|Publication number||US3835674 A|
|Publication date||Sep 17, 1974|
|Filing date||Apr 20, 1973|
|Priority date||Apr 20, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3835674 A, US 3835674A, US-A-3835674, US3835674 A, US3835674A|
|Original Assignee||Omco Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (24), Classifications (4), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,835,674 Hoyt 1451 Sept. 17, 1974  LOCKS FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Inventor: Richard Hoyt Worcester, Mass- 1,354,923 2/l964 France 339/91 B  Assignee: OMCO lnc., Holden, Mass. [2 ed Ap 20 1973 Primary Exammer-Robert L. Wolfe 211 App]. No.: 352,983  ABSTRACT This device isa bolt type lock for preventing tamperl. mg with gas and electric meters- A hollow body with a g Eosb fixed head on one end has a cap held onto the other  Fieid "5 32 33 end by locking means held extended into the cap by a spring-loaded plunger retractible solely through a 70/25 292/252 339/91 B small round key hole in the head, to unlock the lock.  References Cited If any tool but the authorised key is used to pull the UNITED STATES PATENTS plunger, 21 piece that is normally left behind when the genuine key is used is brought into position in place of wolrse v the plunger and keeps the locking means extended I gus 3,186,196 6/1965 Moberg.. and the lock locked 3,714,802 2/1973 Morse 70 34 9 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures LOCKS This invention is an improvement in plunger type locks, such as are used on shut-off valves or switches, designed to make it practically impossible to open the lock without the proper key.
Plunger type locks of the construction shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 1,923,025 and 3,714,802 to L. H. Morse et a1. and 3,002,368 to Moberg are so widely employed by gas and electric public utility companies to prevent unauthorized opening of gas supply valves and tampering with electricity meters that efforts to pick these locks are sometimes successful on the strength of knowledge or deduction of the manner of operation of the lock.
The only effective point of attack is through the extremely narrow circular aperture at one end which forms the keyhole. By thinning the end of a common nail to spade shape and distorting it by hammering it into the socket in the plunger it is occasionally possible to obtain the frictional engagement with the walls of the socket needed to retract the plunger against the resistance of its spring and thus release the locking balls and open the lock.
The present invention defeats this method of lockpicking by making the plunger in two parts, such that the jamming of the nail end in the plunger socket wedges the two parts together to move in unison and obstruct the inward unlocking migration of the locking balls; but when the authentic key is used the two parts separate and let the balls move inward to unlock the plunger.
An illustrative embodiment is shown in the drawings, in which FIG. 1 is an axial section of the lock in locked relation.
FIG. 2 is a similar view of the parts shown in FIG. 1 in unlocked relation.
FIG. 3 is a transverse section on line 3-3 of FIG 1.
FIG. 4 is a transverse section on line 4 4 of FIG. 2.
Having reference to the drawings, the lock comprises a tubular body or bolt 1 and a plunger 3 slidable therein and pressed toward the closed end of body 1 by spring 5. One end 7 of plunger 3 is of reduced diameter, an annular shoulder 9 thereof abutting against an internal annular shoulder 11 formed by reducing the bore of body 1 at 8 to fit the end-portion 7, the engagement of these shoulders limiting the extent of movement of plunger 3 as biased by spring 5. In this relation, the endportion 7 holds two steel balls 13 partly extended radially of the plunger from the opposite ends of a bore 15 formed diametrically through the walls of the counterbore 8, and having inwardly swaged ends. Thus extended, these locking members 13 are received in one of annular grooves 17 formed inside a cap 19 fitting freely over the end of body 1, locking the cap removably in place thereon.
The other end of body 1 is closed by a cap 21 pressfitted or otherwise permanently fixed thereon, and having an axial bore 23 forming the keyhold of the lock, as will appear.
In use, the device is employed as a locking bolt, as by putting the body portion 1 through aligned apertures in the fixed arm 25 and movable valve-operating arm 27 of a valve in a pipeline, for example, and then applying the cap 19 to lock the valve in closed relation. The
plunger 3 is drawn back by a key such as that of Moberg U.S. Pat. No. 3,033,016 until portion 7 lets the balls 13 recede within the surface of body 1 as shown in FIG. 2, permitting cap 19 to be applied to the end of body 1 as shown in FIG. 1. Removal of the key releases the plunger to return under the push of spring 5, extending the balls 13 into one of the grooves 17 and locking the cap in place.
