Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3833899 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 3, 1974
Filing dateMay 19, 1972
Priority dateMay 19, 1971
Also published asDE2223662A1
Publication numberUS 3833899 A, US 3833899A, US-A-3833899, US3833899 A, US3833899A
InventorsBlosse J
Original AssigneeBloscop
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Device for actuating an alarm in the case of breaking in
US 3833899 A
Abstract
Device for actuating an alarm in the event of a breaking into a premises by opening a door or the like. The device comprises a lock for locking the door, a detecting mechanism for detecting the opening of the door and connected through an arming mechanism to an alarm signal generator. The arming mechanism comprises a switch which is actuated directly by the bolt of the lock for either allowing or precluding actuation of the alarm. The switch is of the type having a pushbutton and is successively closed and opened and vice versa by successive depressions of the pushbutton effected by the bolt.
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Blosse 1 DEVICE FOR ACTUATING AN ALAEM IN THE CASE OF BREAKING IN [75] Inventor: Jean Charles Joseph Blosse, Sannois,

France [73] Assignee: Bloscop, Sannois, France [22] Filed: May 19, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 255,030

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data May 19,1971 France 71.18129 [52] U.S. Cl 340/274, ZOO/61.62, 200/61.68 [51] Int. Cl. G08b 13/08 [58] Field of Search 340/274, 276; 200/61.62, ZOO/61.67, 61.68, 61.81,153 J, 100, 61.78

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 262,393 8/1882 Freeman ZOO/61.67

567,176 9/1896 Unger ZOO/61.78 963,301 7/1910 Leppert 340/274 UX 1,126,951 2/1915 Bucknum... 200/61.78 1,820,805 8/1931 Jakopec 340/274 2,446,217 8/1948 Druffel 340/274 UN X 2,492,474 12/1949 Gempp 200/61.78 2,615,083 10/1952 Krueger 340/274 UN X Sept. 3, 1974 Primary ExaminerJohn W. Caldwell Assistant Examiner-Scott F. Partridge [5 7] ABSTRACT Device for actuating an alarm in the event of a breaking into a premises by opening a door or the like. The device comprises a lock for locking the door, a detecting mechanism for detecting the opening of the door and connected through an arming mechanism to an alarm signal generator. The arming mechanism comprises a switch which is actuated directly by the bolt of the lock for either allowing or precluding actuation of the alarm. The switch is of the type having a pushbutton and is successively closed and opened and vice versa by successive depressions of the pushbutton effected by the bolt.

2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures II/II PAIENTEDSEP 31914 SHEET 20F 3 MU I I I IHHHHH l lllllll isms-99 PAIENTEDSEP 3:974

sum 30F 3 DEVICE FOR ACTUATING AN ALARM IN THE CASE OF BREAKING IN The present invention relates to a device for actuating an alarm signal in the case of the breaking'in of a. premises or other enclosure.

Such devices are known in the art. They usually employ a detecting mechanism responsive to the movement of the closing member closing the access to the premises or enclosure, an arming mechanism for allowing or neutralizing the actuation of the alarm by enti-' tled persons from outside or inside the closing member, and an alarm signal generator placed near to, or remote from, the aforementioned detecting and arming mechanisms.

Two types of devices exist, namely those in which the device can be armed only from inside the premises or enclosure and those in which the device can be armed from either inside or outside.

In the latter case, the arming is effected preferably by means of a lock, latch or like apparatus which is independent or specially provided for this purpose or con stitutes a locking meanswhich also serves to lock the closing member in the closing position.

Now, in the arrangement known up to the present time, when the lock is intended both for locking the closing member and arming the device, there is provided, in some cases, between the latter and the lock a mechanical connection, for example of the cable or rod type, which is relatively complicated and expensive. Further, when the closing member is a door of an apartment or like premises, this mechanical connection impairs the appearance of the door. In other cases, the arming is achieved by means of a switch which is constituted by two fixed contacts embedded in the door frame, whereas the moving contact of the switch is formed by the bolt of the lock for closing the closing member. Suchan arrangement has a seriousdrawback when fitting the standardized assembly on the door unit. Indeed, it is frequent, for example in the case of a door, that the closing member defines a clearance with the frame which may vary widely from one closing member to another. Consequently, the device can only be mounted by a specialist and this is a disadvantage in respect of an article intended to have a wide market by direct sale to the public.

