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Publication numberUS3833456 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 3, 1974
Filing dateMar 5, 1973
Priority dateJun 29, 1970
Publication numberUS 3833456 A, US 3833456A, US-A-3833456, US3833456 A, US3833456A
InventorsKomendat D, Reed C
Original AssigneeAvery Products Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Area divarication adhesive means
US 3833456 A
Abstract
A flexible web product is disclosed which comprises a laminate having a face web and a backing web for adhesively joining portions of a substrate. The face web has a pressure-sensitive coating on one side. A portion of the total area of the pressure-sensitive coating on the face web contacts a releasecoated portion of the backing web. The backing web has an adhesive coating on its other side so that it may be permanently affixed to the substrate. The portion of the face web contacting the release-coated portion of the backing web is divaricated relative to the remainder of the backing web and, while integral with the remainder of the face web, is applied to the same or a different surface for joining purposes. Also disclosed is a flexible web product which may be used for identification purposes for inventory control and the like.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Reed et a1. 3

[451 Sept. 3, 1974 AREA DIVARICATION ADHESIVE MEANS [75] Inventors: Charles F. Reed; David T.

Komendat, both of Painesville, Ohio [73] Assignee: Avery Products Corporation, San

Marino, Calif.

22 Filed: Mar. 5, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 338,374

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 50,743, June 29, 1970,

abandoned.

[52] US. Cl 161/167, 128/287, 161/146, 161/406, 161/112, 161/147, 161/148 51 Int. Cl. c093 7/02 [58] Field of Search ..l6l/1l2, 167, 406, 146, 161/147, 148; 117/122 R, 122 H, 122 P; 128/287 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,931,747 4/1960 Dexter 154/43 4/1970 Shorin 273/139 10/1970 Kapral 161/128 l/l97l Morgan 156/234 Primary ExaminerGeorge P. Lesmes Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Dixon, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-McNenny, Farrington, Pearne & Gordon [5 7 ABSTRACT A flexible web product is disclosed which comprises a laminate having a face web and a backing web for adhesively joining portions of a substrate. The face web has a pressure-sensitive coating on one side. A portion of the total area of the pressure-sensitive coating on the face web contacts a releasecoated portion of the backing web. The backing web has an adhesive coating on its other side so that it may be permanently affixed to the substrate. The portion of the face web contacting the release-coated portion of the backing web is divaricated relative to the remainder of the backing web and, while integral with the remainder of the face web, isapplied to the same or a different surface for joining purposes. Also disclosed is a flexible web product which may be used for identification purposes for inventory control and the like.

2 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PAIENIEDSEP wn 1833.456

INVENTORS 0 /419159 A. 19660,

AREA DIVARICATION ADHESIVE MEANS This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 50,743, filed June 29, I970, and now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to laminates which may be employed as fasteners for securing portions of a web or webs to each other.

Prior art laminates employed as fasteners include a pair of webs having a pressure-sensitive coating on one side. The pressure-sensitive coating on one of the webs is adhered to a portion of the other web, while leaving and maintaining an area of separation between the coating on the first-mentioned web and the secondmentioned web. The second-mentioned web is adhered to one of the web surfaces to be joined and the separated portion of the first web is adhered to the surface of the other web to be joined. Such an arrangement is setforth in US. Pat. No. 2,931,747.

The arrangement in U.S. Pat. No. 2,931,747 requires that the user maintain the separation between the webs forming the laminateprior to and during the joining operation. This prohibits the application of the laminate by a processor for a later joining operation by the user.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION When used for joining purposes, the laminates according to this invention may be adhered to one portion of a substrate web. The laminate may then be divaricated along a portion of its length to expose a pressure-sensitive adhesive-portion of the face web. The exposed adhesive portion of the face web may then be applied to another portion of the same web or to a portion of a different web. The remaining non-divaricated portion of the laminate is securely adhered to the firstmentioned web portion.

Accordingto one aspect of this inventioma laminate includes a face web having a pressure-sensitive adhesive coating on one side. A backing web has one face in contact with the adhesive coating, and the other face of the backing web is provided with its own adhesive coating. The adhesive coating on the backing web may be a heat-sensitive coating, or may be pressuresensitive with a suitable liner covering the coating. The face of the backing web in contact with the adhesivecoated face of the face web has a release coating along a portion of its length so that a portion of the face web may be separated from the backing web. The separated portion of the face web is adhered to an article for joining purposes.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings, the thicknesses of the webs and coatings are greatly exaggerated.