In accordance with the invention, as already indicated the ball-engaging portion of plunger 3 is made in two parts. The reduced inner end 7 of the plunger which holds the locking balls 13 extended is formed with a cylindrical axial bore 29, in which is slidably mounted a pin 31 having a cylindrical head 33 of the same diameter as the ball-engaging end portion 7 of the plunger 3. The shank of the pin 31 terminates in a'conical point 35 of 30 taper. When the pin is in inmost position in the cylindrical portion of bore 29 the base portion of the cone is at the narrow end of a conical enlargement 37 of 30 taper in the bore 29. The remainder 39 of the bore is cylindrical.
The dimensions of the parts and of the spring 5 when fully compressed are such that if the pin 31 holds its position in bore 29 as plunger 3 is fully retracted, the head 33 of the pin 31 will be brought into a position between the balls 13 and will hold them extended as shown in FIG. 3, thus keeping the lock locked, so if a nail or other lock-picking means driven into the cavity 37, 39 of the plunger manages by remote chance to wedge tightly enough to be able to retract the plunger against the thrust of spring 5 it will do so by wedging against the slope of the cone 35 of the pin 31 and accordingly hold the pin from relative movement in the plunger. Thus the head 33 will follow the portion 7 into position between the balls 13 and the lock will stay locked.
However, when the authentic key capable of exerting the necessary radial frictional gripping power against the wall of cylindrical portion 39 to let the user over power spring 5 and move the plunger clear of the balls 13, the pin 31 is left behind as shown in FIG. 2 and only its shank is between the balls 13, which differential movement as shown in FIG. 4 lets the balls move inward out of engagement with the groove in cap 19, releasing the cap and thus effecting the unlocking of the lock.
The head 33 is made a close fit in the bore 29 so that, piston-like, the air pressure applies a slight restraint to hold it from following the retreating end of portion 7 of the plunger. Additionally, a film of oil sealing the head to the bottom and sides of bore 29 can be used to help overcome machining deficiencies.
With the included angle of between the slope of the conical end 35 of the pin 31 and the conical wall 37 it is practically impossible for the flattened end of a driven nail to recurve into jamming relation with the pin or the wall 39 tightly enough to pull the plunger far enough to unlock the cap 19.
Thus made according to the invention the lock is' practically incapable of being picked.
While I have illustrated and described certain forms in which the invention may be embodied, I am aware that many modifications may be made therein by any person skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the invention as expressed in the claims. Therefore, I do not wish to be limited to the particular fomis shown, or to the details of construction thereof, but
What I do claim as my invention is:
1. A lock having a tubular body, radially extendible locking members thereon, a spring-biased. plunger therein actuating such members and retractable clear of the locking members, and means within the body adapted to hold the locking members extended when the plunger is withdrawn from actuating relation with such members by wedging means engaging both the plunger and the said means.
2. A lock according to claim 1 in which the said means alternatively holds and releases the locking members.
3. A lock according to claim 1 in which the said means moves withthe plunger to hold the locking members in locking relation and moves relatively to the plunger to release the locking members.
4. A lock according to claim 3 in which the said means remains at rest with respect to the plunger to release the locking members.
5. A lock according to claim 1 in which the plunger has an axial bore and the said means is relatively movable in such bore.
6. A lock according to claim 5 in which the said means holds the locking members extended when it and the plunger move in unison.
7. A lock according to claim 5 in which the said means is relatively movable with respect to the plunger and ceases to hold the locking members extended upon independent movement of the plunger with respect to such means.
8. A lock according to claim 1 in which the plunger has an axial bore and the said means has a shank slidable in such bore and a head extending beyond the bore engaging the locking members when the plunger is withdrawn from actuating relation with such members.
9. A lock according to claim 8 in which differential movement between the plunger and the shank keeps the head out of engagement with the locking members.
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|FR1354923A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Jul 10, 1986||AS03||Merger|
Owner name: OLSON MANUFACTURING COMPANY
Owner name: OMCO, INC. (MERGED INTO)
Effective date: 19841031
|Jul 10, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: OLSON MANUFACTURING COMPANY
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:OMCO, INC. (MERGED INTO);REEL/FRAME:004610/0107
Effective date: 19841031
Owner name: OLSON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, STATELESS