An object of the present invention is to remedy these drawbacks of known arrangements.

The invention provides a device for actuating an alarm when breaking into a premises or enclosure defined by a wall or like enclosure having an opening capable of being closed by a closing member such as a door, window or the like, which closing member is lockable by means of locking means such as a lock, the device comprising a detecting mechanism responsive to the opening of said closing memberand capable of actuating an alarm signal generator whichis connected to the detecting mechanism through an arming mechanism' which allows or precludes the actuation of the alarm, said arming mechanism being controlled by said locking means. The arming mechanism is an electric switch having successive actuations and a pushbutton, the latter being actuated directly through the moving element performing the locking function of said locking means. I

These features afford a very compact detecting device whose connections between the various mechanisms are essentially ensured electrically by wires which may be easily hidden away. Moreover, the bolt of the locking means does not directly participate in the establishment of the electrical circuit.

Preferably, the switch having successive actuations is disposed in a case constituting a keeper and the movable bolt element of the locking means acts on the pushbutton of the switch in the closing position of the locking means.

Further features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the ensuing description with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of an alarm actuating device according to the invention associated witha bolt or a safety lock of a door;

FIG. 2 is a plan view, partly in section taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1, of the device shown in FIG. I, and

FIG. 3 is an elevational view, partly in section, of a modification of the device according to the invention.

The device shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is associated with a door P, for example of an apartment, the latter constituting the enclosure to be protected. However, it must be understood that the invention is not intended to be limited by the presently-described example and thatv the enclosure may be, for example, a premises, an arcadefined by a wall or fence, a house, or individual building, a drawer, a refrigerator, or an automobile vehicle.

Similarly, the closing member may be other than a door, for example a window or portal.

Mounted on the frame H of the door is a. case I having a double function. It first actsas a keeper for a lock V of conventional type whose bolt A is horizontally slidable.

The case 1 also acts as a housing for an arming mechanism 2 and a part of a detecting mechanism 3.

The lock V has preferably two locking positions. In the first position, the bolt is introduced into the keeper, that is the case 1, through a slot or notch 4 provided in the conventional manner in the wall adjacent the edge of the door P. In the second position of the lock V, the bolt A extends still further into the case 1 so that its leading edge 5 comes in contact with a pushbutton 6 of the arming mechanism 2.

The latter is constituted by an electric switch of known type having successive positions or actuations, that is to say, the switch comprises two fixed contacts and a moving contact, the latter being capable of occupying two stable positions which are occupied in succession after two successive depressions on the push button 6. In one of the positions, the movingcontactis applied against the fixed contacts whereas in the: other position the switch is opened,.the moving contact being disengaged from the fixed contacts. The fixed contacts of this switch are electrically connected to: two connecting screws 7 and 8 outside the housing. of the switch. The housing is fixed tothe'case l by screw and nut means 9.

The effect of the bolt A of the lock V on the arming mechanism will be understood. By placing; the bolt A twice in the extreme outer locking position the pushbutton 6; is depressed twice and successively. opensand closes the switch or inversely.

The detecting mechanism B comprises an- L-section member 10 which is-notdisposed in the case. 1 but fixed ontheedge of the door P' so that the flange 10 of the 3 member is capable of acting on the free end of a resiliently yieldable metal strip 11 which is mounted horizontally in the case 1 against the rear wall 12. This strip has preferably a foldable free end portion which permits, when mounting or fitting the device on the door, regulating its operative length so as to adapt it to the clearance between the keeper and the edge of the door. The member is maintained in position by two screws 13 which extend through oblong apertures 14 arranged to permit adjustment of the member in the horizontal plane. Likewise, the resiliently yieldable strip 11 is fixed in the case 1 by screw and nut means 15 which ex tend through an oblong aperture 16 allowing adjustment of the strip 11 in the horizontal plane.

Thus it is possible to take into account tolerances and differences which might exist in different doors or other existing closing members, by previously adjusting the positions of the member 10 and the strip 11.