FIG. 1 is an elevational view, schematically showing a flexible laminate in accordance with one aspect of this invention. 1

FIG. 2 is an elevational view, schematically showing a flexible laminate in accordance with another aspect of this invention. 1

FIG. 3 is an elevational view, showing alaminate applied to the end of a web for use in joining that web to another web.

FIG. 4 schematically shows the laminate of FIG. 3 in use as a joining laminate. I r

FIG. 5 shows a flexible laminate employed to join the end of one web to an intermediate portion of another web.

FIG. 6 is an elevational view, schematically showing a laminate for identification purposes.

FIG. 7 is an elevational view, schematically showing another laminate for identification purposes.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGS. 1 through 5 illustrate the use of laminates for fastening purposes and FIGS. 6 and 7 illustrate laminates which may be employed for indicating purposes.

Referring now to FIGS. 1 through 5, FIG. 1 illustrates a laminate having a face web 10 which is provided with a pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 11 on one face thereof. The laminate also includes a backing web 12 having a portion thereof coated with a release agent or coating 13. A number of appropriate release coatings or low adhesion coatings are known in the art. Examplesv of such coatings are set forth in US. Pat. No. 2,985,554. The release agent extends from one end of the backing web 12 and terminates at an intermediate location 14 so that the face web 10 may be stripped from the backing web 12 to the intermediate location 14. The remainder of the face web 10 is firmly adhered to the backing web 12, since that remaining portion of the backing web 12 in not provided with a release agent. The obverseside of the backing web 12 is provided with an adhesive coating which in the embodiment'illustrated in FIG. 1 comprises a heat-sensitive coating 15. The heat-sensitive coating 15 may comprise an adhesive which is operatively activated by exposure to heat, such as heat sealing devices. Heat-sensitive adhesives become tacky upon temperature elevation and, prior to temperature elevation, are substantially nontacky or far less tacky than, for example, pressuresensitive adhesives. Examples of such heat-sensitive adhesives are set forthin US. Pat. No. 3,257,228. Thus, the laminate illustrated in FIG. 1 may be applied to a surface by a processor or converter having conventional heat-sealing equipment. Referring now to FIG. 2, a flexible web product according to a further aspect of this invention is illustrated. The flexible web product includes a face web 20 having a coating of pressure-sensitive adhesive 21 on one face. A backing web 22 covers the adhesive coating 21 and a portion of the backing web 22 is coated with a release coating 23. The release coating 23 extends to a location 27 so that only a portion of the face web 20 may be separated from the backing web 22 while the remaining portions of the face web are firmly adhered to the backing web by the pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 21. The obverse face of the backing web 22 is coated with an adhesive which, according to this aspect of this invention, comprises a pressuresensitive adhesive coating 24. The coating 24 is covered by a liner web means 25 having a release coating 26 thereon.

The laminate illustrated in FIG. 2 may be applied to a surface by stripping the liner web means 25 from the pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 24.

The flexible laminate illustrated in FIG. 2 may be employed to join two webs in a variety of ways. One such edge of a first substrate web 30. This may be termed the storage position for the face web 20. When it is desired to join the first substrate web.30 to a second substrate web 31, the portion of the adhesive-coatedface web 20, which is in contactwith the release coating 23, is stripped away and that portion of the face web 20 is applied to. the web 31. as shown in FIG. 4. This may be termed the fastening position of the face web 20., Although the connection illustrated in FIG. 4 i's'a butttype connection, it should be appreciated that an overlap joint may be formed by placing the web 30 over the web 31 and then adhering the stripped portion of the face web 20 to the web 31. This fastening arrangement has particular utility as a means for fastening the ends of disposable diapers without the use ofsafety pins. Thus, a processor may attach a number'of laminates to the upper side edges of a disposable diaper. When the diaper is applied to the child, the mother may then peel the releasable portion of the face web 20 away from the release coating 23' and apply that peeled portion to an overlapped portion of the diaper. The diaper may be readily removed by simply tearing the face web at the location 27.

