP0104948A2 *Sep 28, 1983Apr 4, 1984Mita Industrial Co. Ltd.Paper feeder for electrostatic copying apparatus
EP0542223A1 *Nov 11, 1992May 19, 1993Fujitsu LimitedPaper hopper
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/126, 271/160
International ClassificationB65H1/12, B65H1/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65H1/04, B65H1/12
European ClassificationB65H1/12, B65H1/04