The strip 11 is capable of acting on a switch 17 through a curved strip 18 and a curved spring 19 which ensures a sudden operation of the switch in the wellknown manner.

In the position of the door P shown in FIG. 2, the flange 10 of the member 10 bears against the strip 11 which urges the curved strip 18 in such manner that the moving contact 17 is disengaged from the fixed contact 17'' of the switch under the action of the spring 19.

On the other hand, when the door P is opened, the flange 10 is disengaged from the strip 11 and releases the strip 18 under the action of the spring 19. The latter also urges the moving contact 17 against the fixed contact 17" by a sudden action.

The switch or arming mechanism 2 and the switch 17 are electrically connected in series and connected by two wires 20 and 21 to an alarm signal generator 22 the diagram of which is shown in FIG. 1. This generator is preferably placed at a distance from the door P in a place hidden from view. It comprises a source of voltage 23 supplying power to a circuit consisting of a siren 24 or like apparatus, a relay coil 25, a closing contact 26 actuated by the relay coil 25, and an on-off switch 27 which could be actuated by a key. The closing contact 26 is connected in series with the series circuit of the switch 2 and switch 17.

In a modification, the switch 17 and the L-sectioned member 10 may be replaced by a switch having a magnetic control for example of the type having blades under a glass ampoule, the magnet being mounted on the door and the switch being placed on the keeper or in another suitable place.

The device according to the invention operates in the following manner:

Let it be assumed that an entitled person is in the apartment and desires to leave the apartment and arm the device. This person opens the door by opening the lock V in the usual manner. In this way, the switch 17 is closed but the switch 2 is not yet closed and the generator 22 is not brought into operation. Closure of the door brings about the opening of the switch 17 and the person, now outside the apartment and desiring to arm the device, bring the bolt A of the lock V to the extreme closing position by means of his key which he engages in the usual manner in the lock V for closing the door P. In doing so he acts on the pushbutton 6 and therefore closes the switch 2.

In order to maintain thedoor P locked, the person then returns the lock A to the first closing position.

If, under these conditions, an offender attempts to open the door, the member 10 is disengaged from the strip 11 so that the switch 17 closes in the manner described hereinbefore. At this moment, the circuit of the generator 22 is closed, the siren 24 is actuated and the relay coil closes the contact 26. Thus the siren continues to operate even if the offender cuts the wires 20 and 21 or destroys the switches enclosed in the case 1.

7 is disposed in the same case as the arming and detecting mechanisms 2 and 3. For this purpose, there is provided a case 28 of larger size than the case 1 and closed by a cover 29 in which is provided a lock 30. Moreover, it can be seen that the case contains all the elements of the generator. The lock 30 permits opening the case 28 for stopping the alarm, for example by withdrawing the source of voltage 23. In this arrangement, no on-off switch is provided outside the case which may be actuated by the offender.

The embodiments described hereinbefore have been given only by way of examples. For example, it is possible to provide the detecting mechanism in a place other than that shownin FIGS. 13, for example at the top of the door P.

The advantage of the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is that it may be employed with an existing lock, only the keeper being replaced by a case 1 containing the arming and detecting mechanism.

Having now described by invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A device for actuating an alarm in the event of a breaking into premises, ground enclosed by a wall or like enclosure having an opening capable of being closed by a closing member, such as a door, window or the like, said device comprising locking means for locking the closing member in the closing position of the closing member, the locking means having a movable member and an associated keeper, said movable locking member being movable between a withdrawn position from said keeper and two locking positions within said keeper, a detecting mechanism responsive to the opening of said closing member, an alarm signal generator, means operatively connecting the detecting mechanism to the generator and comprising an arming mechanismhaving a switch capable of being actuated directly by the locking member of said locking means, when moved to one of said locking positions, for selectively allowing and precluding actuation of the alarm, said switch being of the type having a push button with an associated moving contact and two fixed contacts,

said moving contact being urged into contact with said two fixed contacts, to complete a circuit through said switch, by a movement of said locking member, against said pushbutton and to the one of the locking positions of said locking member to its fully extended position,

said moving contact being retained in this position when said locking member is withdrawn from contact wherein said pushbutton to the other one of the locking positions wherein said locking member is within said keeper, and said moving contact being disengaged from said two fixed contacts on a next movement of said locking member from said other one of the locking positions to said one of the locking positions, and wherein the detecting mechanism comprises a second electric switch disposed within said keeper and a thrust means which is carried by the closing member and is capable of opening the second switch when the closing member closes said opening.