A further fastening arrangement is shown in FIG. 5, wherein thelaminate is applied to an intermediate portion of a substrate web 35, and the separatable portion of the face web 20 is peeledfrom its storage position on the release coating23 andis'moved to a fastening position in which it is applied to the end of a second substrate web36. I

It should be appreciated thatthelaminate shown'in FIG. 1 may be applied to webs by conventional heatsealing apparatus and may then be employed as a joining means.

Referring now to FIG. 6, a flexible laminate for identification purposes includes a face web 40 having a Referring now to FIG. 7, another flexible laminate for identification'pu'rposes is illustrated. The laminate 65, which are separated by anungummed portion 66.

The coatings 64 and 65 are covered by a liner web means 67 which is provided with a release coating 68. Therelease coating 68 and the liner web means 67 are split along a line 69. The liner web means 67 has a pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 70 which is covered by a liner web means 71. The liner web means 71 has a release coating 72 which extends from one end of the liner web means 71 to the split line 69.

To employ the laminate shown in FIG. 7% an indicating means, the liner web means 71 is removed from the pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 70 up to the line 69. The remainder of the liner means 71, together with the portion of the liner means 67 adhered thereto, is removed from the portion 62 of the face'web 60 to expose the adhesive coating 65 on the portion 62. The ad hesive coating 65 and the adhesive coating 70 are then applied to a surface. The portion 61 of the face web 60 may then'be removed from the liner web means 68 and applied to the same surface or to a different surface for identification purposes. v The invention is not restricted to the slavish imitation of each and every detail set forth above. Obviously, de-

- vices may be provided which change, eliminate, or add weakened area such as a perforation line 41. across its lateral extent to divide the face web 40 into first and secondportions 42 and 43, respectively. Each portion 42 and 43 is provided with a pressure-sensitive adhesivecoating44 and 45, respectively. The coatings 44 and 45 are separated by an ungummed portion 46 so that the coatings 44 and 45 will not bleed through the perforations 41.

The coatings 44 and 45 are backed by liner web means 47. The liner web means 47 has a portion 48 which is split from the remainder of the liner web means along a line 49 and which has arelease coating 50 in contact with the adhesive coating 44. The liner web means 47 has a pressure-sensitive adhesive coating 51 which is backed by a liner means 52 havinga release coating 53 in contact with the pressure sensitive adhesive coatings]. To use the laminate shown in FIG.- 6 as an identifying means, the liner web means 52 is stripped from the adhesive coating 51 and the remainder of the laminate is applied to a surface. After an inventory check, the portion 42 of the face web 40 may be removed from the portion 43 by separating the portion 42 from theportion 48 of the liner means 47 and then tearing the portion 42 along the perforation line 41. The portion 42 of the face web may then be reapplied to the same surface or to a different surface. lfdesired, the portion 48 of the liner means 47 may be removed from the surface and reapplied to a different portion of the same surface or tea different surface,

since the portion 48 of the linermeans 47'is split along the line 49.

certain specific details without departing from the scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A multilayer adhesively fastened web arrangement comprising, in combination: a first substrate web, an adhesive fastening element joining one portion of said first substrate'web to a second substrate web wherein said second substrate web may be another portion of said first substrate web; said fastening element comprising a backing web having one face fixedly adhesively secured to said one portion of said first substrate web; a release coating on the other face of said backing web extending only from a first location adjacent one edge thereof to a second location substantially spaced from the opposite edge thereof; a face web having a first porto a fastening position, said second portion of said face web being releasably secured to said release'coating when said second portion of said face web is in said storage position; said second substrate web being dis-. posed between said release coating and said second portion of said face web when said second portion of said face web is in said-fastening position, and said secondportion of said face web being fixedly adhered by said pressure-sensitive adhesive coating to said second substrate web when said second portion of said face web is in said fastening position.