. STATES PATENT OFFICE- *C ERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,833,899 Dated September 3, 1974 Jean Charles Joseph Blosse Inventor(s) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Cancel the illustrative figure on the Cover sheet and the 3 sheets of drawings and substitute Figures 1, 2 and 3, as

shown on the-attached sheets.

Signed and sealed this 15th day of October 1974.

Y (SEAL) Attest:

c. NARSHALL 'DANN MCCOY M. GIBSON JR.

Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer USCOMM'DC OO37G-P69 U.S, GOVERNMENY PRINTING OFFICE: 9 9

romeo-1050 (10-69) STATES PATENT OFFICE "C'E'R TI'F-I-CATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 ,833 899 Dated September 3, 1974 Jean Charles Joseph Blosse Inventor(s) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Cancel the illustrative figure on the Cover sheet and the 3 sheets of drawings and substitute Figures 1, 2 and 3, as

shown on the-attached sheets.

Signed and sealed this 15th day of October 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

McCOY 1 GIBSON JR. 0. NARSHALL 'DANN Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer Page 3 Patent No. 3,833,899

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US262393 *Jun 17, 1783Aug 8, 1882 James p
US567176 *Jun 22, 1896Sep 8, 1896 Contact device for electric burglar-alarms
US963301 *May 8, 1909Jul 5, 1910Hart Mfg CoCircuit-controller.
US1126951 *Jan 30, 1914Feb 2, 1915Pearl D BucknumElectric switch.
US1820805 *Aug 8, 1929Aug 25, 1931George JakopecBurglar alarm
US2446217 *Jun 27, 1946Aug 3, 1948Druffel Herman HBurglar alarm
US2492474 *Apr 26, 1948Dec 27, 1949Gempp Jesse LBracket for burglar alarms
US2615083 *Sep 21, 1946Oct 21, 1952August KruegerBurglar alarm system
US2679039 *Nov 13, 1950May 18, 1954Adolf KopplBolt action operated alarm system and switches therefor
US2721239 *Jun 2, 1954Oct 18, 1955Willy KufferBurglar alarm
US2756300 *Nov 30, 1953Jul 24, 1956Thiberville Arthur JLock controlled switch
US3147468 *Jul 24, 1962Sep 1, 1964Edward N DanielsAlarm systems
US3176093 *Jul 2, 1963Mar 30, 1965Harman Bennett BClosure operated switch actuator having sag compensation
US3274354 *Jul 15, 1964Sep 20, 1966Master Specialties CompanySwitch mechanism
US3288973 *Apr 16, 1965Nov 29, 1966Cutler Hammer IncPush-push switch convertible to momentary switch
US3582592 *Feb 4, 1969Jun 1, 1971Rudolf SchadowPushbutton switches
US3704460 *Aug 18, 1970Nov 28, 1972Frank Stanley WilliamSelf-contained alarm lock with tamper-proof interlocked casing formed from extrusion
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4091866 *Nov 19, 1976May 30, 1978Frank CuratoloCombination door lock and electrical switch
US4845471 *Sep 22, 1987Jul 4, 1989Chu Kans CDoor lock
US5311168 *Sep 10, 1992May 10, 1994Pease Industries, Inc.Lock set with self-contained door alarm and annunciator system
EP0720136A2 *Dec 19, 1995Jul 3, 1996GRUNDIG E.M.V. Elektro-Mechanische Versuchsanstalt Max Grundig & Co. KG.Device for arming an alarm system and for monitoring an entry door
WO1994021877A1 *Mar 25, 1994Sep 29, 1994Fankhauser PeterSecurity arrangement for access-closing means
Classifications
U.S. Classification340/542, 200/61.68, 200/61.62
International ClassificationE05B45/08, E05B45/14, E05B45/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B45/086
European ClassificationE05B45/08S2