2. A multilayer adhesively fastened web arrangement comprising, in combination: a substrate web; an adhesive fastening element for joining one edge of said substrate web to another substrate web wherein said another substrate web may be another portion of said first-mentioned substrate web; said fastening element comprising a backing web having one face fixedly adhesively secured over said edge of said substrate web so that first and second legs defining said backing web are adhesively secured to opposite surfaces of said substrate web adjacent said edge; a release coating on the other face of said backing web extending only along said second leg and terminating at a location substantially spaced from the end of said first leg; a face web having a first portion and a second portion and having a pressure-sensitive adhesive coating on said first and second portions, said first portion of said face web being fixedly adhered by said pressure-sensitive adhesive coating to said other face of said backing web from said location toward said end of said first leg, said second portion of said face web being movable from a storage position to a fastening position, said second portion of said face web being releasably secured to said release coating when said second portion of said face web is in said storage position, said other substrate web being disposed adjacent said edge when said second portion of said face web is in said fastening position, and said second portion of said face web being fixedly adhered by said pressure-sensitive adhesive coating to said other substrate web when said second portion of said face web is in said fastening position.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2931747 *Feb 11, 1957Apr 5, 1960Fred F DexterFabric fastener
US3259507 *Feb 4, 1963Jul 5, 1966Crown Zellerbach CorpHeatsealable seal and food package utilizing same
US3332829 *Feb 18, 1964Jul 25, 1967Avery Adhesive Products IncArticle for multiplicate marking
US3383121 *Jun 22, 1965May 14, 1968Avery Products CorpSelf-adhesive copy label
US3459626 *Nov 6, 1964Aug 5, 1969Morgan Adhesives CoLabel carrier and release laminate
US3508754 *Sep 28, 1967Apr 28, 1970Chromographic Press IncStacked sheet article with release coated removable areas
US3533899 *Oct 7, 1965Oct 13, 1970Dow CorningSelf-sealing adhesive materials
US3554835 *Aug 16, 1967Jan 12, 1971Morgan Adhesives CoSlidable adhesive laminate and method of making
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3881042 *Oct 3, 1973Apr 29, 1975Standard Products CoAdhesive barrier for plastic trim strip
US4020842 *Oct 23, 1975May 3, 1977Avery International CorporationLinerless, reclosable tab stock
US4136698 *Oct 20, 1976Jan 30, 1979Johnson & JohnsonDiaper with tab fastener having grippable adhesive-free end region
US4144887 *Oct 20, 1976Mar 20, 1979Johnson & JohnsonDiaper with tab fastener having backing web and face web
US4227530 *Aug 29, 1977Oct 14, 1980Scott Paper CompanyMethod of employing reclosable fastener tape system
US4704315 *Aug 15, 1986Nov 3, 1987Morgan Adhesives Co.Composite pressure sensitive seal adhesive construction
US4795456 *Oct 8, 1987Jan 3, 1989Avery International CorporationStretchable diaper tab
US5057097 *Sep 13, 1988Oct 15, 1991Avery Dennison CorporationStretchable but stable film and fastening tape
US5860964 *May 9, 1997Jan 19, 1999Avery Dennison CorporationDiaper fastening system using welded branching type tabs
US5993926 *Oct 27, 1997Nov 30, 1999Menahem; ShlomoBase sheet with suspending element attached, first strip with exposed adhesive release surface fixed to base sheet, second strip with adhesive surface partially overlapping release surface of first strip
US6419667Jan 16, 1997Jul 16, 2002Avery Dennison CorporationStretchable mechanical/adhesive closure for a disposable diaper
US6463633May 14, 2001Oct 15, 2002Avery Dennison CorporationStretchable tape
US6524294Jan 16, 1997Feb 25, 2003Avery Dennison CorporationZ-fold diaper fastener
US6645338Aug 16, 2002Nov 11, 2003Avery Dennison CorporationStretchable tape
US6663932Jan 24, 2002Dec 16, 2003Avery Dennison CorporationTopcoated adhesive
US6793757Jan 24, 2002Sep 21, 2004Avery Dennison CorporationTopcoated adhesive
US7291371Feb 10, 2004Nov 6, 2007Avery Dennison CorporationMechanical closure tape
DE2800859A1 *Jan 10, 1978Jul 13, 1978Avery International CorpStreifenfoermiges erzeugnis aus einem schutzueberzuglosen streifenmaterial, insbesondere fuer windelverschluesse
EP2216581A1 *Jan 21, 2010Aug 11, 2010Paroc Oy AbMechanism for closing a pipe section for insulation purposes and its manufacturing method
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/42.2, 428/58, 604/390, 428/124, 428/57
International ClassificationA61F13/56, A61F13/58, B32B27/00, G09F3/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/58, B32B27/00, G09F3/0288
European ClassificationB32B27/00, G09F3/02C, A61F13/58